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Web 2.0 dalamWeb 2.0 dalam
Penyampaian PerkhidmatanPenyampaian Perkhidmatan
MaklumatMaklumat
Zulkefli Bin Mohd YusopZulk...
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Introduction : Web 2.0Introduction : Web 2.0
Inventor of the Web, Sir Tim Berners-Lee was askedInventor of the Web, Sir ...
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Introduction : Web 2.0Introduction : Web 2.0
• Numerous definitionsNumerous definitions
• The term ‘Web 2.0’ was coined ...
4
Introduction : Web 2.0Introduction : Web 2.0
• Describes seven principles:Describes seven principles:
• The Web as platf...
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What is Web 2.0?What is Web 2.0?
• Web 2.0 encompasses a variety of differentWeb 2.0 encompasses a variety of different
...
6
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Web 2.0Web 2.0
CharacteristicsCharacteristics
• ParticipationParticipation
• StandardsStandards
• DecentralizationDecent...
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ParticipationParticipation
• Every aspect of Web 2.0 is driven by participation.Every aspect of Web 2.0 is driven by par...
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StandardsStandards
• Standards provide an essential platform forStandards provide an essential platform for
Web 2.0Web 2...
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DecentralizationDecentralization
• Web 2.0 is decentralized in its architecture,Web 2.0 is decentralized in its archite...
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OpennessOpenness
• The world of Web 2.0 has only becomeThe world of Web 2.0 has only become
possible through a spirit o...
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ModularityModularity
• Web 2.0 emerges from manyWeb 2.0 emerges from many
• Many components or modules that areMany com...
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User ControlUser Control
• A primary direction of Web 2.0 is for users toA primary direction of Web 2.0 is for users to...
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IdentityIdentity
• Identity is a critical element of both Web 2.0Identity is a critical element of both Web 2.0
and the...
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Services/ ApplicationsServices/ Applications
Web 2.0Web 2.0
• BlogsBlogs
• WikisWikis
• Content TaggingContent Tagging
...
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BlogsBlogs
““A simple webpage consisting of brief paragraph ofA simple webpage consisting of brief paragraph of
opinion...
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BlogsBlogs
• The term "weblog" was coined by Jorn Barger on 17The term "weblog" was coined by Jorn Barger on 17
Decembe...
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BlogsBlogs
• http://radar.oreilly.com/http://radar.oreilly.com/
• http://www.blogger.com/http://www.blogger.com/
• http...
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WikisWikis
““A webpage or set of webpages that can beA webpage or set of webpages that can be
easily edited by anyone w...
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WikisWikis
• Collaborative tool that facilitates theCollaborative tool that facilitates the
production of a group workp...
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WikisWikis
• http://en.wikipedia.org/http://en.wikipedia.org/
• http://wiki.oss-watch.ac.uk/http://wiki.oss-watch.ac.uk...
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Content TaggingContent Tagging
• Enables users to create subject headings forEnables users to create subject headings f...
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Multimedia SharingMultimedia Sharing
• Facilitate the storage and sharing ofFacilitate the storage and sharing of
multi...
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Multimedia SharingMultimedia Sharing
• http://www.flickr.com/http://www.flickr.com/
• http://www.fotopages.com/http://w...
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Content SyndicationContent Syndication
• RSS Feeds - provide users a way toRSS Feeds - provide users a way to
syndicate...
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Audio Blogging andAudio Blogging and
PodcastingPodcasting
• Efforts to add audio streams to early blogsEfforts to add a...
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Audio Blogging andAudio Blogging and
PodcastingPodcasting
• A more recent development is theA more recent development i...
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Web 2.0Web 2.0
TechnologiesTechnologies
• AggregationAggregation
• AJAXAJAX
• APIAPI
• EmbeddingEmbedding
• FolksonomyF...
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AggregationAggregation
Bringing multiple content sources together intoBringing multiple content sources together into
o...
30
AJAXAJAX
(Asynchronous Javascript and XML) A(Asynchronous Javascript and XML) A
combination of technologies that enable...
31
APIAPI
(Application Programming Interface) A defined(Application Programming Interface) A defined
interface to a comput...
32
EmbeddingEmbedding
Integrating content or an application into a webIntegrating content or an application into a web
pag...
33
FolksonomyFolksonomy
Rich categorization of information that isRich categorization of information that is
collectively ...
