The challenge of governance as                    regards nanotechnology                   -nanotechnology through nuclear...
Question                     •   Q1:In the context of regulatory uncertainty                         regarding nanotechnol...
Question/Answer tentative     •       Q1:Responsibilities/collective responsibility linked with             individual car...
How to deal with risks due to   complexity and uncertainties                           natural disaster                   ...
Friday, November 2, 12
部分)国立科学博 物館蔵Friday, November 2, 12
It is not easy for a landscape designer to predict cedar                     pollen allergy before.Friday, November 2, 12
Prepared	  by	  M.	  YarimeNetwork of Citations among Articles                                                   from 29,3...
--patchworks of knowledge chunks based on       culture but no theory to promote mainly         thanks to capacity buildin...
How to solve   complexity and uncertainty issues        TQC of well-structured data to                  go beyond         ...
Friday, November 2, 12
Culculated	  density:	  DFriday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
How to solve   complexity and uncertainty issues         However almost all data            are ill-structured            ...
Reliability on                Radioactive Dose Data                --too much confusionFriday, November 2, 12
We do not know about our Earth and ....      •      Earth      •      Plate      •      Fault                             ...
Friday, November 2, 12
March 11, 2011(Fri)14:46 – Earthquake, Tsunami        By Tatsujiro Suzuki (The 3/11 Fukushima Nuclear Accident: What Happe...
UrEDAS : Urgent Earthquake Detection and Alarm System                Just several seconds!Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
Differences on                             effects             • Energy             • Air, Semiconductors, ...            ...
how to deal with Data     Individual cares           medical services if necessary                                tele-med...
how to deal with Data     Individual cares                     medical services if necessary                              ...
How to deal with                    ill-structured data!Friday, November 2, 12
Data on Fukushima         • Environmental Monitoring Data/Low Dose (Rate) Risk               Data : epidemiological survey...
Case Studies under Discussions           • Observatory data “TQC by time, space, energy, structure”               •     10...
Friday, November 2, 12
e.g. Semantic Web Layer Cake, 2007           Digital FUKUSHIMA                                  DBpedia*                  ...
Diffusion of tacit knowledge is slow.                 Next step is to strengthen our society           by increasing rule ...
Many                         Thanks                    Arigatou                   GozaimasuFriday, November 2, 12
869          Jōgan Sanriku Earthquake (Sugawara no Michizane et.al.)	   	           >>Curse and Shrine1755	           Lisb...
Vita Nova for Robust Engineering              Observation Science - earthquake/tsunami,biodiversity, climate change       ...
 Global	  Reduc7on	  of	  Natural	  Energy	  Resources                                                    !           !!  ...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Schuichi Iwata_The challenge of governance as reagards nanotechnology

558 views

Published on

Parallel session 3

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
558
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
177
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Schuichi Iwata_The challenge of governance as reagards nanotechnology

