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Current Status of the Myanmar Context on Open Data

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Myanmar is facing critical issues related to land.
Managing land and natural resources is complex. Transparent access to good information and data is critical for decision makers and citizens
But access to key data is still very limited because of different reasons. For example, some data :
Do not exist yet
Are outdated
Are inaccessible
Are inaccurate
Are still in paper format, etc.
OneMap project helps to develop a central online database, where all data relevant to land, are accessible to users (government and citizens).

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Current Status of the Myanmar Context on Open Data

  1. 1. Current Status of Myanmar Context on Open Data
  2. 2. General Introduction
  3. 3. Political History Lists of Ministries/Offices in Myanmar 1997 2011 2015 2016 up to now 1 Prime Minister Ministry of President's Office -No 1 to No 6 Minister of President's Office-No 1 to No 6 Minister of State Counsellor’s Office 2 Office of The Prime Minister-No 1 to No 3 Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation Minister of the President's Office 3 Office of The Chairman of The State Peace and Development Council-1 &2 Ministry of Border Affairs Minister of Border Affairs Minister of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation 4 Ministry of Agriculture and Irrigation Ministry of Commerce Minister of Commerce Minister of Border Affairs 5 Ministry of Communications, Posts & Telegraphs Ministry of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs Minister of Communications and Information Technology Minister of Commerce 6 Ministry of Construction Ministry of Construction Minister of Construction Minister of Construction 7 Ministry of Co-operatives Ministry of Cooperatives Minister of Cooperatives Minister of Defence 8 Ministry of Culture Ministry of Culture Minister of Culture Minister of Education 9 Ministry of Defence Ministry of Defence Minister of Defence Minister of Electric Power and Energy 10 Ministry of Education Ministry of Education Minister of Education Minister of Ethnic Affairs 11 Ministry of Electric Power Ministry of Electric Power-1 and 2 Minister of Electric Power Minister of Foreign Affairs 12 Ministry of Energy Ministry of Energy Minister of Energy Minister of Health 13 Ministry of Finance & Revenue Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry Minister of Finance Minister of Home Affairs 14 Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Finance and Revenue Minister of Foreign Affairs Minister of Hotels and Tourism 15 Ministry of Forestry Ministry of Foreign Affairs Minister of Health Minister of Industry 16 Ministry of Health Ministry of Health Minister of Home Affairs Minister of Information
  4. 4. 1997 2011 2015 2016 up to now 17 Ministry of Home Affairs Ministry of Hotels and Tourism Minister of Hotels and Tourism Minister of Labour, Immigration and Population 18 Ministry of Hotels & Tourism Ministry of Immigration and Population Minister of Immigration and Population Minister of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation 19 Ministry of Immigration & Population Ministry of Industrial Development Minister of Industry Minister of Planning and Finance 20 Ministry of Industry-1 Ministry of Information Minister of Information Minister of Religious Affairs and Culture 21 Ministry of Industry-2 Ministry of Labor Minister of Labor, Employment and Social Security Minister of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement 22 Ministry of Information Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries Minister of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development Minister of Transport and Communications 23 Ministry of Labour Ministry of Mines Minister of Mines Union Attorney-General 24 Ministry of Livestock Breeding & Fisheries Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development Minister of National Planning and Economic Development Union Auditor General 25 Ministry of Military Affairs Ministry of Rail Transportation Minister of Rail Transport 26 Ministry of Mines Ministry of Religious Affairs Minister of Religious Affairs 27 Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development Ministry of Science and Technology Minister of Science and Technology 28 Ministry of Progress of Border Areas & National Races and Development Affairs Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Minister of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement 29 Ministry of Rail Transportation Ministry of Sports Minister of Sports 30 Ministry of Religious Affairs Ministry of Transport Minister of Transport 31 Ministry of Science & Technology Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry 32 Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief & Resettlement Union Attorney-General 33 Ministry of Sports Union Auditor General 34 Ministry of Trade & Commerce 35 Ministry of Transport
  5. 5. No Ministries/Departments Responsibilities 1 Ministry of Home Affairs, General Administration Department (GAD) Town Land, Village Land, Religious Land, River Banks, Ponds, Grave Yards (cemetary), Village Common Lands, Grazing Ground, and Disposable State Lands 2 Ministry of Agriculture, livestock and Irrigation (MOALI) Department of Agricultural Land Management and Statistics (DALMS) Irrigation department Department of Fishery • Farm Land and VFV land (fallow and vacant). Also, responsible for cadaster for all land areas and land revenue registry. • Irrigation facilities of different scales, and Community water bodies and lakes Irrigation facilities of different scales, and Community water bodies and lakes. Fishery, fishery water, aquaculture area, fresh water fishery areas. • Fishery, fishery water, aquaculture area, fresh water fishery areas 3 Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC), Forest Department, MONREC, Mining Sector • Forestry Sector: Forest Reserved Forest, Protected Public Forest Areas, Protected Area Systems and and Botanical Gardens • Protected Mine Land, Gem Stone Land and other mineral resources 4 Ministry of Construction (MOC) Residential Urban Land under Housing Department • Primary roads as per Main Road Law • Human settle areas 5 Ministry of Transportation and Communication Railroad areas, Riverine area, bank area, and strand area 6 Ministry of Energy and electricity Oil field areas, energy etc…. Responsibilities of Various Government Agencies Concerning with Land Administration
  6. 6. Background Information 6  51 millions (2014 census) Population and over 100 national races- Different culture, custom and traditions related to natural resource uses.  Green economy approach : to meet social and economic needs while sustainably managing its natural capital; to ensure that nature can continue to provide benefits for next generations  Need to understand: where and how nature supports people and their livelihoods, and highlight different economic sectors and also climate change effects  Land related issues are critical.
  7. 7. 7 Myanmar National Land Use Policy 2016 1. Introduction 2. Objectives and Principles 3. Land Use Administration 4. Planning and Changing Land Use 5. Grants and Leases of Land at the Disposal of Government 6. Procedures related to Land Acquisition, Relocation, Compensation, Rehabilitation and Restitution 7. Land Dispute Resolution and Appeal 8. Assessment and Collection of Land Tax, Land Transfer Fee and Stamp Duties 9. Land Use Rights of the Ethnic Nationalities 10. Equal Rights of Men and Women 11. Harmonization of Laws and Enacting New Law 12. Monitoring and Evaluation 13. Research and Development 14. Miscellaneous • composed of 14 Parts covering wide range of land related topics;
  8. 8. OneMap is closely linked to the The National Land Use Policy Parts II and III of the National Land Use Policy (2016): • A single, centralized land data management system must be developed, to help systemically maintain correct and accurate land cover maps, land records and other land information • Maps must be converted in digital format to facilitate sharing, coordination and use by government departments and the public • Coordination between respective government agencies and local representatives must be improved in the drawing of maps • All individuals, communities and organizations must have equal rights to access accurate and complete information • Land tenure rights recognized by the communities must be integrated • Consultation and participation must be integrated of land use mapping methods
  9. 9. http://www.mmsis.gov.mm/sub_menu/statistics/fileDb.jsp
  10. 10. Why is OneMap so important for the management of land and natural resources? • Myanmar is facing very critical issues related to land • Managing land and natural resources is complex. Transparent access to good information and data is critical for decision makers and citizens • But access to key data is still very limited because of different reasons. For example, some data : • Do not exist yet • Are outdated • Are inaccessible • Are inaccurate • Are still in paper format, etc. • OneMap project helps to develop a central online database, where all data relevant to land, are accessible to users (government and citizens).
  11. 11. OneMap Myanmar Project

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