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The challenge of governance as
                    regards nanotechnology

                   -nanotechnology through nuclear issues-

                               Ne3LS@Montreal
                                  2012.11.2
                                Shuichi IWATA




Friday, November 2, 12
Question

                     •   Q1:In the context of regulatory uncertainty
                         regarding nanotechnologies, what are the
                         responsibilities of the various actors?

                     •    Q2:In the context of globalization, how can we
                         harmonize the different approaches toward
                         governance in different countries? Should this
                         harmonization be done at an international level?

                     •   Q3:How can we better link research and
                         innovation in nanotechnology with the needs of
                         society?

                     •   Q4:What do you see in your crystal ball for the
                         future of nanotechnology?
Friday, November 2, 12
Question/Answer tentative
     •       Q1:Responsibilities/collective responsibility linked with
             individual care(fundamental human right from to know &
             knowing to decision) . The consuming public has been well
             trained and prudent enough for producers/companies to
             become sensitive for for their own sustainability. Traceability
             has been endorsed by leading edge sciences as well as Japanese
             intrinsic culture in general.  Brand based on PL is essential.

     •        Q2:Harmonization/collective knowledge based on open and
             shared data prepared by experts with organized traceability.

     •       Q3:Linkage of nanotechnology and societal needs/battle royal
             with changing rules of game, if possible after their confirmation
             co-ordinated by government.

     •       Q4:Future of nanotechnology/a challenge beyond “statistics”
             and “abstract” to “tailored only for you”, which requires design.
Friday, November 2, 12
How to deal with risks due to
   complexity and uncertainties

                           natural disaster
                         human-made disaster
                            social disaster
                          and their couplings



Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
部分)国立科学博 物館蔵




Friday, November 2, 12
It is not easy for a landscape designer to predict cedar
                     pollen allergy before.




Friday, November 2, 12
Prepared	
  by	
  M.	
  Yarime
Network of Citations among Articles                                                   from 29,391 papers
                                                                                          (1970-2006, connected component = 9,973 papers)
on Sustainability
                                                                                                                 #6 Business
          #4 Forestry                                                                                               450 papers, 5.5 ages
                                                                                                                    competitive advantage, environmental performance
             (Agroforestry)                                                                                         South Africa, Brazil, USA
             614 papers, 6.3 ages
              nutrient, soil, nitrogen-fixation
              India, Brazil, Germany                                                                              #14 Soil
                                                                                                                      208 papers, 5.5 ages
                                                                                                                      fertile soil, organic matter, cultivation
    #1 Agriculture                                                                                                    Australia, USA, Brazil
        1,584 papers, 7.1 ages
        soil, crop, biodiversity                                                                                     #3 Ecological Economics
        USA, Netherlands, Australia                                                                                      1,135 papers, 5.5 ages
                                                                                                                         natural capital accounting, ecological
                                                                                                                       footprint
 #2 Fisheries                                                                                                            USA, Netherlands, Australia
   1,419 papers, 5.5 ages
    fish catch, marine, ecosystem                                                                                     #5 Forestry
    USA, Sweden, Canada                                                                                                    (Tropical Rain Forest)
                                                                                                                        450 papers, 6.5 ages
                                                                                                                          tropical forest, timber, harvest
                                                                                                                          USA, England, Spain
 #9 Forestry                                                                                                           #12 Energy
    (Biodiversity)                                                                                                            229 papers, 4.9 ages
    353 papers, 5.4 ages                                                                                                      hydrogen, biomass, photovoltaic
    ecosystem management                                                                                                      England, Netherlands, USA
    Canada, USA, France

                                                                                                           #11 Rural Sociology
   #13 Health                                                                                                  271 papers, 6.6 ages
      221 papers, 5.8 ages                                                                                     developing country, rural development, local knowledge
       health program, community                                                                               USA, New Zealand, England
       USA, Canada, Australia
                                                                                                  #10 Urban Planning
                                                                                                      277 papers, 5.9 ages
        #15 Wild Life
           161 papers, 5.9 ages               #7 Tourism                                              sustainable city, landscape planning, regulation
                                                                                                      England, USA, Scotland
                                                423 papers, 6.5 ages
            wildlife, hunting, forest mammals
            England, USA, Sweden                eco-tourism, coastal management
                                                                                  #8 Water
                                                England, USA, Scotland             361 papers, 5.5 ages                         # Rank, Cluster name
                                                                                   water resource, waste water, water cycle     Cluster size, Average years after publication
                                                                                   China, Switzerland, Germany                  Keywords in the cluster
Kajikawa, et al. (2007)                                                                                                         Country focusing the cluster

