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Stop
smoking
Adequate
diet
Continued malaria
prevention
Obesity prevention
CONGRATULATIONS!
Maternal and infant under- and...
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Under- and Over-nutrition in the First Thousand Days

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Proper Nutrition and Healthcare for both Mother and Child are vital for later positive health outcomes.

Published in: Health & Medicine
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Under- and Over-nutrition in the First Thousand Days

  1. 1. Stop smoking Adequate diet Continued malaria prevention Obesity prevention CONGRATULATIONS! Maternal and infant under- and over-nutrition 1000 days the first Obese mothers have increased risk of complications during pregnancy and birth, which potentially impact on their child Malnourished mothers have a higher risk of infants with a low birth size1 Where a significant problem, malaria prevention steps should also be taken Enough rest zz z Regular check-ups Vitamin and mineral supplementation Counseling There are significant problems, for both mother and child, associated with over/under-weight mothers and infants who are small/large size at birth1-5 Proper nutrition and healthcare for both mother and infant throughout pregnancy and the first few years of childhood are vital to give the infant the optimum health outcome possible. During pregnancy, mothers should take adequate care of themselves to provide the best outcome for their child. Conception After the child is 6 months old, these steps must be continued Obesity prevention to prevent potential complications Mothers should look after their general health during pregnancy Children of obese mothers are also at greater risk of childhood and teenage obesity As with their mothers, where it is a significant problem, malaria prevention steps should be taken While large birth size has been associated with certain negative health outcomes, it has also been associated with an increased human capital over their life span Early initiation of breastfeeding It is vital that infants get proper nutrition and healthcare to provide them with optimal health outcomes Birth General healthcare L owsize atbirt h L arger size atbir th Infants with a larger size at birth and at 2 years have an increased risk of various negative outcomes3 : • High glucose concentration • High blood pressure • Harmful lipid levels (especially height) has been associated with decreased human capital, including2 : • Shorter adult height • Less education • Lower economic productivity • Lower offspring weight (females only) 6 months post-birth Continued breastfeeding Clean environment and water Sanitation Hygiene Continued immunization Vitamin and mineral supplementation Diarrhea management Deworming Complementary feeding Continued growth monitoring The quality of the environment can have an important impact on the child’s wellbeing. Infants must have: Source document: Bhutta ZA and Lassi Z. Under- and overnutrition in the first thousand days: the importance of the problem and interventions. 2015. Download PDF [Accessed 6 May 2015] References 1. Katz J, et al. Lancet 2013;382:417–425 2. Victora CG, et al. Lancet 2008;371:340–357 3. Adair LS, et al. Lancet 2013;382:525–534 4. Black RE, et al. Lancet 2013;382:427–451 5. Bhutta ZA, et al. Lancet 2008;371:417–440 55919F Maternal Infant Infographic 880x171mm_v2.indd 1 14/10/2015 10:29

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