Mobile learning case studies from University of Leeds (Inside Government Mobile learning event)


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Mobile learning case studies using tablet devices in bioscience; enhancing practical skills and study skills.

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Mobile learning case studies from University of Leeds (Inside Government Mobile learning event)

  1. 1. Faculty of Biological Sciences Enhancing flexible learning through integrating tablet devices Neil Morris Director of Digital Learning Professor of Educational Technology, Innovation and Change University of Leeds National Teaching Fellow Image © University of Leeds Email: Twitter: @neilmorrisleeds
  2. 2. Increased student expectations Highly competitive recruitment market Greater need to demonstrate distinctiveness Multi-channel content Lack of digital skills in staff and students Prevalence of multi-functional mobile devices Multi-faceted pressures on staff Focus on graduate employability Public metrics e.g. KIS The changing landscape of Higher Education
  3. 3. Mobile learning in action Deep learning Multimodal learning Any time, any place
  4. 4. N=1363 (Nov 2012; Middleton and Caperon, 2013) 50% use a mobile device frequently for research or assignments 23% use a mobile device frequently to read e-books 86% own a smartphone 97%own a laptop. 20% own a tablet device 35% are planning to purchase a tablet device for academic and social reasons 70% likely to use a mobile device to read articles or books online 87% use a mobile device frequently to use a search engine University of Leeds students’ use of mobile devices
  5. 5. Digital strategy for Student Education Blended Learning Strategy Policy on Audio and Video Recordings for Educational Purposes MOOC vision and strategy Open Educational Resources policy University strategies for Digital Learning
  6. 6. Blended learning strategy Face to face classes Learning resources Event capture Interaction collaboration Social media channels Mobile devices Online assessment Research- based learning
  7. 7. Provision of mobile technology • An increasing number of secondary schools are providing students with access to laptops/tablet devices; • Some universities provide students with smartphones and tablet devices; • Mobile technology deployment: i. Bring Your Own Device (BYOD); ii. Module/Programme/School/Faculty deployment (loan/permanent); iii. Institutional deployment (out of the box / pre- configured). © Yorkshire Evening Post
  8. 8. Images © University of Leeds;
  9. 9. Investigating the impact of a tablet device on study habits © University of Leeds
  10. 10. The iPad was used extensively for studying • The total time spent on apps per day was calculated at 232.9 ± 47.5 minutes (over 3 and a half hours per day). • App usage was relatively stable over the 10 week trial period with a slight (but non- significant) dip in usage around the middle of the trial. Minutes Week Morris et al. (2012) Advances in Physiology Education 36: 97-107
  11. 11. Morris et al. (2012) Advances in Physiology Education 36: 97-107 Over 3 ½ h per day using device for studying Significant  in use of laptopfor studying after 10 weeks with a tablet device 96% found the device easy to use 80% thought the iPad was a useful tool for studying Top educational apps: Soundnote Docs To Go iBooks GoodReader Pubmed on Tap Coursenotes Dropbox Dictionary Wikipanion Significant  in use of: Literature search engines Wikis Podcasts Audio recordings Significant  in use of printed learning resources Significant  in word-processing Significant  in use of pen and paper Significant  in use of email
  12. 12. Participants’ descriptions of using the iPad “Revolutionary, this has changed the way I approach a class, I feel totally prepared as, I get the lecture slides without having to print them, take notes , record, reference and if necessary look things up, all in the palm of my hand... WOW” “Got 60 of my dissertation papers on Goodreader. Much lighter than having paper copies, but can still mark them up in a similar way.” “I use the iPad for accessing course notes, emailing, internet browsing, soundnotes for lectures and iBooks for downloading course text web version.” Morris et al. (2012) Advances in Physiology Education 36: 97-107
  13. 13. Neil Morris, University of Leeds; CC-BY-NC- SA Neil Morris, University of Leeds; CC-BY-NC- SA Investigating the role for tablet devices in a practical setting