34
MashupsMashups
Combination of different types of content orCombination of different types of content or
data, usually f...
35
RemixingRemixing
Extracting and combining samples of content toExtracting and combining samples of content to
create a ...
36
RSSRSS
(Really Simple Syndication) A group of formats(Really Simple Syndication) A group of formats
to publish (syndica...
37
Ruby on RailsRuby on Rails
An open source web application framework thatAn open source web application framework that
i...
38
Tag cloudTag cloud
• A visual depiction of tags that have beenA visual depiction of tags that have been
used to describ...
39
TaggingTagging
Attaching descriptions to information or content.Attaching descriptions to information or content.
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Virtual architectureVirtual architecture
The creation of avatars (alternativeThe creation of avatars (alternative
repre...
41
WidgetWidget
Small, portable web application that can beSmall, portable web application that can be
embedded into any w...
42
XMLXML
(eXtensible Markup Language) An open(eXtensible Markup Language) An open
standard for describing data, which ena...
43
Web 2.0 and IntellectualWeb 2.0 and Intellectual
Property RightsProperty Rights
• OwnershipOwnership
• Re-useRe-use
• C...
44
OwnershipOwnership
Who "owns" the content when it isWho "owns" the content when it is
collaboratively created? The auth...
45
Re-UseRe-Use
• Universities make considerable use of publishedUniversities make considerable use of published
materials...
46
ControlControl
• The nature and degree of control thatThe nature and degree of control that
universities may wish to ex...
47
Web 2.0 & PreservationWeb 2.0 & Preservation
• One of the key functions of universities hasOne of the key functions of ...
48
Web 2.0 & PreservationWeb 2.0 & Preservation
• What is the authoritative version of anWhat is the authoritative version...
49
Web 2.0 & PreservationWeb 2.0 & Preservation
• What is the status of a work?What is the status of a work?
• If it can a...
50
Web 2.0 & PreservationWeb 2.0 & Preservation
• How can the content be preserved in a form in whichHow can the content b...
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ConclusionConclusion
• Web 2.0 will have profound implications for librarians,Web 2.0 will have profound implications f...
52
Q & AQ & A
53
Thank you!Thank you!
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Web 2.0 dalam Penyampaian Perkhidmatan Maklumat

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Web 2.0 dalam Penyampaian Perkhidmatan Maklumat

  1. 1. 1 Web 2.0 dalamWeb 2.0 dalam Penyampaian PerkhidmatanPenyampaian Perkhidmatan MaklumatMaklumat Zulkefli Bin Mohd YusopZulkefli Bin Mohd Yusop Fakulti Pengurusan Maklumat UiTMFakulti Pengurusan Maklumat UiTM
  2. 2. 2 Introduction : Web 2.0Introduction : Web 2.0 Inventor of the Web, Sir Tim Berners-Lee was askedInventor of the Web, Sir Tim Berners-Lee was asked whether Web 2.0 was different to what might bewhether Web 2.0 was different to what might be called Web 1.0called Web 1.0 "Totally not. Web 1.0 was all about connecting people. It was an interactive"Totally not. Web 1.0 was all about connecting people. It was an interactive space, and I think Web 2.0 is of course a piece of jargon, nobody evenspace, and I think Web 2.0 is of course a piece of jargon, nobody even knows what it means. If Web 2.0 for you is blogs and wikis, then that isknows what it means. If Web 2.0 for you is blogs and wikis, then that is people to people. But that was what the Web was supposed to be allpeople to people. But that was what the Web was supposed to be all along. And in fact, you know, this 'Web 2.0', it means using thealong. And in fact, you know, this 'Web 2.0', it means using the standards which have been produced by all these people working onstandards which have been produced by all these people working on Web 1.0.”Web 1.0.” (Laningham (ed.), developerWorks Interviews, 22nd August, 2006(Laningham (ed.), developerWorks Interviews, 22nd August, 2006.).)
