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KNITWARE MANUFACTURE & TECHNOLOGY
COURSE NAME : SPECIAL KNIT FABRIC & FINISHES
COURSE CODE : TEX-2101
ASSIGNMENT ON:
RELAT...
THIS REPORT IS PRESENTED BY THE GROUP OF
NAME & I.D. OF THE GROUP MEMBERS
SL
NO.
NAME OF THE STUDENT IDENTITY NUMBER
1 S.M...
Introduction:
FABRIC:
Fabric is a manufactured assembly of fibres and yarns that has substantial surface
area inrelation t...
So, to knit 220 gsm Double Lacoste fabric we need yarn count 27.62/s
Picture:GSM vary with yarn count
Different types of f...
dimension and other properties including weight. In order to determine the stitch
length, we count 100 no Wales or stitch ...
Relation Among Different types of fabrics construction,
GSM,Yarn Count & Stitch Length
Fabric Construction Finished GSM Ya...
Fabric Construction Finished GSM Yarn Count Stitch Length(mm)
Double Rib
320-360 30’s 1.86
280-320 34’s 1.86
260-290 40’s ...
Fabric Construction Finished GSM Yarn Count Stitch Length(mm)
Polyester S/J 150-170 50’s 1.46
180-200 25’s 2.46
Waffle
280...
Lycra Jersey
150-170 50’s-ALT-40D 1.92
220-250 34’s-ALT-20D 1.92
180-220 40’s-ALT-20D 1.92
160-180 50’s-ALT-20D 1.81
Heavy...
220-240 34’s+80’s 0.58
190-210 40’s+80’s 0.64
Single Lacost
245-255 18’s 3.00
210-215 24’s 2.64
200-210 26’s 2.60
180-190 ...
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Relation among gsm,yarn count,stitch length & fabric construction

Relation among gsm,yarn count,stitch length & fabric construction

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Relation among gsm,yarn count,stitch length & fabric construction

