Struggling to survive ch9


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Struggling to survive ch9

  1. 1. Struggling to SurviveCh. 9<br />How did the growth of Canada affect the Aboriginals peoples?<br />
  2. 2. Troubles in Saskatchewan<br />All the people living in the District Saskatchewan had grievances with the Government.<br />
  3. 3. MacDonald’s National Policy was not working as hoped<br />
  4. 4. Settlers<br />Policies led to high cost for supplies and shipping <br />This led to low prices for produce making it hard to make a profit<br />Because there was no representation no one could speak for them<br />
  5. 5. The Metis<br />Many left Red River for Saskatchewan with promise of land<br />
  6. 6. The situation became similar to Red River – empty promises with no land claims<br />
  7. 7. First Nations<br />After signing Treaties with the Government, they expect help because of the declining Buffalo herds<br />
  8. 8. The government was slow to act and many faced starvation<br />
  9. 9. Riel Returns<br />In 1884, Riel fulfills his term for amnesty and returns to help the Metis of Saskatchewan<br />He helps put together a Petition for Ottawa <br />
  10. 10. Key Points<br />Ottawa to honor treaties<br />Need to change economic policies<br />Protection of Land<br />Need to make Saskatchewan a province<br />
  11. 11. Taking Action<br />By March 1885, nothing had been done<br />So Riel did what he did in Red River – he formed a Provisional Government<br />Would it work this time?<br />
  12. 12. One Hundred Days & One Hundred Years<br />When Riel decided to fight he lost the support of the English-speaking Metis<br />
  13. 13. The North West Mounted Police<br />They were later known as the Royal Canadian Mounted Police<br />They were posted throughout the district at various outposts<br />
  14. 14. The Militia<br />After news was heard about Riel Col. Middleton formed a militia to stop the rebellion<br />
  15. 15. Punishment for the Rebels<br />After a few encounters the rebellion was subdued (p. 166)<br />Many of the leaders were tried and convicted of treason. Most served 2-3 years<br />
  16. 16. The Trial of Louis Riel<br />His trial took place in Regina from July 29 to August 1 1885<br />He defended himself but was convicted of treason<br />
  17. 17. MacDonald’s Decision<br />He had a difficult decision because the country was divided and it would affect him politically<br />He finally sided with the conviction and Riel was hanged<br />
  18. 18. First Nations in the Martimes<br />Just like their counterparts in the west, native peoples were suffering in the east.<br />
  19. 19. A Policy of Assimilation<br />The government was hoping the first nations would become part of the forming Canadian culture<br />
  20. 20. Dept. of Indian Affairs Act<br />It main goal was to make the native people more Canadian<br />But this often meant abandoning their own culture <br />
  21. 21. Their were three key points to the Act:<br />Set up Band governments<br />Control their economies<br />Take charge of their education<br />
  22. 22. Band Governments<br />This ultimately changed their existing organization<br />It was meant to prevent them from organizing against the Canadian Government<br />
  23. 23. Economic Control<br />Agents were sent into each band to determine who could trade, who could hunt/fish and who could farm on the reserves<br />
  24. 24. Educating the Children<br />Residential Schools were set up to educate the children in non-native ways<br />They were often forced to attend<br />
  25. 25. Did the Policy of Assimilation Work?<br />Although the first nations people suffered (and continue to do so) they were never truly assimilated <br />
  26. 26. Aboriginal Peoples of Newfoundland and Labrador<br />These people were not affected by Canadian Policies as they were not apart of Canada<br />But they did have challenges adapting to the new society emerging around them<br />
  27. 27. Innu<br />Some of these people were somewhat affect by the Indian Act because they lived in Northern Quebec<br />In NF, they were not greatly affect during this period<br />
  28. 28. Inuit<br />By the 1880’s, they were affected by the constant migration of European settlers to the coast of Labrador<br />This was gradual and reflected a more natural assimiluation<br />
  29. 29. Mi’kmaq<br />These people became naturally assimilated into the emerging Newfoundland culture<br />They did not suffer from sickness and disease like other native peoples throughout Canada<br />