  3. 3. 3 Introduction : Web 2.0Introduction : Web 2.0 • Numerous definitionsNumerous definitions • The term ‘Web 2.0’ was coined in 2004 by DaleThe term ‘Web 2.0’ was coined in 2004 by Dale Dougherty (Dougherty (a vice-president of Oa vice-president of O’R’Reilly Media Inc.)eilly Media Inc.) • Tim O’Reilly (Tim O’Reilly (the founder of the companythe founder of the company)) • What is Web 2.0: Design Patterns and BusinessWhat is Web 2.0: Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of SoftwareModels for the Next Generation of Software
  4. 4. 4 Introduction : Web 2.0Introduction : Web 2.0 • Describes seven principles:Describes seven principles: • The Web as platform, Harnessing collectiveThe Web as platform, Harnessing collective intelligence, Data is the next 'Intel inside', Endintelligence, Data is the next 'Intel inside', End of the software release cycle, Lightweightof the software release cycle, Lightweight programming models, Software above theprogramming models, Software above the level of single device, and Rich userlevel of single device, and Rich user experiences.experiences.
  5. 5. 5 What is Web 2.0?What is Web 2.0? • Web 2.0 encompasses a variety of differentWeb 2.0 encompasses a variety of different meanings that include an increased emphasis onmeanings that include an increased emphasis on user generated content, data and content sharinguser generated content, data and content sharing and collaborative effortand collaborative effort • It is also together with the use of various kinds ofIt is also together with the use of various kinds of social software, new ways of interacting with web-social software, new ways of interacting with web- based applications, and the use of the web as abased applications, and the use of the web as a platform for generating, re-purposing and consumingplatform for generating, re-purposing and consuming content.content.
  6. 6. 6
  7. 7. 7 Web 2.0Web 2.0 CharacteristicsCharacteristics • ParticipationParticipation • StandardsStandards • DecentralizationDecentralization • OpennessOpenness • ModularityModularity • User ControlUser Control • IdentityIdentity
  8. 8. 8 ParticipationParticipation • Every aspect of Web 2.0 is driven by participation.Every aspect of Web 2.0 is driven by participation. • The transition to Web 2.0 was enabled by theThe transition to Web 2.0 was enabled by the emergence of platforms such as blogging, socialemergence of platforms such as blogging, social networks, and free image and video uploadingnetworks, and free image and video uploading • These allowed extremely easy content creation andThese allowed extremely easy content creation and sharing by anyone.sharing by anyone.
  9. 9. 9 StandardsStandards • Standards provide an essential platform forStandards provide an essential platform for Web 2.0Web 2.0 • Common interfaces for accessing content andCommon interfaces for accessing content and applications are the glue that allow integrationapplications are the glue that allow integration across the many elements of the emergentacross the many elements of the emergent webweb
  10. 10. 10 DecentralizationDecentralization • Web 2.0 is decentralized in its architecture,Web 2.0 is decentralized in its architecture, participation, and usageparticipation, and usage • Power and flexibility emerges fromPower and flexibility emerges from distributing applications and content overdistributing applications and content over many computers and systems, rather thanmany computers and systems, rather than maintaining them on centralized systemsmaintaining them on centralized systems
  11. 11. 11 OpennessOpenness • The world of Web 2.0 has only becomeThe world of Web 2.0 has only become possible through a spirit of openness wherebypossible through a spirit of openness whereby developers and companies provide open,developers and companies provide open, transparent access to their applications andtransparent access to their applications and contentcontent
  12. 12. 12 ModularityModularity • Web 2.0 emerges from manyWeb 2.0 emerges from many • Many components or modules that areMany components or modules that are designed to link and integrate with others,designed to link and integrate with others, together building a wholetogether building a whole
