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Mauritius	Breadfruit	Sector	Consortium	
            First	Partnership	Inception	
                     Workshop	
      	
      	
      	
      	
      	
      	
      	
      	
      	
      	
                                 	
                      Workshop	Report	
                                 	
                    9th	&	10th	February	2012	
          Food	and	Agricultural	Research	Council	(FARC),	
                        Reduit,	Mauritius	
  	
                Supported	by	the	PAEPARD	Project
First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
                                                                      	
                                                    Table	of	Contents	
	
Introduction ..............................................................................................................................2 
Day 1 – Introduction to PAEPARD and establishment of Knowledge Base ......................3 
    Welcome and Introduction of Participants ............................................................................. 3 
    Introduction to the PAEPARD Project................................................................................... 3 
    The Mauritius Breadfruit Sector Consortium ........................................................................ 6 
                                              .
    The Value-Chain Approach ................................................................................................... 7 
    Participants’ Expectations from workshop ............................................................................ 7 
    Demonstration of the use of the wiki ..................................................................................... 9 
    Workshop Activities & Introduction to Group Work .......................................................... 10 
    Team Building Activity ........................................................................................................ 12 
    Group work sessions (Part 1) – Participatory development of the knowledge-base ............ 12 
Day 2 – Value-chain approach, roles of the stakeholders and way forward ....................14 
    Recap of Day 1 and continuation of group presentations .................................................... 14 
    Group work (Part 2) – Consolidation of knowledge, technology and skills assets .............. 14 
    Group Work (Part 3) - Breadfruit Value-Chain Approach and Analysis ............................. 14 
    Linkages among themes along the value chain .................................................................... 14 
    Refining the questions we are asking ourselves ................................................................... 15 
    Validation of the Breadfruit Value-Chain stakeholders ....................................................... 15 
Results of the group work sessions .......................................................................................16 
Discussion and Way Forward ...............................................................................................37 
Closing remarks .....................................................................................................................38 
    Annex I – List of Participants ................................................................................................ 39 
    Annex II – Workshop Programme ........................................................................................ 40 
    Annex III – List of Stakeholder Institutions of the Breadfruit Sector ................................... 41 
    Annex IV: Review of the literature ....................................................................................... 42 
    Annex V: Evaluation of the workshop .................................................................................. 43 
 




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
Introduction
The Mauritius Breadfruit Sector Consortium organized a two-day Partnership Inception
Workshop on 9th and 10th February 2012 at the Food and Agricultural Research Council,
Reduit. This workshop is supported and is part of the Platform for African-European
Partnership on Agricultural Research for Development (PAEPARD) Project, which is
facilitating this collaboration among various stakeholders in the Breadfruit Sector in
Mauritius as well as European Partners (African-European Partnership).

The stakeholders present at the workshop were from research institutions, the University of
Mauritius, farmer organisations, breadfruit exporters, breadfruit growers, the Ministry of
Agro-Industry and Food Security (plant protection and propagation) and the private sector.
The workshop was facilitated by two external facilitators who have been selected and trained
by PAEPARD.

The overall objectives of the workshop were for stakeholders to:

       Get to know each other
       Understand the PAEPARD project
       Appreciate the importance of partnership within the consortium
       Understand and apply the value-chain approach
       Participate actively in different group activities
       Establish a framework for effective partnership

During the two days of the workshop, the participants were exposed to presentations and
group activities in line with the workshop objectives.

The presentations served to increase awareness and understanding of the PAEPARD project
support, the proposed concept note and the principles behind the implementation of the
Consortium activities. The group activities were formulated to improve mutual understanding
among stakeholders along the breadfruit value chain in Mauritius and promote a collaborative
spirit among the participants.

This report covers the proceedings of the two-day workshop held on 9th and 10th February
2012 as well as the background materials used during the workshop.




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
    Day 1 – Introduction to PAEPARD and establishment of Knowledge Base
The first day of the workshop was focused on getting to know about the PAEPARD project,
the Breadfruit Sector Consortium and the establishment of a knowledge base on breadfruit.
PowerPoint presentations were delivered by the Facilitators, followed by group activities to
establish the knowledge base in a collaborative and participatory manner.




Welcome and Introduction of Participants
The workshop was opened by Mr. K. Bheenick, Programme Manager at the Food and
Agricultural Research Council (FARC), lead partner of the breadfruit sector consortium and
convener of the workshop. He welcomed the participants and explained the importance of
holding this workshop. He laid stress on the common visioning aspect of the consortium
partners who are from different sectors of the breadfruit value chain. He also acknowledged
the assistance of PAEPARD in the funding of the workshop and added that after this two-day
workshop another one would follow in about a month’s time. He explained that the FARC’s
vision was that the consortium activities lead to the elaboration of a National Breadfruit
Programme, which could later be extended to a regional level where breadfruit planting
programmes are being implemented. Each participant was then requested to present
himself/herself and give a brief over-view of the work being done on breadfruit by their
respective organizations (see list of participants in Annex I). After the introductions, Mr. K.
Bheenick went over the Agenda of Day 1 (Annex II) for the participants to have an idea of
how the day was going to be and wished the participants all the best for the rest for the two-
day workshop.




Introduction to the PAEPARD Project
The first presentation was on introduction to the PAEPARD Project, which was presented by
Mr. T. Gunesh, one of the workshop facilitators. The presentation was focused on the
PAEPARD Project, its context, objectives, expected results, major activities and how the
concept note from Mauritius was selected during the PAEPARD second call for concept
notes. Mr. T. Gunesh laid accent on the requirement of the PAEPARD project for the
involvement of non research stakeholders in Agricultural Research for Development. He
talked on the need for demand-driven partnerships and added that following the Partnership


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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
Inception Workshops, PAEPARD would be organizing a write-shop for writing of proposals
for the themes identified with a view to get funding from financing institutions. It was also
mentioned that among the 69 concept notes that were received by PAEPARD, 10 consortia
were selected based on different criteria and the Mauritius consortium was among the 10
selected ones. The federating themes of the European and African partnerships, as well as the
list of concept notes selected by PAEPARD were presented (Fig 1).




    Figure 1. Introduction to the PAEPARD Project and selection process of concept notes



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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 




Figure 1(contd). Introduction to the PAEPARD Project and stages in the process of selection
                  of concept notes




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
The Mauritius Breadfruit Sector Consortium
The second presentation was made by Mrs. I. Boodhram, the concept note applicant. She
gave a brief overview of the concept note submitted by the Mauritian Consortium, entitled
“Micro propagation and cultivation of in vitro breadfruit plants and development of novel
products from breadfruit as an alternative source of carbohydrates in Mauritius”. Breadfruit
has been chosen as it is a crop that provides a lot of opportunities; be it in terms of fresh
produce or transformed product, that is, gluten-free flour among others. It has the potential of
being an income generating plant for small households as well as for small scale orchards.
Mrs Boodhram explained to the participants that the concept note had been submitted
following consultations with a few of the stakeholders and partners and that this workshop,
with its extended consultation with stakeholders, provided an excellent opportunity to review
the proposed activities of the consortium. She also presented the partners currently involved
in the project.




Figure 2. Proposed outcomes and partnership arrangements of the Consortium




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
The Value-Chain Approach
The value-chain approach was presented by Ms. Nawsheen Hosenally, one of the workshop
facilitators. She built on Mrs. Boodhram’s presentation to demonstrate that there are many
partners involved in the consortium and there are multiple linkages among them. However, in
order to work in a partnership, it is important to have a proper understanding of the existing
relationships and an agreed mechanism for interactions. She explained about the value-chain
approach and proposed that, through the workshop activities, the importance of linkages
among different actors involved at various points in a value chain would be highlighted. She
also explained the role and responsibilities of the facilitators, which was mainly to act as a
neutral partner, to bring the partners together in their discussions and to promote mutual
understanding among them. Since a facilitator is not a leader, the role of a leader v/s
facilitator was also explained (Fig 3). Stakeholders were reassured that the partners of the
consortium had already been meeting and coordinating some of the activities, especially in
the preparations and organisation of the series of workshops to be supported by the
PAEPARD project.




Participants’ Expectations from workshop
After the participants had an overview on the PAEPARD project, the Mauritius breadfruit
sector consortium, the value-chain approach and the role of leader v/s facilitator, the floor
was opened for clarifications and discussions. Participants were then asked to describe their
expectations from the workshop (Box 1). In general, stakeholders had a wide range of
expectations, each specific to the current issues they were dealing with. This was to be
expected, and hopefully most of their expectations would have been addressed by the end of
the workshop activities.




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 




Figure 3. Introduction to the Value Chain Approach as it would be applied to the breadfruit
          sector in Mauritius




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
                      Box 1. Participants’ Expectations from Workshop

       Discuss problems being encountered for producing grafts and find solutions
       See if partners within the consortium may help in production of the planting materials
        for farmer organization presently awaiting planting materials to set up a breadfruit
        village,
       See whether it will be possible to introduce planting materials from abroad
       Find how the consortium can work together to conserve germplasm in Mauritius and
        support each other in propagation as well
       Get maximum knowledge and information on the whole value-chain
       Need a real sharing of information and all partners must collaborate in doing so
        (value-chain approach and inclusive demand-driven partnerships)
       Get new ideas on value-addition, product development and new ventures in the
        breadfruit sector
       Know how we are going to collaborate based on the work that has already started and
        what we want to do in the future
       We have worked as individuals up to now, but time has come to sit together and
        become a team
       Discuss the opportunities that are available and try to make the most of these by
        working as a team
       All collaborators become one (Not just talking, but make it happen)
       It is a first-time multi-stakeholder partnership and it is hoped that it will work well
        such that the workshop acts as a trigger for more interaction
       Hope that this workshop does not “die” like those in the past
       Get the support of policy makers
       Come up with a group project to benefit the country
       Make workshop successful, have write-shop and get funding
       Hope to get funding through this partnership



Demonstration of the use of the wiki
Since the first meeting of the consortium, a wiki was created to facilitate collaboration within
the multi-stakeholder partnership. The wiki consisted of several pages, each having specific
objectives. A demonstration was made on the use of the wiki and how different partners may
collaborate by sharing their work, participate in discussion forums, upload files and comment
on the different pages. The wiki is accessible at http://paepardmauritius.pbworks.com

Furthermore, there was another page on the wiki which consisted of an editable map of
breadfruit trees in Mauritius using Google Maps. The objectives of this map are (a) to test if
‘crowd-sourcing’ is a viable method of gathering information in a spatial and descriptive

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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
manner in Mauritius and (b) to provide the members of the breadfruit sector consortium with
a map of distribution and quantity of breadfruit trees to work with, to complement statistics
that may be available. A step-by-step demonstration was also done to show the participants
how they can add breadfruit trees to the map.