  1. 1. KNITWARE MANUFACTURE & TECHNOLOGY COURSE NAME : SPECIAL KNIT FABRIC & FINISHES COURSE CODE : TEX-2101 ASSIGNMENT ON: RELATION AMONG GSM,YARN COUNT,STITCH LENGTH & FABRIC CONSTRUCTION REPORT SUBMITTED TO MAHBUBUL HAQUE {LECTURER,BUFT} Submission Date : 16th July 2014
  2. 2. THIS REPORT IS PRESENTED BY THE GROUP OF NAME & I.D. OF THE GROUP MEMBERS SL NO. NAME OF THE STUDENT IDENTITY NUMBER 1 S.M.NAZMUL ALAM 131-092-0-135 2 HASAN MAHAMMUD NAYEEM 131-083-0-135 3 SUBHA JUTI MAZUMDER 131-080-0-135 4 ZAHIDUL HAQUE MAZUMDER 131-079-0-135 5 ARJUN GHOSH 131-056-0-135
  3. 3. Introduction: FABRIC: Fabric is a manufactured assembly of fibres and yarns that has substantial surface area inrelation to its thickness and sufficient cohesion to give the assembly useful mechanicalstrength.Fabrics are most commonly woven or knitted. Picture:Different types of fabrics GSM & YARN COUNT OF A FABRIC: The GSM of fabric is one kind of specification of fabric which is very important for a textile engineer for understanding and production of fabric. ‘GSM’ means ‘Gram per square meter’ that is the weight of fabric in gram per one square meter. By this we can compare the fabrics in unit area which is heavier and which is lighter. Count is very important factor for the Textile Yarn Manufacturing. Maintaining the yarn count is mandatory to retain the quality of a yarn and fabrics. According to the Textile Institute “Count is a number of indicating the mass per unit length or length per unit mass of yarn”. Generally Yarn Count is the weight per unit length of the yarn of the length of per unit length. We Select the correct Yarn count for specific fabric (such as-Double Lacoste) GSM by the following process: For Double Lacoste , Say, the require GSM is 220 Yarn count = (-0.167) X (GSM) + 64.36 = (-0.167) X (220) + 64.36 = -36.74 + 64.36 = 27.62
  4. 4. So, to knit 220 gsm Double Lacoste fabric we need yarn count 27.62/s Picture:GSM vary with yarn count Different types of fabric has different Yarn count.GSM & Yarn count are related with each other.Changes of fabric GSM vary with yarn count. In single jersey fabric : If the yarn count is 30/s then the grey gsm will be 80% to 85% less from the finished GSM If the yarn count is 26/s then the grey gsm will be 78% to 80% less from the finished GSM If the yarn count is 24/s then the grey gsm will be 76% to 77% less from the finished GSM If the yarn count is 20/s then the grey gsm will be 76% to 79% less from the finished GSM In P/int fabric : If the yarn count is 40/s then the grey gsm will be 72% less from the finished GSM If the yarn count is 34/s then the grey gsm will be 72% less from the finished GSM If the yarn count is 30/s then the grey gsm will be 74% less from the finished GSM If the yarn count is 26/s then the grey gsm will be 72% less from the finished GSM If the yarn count is 24/s then the grey gsm will be 72% less from the finished GSM STITCH LENGTH OF A FABRIC: The stitch length setting on your sewing machine allows to adjust the number of stitches sewn per inch. Is the theoretically is as Stitch length is theoretically a single length of yarn which includes one needle loop and adjacent needle loops on either side of it. Loop exits in course in course length and it is that which influence fabric
  5. 5. dimension and other properties including weight. In order to determine the stitch length, we count 100 no Wales or stitch and count its length by hanging the yarn on the stitch counter. The reading is found in mm unit.. The weight, thickness and type of fabric sewn will determine the stitch length to use. All of these four things are related to each other.In this Report we try to maintain different types of fabrics construction, yarn count,GSM & stitch length of fabric.
  6. 6. Relation Among Different types of fabrics construction, GSM,Yarn Count & Stitch Length Fabric Construction Finished GSM Yarn Count Stitch Length(mm) Single Jersey/Plain 220-240 20’s 2.62 200-220 20’s 2.87 180-200 25’s 2.54 150-160 30’s 2.59 120-140 34’s 2.73 100-120 40’s 2.74 110-120 50’s 2.09 Interlock 270-310 25’s 3.31 250-270 30’s 3.07 210-240 34’s 3.13 180-210 40’s 2.03 160-180 50’s 2.82 Single Rib 260-290 20’s 2.98 220-260 25’s 2.73 180-220 30’s 2.73 160-190 34’s 2.76 150-170 40’s 2.56
  7. 7. Fabric Construction Finished GSM Yarn Count Stitch Length(mm) Double Rib 320-360 30’s 1.86 280-320 34’s 1.86 260-290 40’s 1.72 Pique Single 220-250 20’s 2.56 190-220 25’s 2.35 160-180 30’s 2.36 140-160 34’s 2.36 Pique Double 250-270 20’s 2.77 210-240 25’s 2.56 180-210 30’s 2.46 160-180 34’s 2.49 F/B Rib Single 290-320 20’s 2.63 270-290 25’s 2.29 230-260 30’s 2.18 190-210 34’s 2.36 F/B Rib Double 290-310 25’s 2.45 260-280 30’s 2.27 230-250 34’s 2.25
  8. 8. Fabric Construction Finished GSM Yarn Count Stitch Length(mm) Polyester S/J 150-170 50’s 1.46 180-200 25’s 2.46 Waffle 280-300 25’s 2.31 240-270 30’s 2.19 200-230 34’s 2.29 Lycra Rib 320-350 20’s-20D 2.95 270-310 25’s-40D 2.72 260-280 30’s-70D 2.44 240-270 34’s-70D 2.28 Dourby Rib 260-290 20’s 2.92 220-250 25’s 2.73 190-220 30’s 2.61 Lycra Dourby F/S 300 30’s 2.23 Lycra Jersey 260-280 30’s-ALT-40D 1.90 220-240 34’s-ALT-40D 1.97 180-210 40’s-ALT-40D 1.97
  9. 9. Lycra Jersey 150-170 50’s-ALT-40D 1.92 220-250 34’s-ALT-20D 1.92 180-220 40’s-ALT-20D 1.92 160-180 50’s-ALT-20D 1.81 Heavy Jersey 300-350 30’s-2ply 4.10 260-280 34’s-2ply 4.35 220-240 40’s-2ply 4.34 180-200 50’s-2ply 4.20 Fleece-2T 300-330 20’s+20’s 1.22 270-290 25’s+20’s 1.22 240-270 30’s+20’s 1.20 220-240 34’s+20’s 1.24 200-220 40’s+20’s 1.22 180-200 40’s+25’s 1.24 160-180 40’s+30’s 1.29 Fleece-3T 360-400 25’s+10’s 1.58 330-360 30’s+20’s 1.22 310-340 34’s+20’s 1.20 280-300 40’s+20’s 0.90 230-260 50’s+80’s 0.47 Velour 270-290 25’s+80’s 0.52 240-260 30’s+80’s 0.56
  10. 10. 220-240 34’s+80’s 0.58 190-210 40’s+80’s 0.64 Single Lacost 245-255 18’s 3.00 210-215 24’s 2.64 200-210 26’s 2.60 180-190 30’s 2.50 CONCLUSION: The assignment has come to a termination finally after lots of thinking, discussion and we uninterrupted trying. We really have worked hard to complete this report well ahead. We wished to make it as a replica of production so that it provides a complete knowledge about Fabrics GSM,Yarn count & Stitch Length. Though there were some limitations like shortage of time that compelled us to complete the thesis as soon as possible, even then we have tried to give our best. In this report we have studied Study on effect of Fabrics in GSM variation according to the yarn count. Here it has been shown different types of GSM of single jersey and rib fabric & other kinds of fabrics. The reason of GSM variation is because of different yarn count. In addition, we wanted to discuss some more topics, such as – definition of Fabric,Fabric GSM meaning,Yarn count meaning,& Stitch length Description etc.We also added some picture about Fabrics & fabrics GSM,Stitch length & relation among them. In these assignment there should be limitation of answer & data because of the limitation of time as well as due to deficiency of enough sources of information, we could not meet these. Further research can be conducted on those topics.

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