  13. 13. 13 User ControlUser Control • A primary direction of Web 2.0 is for users toA primary direction of Web 2.0 is for users to control thecontrol the • content they createcontent they create • data captured about their web activities, anddata captured about their web activities, and • their identitytheir identity
  14. 14. 14 IdentityIdentity • Identity is a critical element of both Web 2.0Identity is a critical element of both Web 2.0 and the future direction of the internetand the future direction of the internet • We can choose to represent our identitiesWe can choose to represent our identities across interactions, virtual worlds, and socialacross interactions, virtual worlds, and social networks.networks. • We can also own and verify our real identitiesWe can also own and verify our real identities in transactionsin transactions
  15. 15. 15 Services/ ApplicationsServices/ Applications Web 2.0Web 2.0 • BlogsBlogs • WikisWikis • Content TaggingContent Tagging • Multimedia SharingMultimedia Sharing • Content Syndication (RSS)Content Syndication (RSS) • Audio Blogging and PodcastingAudio Blogging and Podcasting • Latest Web 2.0 services & applicationsLatest Web 2.0 services & applications
  16. 16. 16 BlogsBlogs ““A simple webpage consisting of brief paragraph ofA simple webpage consisting of brief paragraph of opinion, information, personal diary entries, linksopinion, information, personal diary entries, links (posts), arranged chronologically with the most recent(posts), arranged chronologically with the most recent first, in the style of an online journal.”first, in the style of an online journal.” (Doctorow et al., 2002)(Doctorow et al., 2002)
  17. 17. 17 BlogsBlogs • The term "weblog" was coined by Jorn Barger on 17The term "weblog" was coined by Jorn Barger on 17 December 1997.December 1997. • The short form, "blog," was coined by Peter Merholz,The short form, "blog," was coined by Peter Merholz, who jokingly broke the word WEBLOG into thewho jokingly broke the word WEBLOG into the phrase WE BLOG in the sidebar of his blogphrase WE BLOG in the sidebar of his blog Peterme.com in April or May of 1999.Peterme.com in April or May of 1999. • This was quickly adopted as both a noun and verbThis was quickly adopted as both a noun and verb ("to blog," meaning "to edit one's weblog or to post to("to blog," meaning "to edit one's weblog or to post to one's weblog")one's weblog")
  18. 18. 18 BlogsBlogs • http://radar.oreilly.com/http://radar.oreilly.com/ • http://www.blogger.com/http://www.blogger.com/ • http://wordpress.com/http://wordpress.com/ • http://www.facebook.comhttp://www.facebook.com
  19. 19. 19 WikisWikis ““A webpage or set of webpages that can beA webpage or set of webpages that can be easily edited by anyone who is allowedeasily edited by anyone who is allowed access”access” (Ebersbach et al., 2006)(Ebersbach et al., 2006)
  20. 20. 20 WikisWikis • Collaborative tool that facilitates theCollaborative tool that facilitates the production of a group workproduction of a group work • It has editing, deleting, history, and rollbackIt has editing, deleting, history, and rollback function featuresfunction features • Self moderationSelf moderation
  21. 21. 21 WikisWikis • http://en.wikipedia.org/http://en.wikipedia.org/ • http://wiki.oss-watch.ac.uk/http://wiki.oss-watch.ac.uk/ • http://www.wikihow.com/http://www.wikihow.com/ • http://www.twiki.org/http://www.twiki.org/ • http://www.wikiineducation.com/http://www.wikiineducation.com/
  22. 22. 22 Content TaggingContent Tagging • Enables users to create subject headings forEnables users to create subject headings for the objectthe object • Allow users to add and change not onlyAllow users to add and change not only content (data), but content describing contentcontent (data), but content describing content (metadata)(metadata) • Users could tag the library’s collection andUsers could tag the library’s collection and participate in the cataloging processparticipate in the cataloging process
  23. 23. 23 Multimedia SharingMultimedia Sharing • Facilitate the storage and sharing ofFacilitate the storage and sharing of multimedia contentmultimedia content • Participate in the sharing and exchange ofParticipate in the sharing and exchange of multimedia by producing their own images,multimedia by producing their own images, audio, videos, photos, etc.audio, videos, photos, etc.