Participants then discussed the wiki and ways in which it could be useful, not only to the
partners in the consortium, but to all stakeholders. There was an immediate need expressed
for a tutorial to be made available about the use of the wiki and also on the procedure to edit
the map of breadfruit trees in Mauritius. Participants likened the wiki to a one-stop shop of
information, where at institutional level each member of the consortium or each stakeholder
would have a clear idea of the work being done by each partner. Furthermore, the wiki would
be a place to gather other information related to the consortium. Participants also expressed
their appreciation of the breadfruit mapping is being done, which will benefit many of the
stakeholders in the breadfruit in Mauritius. In addition, importers and exporters who are not
in the consortium will still get valuable information through the map. Finally, it was also
hoped that the map would provide a proper framework of the breadfruit sector and
characterize the agglomerations of breadfruit trees into backyard production or mini-
orchards. Thus, a lot of hope was placed on the development of the map, but its success
would depend on the contribution of the stakeholders and the public at large.




Workshop Activities & Introduction to Group Work
The workshop objectives and activities were explained to the participants through a
PowerPoint Presentation (Figure 4).




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 




    Figure 4. Presentation of the group work activities during Day 1 of the workshop




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
Team Building Activity
Prior to the group activity, following the lunch break, the participants were exposed to a team
building activity called “The Human Knot”. The participants were divided into 2 groups and
each group had to form a circle. In each group, the participants were required to hold the
hands of each other (except the person next to oneself). Without releasing their hands, they
had to untangle themselves to form a perfect circle.

This team building activity had 2 objectives; (a) to make the participants realize the essence
of collaboration in a team, and (b) to act as an energizer. The team building activity may be
viewed http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DqTuIlNHtmc&feature=youtu.be



Group work sessions (Part 1) – Participatory development of the knowledge-base
The second part of Day 1 of the workshop consisted of a group activity with the objective to
create a knowledge base on breadfruit. To facilitate the process, a review of literature on
Breadfruit, based on 7 key documents identified, had been carried out by Research Assistants
at the Food and Agricultural Research Council (FARC) prior to the workshop. In this
Literature Review, 11 themes were identified along the value chain, and the contents
organised by theme (Table 1)

                       Table 1. Themes identified for Group Activity
                    1. Origin and distribution of breadfruit
                    2. Germplasm
                    3. Environmental requirements
                    4. Propagation methods and planting materials
                    5. Agronomy and cultural practices
                    6. Fruiting
                    7. Harvest and post -harvest
                    8. Product development and marketing
                    9. Market/Exports
                    10. Uses of plant parts other than the fruit
                    11. Consumer preferences, education and products

The participants were divided into 4 groups according to their interests to the themes. Each
group was comprised of 3-4 members and was allocated 1 to 3 themes to work upon
(depending on the number of pages and the content). Each participant was handed a copy of
the Literature Review on Breadfruit, which included the theme which they had to work on.

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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
After going through the reading material on their respective themes, members of each group
were required to discuss among themselves and address the following questions for each
theme;

(a) What do we know? – Green
    (establishing the knowledge assets)
(b) Where are we now? – Yellow
    (establishing the current status)
(c) Where should we be? – Blue
    (establishing objectives for the theme)
(d) What is missing to get there? – Pink
    (establishing what is required to achieve the objective)
(e) What questions are we are asking ourselves? – White
                                                               Figure 5: Questions to be answered for each theme
    (establishing the information needs)

The answers to the above questions were written on cards of corresponding colours for each
question and these were stuck on the wall according to the theme. Each group was given at
least 1hr30mins to cover the review of the literature, to discuss the issues and to address the
issues adequately.

After the group activity, the group leaders presented their outputs during the plenary session
(Figs. 6-8). During the different presentations, other participants also had the opportunity to
post any new ideas/ questions on the given themes, thus enriching the existing knowledge
already gathered by the group members or identifying areas that required more clarification
or detailed information. Since there was not enough time to complete all the presentations,
the last group would present their work the following day. The work carried out by the
groups would serve for the following group activity sessions the next morning.




                      Figure 6. Group Presentations at the end of Day 1

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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
Day 2 – Value-chain approach, roles of the stakeholders and way forward

Recap of Day 1 and continuation of group presentations
Day 2 started off with the welcoming of the participants by the facilitators of the workshop.
Members of the last group, who worked on the last 3 themes, presented their work following
which ideas/ questions from the floor were added to the flip-chart (like the previous day).

The facilitators then did a quick recap of the activities of Day 1 (about PAEPARD, the
consortium, value-chain approach, role of facilitators, workshop objectives, group activity)
before explaining what was expected from the participants on Day 2 (Annex II).




Group work (Part 2) – Consolidation of knowledge, technology and skills assets
The next group activity built on what had been done the previous day. Participants were
required to validate the knowledge, technology and skills assets by reassessing the statements
and qualifying them as based on (a) literature available (b) documented research or
information from other organisations and (c) indigenous knowledge. This process would
ensure that knowledge assets that the groups had identified were already documented or the
sources of information were known. This would facilitate compilation of information and the
generation of knowledge products, at a later stage, to guide the research and development
process.




Group Work (Part 3) - Breadfruit Value-Chain Approach and Analysis

Linkages among themes along the value chain
The second group work was based on the value-chain approach, whereby the participants
were asked to have a look at the themes of different groups and to find linkages and discuss
how components from other themes are inter-connected. If there are links, they had to locate
where these links are, and how do they see them connected.

The objective of the activity was to enable the consortium stakeholders to see the connection
of roles/ components in the different themes that were selected.

After each group had a look at the other themes and found connections, two groups were
chosen at random to present the linkages they found both upstream and downstream along the

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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
value chain. After the presentations, it was agreed by the stakeholders that they could
collectively identity several linkages among the themes all along the value-chain. The
facilitators explained that further Value Chain Analysis, for which methods have been
developed, would be carried out at the next workshop, when more information about the
themes and their linkages had been gathered.

Refining the questions we are asking ourselves
Following the activity of Day 1 listing the “questions we are asking ourselves” and the
presentations thereon, there were many questions which had been generated by participants.
However, some of the questions were duplicated while others were not well formulated or
unclear. Therefore, the group work consisted of clustering of questions while also re-visiting
the list of questions after the value chain linkages had been established during the previous
session. The objective was to come up with a clear set of questions that would have to be
answered and the information further analyzed at a later stage.

The facilitators explained that the next step would consist of synthesizing a draft of the output
of the group activities, which would be further discussed on the consortium wiki and during
the next Partnership Inception Workshop.

Validation of the Breadfruit Value-Chain stakeholders
The last group activity for the workshop consisted of identifying the stakeholders involved in
addressing each theme along the breadfruit value-chain. Participants were provided with a list
of partners/ stakeholders involved in the Mauritius Breadfruit Consortium (Annex III).
Considering the 11 themes identified in the breadfruit value-chain, they were required to:

       Locate who are the different stakeholders involved (Who?)
       Why they are involved in that specific theme (Why?)
       How are they involved – their roles (How?)

Flip-charts and markers were provided to the participants and they divided the questions in 3
columns (who, why, how) and they located which stakeholder is involved where for each
theme. While the participants were provided with a list of stakeholders, they were allowed to
add stakeholders who they thought might have an important role in the value chain (Fig.7).

One group was chosen at random to present its work to validate that all other groups had also
completed the exercise in a similar manner (Fig. 8)


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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 




             Figure 7. Group Discussion on stakeholders present in value-chain




 
                 Figure 8. Group presentation on stakeholders and their roles

 


Results	of	the	group	work	sessions		
Results of the group work sessions are shown below: the cumulative results of the group
work carried out during the workshop for each of the 11 themes. The literature review,
presented in Annex V, is referred to in each of the thematic sections.

 




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
                        1. Origin and Distribution of Breadfruit
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 1-3

What do we know?

       Origin (from literature)
       Tropical Distribution worldwide (from literature)

Where are we now?

       Do not know the number of varieties locally
       Do not know about the distribution of varieties locally

Where should we be?

       Number of varieties introduced
       Number of trees
       More exhaustive review of literature
       Other sources of information?

What is missing to get there?

       Eco-geographical survey on breadfruit trees

What questions are we asking ourselves?

       What is the Geographical distribution of breadfruit trees in Mauritius?
       Should we do a Tree census in Mauritius?
       Can we use a GIS system?
       Breadnut - number of trees and distribution?
       Is a census of breadnut trees required?
       Can there be other sources of information?



Stakeholders involved in issues related to Origin and Distribution of breadfruit

            Who?                             Why?                             How?
1. CSO                          Involved in census                 Include breadfruit on
                                                                   household survey
2. All stakeholders in the      To map distribution of             On consortium wiki
   breadfruit sector            breadfruit trees across the island
3. Documentation centres        Involved in documentation          More exhaustive review of
   (MAIFS/ AREU/ MSIRI/                                            literature
   FARC)


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                                           2. Germplasm
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 4-8

What do we know?

       Twenty varieties identified as core varieties (literature)
       Can be conserved by tissue culture(literature)
       Seem to have two varieties or phenotype locally (round & oblong)(observation)
       Breadnut can be used as root-stock for grafting (local validated practice)
       Breadnut has an edible seed (high protein)(literature)

Where are we now?

       Propagating only two seedless varieties locally
       In vivo production of plants using root only (Literature Revue agricole)

Where should we be?

       Characterisation of our varieties (morphological & molecular)
       Any development project for which we need new germplasm
       Introduction of new varieties if there is a need
       In-vitro propagation

What is missing to get there?

       Breadfruit to shift from an under-utilized crop to a commercial crop
       Collaboration with international and local institution dealing with Breadfruit

What questions are we asking ourselves?

       Which varieties exist in Mauritius?
       Is there a possibility of extension of production season particularly with increasing
        urbanization
       Has there been genetic erosion or drift in our local varieties?
       Should we increase our genetic pool?
       Can we look for germplasm of dwarf varieties to facilitate harvest?
       Is there a need to promote conservation of existing germplasm?
       Do Reunion, Comores and Seychelles, for example, have the same varieties?
       Are we having any pest/disease problems?
       Are bats a problem with breadfruit?
       Breadnut - is there a demand for it? What do we know about it?
       Why breadnut as a root stock?



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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
         Is breadfruit a suitable alternative to breadfruit in Mauritius? Why bother about
          breadnut?
         How to differentiate between young plants of breadnuts and breadfruit?
         Which institutions will be involved in this? Or has capacity? Private labs or
          propagators?