Friday, November 2, 12
--patchworks of knowledge chunks based on
       culture but no theory to promote mainly
         thanks to capacity building through
        education; governance is behind them-

            Maintenance of ecology of sciences,
          technologies, standards, regulations and
            governances of stakeholders-keeping
            diversities of sciences and cultures for
                  creativity and productivity

          How to visualize the ecology tacit knowledge
Friday, November 2, 12
How to solve
   complexity and uncertainty issues

        TQC of well-structured data to
                  go beyond
             mere collections of
               papers and data

Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
Culculated	
  density:	
  D




Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
How to solve
   complexity and uncertainty issues

         However almost all data
            are ill-structured

            Nano* s are the case also!
Friday, November 2, 12
Reliability on
                Radioactive Dose Data
                --too much confusion




Friday, November 2, 12
We do not know about our Earth and ....



      •      Earth

      •      Plate

      •      Fault                                             AD 869
      •      Earthquake

      •      Tsunami

      •      Artifacts

      •      Climate Change

      •      Society




                                        16               WNFM 38th AM-2011(Seville)

Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
March 11, 2011(Fri)14:46 – Earthquake, Tsunami
        By Tatsujiro Suzuki (The 3/11 Fukushima Nuclear Accident: What Happened and Lessons learned (so far)) May 2-4, 2011




                                                                         ➢ Occurred 14:46 March 11, 2011
                                                                              ➢ Magnitude : 9.0 Mw
                                                                         ➢ Epicenter location : 38°6’’N and
                                                                            142°51’’E, and 24km in depth
                                                                             ➢ Victims : 15,202 Dead
                                                                                          8,718 Missing
                                                                                      (as of May 25, 2011)




                                                                18
Friday, November 2, 12
UrEDAS : Urgent Earthquake Detection and Alarm System



                Just several seconds!




Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
Differences on
                             effects
             • Energy
             • Air, Semiconductors, ...
             • DNA/Cell/Organ/Body
             • Insects....
             • Soil/Lands/River/Mountains/Sea
             • Humans & Societies


Friday, November 2, 12
how to deal with Data
     Individual cares           medical services if necessary
                                tele-medicine
                         ・・・・
                                ---->e-health(security, privacy)
     Data on humans
                                digital check of accessible data
                         ・・・・   along data life cycle

     Data on living things      capacity building of “experts”
                                to get data literacies rather than
                                statistics just for basic sciences
     Radioactivity monitoring   data share and traceability
     Accident management        “another subject”

Friday, November 2, 12
how to deal with Data
     Individual cares                     medical services if necessary

                                                  s
                                          tele-medicine
                         ・・・・
                                              in t
                                             o
                                          ---->e-health(security, privacy)
     Data on humans

                                          w p
                                          digital check of accessible data
                         ・・・・
                                    Vie   along data life cycle

     Data on living things
                             e   rs       capacity building of “experts”


                          U s             to get data literacies rather than
                                          statistics just for basic sciences
     Radioactivity monitoring             data share and traceability
     Accident management                  “another subject”

Friday, November 2, 12
How to deal with
                    ill-structured data!



Friday, November 2, 12
Data on Fukushima
         • Environmental Monitoring Data/Low Dose (Rate) Risk
               Data : epidemiological survey data, animal data /Patient
               Clinical Data(+stress/fear/evacuation/damage caused by
               rumors)

         • Engineering Data(Design, Manufacturing, Operation,
               Maintenance, Failure/Accident, Decommition) with big
               diversities from sketch, log data, monitoring, ........, to
               simulation

         • ................
       To grasp the reality together &
       properly by using data journal!
Friday, November 2, 12
Case Studies under Discussions

           • Observatory data “TQC by time, space, energy, structure”
               •     100 Years of Geomagnetic Observations at KAKIOKA- Contributions to Centennial
                     Progress of Geophysics


