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David Carr: Maximising the availability and use of research outputs – a funder perspective


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David Carr: Maximising the availability and use of research outputs – a funder perspective

  1. 1. Maximising the availability and use of research outputs – a funder perspectiveLSHTM meeting on opening research and data 22 October 2012 David Carr Wellcome Trust
  2. 2. Sharing research outputs: our position• committed as a funder to ensuring research outputs (inc papers & data) are made available in a way that maximises benefits to health and society• we are a leading advocate of open access & data sharing: − long-standing policies on open access publishing & data management and sharing − funding to implement policies and support for key enabling infrastructures − work in partnership at UK and international level to provide enabling environment − active engagement in key policy debates – e.g. copyright legislation reform, open data agenda
  3. 3. Open access: our policy“any research papers that have been accepted for publicationin a peer-reviewed journal, and are supported in whole or inpart by Wellcome Trust funding, to be made available throughPubMed Central (PMC) and UK PubMed Central (UKPMC) assoon as possible and in any event within six months of thejournal publishers official date of final publication”
  4. 4. Supporting open access• providing dedicated funding to meet costs associated with open access publication• developing UK PubMed Central (soon to be Europe PMC) with 19 partner funders• supporting researchers and institutions, and working with publishers• contributing to advocacy, research and awareness raising to accelerate transition to fully open access world
  5. 5. Compliance with the Trust’s policyBottom line: compliance has increased since 2006(currently ~60%), but still a long way to go
  6. 6. Strengthening our policy (June 2012)• specific sanctions for non-compliance: − withholding final payment on grants, pending assurance papers listed on final reports are compliant − requiring previous Trust-funded papers to be compliant before any funding renewals or new grants awards are activated − discounting non-compliant Trust-funded papers as part of a researcher’s track record• from April 2013, where our funding is used to meet an open access fee, the paper must be licenced via a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) licence
  7. 7. eLife: open access innovation• new open access journal dedicated to enhancing communication of the very best science• collaboration between researchers and three funders (Wellcome Trust, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Max Planck Society)• will drive innovation in: − supporting fair, rapid and constructive review − maximising potential of on-line publishing for communicating cutting-edge science
  8. 8. Data sharing – a growing consensus• major challenges associated with increasingly vast & complex datasets, but also tremendous opportunities• increasing policy convergence between major funders in promoting sharing of research data − expectation that data outputs be preserved and shared in a way that maximises value − requirement for data management plans as integral part of the application process• but implementation and enforcement of these policies is still rather variable
  9. 9. The Trust’s experience• Data management and sharing policy originally published in 2007, updated in 2010• require data management and sharing plan, where proposed research likely to generate data of value as a resource for the wider community• quality of DMPs variable, but evidence that they are improving• however, post-award tracking remains a challenge and question as to whether resource implications of plans are being assessed appropriately
  10. 10. Major challenges• there are significant barriers & constraints to overcome: − Infrastructural issues − Cultural issues − Technical issues − Professional issues − Ethical issues• different disciplines at very different stages; different types of data raise distinct issues• challenges will require funders to work in partnership, with each other & other key communities
  11. 11. Working in partnership: three currentinitiatives• ELIXIR – sustainable infrastructure for European life science data• Expert Advisory Group on Data Access – advice on emerging issues relating to data access across genetics, epidemiology and social sciences• Public Heath Research Data Forum – cross funder initiative to increase access to research data generated by public health and epidemiology research
  12. 12. Increasing access to public health andepidemiology research data• current situation is often that: − lack of access to data limits comparative analysis or even checking for accuracy − only immediate research interests are addressed; broader questions are neglected − lots of duplication in data collection − data not archived effectively for long-term• recognise there are legitimate concerns, and that limits and controls are essential…• … but growing recognition among funders that we need to find ways of widening access to this data
  13. 13. Sharing research data to improvepublic health• Joint statement of purpose was published in January 2011, with 17 initial funder signatories• the statement set out: – one vision – to increase availability of research data generated by our funding to accelerate improvements in public health – three principles – share data in ways that are equitable, ethical and efficient The Lancet, 377 (12 Feb 2011), pp 537-539 – seven goals – immediate goals and longer term aspirations
  14. 14. Three PrinciplesEquitable:Any approach to the sharing of data should recognize and balance theneeds of researchers who generate and use data, other analysts whomay want to reuse those data, and communities and funders who expecthealth benefits to arise from research.Ethical:All data sharing should protect the privacy of individuals and the dignityof communities, while simultaneously respecting the imperative toimprove public health through the most productive use of data.Efficient:Any approach to data sharing should improve the quality and value ofresearch and increase its contribution to improving public health.Approaches should be proportionate and build on existing practice andreduce unnecessary duplication and competition.
  15. 15. Seven goalsImmediate goals1.Data management standards support data sharing2.Data sharing is recognized as a professional achievement3.Secondary data users respect the rights of producers andadd value to the data they useLonger-term goals4.Well documented data sets are available for secondaryanalysis5.Capacity to manage and analyse data is strengthened6.Published work and data are linked and archived7.Data sharing is sustainably resourced for the long term
  16. 16. A broad range of funder partners Signatories… Supporting organisations…16
  17. 17. Implementing the joint statement• partner funders have formed a Public Health Research Data Forum, with a joint workplan• activities in three main areas: − capacity and skills − culture and incentives − infrastructure and tools• challenges will require key inputs from researchers, institutions, funders, repositories and publishers
  18. 18. Forum activities• developing options for capacity building and training in LMICs• commissioning work on data citation mechanisms• building the evidence base on the perspectives of research participants and stakeholders in LMICs• developing accessible guidance on metadata and standards• scoping a potential workshop with African academies on data sharing
  19. 19. Literature and data – closing thoughts• tremendous opportunities, but recognise costs and barriers which will require research funders and institutions to work together• importance of institutional planning and coordination: − assess resource needs for data assets − articulate clear policies and processes to support researchers − robust evaluation and monitoring• particular challenges of working with LMICs - equity and sustainability
  20. 20. Further information