Stakeholders involved in issues related to germplasm

              Who?                              Why?                           How?
    1. UoM                            Studies on general              Student projects
                                       erosion or drift in local
                                       varieties
                                      Research existent and
                                       facilities available
    2. AREU                           Varieties existing in           Survey by extension
                                       Mauritius                        services
                                      Introduction of new             Evaluation trials
                                       varieties                       Collaborative programs
                                      On-going research on             (UoM?)
                                       breadfruit
                                      Research on usefulness
                                       of breadnut regarding
                                       nutritional properties and
                                       on a rootstock
    3. MAIFS (NPPO &                  Facilitate introduction of      PRA & Disease/ pest
       Entomology)                     new germplasm                    surveillance
    4. MAIFS (Horticulture            Already involved in             In-vitro and In-vivo
       division)                       conservation                     collections
    5. FARC                           Already involved in             In-vitro collections
                                       conservation of
                                       germplasm
    6. Research organizations         Already involved in             Collaborative programs
       in different countries          Research and
                                       development




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                               3. Environmental Requirements
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 9-11

What do we know?

       Wide range of adaptation (literature)
       Agro-climatic requirements (literature)

Where are we now?

       Distribution is nearly all over the island
       Not clear if there are concentration zones of trees

Where should we be?

       Mapping of trees distribution
       Identifying agro-climatic zones suitable for optimal production

What is missing to get there?

       Agronomic studies that report on adaptation in Mauritius
       Experimental trials

What questions are we asking ourselves?

       Are there specific micro-climates that are ideal for breadfruit?
       Tolerance to drought with relation to climate change?
       Tolerance to cyclones?
       What is the yielding period in different zones and where to obtain the general yield
        data?
       Check germplasm with different production & harvesting time to extend period of
        supply?
       Is it possible to extend the production season?
       Can breadfruit be grown in super-humid regions of Mauritius?
       Is soil pH and high rainfall limiting factors to breadfruit tree growth in Mauritius?
       Is breadfruit an invasive species?

Stakeholders involved in issues related to environmental requirements

          Who                                Why                                How
    1. AREU                          On-going research               Trials in different
                                                                       locations
    2. Meteorological                Meteorological data             Provision of
       Services                       available                        meteorological data


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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
                      4. Propagation methods and planting materials
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 12-14

What do we know?

       Can be propagated by root cuttings , air layering, stem cutting, grafting, T.C methods,
        seeds

Where are we now?

       Studies already started
       Selected clones being propagated
       Root cuttings main method, higher success rate
       In-vitro propagation (under experiment)
       Air-layering(under experiment)
       Grafting

Where should we be?

       Should have already mastered vegetative propagation methods
       Should have already large number of breadfruit plants for sale
       Planting material at affordable price (current price at Barkley Rs 185/unit)

What is missing to get there?

       Research facilities and funds
       Skilled labour
       Need more starting materials

What questions are we asking ourselves?

       Tapping funds (from where)?
       Training for propagation required?
       Pros and cons of propagation method
       Is any method of propagation highly recommended
       What are the success rates of the different propagation methods?
       Do we have facilities for mass propagation (large scale)?
       What are the problems encountered for different propagation methods
       Is it easy to propagate by in-vivo methods
       What if someone use root cuttings from grafted plants?
       Is there any subsidized price for large scale?
       What are the current prices?
       Cost effective method of propagation


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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
       Where to get readily available planting materials?
       Do we have enough planting materials and root stock?
       Which rooting system/ propagation method is suitable against cyclone?
       Who is and how to coordinate gathering of information on amount of planting
        materials available, rate of production?
       Which institutions have capacity to do this? Private sector?
       Can people /farmers/ students be trained on grafting techniques?
       Who can/will train producers on propagating methods?



Stakeholders involved in issues related to propagation methods and planting materials

       Who?                             Why?                                 How?
1. MAIFS (Barkly ES)        Propagation                           Propagation and sale by
                            Sale of planting material              conventional means
                                                                   Adapt protocol for Tissue
                                                                    culture method for sale
2. AREU                     Research and Development              Research and
                            Information Dissemination              Development on different
                            Training                               methods of propagation
                                                                    of breadfruit
                                                                   Sale of breadfruit
                                                                    planting material
                                                                   Training of Extension
                                                                    Officers and growers
3. FARC (Tissue             Research and Development on           Research on in-vitro
Culture Lab)                 protocol development                   propagation of breadfruit
                            Production and sale of planting       Sale of tissue-culture
                             materials                              plants
                                                                   Research on Tissue
                                                                    culture in collaboration
                                                                    with UoM
4. UoM                      Research                              Research on Tissue
                                                                    culture in collaboration
                                                                    with FARC
5. Labourdonnais and        Propagation and sale of planting      Propagation by
other private sectors        materials                              conventional means and
                            Production and sale of                 sale
                             agricultural produce                  Collaborate in on-farm
                                                                    trials (OFT’s)




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                              5. Agronomy and cultural practices
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 15-20

What do we know?

       Fast growing/long life
       Hardy
       Productive
       Well adapted to local conditions
       Old trees can be rejuvenated

Where are we now?

       Evaluation plots set up at AREU
       Rejuvenation under observation

Where should we be?

       Germplasm (local) characterization completed (molecular/phenotypic)
       Establish local clones conservatory
       Map of growing areas should have been available

What is missing to get there?

       Funds
       Insufficient planting materials
       Absence of guidelines
       No training to growers
       Using elevators for plucking
       Mechanized techniques

What questions are we asking ourselves?

       What are the factors responsible for fruit drops?
       What are the production constraints?
       Can we go for high density planting materials
       Can reports on the evaluations be made available( preliminary)
       How does pruning affect yield?
       Recommendations on pruning
       Are the training materials/leaflets suitable? Is there need to revise/updates
       Do we have agro-climatic maps?
       What are the known production seasons in Mauritius?
       Are there any appropriate tools for harvesting


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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
       Can tall trees be pruned?
       What are irrigation requirements?
       Should we have specific varieties for fresh and processing?
       Bearing time for different planting materials(stem cuttings, root cuttings, grafting)
       Can we do intercropping?
       Can fruiting be enhanced like litchis?
       What is the recommended pathway ‘to move from under-utilized crop to commercial
        crop’



Stakeholders involved in issues related to Agronomy, Cultural practices & Fruiting

            Who?                           Why?                             How?
1. AREU                            Research and                   Agronomic evaluation
                                    Development                    Production of
                                   Information                     recommendation sheets
                                    dissemination                  Workshops/ Field days/
                                   Training                        visits
2. SFWF                            Provide support to             Identify constraints faced
                                    farmers (insurance,             by growers in
                                    schemes etc.)                   collaboration with AREU
3. Private firms                   Importer of machinery/         Make available
                                    tools                           appropriate harvest tools
                                                                    for breadfruit
4. Growers/ MAMCF/                 Producers of breadfruit        Collaborate with AREU
   Ministry of cooperatives                                         for on-farm trials
5. MAIFS                           Schemes for pest control       Support/ incentives for
                                   Control of pests                control of bats




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                                           6. Fruiting
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 21-25

What do we know?

       Seasonal
       Large trees can be regenerated
       Maturity indices easy
       Fruit production capacity

Where are we now?

       Production season known
       Fruit drop high
       Tall trees difficult to harvest
       Production capacity of local accessions(yield) known

Where should we be?

       Less fruit drop

What is missing to get there?

       Local agronomic studies

What questions are we asking ourselves?

       In case of attacks by fruit bats, bird-netting needed?
       What are the post harvest losses?
       Have the fruits got good preservation qualities?
       What are the approved pesticides on breadfruit?
       What are the pest and diseases affecting breadfruit?
       When do we know that the fruits are ready for harvest?
       Can it be grown in super humid zones?
       How to produce off season fruits?
       Introduction and evaluation of new clones?
       Support from NPPO for introduction?




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Stakeholders involved in issues related to Agronomy, Cultural practices & Fruiting

          Who?                           Why?                            How?
    1. AREU                      Research and                  Agronomic evaluation
                                  Development                   Production of
                                 Information                    recommendation sheets
                                  dissemination                 Workshops/ Field days/
                                 Training                       visits
2. SFWF                          Provide support to            Identify constraints faced
                                  farmers (insurance,            by growers in
                                  schemes etc.)                  collaboration with AREU
3. Private firms                 Importer of machinery/        Make available
                                  tools                          appropriate harvest tools
                                                                 for breadfruit
4. Growers/ MAMCF/               Producers of breadfruit       Collaborate with AREU
   Ministry of cooperatives                                      for on-farm trials
5. MAIFS                         Schemes for pest control      Support/ incentives for
                                 Control of pests               control of bats




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                              7. Harvest and Post Harvest
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 26-32

What do we know?

       Grading/sorting
       Waxing
       Water Treatment
       Traditional minimal processing (e.g water treatment)
       Rod Plucking
       Climbing using ladder
       Picking up falling fruits
       Quality index at harvest
       Packing (Leno bags, gunny bags, bamboo baskets)

Where are we now?

       No information on existing varieties
       Using traditional harvest technique
       International post-harvest practices exist

Where should we be?

       Develop quality parameters (Norms/Standards)
       Pruning activities
       Early and late varieties
       Develop dwarf and early maturity plants disease
       Packing to reduce post-harvest losses (e.g agricultural crates)

What is missing to get there?

       Schemes/loans for post-harvest/harvest facilities
       Effective collaboration between partners
       No existing protocols for harvesting/post-harvest
       Sharing of information
       More research and development funding
       International collaboration

What questions are we asking ourselves?

       At which stage to harvest? (Maturity index – optimum and actual)
       Is the practice of placing fruit in water documented and justified?
       Do we have appropriate tools for harvest in Mauritius? E.g. Aluminum poles


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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
         After harvest (green) No. of days kept (Stored) for local marketing?
         What can be done (Backyard/for local market) to increase shelf-life of breadfruit?
         What are the recommended packaging/storage materials for Mauritius?
         Appropriate methods to increase shelf-life?
         Effect of pruning on yield/quality?
         Develop protocol – Responsibility?
         Can we put breadfruit in under cool conditions to increase shelf-life?
         Which type of wax can be used? Available?