  24. 24. 24 Multimedia SharingMultimedia Sharing • http://www.flickr.com/http://www.flickr.com/ • http://www.fotopages.com/http://www.fotopages.com/ • http://www.youtube.com/http://www.youtube.com/ • http://eyespot.com/http://eyespot.com/ • http://www.videojug.comhttp://www.videojug.com • http://www.apple.com/itunes/store/podcasts.htmlhttp://www.apple.com/itunes/store/podcasts.html • http://www.audblog.comhttp://www.audblog.com
  25. 25. 25 Content SyndicationContent Syndication • RSS Feeds - provide users a way toRSS Feeds - provide users a way to syndicate and republish content on the websyndicate and republish content on the web • Libraries are creating RSS Feeds for users toLibraries are creating RSS Feeds for users to subscribe to, including updates on new itemssubscribe to, including updates on new items in a collection, new services, and new contentin a collection, new services, and new content in subscription databasesin subscription databases
  26. 26. 26 Audio Blogging andAudio Blogging and PodcastingPodcasting • Efforts to add audio streams to early blogsEfforts to add audio streams to early blogs • Podcasts are audio recordings, usually in MP3Podcasts are audio recordings, usually in MP3 format, of talks, interviews and lectures, which can beformat, of talks, interviews and lectures, which can be played either on a desktop computer or on a wideplayed either on a desktop computer or on a wide range of handheld MP3 devices.range of handheld MP3 devices. • Apple introduced the commercially successful iPodApple introduced the commercially successful iPod MP3 player and its associated iTunes software, theMP3 player and its associated iTunes software, the process started to become known as podcastingprocess started to become known as podcasting
  27. 27. 27 Audio Blogging andAudio Blogging and PodcastingPodcasting • A more recent development is theA more recent development is the introduction of video podcasts (sometimesintroduction of video podcasts (sometimes shortened to vidcast or vodcast): the onlineshortened to vidcast or vodcast): the online delivery of video-on-demand clips that can bedelivery of video-on-demand clips that can be played on a PC, or again on a suitableplayed on a PC, or again on a suitable handheld player(the more recent versions ofhandheld player(the more recent versions of the Apple iPod for example, provide for videothe Apple iPod for example, provide for video playing)playing)
  28. 28. 28 Web 2.0Web 2.0 TechnologiesTechnologies • AggregationAggregation • AJAXAJAX • APIAPI • EmbeddingEmbedding • FolksonomyFolksonomy • MashupsMashups • RemixingRemixing • RSSRSS • Ruby on RailsRuby on Rails • Tag CloudTag Cloud • TaggingTagging • Virtual ArchitectureVirtual Architecture • WidgetWidget • XMLXML
  29. 29. 29 AggregationAggregation Bringing multiple content sources together intoBringing multiple content sources together into one interface or applicationone interface or application
  30. 30. 30 AJAXAJAX (Asynchronous Javascript and XML) A(Asynchronous Javascript and XML) A combination of technologies that enablescombination of technologies that enables highly interactive web applications.highly interactive web applications.
  31. 31. 31 APIAPI (Application Programming Interface) A defined(Application Programming Interface) A defined interface to a computer application orinterface to a computer application or database that allows access by otherdatabase that allows access by other applications.applications.
  32. 32. 32 EmbeddingEmbedding Integrating content or an application into a webIntegrating content or an application into a web page, while the original format is maintained.page, while the original format is maintained.
  33. 33. 33 FolksonomyFolksonomy Rich categorization of information that isRich categorization of information that is collectively created by users, through taggingcollectively created by users, through tagging and other actions. (taxonomy)and other actions. (taxonomy)
  34. 34. 34 MashupsMashups Combination of different types of content orCombination of different types of content or data, usually from different sources, to createdata, usually from different sources, to create something newsomething new
  35. 35. 35 RemixingRemixing Extracting and combining samples of content toExtracting and combining samples of content to create a new output. The term was originallycreate a new output. The term was originally used in music but is now also applied to videoused in music but is now also applied to video and other content.and other content.
  36. 36. 36 RSSRSS (Really Simple Syndication) A group of formats(Really Simple Syndication) A group of formats to publish (syndicate) content on the internetto publish (syndicate) content on the internet so that users or applications automaticallyso that users or applications automatically receive any updates.receive any updates.
  37. 37. 37 Ruby on RailsRuby on Rails An open source web application framework thatAn open source web application framework that is frequently used in Web 2.0 websiteis frequently used in Web 2.0 website developmentdevelopment
  38. 38. 38 Tag cloudTag cloud • A visual depiction of tags that have beenA visual depiction of tags that have been used to describe a piece of content, withused to describe a piece of content, with higher frequency tags emphasized to assisthigher frequency tags emphasized to assist content comprehension and navigation.content comprehension and navigation. • Typical tag clouds have between 30 and 150Typical tag clouds have between 30 and 150 tags. The weights are represented using fonttags. The weights are represented using font sizes or other visual clues.sizes or other visual clues.
  39. 39. 39 TaggingTagging Attaching descriptions to information or content.Attaching descriptions to information or content.
  40. 40. 40 Virtual architectureVirtual architecture The creation of avatars (alternativeThe creation of avatars (alternative representations of people), buildings, objects,representations of people), buildings, objects, and other artifacts inside virtual spaces.and other artifacts inside virtual spaces.