           • Health data and scientific data for health data evaluation
               •     food risks                                  “Human : Well Beings”
               •     low dose effects on irradiation exposures


           • Data of Fukushima Nuclear Reactor Accidents and
                 associated facts             “Collective Knowledge by Openness”


Friday, November 2, 12
Friday, November 2, 12
e.g. Semantic Web Layer Cake, 2007


           Digital FUKUSHIMA

                                  DBpedia*

                       tons of log data,
                     image data, copied/
                      pasted/duplicated
                       data, processed
                        data, PDF and
                      EXCEL files, .......

Friday, November 2, 12
Diffusion of tacit knowledge is slow.

                 Next step is to strengthen our society
           by increasing rule makers rather than rule takers
                        based on reliable data.



   Data democracy for
emergence of our society!!!

Friday, November 2, 12
Many
                         Thanks
                    Arigatou
                   Gozaimasu


Friday, November 2, 12
869
          Jōgan Sanriku Earthquake (Sugawara no Michizane et.al.)
	   	           >>Curse and Shrine
1755	           Lisbon earthquake
	   	           >>Kant, Adam Smith, Voltaire, Rousseau (Enlightenment Thought)

                                                                                      1498


1945 	          Hiroshima and Nagasaki
	  	            >>the Cold War between the East and the West
	  	            >>Imperative of Responsibility (1979 Hans Jonas)

1986 	          Chernobyl

  
            >>гласность and Dissolution of the Soviet Union

2001	           9.11 New York
	  	            >>Sustainability for Human Security/Fundamental Human Right........




2011
           3.11 The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake
	  	            Fukushima Daiichi                                                            33

Friday, November 2, 12
Vita Nova for Robust Engineering
              Observation Science - earthquake/tsunami,biodiversity, climate change
              Experimental Science -strategies and tactics with less experiments,
              without reliable measurements due to the station blackout ....

              Theoretical Science -inverse approaches to bridge gaps of models so as
              to overcome “unexpected” or “locked-in” issues

              Computational Science -correctness, semantics e.g., SPEEDI, severe
              core damage simulation codes...

              Data Science -data quality, transfer models between different contexts,
              Design Science -values, brand, trends, virtues, contexts for each individual,
              group, organization, stakeholder, nation, region, .... different design windows with
              physical-, engineering-, economical-, social-, cultural-, political- feasibility

              Strategic & Tactical(Timely, Proper,....) Solutions
                                                                                                     34

Friday, November 2, 12
 Global	
  Reduc7on	
  of	
  Natural	
  Energy	
  Resources

                                                    !           !!              !!!                               ?!
                                   2007                              2050                                  2092

                                   oil                     gas               uranium




     ↑ Consumption
                                    +                                                                –
                                                                                                        Production ↓
                                                                                        years
                                                                                                                                  35
Hermann	
  Scheer	
  –	
  Energy	
  is	
  a	
  driving	
  force	
  for	
  our	
  civilisa7on	
  –	
  SOLAR	
  ADVOCATE,	
  2005
Friday, November 2, 12

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Schuichi Iwata_The challenge of governance as reagards nanotechnology

