Antonio Gasparrini: Open access: a researcher's perspective
Open access: a researcher’s perspective Antonio Gasparrini London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK Open Research and Data Open Access Week 22 October 2012 - Birbeck College, London
My backgroundGraduated in biology in Italy, then 4 years working asepidemiologist in a cancer research center in FlorenceMSc + postgraduate school (still in Italy) + PhD (in UK) inmedical statistics,Worked at LSHTM in the last 5 years, mainly in statisticalmethodology and software development
My MRC fellowshipAwarded a Research Methodology fellowship from MRC (Dec2011 – Nov 2014)Project developed on my previous researchSuccess of this project critical for next funding applicationNeed to comply with the MRC regulations on open accessMy budget for open access costs: 6000£ in total
OutlineSome points: My perspective: as scientist and junior academic Publishing: steps and costs My publications as a case study Open research: beyond publications
The scientist’s perspectiveI favour a system which: guarantees high-quality research allows the independent assessment of research ﬁndings ensures the dissemination of the such ﬁndings
The academic’s perspectiveI favour a system which: covers the costs of my research delivers a fast and eﬀective peer-review process provides tools for disseminating my work
Publishing a research paper: steps Literature review Drafting the manuscript Choice of the journal and submission Review and acceptance Copyright agreement Open access fee PublicationActors: the researcher, the institution, the research community,the funder, the journals/publishersAn eﬃcient and fair system?
A ﬁrst articlePublished online in Statistics in Medicine (2012): The choice of the journal Copyright transferred Open access fee ∼2250£ Impact factor 1.99
A second articleFirstly submitted to Biostatistics: Copyright transferred Open access fee ∼2250£ Impact factor 2.145Rejected, re-submitted to BMC Med Res Method: Copyright retained Open access fee ∼1475£ (∼1255£ with LSHTM discount) Impact factor 2.67
A third articlePublished in Journal of Statistical Software (2011): Not automatically indexed in PubMed Included ’manually’ through PubMed Central Copyright retained Open access fee: 0£ Impact factor 4.01
Open research: beyond publishingOpen data: research data collected with public funding availableto other researchersOpen source and free softwareReproducible research: open and thorough assessment ofresearch ﬁndings
A similar caseStatistical software is mainly based on commercial programs(e.g. Stata, SAS, SPSS)Substantial fees to be paid by research institutionsHowever, implementation of novel methodologies provided byresearchersSame story: researchers working (for free) for third parties...
An alternative modelAn example: the R softwareA project entirely based on a community of users and developersComparison with commercial programsModel also applicable to publishing
The third article againThe manuscript is freely available at journal’s web site and otherrepositoriesThe code for the analysis is included as supplementary materialThe software is implemented and fully documented in a freestatistical packageThe data are stored online and freely available through thesoftwareAll of this at no cost
The internet eraDiﬀerent approach to search and dissemination: what role forjournals?Drop in editorial and publication costs: do we really needpublishers?Role of funders, institutions and research community is criticalWhy so late?!
The open access eraImportant changes: Wellcome and RCUK policiesLimitations of the Finch ReportAlternative models already availableChanges require a diﬀerent approach from researchers