BRAIN AND LANGUAGE BY : NELI ANASTASIA JESSICA JUNITA KIRANA
THE HUMAN BRAIN <ul><li>DIVIDED INTO TWO HALVES CALLED CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES </li></ul><ul><li>THE RIGHT HEMISPHERE CONTROL...
BRAIN LATERALIZATION <ul><li>THE TWO HALVES OF THE HUMAN BRAIN ARE NOT EXACTLY ALIKE; EACH HEMISPHERE HAS FUNCTIONAL SPECI...
THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE AND THE LEFT HEMISPHERE  <ul><li>WADA TESTS </li></ul><ul><li>IT PROVES THAT LANGUAGE IS SUP...
APHASIALOGY <ul><li>APHASIA IS CAUSED BY DAMAGE TO ONE OR MORE OF THE LANGUAGE AREAS OF THE BRAIN </li></ul><ul><li>APHASI...
BROCA’S APHASIA <ul><li>JAY (2002:38) DESCRIBES BROCA’S APHASIA AS THE RESULT OF THE DAMAGE IN THE THIRD CONVOLUTION OF TH...
WERNICKE’S APHASIA
 
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Presentation Linguistic

  1. 1. BRAIN AND LANGUAGE BY : NELI ANASTASIA JESSICA JUNITA KIRANA
  2. 2. THE HUMAN BRAIN <ul><li>DIVIDED INTO TWO HALVES CALLED CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES </li></ul><ul><li>THE RIGHT HEMISPHERE CONTROL MATTERS RELATING TO 3D SPATIAL ACUITY </li></ul><ul><li>THE LEFT HEMISPHERE CONTROLS PATTERNS THAT PROGRESS STEP-BY-STEP IN A SINGLE DIMENSION </li></ul>
  3. 3. BRAIN LATERALIZATION <ul><li>THE TWO HALVES OF THE HUMAN BRAIN ARE NOT EXACTLY ALIKE; EACH HEMISPHERE HAS FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>THE LEFT HEMISPHERE IN ONE PART PLAYS A PRIMARY ROLE IN SPEECH PRODUCTION (BROCA)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>ANOTHER PART IN THE LEFT HEMISPHERE PRIMARILY CONCERNED WITH LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION (WERNICKE)‏ </li></ul>
  4. 4. THE RELATION BETWEEN LANGUAGE AND THE LEFT HEMISPHERE <ul><li>WADA TESTS </li></ul><ul><li>IT PROVES THAT LANGUAGE IS SUPPRESSED WHEN THE LEFT HEMISPHERE IS DISABLED </li></ul><ul><li>DICHOTIC LISTENING </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS WHERE DIFFERENT MESSAGES ARE SENT CONCURRENTLY INTO TWO EARS, THE DOMINATING MESSAGES ARE THOSE WHICH ARE SENT TO THE RIGHT EAR(THE ONE THAT CONNECT TO THE LEFT HEMISPHERE)‏ </li></ul><ul><li>COMMISUROTOMY </li></ul><ul><li>AN OPERATION IN WHICH THE CORPUS CALLOSUM WAS SEVERED IN SEVERE CASES OF EPILEPSY, DISCONECTING THE TWO HEMISPHERE </li></ul>
  5. 5. APHASIALOGY <ul><li>APHASIA IS CAUSED BY DAMAGE TO ONE OR MORE OF THE LANGUAGE AREAS OF THE BRAIN </li></ul><ul><li>APHASIA CLASIFIED INTO TWO GROUPS BROCA’S APHASIA AND WERNICKE’S APHASIA </li></ul>
  6. 6. BROCA’S APHASIA <ul><li>JAY (2002:38) DESCRIBES BROCA’S APHASIA AS THE RESULT OF THE DAMAGE IN THE THIRD CONVOLUTION OF THE FRONTAL LOBE NEAR THE MOTOR CORTEX </li></ul><ul><li>CHARACTERIZED BY MEANINGFUL BUT SHORTENED SPEECH AND LACK OF </li></ul>
  7. 7. WERNICKE’S APHASIA

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