Stakeholders involved in issues related to harvest and post-harvest

             Who?                             Why?                           How?
    1. Cooperatives                   To achieve economies of        Regrouping of farmers
                                       scale
    2. Associations and               Better management              Training
    companies (SMEDA)                                                 Incentive schemes
                                                                      Appropriate funding
                                                                       mechanisms
    3. AREU                           Harvest and post-harvest       Research and trials
                                       protocol
                                      Norms and standards            Literature and research
                                      Shelf-life improvement         Literature and research
                                      Improvement in                 Training/ information
                                       harvesting techniques           kits/ grants/ schemes for
                                      Pest and disease                equipments
                                       management                     Awareness campaigns/
                                      Improved cultural               information materials/
                                       practices                       identification of pests
                                                                       and diseases
    4. UoM/AREU                       Harvest and post-harvest       Research
                                       protocols
    5. MSB/ UoM/ AREU                 Norms and standards            Literature and research
    6. Private companies/             Improvement in                 Training/ information
    AREU                               harvesting techniques           kits/ grants/ schemes for
                                                                       equipments
    7. SFWF/ Meteo/ Private           Risk management                Support/ assistance/
    companies                                                          insurance schemes
    8. AREU/MAIFS                     Pest and disease               Awareness campaigns/
                                       management                      information materials/
                                                                       identification of pests
                                                                       and diseases




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                       8. Product development and marketing
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 33-43

What do we know?

       Marketing channel – local/export
       Animal feed (Pigs)
       Processing awareness exist (chips, canned, flour, boiled)
       Human consumption (boiled, chips, curry, snacks)
       High potential for export
       High risk crop (cyclone prone)
       High land requirement

Where are we now?

       Export of product (approx. 100mT)
       Development and research on flour production
       Long-term storage (freezing) shelf-life studies
       Development of frozen French fries, wedges

Where should we be?

       Increase usage as staple food side dishes
       Unacceptable fruits, waste from processing as animal feed
       Resource material for composting
       Substitute for current bad eating habits (e.g. oily foods, saturated foods)
       Tap on outer island resources (Rodrigues)

What is missing to get there?

       More research and development and funding
       Lack of information on product
       Critical mass to invest in commercial production
       Loans/incentive schemes
       Setting up of food parks

What questions are we asking ourselves?

       How do we think we are going to increase usage as staple?
       Regarding increasing consumer awareness, what is being done?
       What is the demand for breadfruit on the local market?
       Can it be used for baby foods?
       For flour making, are there any specific requirements (varietal, stage of maturity)?


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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
       Fresh products or processed?
       Market consumption?
       Is there scope for development of SME (Processing)?
       Is there any kind of risk management strategy in place?
       Land availability for setting up orchards?
       When is the next fruit tree census?



Stakeholders involved in issues to product development and marketing

        Who?                               Why?                               How?
1. FARC/SFWF                       Demand for fresh and             Survey
                                    processed breadfruit             Breadfruit festival
2. AREU/ UoM                       Consumer preferences/            Survey/ sensory
                                    New products                      evaluation
3. Enterprise Mauritius            New markets                      International exhibitions/
                                                                      partnerships
4. AREU/ UoM/ NPPO                 Type of varieties                Literature
                                                                     Trials
                                                                     Research
5. Land use division/ AS/          Land availability                Land bank
   MAIFS
6. APAU/ MAIFS                     Census on breadfruit             Survey
                                    trees in the Republic of         Complete enumeration
                                    Mauritius                        Editable/clickable map
7. Food security fund/             Access to capital                Schemes
   DBM/ Private banks                                                Grants
                                                                     Loan facilities
8. MAIFS/ MAMCF/                   Continuous/ Reliable             Partnerships/ Bi-lateral
   Private stakeholders/            supply of breadfruit              agreements
   SFWF
9. AMB/ Freeport                   Storage facilities               Provide storage facilities




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
                                   9. Markets/Export
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 44-46

  What do      Where are we        Where should we be?          What is missing to get
 we know?          now?                                                 there?
Different     Fresh breadfruits      Wider range of          Identify local
types of       for export              products and             germaplasm/ Access
products      Breadfruit flour        breadfruit varieties     other germplasm
              Other usages at        Develop                 R&D on processed
               level of                commercial               products
               household e.g.          production              Identify interested
               chips, cakes                                     entrepreneurs

Different       E.U                  Regional and              Data on volume and
markets                                international              value of exports and
                                       markets                    country of destination
                                                                 Identify new export
                                                                  markets
                                                                 Identify competitors in
                                                                  export markets
Market          E.U and local        Australia, USA,           Determine current
demand           markets               Canada and New             annual production in
                                       Zealand                    Mauritius
                                      Tourist industry          Work with hotel chef
                                      Domestic markets          Local market
                                       e.g. frozen chips,         intelligence
                                       canned, flour             Market intelligence for
                                      Gluten free                Gluten free products
                                       products
Market          Fulfilling SPS       Infrastructure for        Financial Resources for
Access           requirements for      commercially               investment
                 E.U                   processing                Identify SPS
                                      Food safety                requirements for
                                       requirements               potential export markets
                                      SPS requirements           (e.g. fruit flies)
                                       for other                 Develop packaging
                                       international             Develop certification
                                       markets (Market            system for food safety
                                       barriers)                  and allergens free
                                      Logistics for
                                       packaging and
                                       export (Perishable)
                                      Certification
                                       (evidence for
                                       Gluten free
                                       products)

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What questions are we asking ourselves?

Types of products

   What is current production volume?
   What is current export volume?
   To which markets are breadfruit exported?
   What are other potential markets?

Different Markets

   In these export markets, what are customs duties applied?
   In these export markets what are SPS requirements?
   Can Mauritius abide by these SPS requirements?
   Market intelligence in current and potential export markets: Who are the buyers? Price?
    Need specific varieties? Potential for market development? How consumed?

Market demand

   Who are our competitors?
   Their Prices?
   Cost analysis including freight cost?
   Seasonality of supply from Mauritius v/s others?
   Development of other products; Processed; Pulp/ canned/ frozen / possible? Cost?

Market access

 Export markets potential for these processed products?
 What inputs are needed: Infrastructure, technology, packaging, storage conditions,
  transport conditions, cold-chain? (processed)
 Forecast of production volume in next 5-10 years?
 What are requirements to import/ propagate varieties?
 What is shelf life of varieties?
 What are current standards for export? Size/ type of packaging?
 Determine regularity of supply for export markets?
 Are breadfruit destined for export coming from orchards or backyards?
 Any orchard project?
 Can orchard be certified global gap?
 If marketed as Gluten free, who will certify?
 What are health and nutritional advantages and How can these be used for marketing?
 Sensitization of farmers on gap to produce good quality breadfruit, Who/How?
 What is potential for absorption on local market?



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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
   Market intelligence: Who are buyers? Preferred way of consuming? Price? Potential for
    processed products and prioritize? Hotels: Potential?
   Should new recipes be developed?
   Marketing of breadfruit on local market: How? Who? For both processed and fresh?
   What time of the year are competitors exporting?
   What are the conditions for import of new breadfruit accession?
   Any strategy to market breadfruit as potential candidates for food security?
   What are the priorities for Mauritius?
   Should we have a brand name- branding breadfruit of Mauritius?
   What are storage conditions of breadfruit before export?
   What are the requirements for export? (size, weight, type and so on)
   What is the current practice for sale of breadfruit (whole/ whether semi processed?)
   Are there any post harvest treatments for breadfruit before export?
   Which sources of information exist on international trade of breadfruit?

Stakeholders involved in issues related to markets and export

       Who?                             Why?                               How?
1. APEXHOM                   Involved in export policies      Information on export
                              and information                   standards, market access
                             Facilitation
2. Exporters                 Know export markets              Information on export data and
                                                                constraints
3. Producers/ Processors     Need markets to sell             Production information
4. AREU                      Post-harvest for exports         Research and Development on
                                                                shelf-life, post-harvest, storage,
                                                                packaging, Good Agricultural
                                                                Practices (GAPs) etc.
5. Enterprise Mauritius      Know export markets              Participation in trade fairs to
                                                                present breadfruits
6. NPPO                      SPS for imports and              Allow import of germplasm
                              exports                           and information on SPS of
                                                                export matkets
7. Laboratories (Food        Testing of pesticides            Testing of pesticide residues
Tech Lab)
8. Women entrepreneurs       Capacity to produce/             Start processing
                              process
9. Chefs/ hotels             Use in restaurants               Use breadfruits – new recipes
10. Media                    Communicate                      Inform public about breadfruit
11. Consumer                 Inform consumers                 Inform consumers about
organizations                                                   benefits




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
                           10. Uses of Plant parts other than the fruit
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 47-49

    What do we know?          Where are we      Where should we be?         What is
                                 now?                                    missing to get
                                                                             there?
Different parts of           use of the other   use of the other parts   R&D on the
breadfruit tree,             plant parts at     of breadfruit other      medicinal
multipurpose tree            household          than at household        value
                             level              level, e.g. handicraft
                                                for tourism
                                                industry/export
Can use timber, fruits,      Using only
seeds, peel bark, latex,     fruits
buds, leaves, flower,
spike, trees
Food                         Developing
                             flour
Used for animal Feed
Used for medicinal
purposes
Used for clothing
Agro-forestry shade
Caulking for canoes
Adhesives
Used for construction
of buildings,
handicrafts, surfboards


What questions are we asking ourselves?

    What are the possible uses of by-products from breadfruit processing?
    Is there any economic importance of plant parts other that fruit for Mauritius?



Stakeholders involved in issues related to uses of plant parts other than the fruit

          Who?                            Why?                                How?




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
                  11. Consumer preferences, Education and Products
Review of the literature:

Annex IV, pages 50-53



    What do we       Where are we        Where should we         what is missing to
     know?                now?                    be?               get there?
                    Most people are     People should find it
Preferred by
                    discovering how     normal that             Peoples’ awareness
Asian niche
                    to use breadfruit   breadfruit forms part   of nutritional value
markets
                    in their menu       of their diet
                                                                Develop breadfruit as
Preference for
                                                                a disaster relief food
fresh fruits
                                                                (food security)
Wide range of
products
                                                                Awareness on gluten
(international
                                                                free products
markets) e.g.
canned
                                                                Support from the
                                                                government


What questions are we asking ourselves?

    Is breadfruit also consumed by Europeans in replacement of potato?
    In what forms consumers would like to eat breadfruit? Fresh or frozen?
    Are products demand driven?
    How has the perception/status of breadfruit changed over the years?
    Nutritional analysis of derived products (w.r.t. snacking at school)?
    Need for educating consumers?
    Survey on consumer preferences?
    What need to be done to increase consumer?
    Awareness on importance of breadfruit?
    Concept of breadfruit festival?
    Which countries are producing breadfruit flour?
    Quantity of flour exported and where?
    How many breadfruit need to replace 1kg of wheat?
    Cost of production of flour?