  1. 1. The challenge of governance as regards nanotechnology -nanotechnology through nuclear issues- Ne3LS@Montreal 2012.11.2 Shuichi IWATAFriday, November 2, 12
  2. 2. Question • Q1:In the context of regulatory uncertainty regarding nanotechnologies, what are the responsibilities of the various actors? •  Q2:In the context of globalization, how can we harmonize the different approaches toward governance in different countries? Should this harmonization be done at an international level? • Q3:How can we better link research and innovation in nanotechnology with the needs of society? • Q4:What do you see in your crystal ball for the future of nanotechnology?Friday, November 2, 12
  3. 3. Question/Answer tentative • Q1:Responsibilities/collective responsibility linked with individual care(fundamental human right from to know & knowing to decision) . The consuming public has been well trained and prudent enough for producers/companies to become sensitive for for their own sustainability. Traceability has been endorsed by leading edge sciences as well as Japanese intrinsic culture in general.  Brand based on PL is essential. •  Q2:Harmonization/collective knowledge based on open and shared data prepared by experts with organized traceability. • Q3:Linkage of nanotechnology and societal needs/battle royal with changing rules of game, if possible after their confirmation co-ordinated by government. • Q4:Future of nanotechnology/a challenge beyond “statistics” and “abstract” to “tailored only for you”, which requires design.Friday, November 2, 12
  4. 4. How to deal with risks due to complexity and uncertainties natural disaster human-made disaster social disaster and their couplingsFriday, November 2, 12
  5. 5. Friday, November 2, 12
  6. 6. 部分)国立科学博 物館蔵Friday, November 2, 12
  7. 7. It is not easy for a landscape designer to predict cedar pollen allergy before.Friday, November 2, 12
  8. 8. Prepared  by  M.  YarimeNetwork of Citations among Articles from 29,391 papers (1970-2006, connected component = 9,973 papers)on Sustainability #6 Business #4 Forestry 450 papers, 5.5 ages competitive advantage, environmental performance (Agroforestry) South Africa, Brazil, USA 614 papers, 6.3 ages nutrient, soil, nitrogen-fixation India, Brazil, Germany #14 Soil 208 papers, 5.5 ages fertile soil, organic matter, cultivation #1 Agriculture Australia, USA, Brazil 1,584 papers, 7.1 ages soil, crop, biodiversity #3 Ecological Economics USA, Netherlands, Australia 1,135 papers, 5.5 ages natural capital accounting, ecological footprint #2 Fisheries USA, Netherlands, Australia 1,419 papers, 5.5 ages fish catch, marine, ecosystem #5 Forestry USA, Sweden, Canada (Tropical Rain Forest) 450 papers, 6.5 ages tropical forest, timber, harvest USA, England, Spain #9 Forestry #12 Energy (Biodiversity) 229 papers, 4.9 ages 353 papers, 5.4 ages hydrogen, biomass, photovoltaic ecosystem management England, Netherlands, USA Canada, USA, France #11 Rural Sociology #13 Health 271 papers, 6.6 ages 221 papers, 5.8 ages developing country, rural development, local knowledge health program, community USA, New Zealand, England USA, Canada, Australia #10 Urban Planning 277 papers, 5.9 ages #15 Wild Life 161 papers, 5.9 ages #7 Tourism sustainable city, landscape planning, regulation England, USA, Scotland 423 papers, 6.5 ages wildlife, hunting, forest mammals England, USA, Sweden eco-tourism, coastal management #8 Water England, USA, Scotland 361 papers, 5.5 ages # Rank, Cluster name water resource, waste water, water cycle Cluster size, Average years after publication China, Switzerland, Germany Keywords in the clusterKajikawa, et al. (2007) Country focusing the clusterFriday, November 2, 12
  9. 9. --patchworks of knowledge chunks based on culture but no theory to promote mainly thanks to capacity building through education; governance is behind them- Maintenance of ecology of sciences, technologies, standards, regulations and governances of stakeholders-keeping diversities of sciences and cultures for creativity and productivity How to visualize the ecology tacit knowledgeFriday, November 2, 12
  10. 10. How to solve complexity and uncertainty issues TQC of well-structured data to go beyond mere collections of papers and dataFriday, November 2, 12
  11. 11. Friday, November 2, 12
  12. 12. Culculated  density:  DFriday, November 2, 12
  13. 13. Friday, November 2, 12
  14. 14. How to solve complexity and uncertainty issues However almost all data are ill-structured Nano* s are the case also!Friday, November 2, 12
  15. 15. Reliability on Radioactive Dose Data --too much confusionFriday, November 2, 12
  16. 16. We do not know about our Earth and .... • Earth • Plate • Fault AD 869 • Earthquake • Tsunami • Artifacts • Climate Change • Society 16 WNFM 38th AM-2011(Seville)Friday, November 2, 12
  17. 17. Friday, November 2, 12
