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7 agriculture sector_dr yogendra karki

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Presentation by Dr. Yogendra Karki_Agriculture

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7 agriculture sector_dr yogendra karki

  1. 1. AGRO AND FOREST PRODUCTS Opportunities Through Niche And Value Chains PRESENTER DR. YOGENDRA KUMAR KARKI Joint-Secretary Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development
  2. 2. COUNTRY OVERVIEW: GLIMPSES OF NEPALESE AGRICULTURE (MOUNTAIN) MOUNTAINS: Yak, Sheep, Goats and fruits
  3. 3. COUNTRY OVERVIEW: GLIMPSES OF NEPALI AGRICULTURE (MID-HILL) HILLS: Cereals, sub-tropical and fruits, vegetables, coffee, tea, flowers, milk production, Goat, and poultry mild-temperate
  4. 4. COUNTRY OVERVIEW GLIMPSES OF NEPALI AGRICULTURE (TERAI) TERAI: Cereals, tropical and sub- tropical fruits, vegetables and milk production
  5. 5. OVERVIEW OF AGRO SECTOR IN NEPAL Provides employment for almost 65% of the population Mainstay of Nepal's economy and comprises 27.59 % of nation's GDP The agriculture production of Nepal has increased by 3.2% in past two decades Nepali agriculture and livestock husbandry system is focused on rural enterprise and small holding farmers Productivity of agriculture labor is very low; $ 835 and the average productivity of Agriculture Land is $3278/ha Commercial agriculture farming and livestock husbandry practices is increasing in Peri-urban areas and villages with better market access
  6. 6. OVERVIEW OF AGRO SECTOR IN NEPAL Average Annual Growth rate of Agriculture sector(%) Source: Economic survey, 2018 Present Status of National Food Availability Source: MoALD, 2016
  7. 7. OVERVIEW OF AGRO SECTOR IN NEPAL Nepal has targeted on Graduation to developing country by 2022 and upgrade to a middle income country by 2030 Forest and grazing lands provide more than 50% of fodder and forages to the livestock in Nepal. Overall agriculture output is expected to grow by 3.0% in FY2018 Structural transformation in Nepalese economy demands boosting up productivity  within sectors (shifting from lower value added activities to higher value)  across sectors (shifting production/employment structure from agriculture to industry) DEVELOPING COUNTRY MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRY2022 2030
  8. 8. OVERVIEW OF AGRO SECTOR IN NEPAL Imports by Commodities (FY 2017/18) Production and Productivity by Commodities SN DESCRIPTION IMPORT ($ MILLION) 1 Cereals 445 2 Fruits 145 3 Vegetables 227 4 Coffee and Tea 107 5 Fish 17 6 Animals; live 41 7 Meat and edible meat offal 2 8 Dairy Product 26 Total 1011 SN COMMODITY PRODUCTION (MT IN MILLION) PRODUCTIVITY (MT/HAC) 1 Paddy 5.61 3.7 2 Maize 2.56 2.68 3 Millet 0.31 1.19 4 Wheat 1.95 2.76 5 Barley 0.03 1.24 6 Vegetables 4.10 14.04 7 Fruits 1.01 11.40 8 Meats 0.35 9 Milk and Milk Product 2.09 10 Fish 0.09
  9. 9. OVERVIEW OF AGRO SECTOR IN NEPAL Commercialized farming of agriculture and livestock are established through out Nation Nepal self reliant with: Green vegetables, poultry and egg Agriculture-Livestock Integration: Prospective to supply processed products (domestic need) and export Private Sectors: Involvement in large scale farms and Niche products: Ostrich farming, Kiwi, Tea, Coffee, Large Cardamom, Dairy and Poultry products etc.
  10. 10. INVESTMENT POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITIES ESTABLISHMENT OF FERTILIZER BLENDING INDUSTRY PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURES DEVELOPMENT AGRICULTURAL MACHINE, TOOLS AND TECHNOLOGY SEED PRODUCTION PROCESSING INDUSTRIES ORGANIC FARMING
  11. 11. INVESTMENT POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITIES POSSIBILITIES 1 2 GRAPE FARMING AND VINEYARD3 4 FLORICULTURE5 SCOPE FOR INVESTMENT IN THE SECTOR IS HUGE DUE TO AGRO-ECOLOGICAL DIVERSITY OF THE COUNTRY NON TIMBER AND FOREST PRODUCTS NICHE AND HIGH VALUE PRODUCTS SUCH AS GINGER, CARDAMOM, TURMERIC, WALNUT, KIWI, AVOCADO, STRAWBERRY, ALMOND, GROUND APPLE, DRAGON FRUITS, HONEY, HIDE AND SKIN ETC.