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First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
Stakeholders involved in issues related to Consumer preferences, Education and
Products

          Who?                           Why?                        How?
1. Exporter (Sarjua?)           Already have access to    Provide information on
                                 export market              consumers from
                                                            international markets and
                                                            their requirements
2. Producers and Processors     Customer Satisfaction     Development of new
                                                            products
3. MoA/ Producers               Create awareness          Breadfruit festivals
                                                           Breadfruit consumption
                                                            campaigns
                                                           World Food Day
4. Consumer Protection          Platform for local        Consumer acceptance/
   Association                   consumers                  consumer awareness
5. CSO, AREU                    Data on breadfruit        Surveys
                                 consumption locally       Data on per capita
                                                            consumption of breadfruit
6. Media                        Consumer education        Radio talks, TV programs




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Discussion	and	Way	Forward	
The last part of the workshop was a plenary session whereby the consortium partners
reflected on that had been achieved during those two days and discussed proposals for the
way forward. The aspects that guided the discussions included the role of each partner in the
partnership, expectations from each other and from the facilitators; the means of
communication considered appropriate for the consortium members, and planning for future
activities, including the next workshop.

The main conclusions of the discussion sessions are as follows:-

       A summary of the workshop will be written up and shared with the participants and
        stakeholders (through the wiki)
       All partners in the consortium and those who are present in the workshop will be
        required to share the work that they are presently doing (a summary) with respect to
        breadfruit on the wiki
       Various partners are already working in collaboration, but this should be strengthened
        further by communicating more with each other
       Communication will be done through emails and on the wiki, but regular physical
        meetings will also be arranged at FARC, whereby all important discussions and
        activities will take place
       Frequency of the meetings will depend on the speed at which we are working and
        how much of the work has been done in a given time-frame
       Next workshop is expected to be around mid-March (depending on how fast we are
        working on the output from workshop 1)
       Before next workshop, we are expected to have a meeting on 2nd March 2012, during
        which a representative from Cole-ACP will be in Mauritius and will join us
       Between the 1st and 2nd workshop, we will try to find answers to the questions that
        were generated during 1st workshop on the wiki and during physical meetings
       During the 2nd workshop, a value-chain mapping and analysis will be done  
       For the questions that remain unanswered, they will be used to generate research
        questions in the different aspects of the value-chain that had been identified (Also
        done during second workshop) 
       In the medium-term, we will try to establish a National Breadfruit Program, under
        which there will be several project proposals on breadfruit 
       After the 2nd workshop, a write-shop will be organized by PAEPARD in Nairobi,
        Kenya 
       When the project proposals are ready, we will apply for funding at local, regional and
        international level 
       Since the idea of using breadfruit as a staple crop is already on the agenda on the
        government, we will request funding on breadfruit from the government (given that
        the consortium has already been formed and partners involved are already working on
        the subject) 
                                              37 
 
First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
       The Consortium will participate in events like the Breadfruit Day (organized by the
        Agricultural Research and Extension Unit), Breadfruit festival and Breadfruit village
        (Organized by Farmer Organization – MAMCF) 
       Research will continue for years, but the partners are expected to be in touch
        throughout the process and contribute to the value chain 
       This whole process may take years, but without collaboration, it will not be possible 




Closing	remarks	
Prior to closing the workshop, participants were asked to fill in the evaluation forms for the
First Partnership Inception Workshop. Mr K Bheenick, Programme Manager at the FARC
thanked the participants for their presence and their active participation. He reminded them
that the workshop had been a very productive and exhaustive one as the participants had to
think and probe a lot to compile as much information as possible. This has contributed to the
consortium members having a clearer idea of the current status of the breadfruit sector in
Mauritius, a joint vision of where we should be, and areas where gaps exist, which may be
filled up through Research and Development. He also thanked the facilitators for their efforts
and their success in maintaining the level of interaction during the workshop. Finally he
requested participants to remain in touch through email and through the wiki, and to
contribute with additional information to answer the questions being asked, as this
information will be used in the planning process for the next workshop and the generation of
the research project proposals.




                                              38 
 
First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
     
                                      Annex	I	–	List	of	Participants	
        Name        Institution           Job Title                Tel       Fax               Email
Mr. Yann          Labourdonnais         Assistant               266 9533   266 6415   pepiniere.ciaglabo@
Goblet                                  Diversification                               intnet.mu
                                        Manager
Mr. Yacoob        Horticulture          Scientific              464 5517              yamungroo@mail.gov.mu
Mungroo           Division              Officer
                  (MAIFS)
Mrs.              AREU                  Research                670 8249              smyovana@gmail.com
Saraspadee                              Scientist
Subramaniam
Dr. Arvind        University of         Associate               403 7695   465 5743   aruggoo@uom.ac.mu
Ruggoo            Mauritius             Professor
Mrs. Sachita      National Plant        Scientific              464 4872   465 9591   moa-pathology@
Jawaheer –        Protection Office     Officer                                       mail.gov.mu
Unathras          (MAIFS)
Mr. Krit          MAMCF/ SFWF           Chairman                                      Krit169annu@yahoo.com
Beeharry
Mr. Prithiviraj   Small Farmers         Technical               433 3249              spwfsp@intnet.mu
Dookithram        Welfare Fund          Officer
Mr. Devanand      AREU                  Extension               261 9216   2619216    mjankee@grays.mu
Bhurtun                                 Officer
Mrs. Babita       AREU                  Research                466 1090              anchutejal@yahoo.com.sg
Dussoruth                               Scientist
Mr. Dharam        Independent           Agronomist                                    dybachraz@intnet.mu
Bachraz           (Farmer
                  Organization)
Mrs. Indira       FARC                  Laboratory &            465 1011   465 3344   Indirab.farc@intnet.mu
Boodhram                                Nursery
                                        Manager
Mr. Krishan       FARC                  Programme               465 1011   465 3344   kjbheenick@yahoo.co.uk
Bheenick                                Manager
Ms. Varsha        FARC                  Assistant               465 1011   465 3344   sheilajad@hotmail.com
Jadoo                                   Research
                                        Scientist
Ms. Anishka       FARC                  Trainee                 465 1011   465 3344   Anisun24@yahoo.com
Ramkhalawan
Ms. Pratima       FARC                  Assistant               465 1011   465 3344   farc@intnet.mu
Greedharry                              Research
                                        Scientist
Mr. Kaylasson     FARC                  Assistant               465 1011   465 3344   farc@intnet.mu
Maistry                                 Research
                                        Scientist
Mrs. Raifa        APEXHOM               Secretary               433 4906   4334862    apexhom@intnet.mu
Bundhun                                 General
Ms. Nawsheen      Independent           PAEPARD                 910 1841              nawsheen.hosenally@
Hosenally                               Facilitator                                   gmail.com
Mr. Toolsee       Farmers Service       PAEPARD                 726 3393              hemrajgu@yahoo.com.au
Gunesh            Centre                Facilitator




                                                          39 
     
First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
                     Annex	II	–	Workshop	Programme	

                Partnership Inception Workshop Programme

DAY 1                Thursday 09 February 2012
09.00 – 09.30        Welcoming Address; Introduction to participants
09.30 – 10.00        Introduction to PAEPARD
10.00 – 10.30        Concept Note/Presentation of partnerships
10.30 – 11.00        TEA BREAK
11.00 – 12.00        Workshop Activities; Role of leader/facilitators; Introduction to
                     group work
12.00 -13.00         LUNCH
13.00 – 14.00        Group Work
14.00 – 14.30        TEA BREAK
14.30 – 15.30        Group Work / Presentations
15.30 – 16.00        Debriefing Session




DAY 2                Friday 10 February 2012
09.00 – 09.15        Recap of Day 1
09.15 – 10.15        Group Work/Presentations
10.15 – 10.30        TEA BREAK
10.30 – 11.30        The Breadfruit Value Chain Analysis Group Work
11.30 – 12.00        Presentations
12.00 -13.00         LUNCH
13.00 – 14.30        Discussion and way forward
14.30 – 15.30        Debriefing Session




                                          40 
 
First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
        Annex	III	–	List	of	Stakeholder	Institutions	of	the	Breadfruit	Sector	


List of Stakeholder institutions as identified by Consortium partners:

        Food and Agricultural Research Council (FARC)
        Agricultural Research and Extension Unit (AREU)
        University of Mauritius (UoM)
        Conserverie Sarjua Ltee
        Mauritius Agricultural Marketing Cooperative Federation (MAMCF)
        Partner from European Union
        Ministry of Agro-Industry and Food Security (MAIFS)
        Association des producteurs et exportateurs horticoles de Maurice (APEXHOM)
        Other Exporters
        Les Moulins de la Concorde (LMLC)
        Producers (Large Scale and Small Scale)
        Mouvement Autosuffisance Alimentaire (MAA)
        National Plant Protection Office (NPPO)
        National Women Entrepreneur Council (NWEC)
        Agricultural Policy Analysis Unit (APAU)
        Agricultural Marketing Board (AMB)
        Ministry of Finance (MOF)




                                              41 
 
First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
                   Annex	IV:	Review	of	the	literature	



            Breadfruit Sector Consortium
                       (Mauritius, 2012)




             Review of Literature
                              (8 Feb 2012)

Key:
  1. Source 1; Breadfruit: Promoting the conservation and use of
     underutilized and neglected crops (Diane Ragone, 1997)
  2. Source 2; Artocarpus atilis (Diane Ragone, April 2006)
  3. Source 3; Breadfruit. Morton, J.1987
  4. Source 4; Regeneration guidelines for breadfruit (Ragone D. 2008)
  5. Source 5; Postharvest handling Technical Bulletin (New Guyana
     Marketing Corporation, 2004)
  6. Source 6;Farm and Forestry Production and Marketing Profile for
     Breadfruit(Diane Ragone, 2011)
  7. Source 7; Report of First International Symposium on Breadfruit
     Reasearch and Development (Taylor.M & Ragone. D, 2007, Nadi,
     Fiji)




         (This Annex is presented as a separate document)




                                    42 
 
First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
    Annex	V:	Evaluation	of	the	workshop	




                      43 
 
First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 




                     44 
 
First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
    What I liked the most about the workshop
         The purpose of the workshop was well explained.
         The willingness of all stakeholders to provide maximum information to
          consortium. The spirit within workshop.
         Les interactions entre les différents intervenants qui ont été très intéressantes.
          Chacun a apporté et partagé les connaissances de la culture du fruit à pain.
         The participants were all contributing for the success of the workshop, willing to
          share all information about their activities; mutual trust; co-operation / team
          spirit
         Discussion / Interaction; New knowledge on breadfruit ; Positive approach of each
          participant
         New methods of brainstorming and analysis
         It was very interactive.
         Very interactive, lots of new ideas and new information
         Work groups, Interactive sessions
         The groupwork session and the issues to work upon
         Interactive workshop; Group work was interesting
         Information exchange.
         New ideas about use of breadfruits
         (3 blank returns)



