<ul><li>Product Stewardship: Tackling the Problem of Packaging Waste </li></ul>
<ul><li>Packaging is a problem we are all familiar with, and deal with on a daily basis. </li></ul><ul><li>The first EPR p...
<ul><li>Packaging is largest component of household waste </li></ul><ul><li>The US generated almost  80 million tons  of p...
<ul><li>Packaging consumes energy in production and transport and is often made with virgin materials </li></ul>It is an e...
Most packaging is only used briefly  <ul><li>Only some of this material is recycled or reused  </li></ul><ul><li>The rest ...
Some packaging is difficult to recycle <ul><li>Examples:  </li></ul><ul><li>Bottle caps </li></ul><ul><li>Composite Materi...
Some packaging can be a public safety concern <ul><li>example: BPA exposure for young children  </li></ul>
The drivers of packaging waste Amount of material  # of packaged goods  <ul><li>controlled by: </li></ul><ul><li>Manufactu...
Lawmakers, environmentalists & major companies decided we needed  a new approach
So what is being done to address this problem?  <ul><li>manufacturers & retailers have established  voluntary initiatives ...
Voluntary Initiatives  Packaging Scorecard Evaluates suppliers’ packaging in terms of the “7 R’s” of Packaging:  <ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Using less packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Reusing packaging </li></ul>Ways to reduce the environmental impact  Design...
Doing more with less From the company’s perspective:  “ sales have exceeded expectations and now account for over 10% of a...
From a life cycle perspective:  Less is not always better <ul><li>Focusing  simply on reducing the amount of packaging  ma...
Myth of the loose fruit <ul><li>one UK study has shown that that  loosely packed fruit  can actually be  more wasteful  th...
We also need to focus on using better materials <ul><li>free of harmful chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>reusable </li></ul><ul...
Another approach: Extended Producer Responsibility in Europe <ul><li>Passed in  1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Has  increased coll...
EU Packaging Directive applies to: & Transit Packaging Primary Packaging Secondary Packaging contains final goods used to ...
EPR in Canada <ul><li>Ontario:  Blue   Box Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curbside collection of all packaging and printed ...
<ul><li>traditional regulation  </li></ul><ul><li>Government dictated   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government run   </li></ul...
What’s Next?  Extended Producer Responsibility for packaging in the US?
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13 Packaging

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This presentation takes a more in-depth look at the complex issue of packaging. The first EPR program ever created were focused on managing and reducing packaging waste. These slides include brief information the problems of packaging and on how voluntary and mandatory programs are working in other jurisdictions.

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13 Packaging

  1. 1. <ul><li>Product Stewardship: Tackling the Problem of Packaging Waste </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Packaging is a problem we are all familiar with, and deal with on a daily basis. </li></ul><ul><li>The first EPR program established was created to manage packaging </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Packaging is largest component of household waste </li></ul><ul><li>The US generated almost 80 million tons of packaging waste in 2006 up from 24 tons in 1960 </li></ul>First: Understanding the problem
  4. 4. <ul><li>Packaging consumes energy in production and transport and is often made with virgin materials </li></ul>It is an environmental problem
  5. 5. Most packaging is only used briefly <ul><li>Only some of this material is recycled or reused </li></ul><ul><li>The rest is landfilled or ends up as litter </li></ul><ul><li>There is significant potential for resource recovery </li></ul>
  6. 6. Some packaging is difficult to recycle <ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>Bottle caps </li></ul><ul><li>Composite Materials </li></ul><ul><li>Plastic films in mixed stream recycling </li></ul>
  7. 7. Some packaging can be a public safety concern <ul><li>example: BPA exposure for young children </li></ul>
  8. 8. The drivers of packaging waste Amount of material # of packaged goods <ul><li>controlled by: </li></ul><ul><li>Manufacturers </li></ul><ul><li>controlled by: </li></ul><ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><li>Consumption </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer preference </li></ul>Total packaging waste x =
  9. 9. Lawmakers, environmentalists & major companies decided we needed a new approach
  10. 10. So what is being done to address this problem? <ul><li>manufacturers & retailers have established voluntary initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) laws have been passed in Europe and Canada </li></ul>
  11. 11. Voluntary Initiatives Packaging Scorecard Evaluates suppliers’ packaging in terms of the “7 R’s” of Packaging: <ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recycle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Revenue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Remove </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reuse </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Renew </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read </li></ul></ul></ul>Goal: reduce all packaging of products sold in stores by 5% by 2013 <ul><ul><ul><li>would take 213,000 trucks off the road annually </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>saving 66.7 million gallons of diesel fuel </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Using less packaging </li></ul><ul><li>Reusing packaging </li></ul>Ways to reduce the environmental impact Design changes Resource recovery <ul><li>Reduced need for virgin materials </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced GHG emissions </li></ul>Source Reduction <ul><li>Environmentally preferable materials </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodegradable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recyclable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free of harmful substances </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Doing more with less From the company’s perspective: “ sales have exceeded expectations and now account for over 10% of all our milk sales - which demonstrates that customers really like the lower packaged version.” One of the largest grocers in the UK recently introduced a milk jug that uses 75% less packaging (and reduces costs) Saving 900 tones of virgin packaging
  14. 14. From a life cycle perspective: Less is not always better <ul><li>Focusing simply on reducing the amount of packaging may actually cause more environmental impact due to wasted or lost goods </li></ul>
  15. 15. Myth of the loose fruit <ul><li>one UK study has shown that that loosely packed fruit can actually be more wasteful that packaged fruit due to loss of goods along the supply chain </li></ul>
  16. 16. We also need to focus on using better materials <ul><li>free of harmful chemicals </li></ul><ul><li>reusable </li></ul><ul><li>made from recycled and post-consumer materials </li></ul><ul><li>biodegradable </li></ul><ul><li>or recyclable </li></ul>The sustainable packaging market is expected to double in size from $88 billion (2009) to $170 billion in 2014 (Growing faster than the general packaging market)
  17. 17. Another approach: Extended Producer Responsibility in Europe <ul><li>Passed in 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>Has increased collection rates well beyond those in the US </li></ul><ul><li>Requires industry to finance the collection, transportation, & recycling of packaging they place on the market </li></ul>European Packaging Directive:
  18. 18. EU Packaging Directive applies to: & Transit Packaging Primary Packaging Secondary Packaging contains final goods used to deliver goods from the manufacturer to the retailer used to ship raw materials & goods
  19. 19. EPR in Canada <ul><li>Ontario: Blue Box Program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curbside collection of all packaging and printed materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moving from a cost-sharing system (50/50 local authorities & industry) to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> 100% producer responsibility </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>traditional regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Government dictated  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Government run  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>taxes environmental  externalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>costs borne by taxpayers  </li></ul></ul>Product Stewardship: a market-based solution <ul><li>producer responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>Allows flexibility to determine the most efficient solutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry run </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internalizes externalities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>management costs shifted to the marketplace </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>. </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. What’s Next? Extended Producer Responsibility for packaging in the US?

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