  12. 12. INVESTMENT POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITIES POTENTIAL INTEGRATED AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT COMPONENTS
  13. 13. INVESTMENT POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITIES Strategic location of country between India and China, two of largest economies in World Duty free access to India and China Nepal-India Trade and Transit Treaty Signatory country of Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements and Bilateral Investment Protection and Promotion Agreements (BIPPAs) Member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Government Commitment for promotion of foreign investment, providing a unique opportunity for foreign direct investment (FDI)
  14. 14. INVESTMENT POTENTIAL AND OPPORTUNITIES Mutual understanding and cooperation between institutions, farmers and entrepreneurs Harmonization between central, provincial and local government Local level institutional participation and development
  15. 15. POLICY INCENTIVES ON AGRO AND AGRO-BASED INDUSTRY GOVERNMENT PLANS, POLICIES AND PROGRAMS Prime Minister Agriculture Modernization Project (PM-AMP): envisaged pockets, blocks, zones and super zones for agriculture products 15th Periodic Plan (Under Preparation): Commercialization of Agriculture, Use of Innovation and Technology in Agriculture, Agriculture sector as Driver of Economic Development Agriculture Development Strategy (2015-2035): Agriculture sector plan for next 20 years, Recommends spending USD 5 billion in beginning 10 years, Commission a study on FDI in agriculture in Nepal Nepal Trade Integration Strategy (NTIS): Seek to address the outstanding trade and competitiveness
  16. 16. POLICY INCENTIVES ON AGRO AND AGRO-BASED INDUSTRY INVESTMENT INCENTIVES Subsidies and facilities for foreign invested industries will be as per the national standard and norms Effective tax rate of 70 % of applicable tax rate for industry based in agriculture sector Foreign Investment and Technology Transfer Act, 1992 (FITTA) enables for conducive environment for foreign investment 40 % tax exemption for fruit based brandy, wine, cider-producing industries established at under developed areas specified by GON for first ten year
  17. 17. POLICY INCENTIVES ON AGRO AND AGRO-BASED INDUSTRY VAT exemption facility for agro-based cold storages VAT exemption for spare parts imported by jute industries on recommendation of Department of Industries 25 % VAT square off facility for all-purpose flour industries 50 % VAT square off facility for mustard oil and Vanaspati ghee producing industries, dairy industries and tea producing and refining industries 70 % VAT square off facility for sugar producing industries Special exemption in income tax and dividends for Industries established in Special Economic Zones
  18. 18. PROJECTS SHOWCASED IN SUMMIT Project Location Province Capacity Urlabari, Morang 1 Cold storage: 4,000 Mt. Warehouse: 17,500 Mt. Parsagadhi, Parsa 2 Cold storage: 5,000 Mt. Warehouse: 20,000 Mt. Banepa and Chitwan 3 Cold storage: 4000 Mt. Warehouse: 10,000 Mt. Hemja, Pokhara Gandaki Province Cold storage: 4000 Mt. Warehouse: 15,000 Mt. Manigram, Tilottama, Rupandehi 5 Cold storage: 4,000 Mt. Warehouse: 25,000 Mt. Birendra Nagar, Surkhet Karnali Province Cold storage: 2,500 Mt. Warehouse: 75,000 Mt. Ginger Processing: 20,000 Mt. Godawari, Attariya Sudurpaschim Province Cold storage: 2,500 Mt. Warehouse: 10,000 Mt. INTEGRATED AGRICULTURE INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECT (ESTABLISHMENT OF COLD STORAGE AND WAREHOUSE)
  19. 19. THANK YOU

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