    What I did not like the most about the workshop
         Un aspect que l’on ne connait toujours pas, c’est ‘quantifier la demande’
         The venue
         There was some discussion that was not relevant to the theme
         Some information was not relevant
         The food
         The meal was not balanced, not tasty
         (10 blank returns)




                                              45 
 
First	Partnership	Inception	Workshop	Report	 February	2012
 
What is the most important lesson I take with me at the end of the workshop
        Existence of the project and its coherence on Breadfruit
        Spirit of collaboration
        Work as a team
        Working in groups, with different opinions can help to find better solutions
        Working in such a group with people from different sectors / organization where
         we feel there is a sharing of information increase in knowledge.
        Many institutions are working at their level on breadfruit. Collaborative work,
         sharing of information essential
        We should not be working on our own: this leads to duplication of work. We
         should work in collaboration for a fruitful objective.
        Different organisations have different types of information that can be used
         (information which were not known before)
        The importance of value chain approach
        Importance of sharing ideas with other institutions
        To understand what is the position of our institution in the value chain
        La viabilité de la filière dépendera grandement de la volonté du consomateur ;
         chaque maillon (stakeholder) de la filière est interdépendent. Un travail collectif
         est un “must”.
        (4 blank returns)




                                            46 
 
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Workshop Proceedings (Part 1)