  • 1. The challenge of governance as regards nanotechnology -nanotechnology through nuclear issues- Ne3LS@Montreal 2012.11.2 Shuichi IWATA Friday, November 2, 12
  • 2. Question • Q1:In the context of regulatory uncertainty regarding nanotechnologies, what are the responsibilities of the various actors? •  Q2:In the context of globalization, how can we harmonize the different approaches toward governance in different countries? Should this harmonization be done at an international level? • Q3:How can we better link research and innovation in nanotechnology with the needs of society? • Q4:What do you see in your crystal ball for the future of nanotechnology? Friday, November 2, 12
  • 3. Question/Answer tentative • Q1:Responsibilities/collective responsibility linked with individual care(fundamental human right from to know & knowing to decision) . The consuming public has been well trained and prudent enough for producers/companies to become sensitive for for their own sustainability. Traceability has been endorsed by leading edge sciences as well as Japanese intrinsic culture in general.  Brand based on PL is essential. •  Q2:Harmonization/collective knowledge based on open and shared data prepared by experts with organized traceability. • Q3:Linkage of nanotechnology and societal needs/battle royal with changing rules of game, if possible after their confirmation co-ordinated by government. • Q4:Future of nanotechnology/a challenge beyond “statistics” and “abstract” to “tailored only for you”, which requires design. Friday, November 2, 12
  • 4. How to deal with risks due to complexity and uncertainties natural disaster human-made disaster social disaster and their couplings Friday, November 2, 12
  • 7. It is not easy for a landscape designer to predict cedar pollen allergy before. Friday, November 2, 12
  • 8. Prepared  by  M.  Yarime Network of Citations among Articles from 29,391 papers (1970-2006, connected component = 9,973 papers) on Sustainability #6 Business #4 Forestry 450 papers, 5.5 ages competitive advantage, environmental performance (Agroforestry) South Africa, Brazil, USA 614 papers, 6.3 ages nutrient, soil, nitrogen-fixation India, Brazil, Germany #14 Soil 208 papers, 5.5 ages fertile soil, organic matter, cultivation #1 Agriculture Australia, USA, Brazil 1,584 papers, 7.1 ages soil, crop, biodiversity #3 Ecological Economics USA, Netherlands, Australia 1,135 papers, 5.5 ages natural capital accounting, ecological footprint #2 Fisheries USA, Netherlands, Australia 1,419 papers, 5.5 ages fish catch, marine, ecosystem #5 Forestry USA, Sweden, Canada (Tropical Rain Forest) 450 papers, 6.5 ages tropical forest, timber, harvest USA, England, Spain #9 Forestry #12 Energy (Biodiversity) 229 papers, 4.9 ages 353 papers, 5.4 ages hydrogen, biomass, photovoltaic ecosystem management England, Netherlands, USA Canada, USA, France #11 Rural Sociology #13 Health 271 papers, 6.6 ages 221 papers, 5.8 ages developing country, rural development, local knowledge health program, community USA, New Zealand, England USA, Canada, Australia #10 Urban Planning 277 papers, 5.9 ages #15 Wild Life 161 papers, 5.9 ages #7 Tourism sustainable city, landscape planning, regulation England, USA, Scotland 423 papers, 6.5 ages wildlife, hunting, forest mammals England, USA, Sweden eco-tourism, coastal management #8 Water England, USA, Scotland 361 papers, 5.5 ages # Rank, Cluster name water resource, waste water, water cycle Cluster size, Average years after publication China, Switzerland, Germany Keywords in the cluster Kajikawa, et al. (2007) Country focusing the cluster Friday, November 2, 12
  • 9. --patchworks of knowledge chunks based on culture but no theory to promote mainly thanks to capacity building through education; governance is behind them- Maintenance of ecology of sciences, technologies, standards, regulations and governances of stakeholders-keeping diversities of sciences and cultures for creativity and productivity How to visualize the ecology tacit knowledge Friday, November 2, 12
  • 10. How to solve complexity and uncertainty issues TQC of well-structured data to go beyond mere collections of papers and data Friday, November 2, 12
  • 14. How to solve complexity and uncertainty issues However almost all data are ill-structured Nano* s are the case also! Friday, November 2, 12
  • 15. Reliability on Radioactive Dose Data --too much confusion Friday, November 2, 12
  • 16. We do not know about our Earth and .... • Earth • Plate • Fault AD 869 • Earthquake • Tsunami • Artifacts • Climate Change • Society 16 WNFM 38th AM-2011(Seville) Friday, November 2, 12