  14. 14. Average of 13.6 ± 0.6 mins using 3-D Brain app during 2 hour practical class (n=273, 3 years) 98% of students used the 3-D Brain app during the practical class (n=256, 3 years) 70-99% of students found the 3-D Brain app useful or very useful for learning (n=247, 3 years)
  15. 15. 76-83% found tablet device in class beneficial(3 years) 77-84% found using tablet devices in class enjoyable(3 years) 72-81% thought that tablet devices enhancelearning(3 years)
  16. 16. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Looking at images to understand brain structure Reading text about the brain to understand structure/function Looking up information or definitions Writing notes about things learnt %Agree © Morris et al, in preparation (data collected in three academic sessions)
  17. 17. “I really enjoyed the neuroanatomy practical class as I felt the use of iPads cleverly appealed to the students whilst allowing us to revise in a new and effective way” “Made finding information really easy - when you have a question and can't find the answer using the iPad you can find it yourself instead or leaving without knowing” Neil Morris, University of Leeds; CC-BY-NC-SA © Morris et al, in preparation (data collected in three academic sessions)
  18. 18. Investigating the role for multimedia ebooks in a practical setting Neil Morris, University of Leeds; CC-BY-NC- SA
  19. 19. Cutaneous testing Immunofluorescence Electrophysiology
  20. 20. Morris, N.P. & Lambe, J. (2014) Submitted
  21. 21. Students perceptions of changes in study habits Access to learning resources: “Well I’ve got the access to internet in lectures. I think the main thing I’ve used it for is cos it’s portable and easy to carry around and stuff, so I’ve always got access to you know the internet and VLE wherever I am, I don’t have to get a computer. Accessibility is probably the main thing it’s changed.” Organisation and time management: “I feel more organised, like before I was always the person asking other people when assignments were due, but it took two minutes to set up and I’ve found it really useful” Ownership: “I think I could get used to it but being aware that I’d have to get it back, I don’t want to get too used to it. It would be good if you were to actually get one for real. Then I’d probably use it more.”
  22. 22. Students perceptions of eBooks Aesthetic appeal: “I think the eBook is more inviting to use than the hand-outs, like before the lab I wanted to go over some of the material and I went straight to the iPad because the eBook looks nicer and it explains it well” Skills training: “I've used the eBooks just in practical [classes] with the videos, sometimes its better to have a pictorial display instead of just a written protocol to understand how to do things particularly in dissections.”
  23. 23. References and acknowledgements Morris, N.P. (2007) HEA Centre for Bioscience E-learning Case Study. Blended learning resources for a first year neuroscience/pharmacology module – an e-learning practice case study: Morris, N.P. (2008) VLE implementation project. Learning and Teaching Bulletin, University of Leeds, Issue 18. Morris, N.P. (2010) Podcasts and mobile assessment enhance student learning experience and academic performance. Bioscience Education. 16:1. Morris, N.P. (2010) Using eVoting handsets in Biological Sciences. Learning and Teaching Bulletin, University of Leeds. Issue 24. Morris, N.P. (2010) Blended learning approaches enhance student academic performance. Enhancing Learning Experiences in Higher Education, Hong Kong University. Conference Proceedings: Morris, N. P. (2011) Using Blackboard for Blended Learning Enhances Student Engagement and Learning. Blackboard World Conference, Las Vegas, July 2011. Morris N.P., Ramsay, L., Chauhan, V. (2012) Can a tablet device enhance undergraduate science students study behaviours? Advances in Physiology Education 36: 97-107 Cottrell S; Morris N.P. (2012) Study Skills Connected. Palgrave MacMillan. Morris NP (2014) First time MOOC provider: reflections from a research-intensive university in the UK. European MOOC summit : 259- 263. Smith, K. & Morris, N.P. (2014) Evaluation of Biomedical Science students use and perceptions of Podcasting. Bioscience Education. 24. Acknowledgements to all final year project students, student interns, project officers and the Digital Learning Team who contributed to the work presented. Work funded by Higher Education Academy and University of Leeds All data © Neil Morris, University of Leeds Future online learning strategy