  • 1.   Mauritius Breadfruit Sector Consortium First Partnership Inception Workshop Workshop Report 9th & 10th February 2012 Food and Agricultural Research Council (FARC), Reduit, Mauritius Supported by the PAEPARD Project
  • 2. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Table of Contents Introduction ..............................................................................................................................2  Day 1 – Introduction to PAEPARD and establishment of Knowledge Base ......................3  Welcome and Introduction of Participants ............................................................................. 3  Introduction to the PAEPARD Project................................................................................... 3  The Mauritius Breadfruit Sector Consortium ........................................................................ 6  . The Value-Chain Approach ................................................................................................... 7  Participants’ Expectations from workshop ............................................................................ 7  Demonstration of the use of the wiki ..................................................................................... 9  Workshop Activities & Introduction to Group Work .......................................................... 10  Team Building Activity ........................................................................................................ 12  Group work sessions (Part 1) – Participatory development of the knowledge-base ............ 12  Day 2 – Value-chain approach, roles of the stakeholders and way forward ....................14  Recap of Day 1 and continuation of group presentations .................................................... 14  Group work (Part 2) – Consolidation of knowledge, technology and skills assets .............. 14  Group Work (Part 3) - Breadfruit Value-Chain Approach and Analysis ............................. 14  Linkages among themes along the value chain .................................................................... 14  Refining the questions we are asking ourselves ................................................................... 15  Validation of the Breadfruit Value-Chain stakeholders ....................................................... 15  Results of the group work sessions .......................................................................................16  Discussion and Way Forward ...............................................................................................37  Closing remarks .....................................................................................................................38  Annex I – List of Participants ................................................................................................ 39  Annex II – Workshop Programme ........................................................................................ 40  Annex III – List of Stakeholder Institutions of the Breadfruit Sector ................................... 41  Annex IV: Review of the literature ....................................................................................... 42  Annex V: Evaluation of the workshop .................................................................................. 43    1   
  • 3. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Introduction The Mauritius Breadfruit Sector Consortium organized a two-day Partnership Inception Workshop on 9th and 10th February 2012 at the Food and Agricultural Research Council, Reduit. This workshop is supported and is part of the Platform for African-European Partnership on Agricultural Research for Development (PAEPARD) Project, which is facilitating this collaboration among various stakeholders in the Breadfruit Sector in Mauritius as well as European Partners (African-European Partnership). The stakeholders present at the workshop were from research institutions, the University of Mauritius, farmer organisations, breadfruit exporters, breadfruit growers, the Ministry of Agro-Industry and Food Security (plant protection and propagation) and the private sector. The workshop was facilitated by two external facilitators who have been selected and trained by PAEPARD. The overall objectives of the workshop were for stakeholders to:  Get to know each other  Understand the PAEPARD project  Appreciate the importance of partnership within the consortium  Understand and apply the value-chain approach  Participate actively in different group activities  Establish a framework for effective partnership During the two days of the workshop, the participants were exposed to presentations and group activities in line with the workshop objectives. The presentations served to increase awareness and understanding of the PAEPARD project support, the proposed concept note and the principles behind the implementation of the Consortium activities. The group activities were formulated to improve mutual understanding among stakeholders along the breadfruit value chain in Mauritius and promote a collaborative spirit among the participants. This report covers the proceedings of the two-day workshop held on 9th and 10th February 2012 as well as the background materials used during the workshop. 2   
  • 4. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Day 1 – Introduction to PAEPARD and establishment of Knowledge Base The first day of the workshop was focused on getting to know about the PAEPARD project, the Breadfruit Sector Consortium and the establishment of a knowledge base on breadfruit. PowerPoint presentations were delivered by the Facilitators, followed by group activities to establish the knowledge base in a collaborative and participatory manner. Welcome and Introduction of Participants The workshop was opened by Mr. K. Bheenick, Programme Manager at the Food and Agricultural Research Council (FARC), lead partner of the breadfruit sector consortium and convener of the workshop. He welcomed the participants and explained the importance of holding this workshop. He laid stress on the common visioning aspect of the consortium partners who are from different sectors of the breadfruit value chain. He also acknowledged the assistance of PAEPARD in the funding of the workshop and added that after this two-day workshop another one would follow in about a month’s time. He explained that the FARC’s vision was that the consortium activities lead to the elaboration of a National Breadfruit Programme, which could later be extended to a regional level where breadfruit planting programmes are being implemented. Each participant was then requested to present himself/herself and give a brief over-view of the work being done on breadfruit by their respective organizations (see list of participants in Annex I). After the introductions, Mr. K. Bheenick went over the Agenda of Day 1 (Annex II) for the participants to have an idea of how the day was going to be and wished the participants all the best for the rest for the two- day workshop. Introduction to the PAEPARD Project The first presentation was on introduction to the PAEPARD Project, which was presented by Mr. T. Gunesh, one of the workshop facilitators. The presentation was focused on the PAEPARD Project, its context, objectives, expected results, major activities and how the concept note from Mauritius was selected during the PAEPARD second call for concept notes. Mr. T. Gunesh laid accent on the requirement of the PAEPARD project for the involvement of non research stakeholders in Agricultural Research for Development. He talked on the need for demand-driven partnerships and added that following the Partnership 3   
  • 5. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Inception Workshops, PAEPARD would be organizing a write-shop for writing of proposals for the themes identified with a view to get funding from financing institutions. It was also mentioned that among the 69 concept notes that were received by PAEPARD, 10 consortia were selected based on different criteria and the Mauritius consortium was among the 10 selected ones. The federating themes of the European and African partnerships, as well as the list of concept notes selected by PAEPARD were presented (Fig 1). Figure 1. Introduction to the PAEPARD Project and selection process of concept notes 4   
  • 6. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Figure 1(contd). Introduction to the PAEPARD Project and stages in the process of selection of concept notes 5   
  • 7. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   The Mauritius Breadfruit Sector Consortium The second presentation was made by Mrs. I. Boodhram, the concept note applicant. She gave a brief overview of the concept note submitted by the Mauritian Consortium, entitled “Micro propagation and cultivation of in vitro breadfruit plants and development of novel products from breadfruit as an alternative source of carbohydrates in Mauritius”. Breadfruit has been chosen as it is a crop that provides a lot of opportunities; be it in terms of fresh produce or transformed product, that is, gluten-free flour among others. It has the potential of being an income generating plant for small households as well as for small scale orchards. Mrs Boodhram explained to the participants that the concept note had been submitted following consultations with a few of the stakeholders and partners and that this workshop, with its extended consultation with stakeholders, provided an excellent opportunity to review the proposed activities of the consortium. She also presented the partners currently involved in the project. Figure 2. Proposed outcomes and partnership arrangements of the Consortium 6   
  • 8. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   The Value-Chain Approach The value-chain approach was presented by Ms. Nawsheen Hosenally, one of the workshop facilitators. She built on Mrs. Boodhram’s presentation to demonstrate that there are many partners involved in the consortium and there are multiple linkages among them. However, in order to work in a partnership, it is important to have a proper understanding of the existing relationships and an agreed mechanism for interactions. She explained about the value-chain approach and proposed that, through the workshop activities, the importance of linkages among different actors involved at various points in a value chain would be highlighted. She also explained the role and responsibilities of the facilitators, which was mainly to act as a neutral partner, to bring the partners together in their discussions and to promote mutual understanding among them. Since a facilitator is not a leader, the role of a leader v/s facilitator was also explained (Fig 3). Stakeholders were reassured that the partners of the consortium had already been meeting and coordinating some of the activities, especially in the preparations and organisation of the series of workshops to be supported by the PAEPARD project. Participants’ Expectations from workshop After the participants had an overview on the PAEPARD project, the Mauritius breadfruit sector consortium, the value-chain approach and the role of leader v/s facilitator, the floor was opened for clarifications and discussions. Participants were then asked to describe their expectations from the workshop (Box 1). In general, stakeholders had a wide range of expectations, each specific to the current issues they were dealing with. This was to be expected, and hopefully most of their expectations would have been addressed by the end of the workshop activities. 7   
  • 9. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Figure 3. Introduction to the Value Chain Approach as it would be applied to the breadfruit sector in Mauritius 8   
  • 10. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Box 1. Participants’ Expectations from Workshop  Discuss problems being encountered for producing grafts and find solutions  See if partners within the consortium may help in production of the planting materials for farmer organization presently awaiting planting materials to set up a breadfruit village,  See whether it will be possible to introduce planting materials from abroad  Find how the consortium can work together to conserve germplasm in Mauritius and support each other in propagation as well  Get maximum knowledge and information on the whole value-chain  Need a real sharing of information and all partners must collaborate in doing so (value-chain approach and inclusive demand-driven partnerships)  Get new ideas on value-addition, product development and new ventures in the breadfruit sector  Know how we are going to collaborate based on the work that has already started and what we want to do in the future  We have worked as individuals up to now, but time has come to sit together and become a team  Discuss the opportunities that are available and try to make the most of these by working as a team  All collaborators become one (Not just talking, but make it happen)  It is a first-time multi-stakeholder partnership and it is hoped that it will work well such that the workshop acts as a trigger for more interaction  Hope that this workshop does not “die” like those in the past  Get the support of policy makers  Come up with a group project to benefit the country  Make workshop successful, have write-shop and get funding  Hope to get funding through this partnership Demonstration of the use of the wiki Since the first meeting of the consortium, a wiki was created to facilitate collaboration within the multi-stakeholder partnership. The wiki consisted of several pages, each having specific objectives. A demonstration was made on the use of the wiki and how different partners may collaborate by sharing their work, participate in discussion forums, upload files and comment on the different pages. The wiki is accessible at http://paepardmauritius.pbworks.com Furthermore, there was another page on the wiki which consisted of an editable map of breadfruit trees in Mauritius using Google Maps. The objectives of this map are (a) to test if ‘crowd-sourcing’ is a viable method of gathering information in a spatial and descriptive 9   
  • 11. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   manner in Mauritius and (b) to provide the members of the breadfruit sector consortium with a map of distribution and quantity of breadfruit trees to work with, to complement statistics that may be available. A step-by-step demonstration was also done to show the participants how they can add breadfruit trees to the map. Participants then discussed the wiki and ways in which it could be useful, not only to the partners in the consortium, but to all stakeholders. There was an immediate need expressed for a tutorial to be made available about the use of the wiki and also on the procedure to edit the map of breadfruit trees in Mauritius. Participants likened the wiki to a one-stop shop of information, where at institutional level each member of the consortium or each stakeholder would have a clear idea of the work being done by each partner. Furthermore, the wiki would be a place to gather other information related to the consortium. Participants also expressed their appreciation of the breadfruit mapping is being done, which will benefit many of the stakeholders in the breadfruit in Mauritius. In addition, importers and exporters who are not in the consortium will still get valuable information through the map. Finally, it was also hoped that the map would provide a proper framework of the breadfruit sector and characterize the agglomerations of breadfruit trees into backyard production or mini- orchards. Thus, a lot of hope was placed on the development of the map, but its success would depend on the contribution of the stakeholders and the public at large. Workshop Activities & Introduction to Group Work The workshop objectives and activities were explained to the participants through a PowerPoint Presentation (Figure 4). 10   
  • 12. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Figure 4. Presentation of the group work activities during Day 1 of the workshop 11   
  • 13. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Team Building Activity Prior to the group activity, following the lunch break, the participants were exposed to a team building activity called “The Human Knot”. The participants were divided into 2 groups and each group had to form a circle. In each group, the participants were required to hold the hands of each other (except the person next to oneself). Without releasing their hands, they had to untangle themselves to form a perfect circle. This team building activity had 2 objectives; (a) to make the participants realize the essence of collaboration in a team, and (b) to act as an energizer. The team building activity may be viewed http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DqTuIlNHtmc&feature=youtu.be Group work sessions (Part 1) – Participatory development of the knowledge-base The second part of Day 1 of the workshop consisted of a group activity with the objective to create a knowledge base on breadfruit. To facilitate the process, a review of literature on Breadfruit, based on 7 key documents identified, had been carried out by Research Assistants at the Food and Agricultural Research Council (FARC) prior to the workshop. In this Literature Review, 11 themes were identified along the value chain, and the contents organised by theme (Table 1) Table 1. Themes identified for Group Activity 1. Origin and distribution of breadfruit 2. Germplasm 3. Environmental requirements 4. Propagation methods and planting materials 5. Agronomy and cultural practices 6. Fruiting 7. Harvest and post -harvest 8. Product development and marketing 9. Market/Exports 10. Uses of plant parts other than the fruit 11. Consumer preferences, education and products The participants were divided into 4 groups according to their interests to the themes. Each group was comprised of 3-4 members and was allocated 1 to 3 themes to work upon (depending on the number of pages and the content). Each participant was handed a copy of the Literature Review on Breadfruit, which included the theme which they had to work on. 12   
  • 14. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   After going through the reading material on their respective themes, members of each group were required to discuss among themselves and address the following questions for each theme; (a) What do we know? – Green (establishing the knowledge assets) (b) Where are we now? – Yellow (establishing the current status) (c) Where should we be? – Blue (establishing objectives for the theme) (d) What is missing to get there? – Pink (establishing what is required to achieve the objective) (e) What questions are we are asking ourselves? – White Figure 5: Questions to be answered for each theme (establishing the information needs) The answers to the above questions were written on cards of corresponding colours for each question and these were stuck on the wall according to the theme. Each group was given at least 1hr30mins to cover the review of the literature, to discuss the issues and to address the issues adequately. After the group activity, the group leaders presented their outputs during the plenary session (Figs. 6-8). During the different presentations, other participants also had the opportunity to post any new ideas/ questions on the given themes, thus enriching the existing knowledge already gathered by the group members or identifying areas that required more clarification or detailed information. Since there was not enough time to complete all the presentations, the last group would present their work the following day. The work carried out by the groups would serve for the following group activity sessions the next morning. Figure 6. Group Presentations at the end of Day 1 13   