  • 18. March 11, 2011(Fri)14:46 – Earthquake, Tsunami By Tatsujiro Suzuki (The 3/11 Fukushima Nuclear Accident: What Happened and Lessons learned (so far)) May 2-4, 2011 ➢ Occurred 14:46 March 11, 2011 ➢ Magnitude : 9.0 Mw ➢ Epicenter location : 38°6’’N and 142°51’’E, and 24km in depth ➢ Victims : 15,202 Dead 8,718 Missing (as of May 25, 2011) 18 Friday, November 2, 12
  • 19. UrEDAS : Urgent Earthquake Detection and Alarm System Just several seconds! Friday, November 2, 12
  • 23. Differences on effects • Energy • Air, Semiconductors, ... • DNA/Cell/Organ/Body • Insects.... • Soil/Lands/River/Mountains/Sea • Humans & Societies Friday, November 2, 12
  • 24. how to deal with Data Individual cares medical services if necessary tele-medicine ・・・・ ---->e-health(security, privacy) Data on humans digital check of accessible data ・・・・ along data life cycle Data on living things capacity building of “experts” to get data literacies rather than statistics just for basic sciences Radioactivity monitoring data share and traceability Accident management “another subject” Friday, November 2, 12
  • 25. how to deal with Data Individual cares medical services if necessary s tele-medicine ・・・・ in t o ---->e-health(security, privacy) Data on humans w p digital check of accessible data ・・・・ Vie along data life cycle Data on living things e rs capacity building of “experts” U s to get data literacies rather than statistics just for basic sciences Radioactivity monitoring data share and traceability Accident management “another subject” Friday, November 2, 12
  • 26. How to deal with ill-structured data! Friday, November 2, 12
  • 27. Data on Fukushima • Environmental Monitoring Data/Low Dose (Rate) Risk Data : epidemiological survey data, animal data /Patient Clinical Data(+stress/fear/evacuation/damage caused by rumors) • Engineering Data(Design, Manufacturing, Operation, Maintenance, Failure/Accident, Decommition) with big diversities from sketch, log data, monitoring, ........, to simulation • ................ To grasp the reality together & properly by using data journal! Friday, November 2, 12
  • 28. Case Studies under Discussions • Observatory data “TQC by time, space, energy, structure” • 100 Years of Geomagnetic Observations at KAKIOKA- Contributions to Centennial Progress of Geophysics • Health data and scientific data for health data evaluation • food risks “Human : Well Beings” • low dose effects on irradiation exposures • Data of Fukushima Nuclear Reactor Accidents and associated facts “Collective Knowledge by Openness” Friday, November 2, 12
  • 30. e.g. Semantic Web Layer Cake, 2007 Digital FUKUSHIMA DBpedia* tons of log data, image data, copied/ pasted/duplicated data, processed data, PDF and EXCEL files, ....... Friday, November 2, 12
  • 31. Diffusion of tacit knowledge is slow. Next step is to strengthen our society by increasing rule makers rather than rule takers based on reliable data. Data democracy for emergence of our society!!! Friday, November 2, 12
  • 32. Many Thanks Arigatou Gozaimasu Friday, November 2, 12
  • 33. 869 Jōgan Sanriku Earthquake (Sugawara no Michizane et.al.) >>Curse and Shrine 1755 Lisbon earthquake >>Kant, Adam Smith, Voltaire, Rousseau (Enlightenment Thought) 1498 1945 Hiroshima and Nagasaki >>the Cold War between the East and the West >>Imperative of Responsibility (1979 Hans Jonas) 1986 Chernobyl >>гласность and Dissolution of the Soviet Union 2001 9.11 New York >>Sustainability for Human Security/Fundamental Human Right........ 2011 3.11 The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake Fukushima Daiichi 33 Friday, November 2, 12
  • 34. Vita Nova for Robust Engineering Observation Science - earthquake/tsunami,biodiversity, climate change Experimental Science -strategies and tactics with less experiments, without reliable measurements due to the station blackout .... Theoretical Science -inverse approaches to bridge gaps of models so as to overcome “unexpected” or “locked-in” issues Computational Science -correctness, semantics e.g., SPEEDI, severe core damage simulation codes... Data Science -data quality, transfer models between different contexts, Design Science -values, brand, trends, virtues, contexts for each individual, group, organization, stakeholder, nation, region, .... different design windows with physical-, engineering-, economical-, social-, cultural-, political- feasibility Strategic & Tactical(Timely, Proper,....) Solutions 34 Friday, November 2, 12
  • 35.  Global  Reduc7on  of  Natural  Energy  Resources ! !! !!! ?! 2007 2050 2092 oil gas uranium ↑ Consumption + – Production ↓ years 35 Hermann  Scheer  –  Energy  is  a  driving  force  for  our  civilisa7on  –  SOLAR  ADVOCATE,  2005 Friday, November 2, 12