  18. 18. March 11, 2011(Fri)14:46 – Earthquake, Tsunami By Tatsujiro Suzuki (The 3/11 Fukushima Nuclear Accident: What Happened and Lessons learned (so far)) May 2-4, 2011 ➢ Occurred 14:46 March 11, 2011 ➢ Magnitude : 9.0 Mw ➢ Epicenter location : 38°6’’N and 142°51’’E, and 24km in depth ➢ Victims : 15,202 Dead 8,718 Missing (as of May 25, 2011) 18Friday, November 2, 12
  19. 19. UrEDAS : Urgent Earthquake Detection and Alarm System Just several seconds!Friday, November 2, 12
  20. 20. Friday, November 2, 12
  21. 21. Friday, November 2, 12
  22. 22. Friday, November 2, 12
  23. 23. Differences on effects • Energy • Air, Semiconductors, ... • DNA/Cell/Organ/Body • Insects.... • Soil/Lands/River/Mountains/Sea • Humans & SocietiesFriday, November 2, 12
  24. 24. how to deal with Data Individual cares medical services if necessary tele-medicine ・・・・ ---->e-health(security, privacy) Data on humans digital check of accessible data ・・・・ along data life cycle Data on living things capacity building of “experts” to get data literacies rather than statistics just for basic sciences Radioactivity monitoring data share and traceability Accident management “another subject”Friday, November 2, 12
  25. 25. how to deal with Data Individual cares medical services if necessary s tele-medicine ・・・・ in t o ---->e-health(security, privacy) Data on humans w p digital check of accessible data ・・・・ Vie along data life cycle Data on living things e rs capacity building of “experts” U s to get data literacies rather than statistics just for basic sciences Radioactivity monitoring data share and traceability Accident management “another subject”Friday, November 2, 12
  26. 26. How to deal with ill-structured data!Friday, November 2, 12
  27. 27. Data on Fukushima • Environmental Monitoring Data/Low Dose (Rate) Risk Data : epidemiological survey data, animal data /Patient Clinical Data(+stress/fear/evacuation/damage caused by rumors) • Engineering Data(Design, Manufacturing, Operation, Maintenance, Failure/Accident, Decommition) with big diversities from sketch, log data, monitoring, ........, to simulation • ................ To grasp the reality together & properly by using data journal!Friday, November 2, 12
  28. 28. Case Studies under Discussions • Observatory data “TQC by time, space, energy, structure” • 100 Years of Geomagnetic Observations at KAKIOKA- Contributions to Centennial Progress of Geophysics • Health data and scientific data for health data evaluation • food risks “Human : Well Beings” • low dose effects on irradiation exposures • Data of Fukushima Nuclear Reactor Accidents and associated facts “Collective Knowledge by Openness”Friday, November 2, 12
  29. 29. Friday, November 2, 12
  30. 30. e.g. Semantic Web Layer Cake, 2007 Digital FUKUSHIMA DBpedia* tons of log data, image data, copied/ pasted/duplicated data, processed data, PDF and EXCEL files, .......Friday, November 2, 12
  31. 31. Diffusion of tacit knowledge is slow. Next step is to strengthen our society by increasing rule makers rather than rule takers based on reliable data. Data democracy foremergence of our society!!!Friday, November 2, 12
  32. 32. Many Thanks Arigatou GozaimasuFriday, November 2, 12
  33. 33. 869 Jōgan Sanriku Earthquake (Sugawara no Michizane et.al.) >>Curse and Shrine1755 Lisbon earthquake >>Kant, Adam Smith, Voltaire, Rousseau (Enlightenment Thought) 14981945 Hiroshima and Nagasaki >>the Cold War between the East and the West >>Imperative of Responsibility (1979 Hans Jonas)1986 Chernobyl >>гласность and Dissolution of the Soviet Union2001 9.11 New York >>Sustainability for Human Security/Fundamental Human Right........2011 3.11 The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake Fukushima Daiichi 33Friday, November 2, 12
  34. 34. Vita Nova for Robust Engineering Observation Science - earthquake/tsunami,biodiversity, climate change Experimental Science -strategies and tactics with less experiments, without reliable measurements due to the station blackout .... Theoretical Science -inverse approaches to bridge gaps of models so as to overcome “unexpected” or “locked-in” issues Computational Science -correctness, semantics e.g., SPEEDI, severe core damage simulation codes... Data Science -data quality, transfer models between different contexts, Design Science -values, brand, trends, virtues, contexts for each individual, group, organization, stakeholder, nation, region, .... different design windows with physical-, engineering-, economical-, social-, cultural-, political- feasibility Strategic & Tactical(Timely, Proper,....) Solutions 34Friday, November 2, 12
  35. 35.  Global  Reduc7on  of  Natural  Energy  Resources ! !! !!! ?! 2007 2050 2092 oil gas uranium ↑ Consumption + – Production ↓ years 35Hermann  Scheer  –  Energy  is  a  driving  force  for  our  civilisa7on  –  SOLAR  ADVOCATE,  2005Friday, November 2, 12

×