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How the National Land Use Policy Promotes Use of Publicly Accessible Land Information Database Systems for Decision-Making

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Background on Land Governance Realities in Myanmar “Political Playground”- Legal framework is poorly harmonized and often antiquated;- Deed registration system has been poorly maintained, expensive land transactions, tenure claims often unclear (negative impact on investment); - Many land holders, particularly in remote rural areas, lack formal recognition of land tenure claims (customary tenure); - Land governance arrangements are complicated with overlapping authority;- Public access to accurate land information is difficult (negative impact on investment, negative impacts on tenure security, increases risk for all);- Limited opportunity for public participation in land resource decision making processes, including easy access to affordable dispute resolution mechanisms.

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How the National Land Use Policy Promotes Use of Publicly Accessible Land Information Database Systems for Decision-Making

  1. 1. [DATE] FOOTER GOES HERE 1 How the National Land Use Policy Promotes Use of Publicly Accessible Land Information Database Systems for Decision- Making Robert Burton Oberndorf, JD Resource Law Specialist/Land Advisor USAID Land Tenure Project 27 February 2017 Enhancing Access to Knowledge, Information & Data in the Mekong Workshop Best Western Green Hill Hotel, Yangon
  2. 2. Background on Land Governance Realities in Myanmar - “Political Playground” - Legal framework is poorly harmonized and often antiquated; - Deed registration system has been poorly maintained, expensive land transactions, tenure claims often unclear (negative impact on investment); - Many land holders, particularly in remote rural areas, lack formal recognition of land tenure claims (customary tenure); - Land governance arrangements are complicated with overlapping authority; - Public access to accurate land information is difficult (negative impact on investment, negative impacts on tenure security, increases risk for all); - Limited opportunity for public participation in land resource decision27 February 2017 USAID Myanmar Land Tenure Project 2
  3. 3. - New Land Laws (Farmland and VFV Lands Management Law in 2012) - Development of National Land Use Policy - Commitment to resolve land disputes - New Agriculture Policy and Agriculture Development Strategy 27 February 2017 USAID Land Tenure Projject 3 KHINMYATMOE
  4. 4. • Almost 3 years to develop; • Utilized an inclusive public consultation process; • Consultations in every state and region, expert roundtables, national workshop; • Endorsed by President’s Cabinet in January of 2016 – “Living Document” • ASPIRATIONAL: Need to keep in mind there are few “quick wins” in land governance. Long term effort. 27 FEBRUARY 2017 USAID LAND TENURE PROJECT 4 KHINMYATMOE NATIONAL LAND USE POLICY DEVELOPMENT
  5. 5. [DATE] 5 • Basic Principles, Art 8(c): To promote effective land information management, including easy public access to information; • Land Use Administration, Art 12 (b): Transparently providing precise and correct land information that the stakeholders need to use when deciding the amount of land area necessary for projects related to national development, environmental conservation, land use planning and investment; KHINMYATMOE How does the NLUP support modern land data management systems development?
  6. 6. 27 February 2017 USAID Land Tenure Project 6 NLUP Support Continued • Land Information Management, Art 15 & 16: – Systematically maintaining correct and accurate land cover maps, land records and other land information is fundamental for systematic land use management, land tenure security and urban-rural economic development. • In carrying out land information management: (a) Accurate, complete and updated Information related to land use shall be maintained; (b) Respective government departments, organizations and local representatives must coordinate in drawing maps and registration in order to ensure land tenure security and accurate and complete land information…; (c) Access to accurate, complete and updated land use information is essential for legal decision making related to land acquisition, relocation, transfer of land use rights, change of land use types, and resolving land disputes; (d) All individuals, communities and organizations with the rights to use and manage land must have equal rights to access accurate and complete information related to land use…
  7. 7. 27 FEBRUARY 2017 USAID LAND TENURE PROJECT 7 THANK YOU
  8. 8. [DATE] FOOTER GOES HERE 8 TITLE GOES HERE & CAN RUN TWO LINES • Ideal: 8 lines of text or less here – Max: 9 lines of text
  9. 9. [DATE] FOOTER GOES HERE 9 TITLE GOES HERE & CAN RUN TWO LINES • Ideal: 10 lines of text or less here – Max: 11 lines of text
  10. 10. • Ideal: 10 lines of text or less here – Max: 11 lines of text [DATE] FOOTER GOES HERE 10 TITLE GOES HERE & CAN RUN TWO LINES
  11. 11. [DATE] FOOTER GOES HERE 11 TITLE GOES HERE & CAN RUN TWO LINES • Ideal: 10 lines of text or less here – Max: 11 lines of text
  12. 12. [DATE] 12 Include: • Marginalia / coordinate system • North arrow • Legend • Scale • Data sources • Date produced • USAID contact MAP GUIDANCE
  13. 13. [DATE] 13 For charts: • Include axis labels • Have a logical baseline • Mention scale, data source, aggregation type • Use a clear background, ideally white for highest contrast • Avoid pie charts as much as possible CHART GUIDANCE
  14. 14. [DATE] FOOTER GOES HERE 14 EMBEDDING VIDEOS: GUIDANCE • Make sure to download the video to your computer – Note: If the video does not belong to you, downloading may violate copyright • Delete this text and you will see the option to “Insert Video” • Insert video “From a file” (YouTube only supports streaming, not offline playback) – Note: Office 2010 does not support MP4 videos but 2016 does
  15. 15. 3/10/2017 15 CONTACT INFORMATION GOES HERE, CAN RUN SEVERAL LINES FOOTER GOES HERE

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