  41. 41. 41 WidgetWidget Small, portable web application that can beSmall, portable web application that can be embedded into any web page.embedded into any web page.
  42. 42. 42 XMLXML (eXtensible Markup Language) An open(eXtensible Markup Language) An open standard for describing data, which enablesstandard for describing data, which enables easy exchange of information betweeneasy exchange of information between applications and organizationsapplications and organizations
  43. 43. 43 Web 2.0 and IntellectualWeb 2.0 and Intellectual Property RightsProperty Rights • OwnershipOwnership • Re-useRe-use • ControlControl
  44. 44. 44 OwnershipOwnership Who "owns" the content when it isWho "owns" the content when it is collaboratively created? The authors? Thecollaboratively created? The authors? The university? The creators of the system?university? The creators of the system?
  45. 45. 45 Re-UseRe-Use • Universities make considerable use of publishedUniversities make considerable use of published materials in learning and teaching. These materialsmaterials in learning and teaching. These materials may be in paper or electronic form. They include textmay be in paper or electronic form. They include text books, academic papers, learning objects and pre-books, academic papers, learning objects and pre- prints.prints. • When these are used in a Web 2.0 environment theyWhen these are used in a Web 2.0 environment they may become visible to people outside the university,may become visible to people outside the university, which may breach current licensing arrangements, sowhich may breach current licensing arrangements, so that they may need to be reconsidered.that they may need to be reconsidered.
  46. 46. 46 ControlControl • The nature and degree of control thatThe nature and degree of control that universities may wish to exert over content inuniversities may wish to exert over content in a Web 2.0 environment is, as discussed,a Web 2.0 environment is, as discussed, problematic because there are competingproblematic because there are competing pressures to ensure that material is not illegalpressures to ensure that material is not illegal (eg defamatory or contravening IPR), and to(eg defamatory or contravening IPR), and to support academic freedomsupport academic freedom
  47. 47. 47 Web 2.0 & PreservationWeb 2.0 & Preservation • One of the key functions of universities hasOne of the key functions of universities has been the preservation of information.been the preservation of information. • Historically this has been done usingHistorically this has been done using published works and theses retained in apublished works and theses retained in a library.library.
  48. 48. 48 Web 2.0 & PreservationWeb 2.0 & Preservation • What is the authoritative version of anWhat is the authoritative version of an artifact? This is especially problematic whereartifact? This is especially problematic where many people are contributing to it.many people are contributing to it. • At what point does it become something thatAt what point does it become something that should be preserved?should be preserved? • Should all the changes be preserved too?Should all the changes be preserved too?
  49. 49. 49 Web 2.0 & PreservationWeb 2.0 & Preservation • What is the status of a work?What is the status of a work? • If it can always be changed then how can peer reviewIf it can always be changed then how can peer review (or similar processes) be used to determine the(or similar processes) be used to determine the work’s value and authority?work’s value and authority? • How does preservation relate to the version(s) thatHow does preservation relate to the version(s) that were peer reviewed?were peer reviewed? • And what is the scope of any such peer review?And what is the scope of any such peer review?
  50. 50. 50 Web 2.0 & PreservationWeb 2.0 & Preservation • How can the content be preserved in a form in whichHow can the content be preserved in a form in which it can continue to be accessed?it can continue to be accessed? • Technology is changing very fast, and while someTechnology is changing very fast, and while some formats will be usable for a long time (HTML forformats will be usable for a long time (HTML for instance)instance) • Others may not be. Will a MySQL database still beOthers may not be. Will a MySQL database still be usable in 20 years on the hardware and operatingusable in 20 years on the hardware and operating systems available then?systems available then?
  51. 51. 51 ConclusionConclusion • Web 2.0 will have profound implications for librarians,Web 2.0 will have profound implications for librarians, learners and teachers in formal, informal, work-basedlearners and teachers in formal, informal, work-based and lifelong education.and lifelong education. • Web 2.0 will affect how library and universities goWeb 2.0 will affect how library and universities go about the business of education, from learning,about the business of education, from learning, teaching and assessment, through contact withteaching and assessment, through contact with school communities, widening participation,school communities, widening participation, interfacing with industry, and maintaining contact withinterfacing with industry, and maintaining contact with alumnialumni
  52. 52. 52 Q & AQ & A
  53. 53. 53 Thank you!Thank you!

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