Christmas inTurkey

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Christmas inTurkey

  1. 1. SANTA CLAUS
  2. 2. <ul><li>. </li></ul>SAINT NICHOLAS OF MYRA IS THE PRIMARY INSPIRATION FOR THE CHRISTIAN FIGURE OF SANTA CLAUS.
  3. 3. HE WAS HE WAS A 4TH CENTURY GREEK CHRISTIAN BISHOP OF MYRA(NOW DEMRE)IN LYCIA,A PROVINCE OF THE BYZANTINE ANATOLIA,NOW IN TURKEY.
  4. 4. NICHOLAS WAS FAMOUS FOR HIS GENEROUS GIFTS TO THE POOR,IN PARTICULAR PRESENTING THE THREE IMPOVERISHED DAUGHTERS OF A PIOUS CHRISTIAN WITH DOWRIES SO THAT THEY WOULD NOT HAVE TO BECOME PROSTITUTES.
  5. 5. HE WAS VERY RELIGIOUS FROM ON EARLY AGE AND DEVOTED HIS LIFE ENTIRELY TO CHRISTIANITY.
  6. 6. IN EUROPE(MORE PRECISELY THE NETHERLANDS, BELGIUM,AUSTRIA AND GERMANY )HE IS STILLPORTRAYED AS A BEARDED BISHOP IN CANONICAL ROBES.
  7. 7. IN 1087 THE ITALIAN CITY OF BARI , WANTING TO ENTER THE PROFITABLE PILGRIMAGE INDUSTRY OF THE TIMES,
  8. 8. MOUNTED AN EXPEDITION TO LOCATE THE TOMB OF THE CHRISTIAN SAINT AND PROCURE HIS REMAINS
  9. 9. THE RELIQUARY OF ST.NICHOLAS WAS DESECRATED BY ITALIAN SAILORS AND THE SPOILS ,INCLUDING HIS RELICS, TAKEN TO BARI WHERE THEY ARE KEPT TO THIS DAY.
  10. 10. A BASILICA WAS CONSTRUCTED THE SAME YEAR TO STORE THE LOOT AND THE AREA BECAME A PILGRIMAGE SITE FOR THE DEVOUT,
  11. 11. THUS JUSTIFYING THE ECONOMIC COST OF THE EXPEDITION.
  12. 12. IRISH HISTORIANS SAY THAT HIS REMAINS WERE MOVED ON AGAIN FROM ITALY TO JERPOINT ABBEY IN COUNTY KILKENNY ,WHERE HIS GRAVE CAN STILL BE SEEN.
  13. 13. SAINT NICHOLAS BECAME CLAIMED AS A PATRON SAINT OF MANY DIVERSE GROUPS,FROM ARCHERS AND CHILDREN TO PAWNBROKERS.
  14. 14. HE IS ALSO THE PATRON SAINT OF BOTH AMSTERDAM AND MOSCOW.
  15. 15. CHURCH OF ST.NICHOLAS MYRA (KALE/DEMRE) IN ANTALYA/TURKEY
  16. 16. THE CHURCH OF ST.NICHOLAS IN MYRA
  17. 17. CHURCH INTERIOR
  18. 18. CEILING FRESCO
  19. 19. CHURCH ENTRANCE
  20. 20. OPUS SECTILE FLOOR
  21. 21. FRESCO IN A NICHE
  22. 22. INTERİOR, LOOKİNG TOWARDS THE ALTAR
  23. 23. STATUE OF ST. NICHOLAS OUTSIDE OF CHURCH.
  24. 24. <ul><li>SAINT NICHOLAS’S CITIES </li></ul><ul><li>PATARA AND MYRA </li></ul><ul><li>(IN ANTALYA/TURKEY) </li></ul>
  25. 25. A PICTURE OF SOME OF THE RUINS AT PATARA.NOTE A CITY GATE AT THE LOWER LEFT CORNER AND THE THEATRE SET IN THE HILLSIDE.
  26. 26. A VIEW BACK ACROSS THE CITY RUINS FROM THE TOP OF THE AMPHITHEATRE.
  27. 27. A VIEW OF THE PARTIALLY RESTORED MAIN STREET OF PATARA.
  28. 28. PATARA GATEWAY
  29. 29. RUINS OF ROMAN DATE BATHS
  30. 30. PATARA’S BEACH
  31. 31. MYRA’S ANTIQUE THEATRE
  32. 32. MYRA’S ROCKTOMBS
  33. 33. ST. NICHOLAS’ S REAL GRAVE
  34. 34. SOME OF THE MANY CARVED MASKS AT MYRA’S THEATRE
  35. 35. CHRISTMAS IN TURKEY

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