Those verbs where we cause some one to do a work/where the workis done indirectly. With Agent Without AgentNOTE: In causativesentences, we have got two I make Nazeer read a book. I make a book read.persons involved in the work. I get Nazeer to read a book. I get a book read.One is the subject (the one who I have Nazeer read a book. I have a book read.gets the work done). Second is Poverty caused him to steal The deadly diseasedagent (the doer of the work).All causative verbs can also be money. caused his body toused without mentioning agent. You let me join your party. bleed.(causative verbs cab be used in I helped her to pack the He will let the car cool.the whole twelve tenses). luggage.
It is used when we force some one to do work. Usage of Make with agent Usage of Make withoutFORMULA: agentSub+(H.verbs)+c.v+agent+1s- FORMULA:v+obj+. Sub+(H.verbs)+c.v+obj+1st She makes her servant wash -v+.the car. She makes the car wash. I made the gardener water the I made the plants water.plants. Commander will make the Commander will make the enemies attack.soldiers attack enemies. We had made her console. We had made her wash clothes.
It is used when we persuade some one to do work. Usage of Get with agent Usage of Get withoutFORMULA: agentSub+(H.verbs)+c.v+agent+to+ FORMULA:1sv+obj+. Sub+(H.verbs)+c.v+obj+3rd I get my brother to wash the -v+.car. I get the car washed. He gets his sister to bake the He gets the bread baked.bread. Nazeer will get plants watered. Nazeer will get Iqra to obey the She was getting the window closed.elders. She was getting me to close thewindow.
These are used when we ask some one to do work. Usage of Have/Has with Usage of Have/Has agent without agentFORMULA: FORMULA:Sub+(H.verbs)+c.v+agent+ Sub+(H.verbs)+c.v+obj+3rd1sv+obj+. -v+. I have my friend wash the car. I have the car washed. They had us clean the room. They had the room cleaned. Arian will be having him cook Arian will be having himfood. defamed. I had had Rehana speak I had had the Nation served.English.
The causative verb It is generally usedcause means to make It is used when a when a person givessomething happen. person assists another permission for anotherFORMULA: person to do person to doSub+(H.verbs)+cause something. something.+someone/something FORMULA: FORMULA:+to+obj+. Sub+help+someone+1 Sub+let+someone/so Bad weather caused -stv/to+1stv+obj+. mething+1stv+obj+.me to vomit. They helped me to You let Nazeer The diseases caused find the job. borrow your pen.his face to swell. Nazeer will help Robert will let the The investigation Imran write English. car cool.caused Izhar to speakthe truth.
EXERCISE NO. 1 EXERCISE NO. 2 Fill in the blanks: Use causative verbs and1. He makes house ________. make sentences from the (cleaned, to clean, clean) given situations:2. They made us ________ a letter. 1. I/hair/cut.(to write, write) ___________________________.3. I shall be getting you ________ 2. She/clothes/washed.plants. (water, watered, to ___________________________.water) 3. They/Nazeer/read/book. ___________________________.4. We had them ________. (kill, 4. We/them/play/football.killed, to kill) ___________________________.5. She will have been getting 5. He/room/paint.you________ the room. (paint, to ___________________________.paint)