  • 15. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Day 2 – Value-chain approach, roles of the stakeholders and way forward Recap of Day 1 and continuation of group presentations Day 2 started off with the welcoming of the participants by the facilitators of the workshop. Members of the last group, who worked on the last 3 themes, presented their work following which ideas/ questions from the floor were added to the flip-chart (like the previous day). The facilitators then did a quick recap of the activities of Day 1 (about PAEPARD, the consortium, value-chain approach, role of facilitators, workshop objectives, group activity) before explaining what was expected from the participants on Day 2 (Annex II). Group work (Part 2) – Consolidation of knowledge, technology and skills assets The next group activity built on what had been done the previous day. Participants were required to validate the knowledge, technology and skills assets by reassessing the statements and qualifying them as based on (a) literature available (b) documented research or information from other organisations and (c) indigenous knowledge. This process would ensure that knowledge assets that the groups had identified were already documented or the sources of information were known. This would facilitate compilation of information and the generation of knowledge products, at a later stage, to guide the research and development process. Group Work (Part 3) - Breadfruit Value-Chain Approach and Analysis Linkages among themes along the value chain The second group work was based on the value-chain approach, whereby the participants were asked to have a look at the themes of different groups and to find linkages and discuss how components from other themes are inter-connected. If there are links, they had to locate where these links are, and how do they see them connected. The objective of the activity was to enable the consortium stakeholders to see the connection of roles/ components in the different themes that were selected. After each group had a look at the other themes and found connections, two groups were chosen at random to present the linkages they found both upstream and downstream along the 14   
  • 16. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   value chain. After the presentations, it was agreed by the stakeholders that they could collectively identity several linkages among the themes all along the value-chain. The facilitators explained that further Value Chain Analysis, for which methods have been developed, would be carried out at the next workshop, when more information about the themes and their linkages had been gathered. Refining the questions we are asking ourselves Following the activity of Day 1 listing the “questions we are asking ourselves” and the presentations thereon, there were many questions which had been generated by participants. However, some of the questions were duplicated while others were not well formulated or unclear. Therefore, the group work consisted of clustering of questions while also re-visiting the list of questions after the value chain linkages had been established during the previous session. The objective was to come up with a clear set of questions that would have to be answered and the information further analyzed at a later stage. The facilitators explained that the next step would consist of synthesizing a draft of the output of the group activities, which would be further discussed on the consortium wiki and during the next Partnership Inception Workshop. Validation of the Breadfruit Value-Chain stakeholders The last group activity for the workshop consisted of identifying the stakeholders involved in addressing each theme along the breadfruit value-chain. Participants were provided with a list of partners/ stakeholders involved in the Mauritius Breadfruit Consortium (Annex III). Considering the 11 themes identified in the breadfruit value-chain, they were required to:  Locate who are the different stakeholders involved (Who?)  Why they are involved in that specific theme (Why?)  How are they involved – their roles (How?) Flip-charts and markers were provided to the participants and they divided the questions in 3 columns (who, why, how) and they located which stakeholder is involved where for each theme. While the participants were provided with a list of stakeholders, they were allowed to add stakeholders who they thought might have an important role in the value chain (Fig.7). One group was chosen at random to present its work to validate that all other groups had also completed the exercise in a similar manner (Fig. 8) 15   
  • 17. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Figure 7. Group Discussion on stakeholders present in value-chain   Figure 8. Group presentation on stakeholders and their roles   Results of the group work sessions Results of the group work sessions are shown below: the cumulative results of the group work carried out during the workshop for each of the 11 themes. The literature review, presented in Annex V, is referred to in each of the thematic sections.   16   
  • 18. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   1. Origin and Distribution of Breadfruit Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 1-3 What do we know?  Origin (from literature)  Tropical Distribution worldwide (from literature) Where are we now?  Do not know the number of varieties locally  Do not know about the distribution of varieties locally Where should we be?  Number of varieties introduced  Number of trees  More exhaustive review of literature  Other sources of information? What is missing to get there?  Eco-geographical survey on breadfruit trees What questions are we asking ourselves?  What is the Geographical distribution of breadfruit trees in Mauritius?  Should we do a Tree census in Mauritius?  Can we use a GIS system?  Breadnut - number of trees and distribution?  Is a census of breadnut trees required?  Can there be other sources of information? Stakeholders involved in issues related to Origin and Distribution of breadfruit Who? Why? How? 1. CSO Involved in census Include breadfruit on household survey 2. All stakeholders in the To map distribution of On consortium wiki breadfruit sector breadfruit trees across the island 3. Documentation centres Involved in documentation More exhaustive review of (MAIFS/ AREU/ MSIRI/ literature FARC) 17   
  • 19. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   2. Germplasm Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 4-8 What do we know?  Twenty varieties identified as core varieties (literature)  Can be conserved by tissue culture(literature)  Seem to have two varieties or phenotype locally (round & oblong)(observation)  Breadnut can be used as root-stock for grafting (local validated practice)  Breadnut has an edible seed (high protein)(literature) Where are we now?  Propagating only two seedless varieties locally  In vivo production of plants using root only (Literature Revue agricole) Where should we be?  Characterisation of our varieties (morphological & molecular)  Any development project for which we need new germplasm  Introduction of new varieties if there is a need  In-vitro propagation What is missing to get there?  Breadfruit to shift from an under-utilized crop to a commercial crop  Collaboration with international and local institution dealing with Breadfruit What questions are we asking ourselves?  Which varieties exist in Mauritius?  Is there a possibility of extension of production season particularly with increasing urbanization  Has there been genetic erosion or drift in our local varieties?  Should we increase our genetic pool?  Can we look for germplasm of dwarf varieties to facilitate harvest?  Is there a need to promote conservation of existing germplasm?  Do Reunion, Comores and Seychelles, for example, have the same varieties?  Are we having any pest/disease problems?  Are bats a problem with breadfruit?  Breadnut - is there a demand for it? What do we know about it?  Why breadnut as a root stock? 18   
  • 20. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012    Is breadfruit a suitable alternative to breadfruit in Mauritius? Why bother about breadnut?  How to differentiate between young plants of breadnuts and breadfruit?  Which institutions will be involved in this? Or has capacity? Private labs or propagators? Stakeholders involved in issues related to germplasm Who? Why? How? 1. UoM  Studies on general  Student projects erosion or drift in local varieties  Research existent and facilities available 2. AREU  Varieties existing in  Survey by extension Mauritius services  Introduction of new  Evaluation trials varieties  Collaborative programs  On-going research on (UoM?) breadfruit  Research on usefulness of breadnut regarding nutritional properties and on a rootstock 3. MAIFS (NPPO &  Facilitate introduction of  PRA & Disease/ pest Entomology) new germplasm surveillance 4. MAIFS (Horticulture  Already involved in  In-vitro and In-vivo division) conservation collections 5. FARC  Already involved in  In-vitro collections conservation of germplasm 6. Research organizations  Already involved in  Collaborative programs in different countries Research and development 19   
  • 21. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   3. Environmental Requirements Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 9-11 What do we know?  Wide range of adaptation (literature)  Agro-climatic requirements (literature) Where are we now?  Distribution is nearly all over the island  Not clear if there are concentration zones of trees Where should we be?  Mapping of trees distribution  Identifying agro-climatic zones suitable for optimal production What is missing to get there?  Agronomic studies that report on adaptation in Mauritius  Experimental trials What questions are we asking ourselves?  Are there specific micro-climates that are ideal for breadfruit?  Tolerance to drought with relation to climate change?  Tolerance to cyclones?  What is the yielding period in different zones and where to obtain the general yield data?  Check germplasm with different production & harvesting time to extend period of supply?  Is it possible to extend the production season?  Can breadfruit be grown in super-humid regions of Mauritius?  Is soil pH and high rainfall limiting factors to breadfruit tree growth in Mauritius?  Is breadfruit an invasive species? Stakeholders involved in issues related to environmental requirements Who Why How 1. AREU  On-going research  Trials in different locations 2. Meteorological  Meteorological data  Provision of Services available meteorological data 20   
  • 22. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   4. Propagation methods and planting materials Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 12-14 What do we know?  Can be propagated by root cuttings , air layering, stem cutting, grafting, T.C methods, seeds Where are we now?  Studies already started  Selected clones being propagated  Root cuttings main method, higher success rate  In-vitro propagation (under experiment)  Air-layering(under experiment)  Grafting Where should we be?  Should have already mastered vegetative propagation methods  Should have already large number of breadfruit plants for sale  Planting material at affordable price (current price at Barkley Rs 185/unit) What is missing to get there?  Research facilities and funds  Skilled labour  Need more starting materials What questions are we asking ourselves?  Tapping funds (from where)?  Training for propagation required?  Pros and cons of propagation method  Is any method of propagation highly recommended  What are the success rates of the different propagation methods?  Do we have facilities for mass propagation (large scale)?  What are the problems encountered for different propagation methods  Is it easy to propagate by in-vivo methods  What if someone use root cuttings from grafted plants?  Is there any subsidized price for large scale?  What are the current prices?  Cost effective method of propagation 21   
  • 23. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012    Where to get readily available planting materials?  Do we have enough planting materials and root stock?  Which rooting system/ propagation method is suitable against cyclone?  Who is and how to coordinate gathering of information on amount of planting materials available, rate of production?  Which institutions have capacity to do this? Private sector?  Can people /farmers/ students be trained on grafting techniques?  Who can/will train producers on propagating methods? Stakeholders involved in issues related to propagation methods and planting materials Who? Why? How? 1. MAIFS (Barkly ES)  Propagation  Propagation and sale by  Sale of planting material conventional means  Adapt protocol for Tissue culture method for sale 2. AREU  Research and Development  Research and  Information Dissemination Development on different  Training methods of propagation of breadfruit  Sale of breadfruit planting material  Training of Extension Officers and growers 3. FARC (Tissue  Research and Development on  Research on in-vitro Culture Lab) protocol development propagation of breadfruit  Production and sale of planting  Sale of tissue-culture materials plants  Research on Tissue culture in collaboration with UoM 4. UoM  Research  Research on Tissue culture in collaboration with FARC 5. Labourdonnais and  Propagation and sale of planting  Propagation by other private sectors materials conventional means and  Production and sale of sale agricultural produce  Collaborate in on-farm trials (OFT’s) 22   
  • 24. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   5. Agronomy and cultural practices Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 15-20 What do we know?  Fast growing/long life  Hardy  Productive  Well adapted to local conditions  Old trees can be rejuvenated Where are we now?  Evaluation plots set up at AREU  Rejuvenation under observation Where should we be?  Germplasm (local) characterization completed (molecular/phenotypic)  Establish local clones conservatory  Map of growing areas should have been available What is missing to get there?  Funds  Insufficient planting materials  Absence of guidelines  No training to growers  Using elevators for plucking  Mechanized techniques What questions are we asking ourselves?  What are the factors responsible for fruit drops?  What are the production constraints?  Can we go for high density planting materials  Can reports on the evaluations be made available( preliminary)  How does pruning affect yield?  Recommendations on pruning  Are the training materials/leaflets suitable? Is there need to revise/updates  Do we have agro-climatic maps?  What are the known production seasons in Mauritius?  Are there any appropriate tools for harvesting 23   
  • 25. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012    Can tall trees be pruned?  What are irrigation requirements?  Should we have specific varieties for fresh and processing?  Bearing time for different planting materials(stem cuttings, root cuttings, grafting)  Can we do intercropping?  Can fruiting be enhanced like litchis?  What is the recommended pathway ‘to move from under-utilized crop to commercial crop’ Stakeholders involved in issues related to Agronomy, Cultural practices & Fruiting Who? Why? How? 1. AREU  Research and  Agronomic evaluation Development  Production of  Information recommendation sheets dissemination  Workshops/ Field days/  Training visits 2. SFWF  Provide support to  Identify constraints faced farmers (insurance, by growers in schemes etc.) collaboration with AREU 3. Private firms  Importer of machinery/  Make available tools appropriate harvest tools for breadfruit 4. Growers/ MAMCF/  Producers of breadfruit  Collaborate with AREU Ministry of cooperatives for on-farm trials 5. MAIFS  Schemes for pest control  Support/ incentives for  Control of pests control of bats 24   
  • 26. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   6. Fruiting Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 21-25 What do we know?  Seasonal  Large trees can be regenerated  Maturity indices easy  Fruit production capacity Where are we now?  Production season known  Fruit drop high  Tall trees difficult to harvest  Production capacity of local accessions(yield) known Where should we be?  Less fruit drop What is missing to get there?  Local agronomic studies What questions are we asking ourselves?  In case of attacks by fruit bats, bird-netting needed?  What are the post harvest losses?  Have the fruits got good preservation qualities?  What are the approved pesticides on breadfruit?  What are the pest and diseases affecting breadfruit?  When do we know that the fruits are ready for harvest?  Can it be grown in super humid zones?  How to produce off season fruits?  Introduction and evaluation of new clones?  Support from NPPO for introduction? 25   
  • 27. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Stakeholders involved in issues related to Agronomy, Cultural practices & Fruiting Who? Why? How? 1. AREU  Research and  Agronomic evaluation Development  Production of  Information recommendation sheets dissemination  Workshops/ Field days/  Training visits 2. SFWF  Provide support to  Identify constraints faced farmers (insurance, by growers in schemes etc.) collaboration with AREU 3. Private firms  Importer of machinery/  Make available tools appropriate harvest tools for breadfruit 4. Growers/ MAMCF/  Producers of breadfruit  Collaborate with AREU Ministry of cooperatives for on-farm trials 5. MAIFS  Schemes for pest control  Support/ incentives for  Control of pests control of bats 26   
  • 28. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   7. Harvest and Post Harvest Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 26-32 What do we know?  Grading/sorting  Waxing  Water Treatment  Traditional minimal processing (e.g water treatment)  Rod Plucking  Climbing using ladder  Picking up falling fruits  Quality index at harvest  Packing (Leno bags, gunny bags, bamboo baskets) Where are we now?  No information on existing varieties  Using traditional harvest technique  International post-harvest practices exist Where should we be?  Develop quality parameters (Norms/Standards)  Pruning activities  Early and late varieties  Develop dwarf and early maturity plants disease  Packing to reduce post-harvest losses (e.g agricultural crates) What is missing to get there?  Schemes/loans for post-harvest/harvest facilities  Effective collaboration between partners  No existing protocols for harvesting/post-harvest  Sharing of information  More research and development funding  International collaboration What questions are we asking ourselves?  At which stage to harvest? (Maturity index – optimum and actual)  Is the practice of placing fruit in water documented and justified?  Do we have appropriate tools for harvest in Mauritius? E.g. Aluminum poles 27   
  • 29. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012    After harvest (green) No. of days kept (Stored) for local marketing?  What can be done (Backyard/for local market) to increase shelf-life of breadfruit?  What are the recommended packaging/storage materials for Mauritius?  Appropriate methods to increase shelf-life?  Effect of pruning on yield/quality?  Develop protocol – Responsibility?  Can we put breadfruit in under cool conditions to increase shelf-life?  Which type of wax can be used? Available? Stakeholders involved in issues related to harvest and post-harvest Who? Why? How? 1. Cooperatives  To achieve economies of  Regrouping of farmers scale 2. Associations and  Better management  Training companies (SMEDA)  Incentive schemes  Appropriate funding mechanisms 3. AREU  Harvest and post-harvest  Research and trials protocol  Norms and standards  Literature and research  Shelf-life improvement  Literature and research  Improvement in  Training/ information harvesting techniques kits/ grants/ schemes for  Pest and disease equipments management  Awareness campaigns/  Improved cultural information materials/ practices identification of pests and diseases 4. UoM/AREU  Harvest and post-harvest  Research protocols 5. MSB/ UoM/ AREU  Norms and standards  Literature and research 6. Private companies/  Improvement in  Training/ information AREU harvesting techniques kits/ grants/ schemes for equipments 7. SFWF/ Meteo/ Private  Risk management  Support/ assistance/ companies insurance schemes 8. AREU/MAIFS  Pest and disease  Awareness campaigns/ management information materials/ identification of pests and diseases 28   
  • 30. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   8. Product development and marketing Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 33-43 What do we know?  Marketing channel – local/export  Animal feed (Pigs)  Processing awareness exist (chips, canned, flour, boiled)  Human consumption (boiled, chips, curry, snacks)  High potential for export  High risk crop (cyclone prone)  High land requirement Where are we now?  Export of product (approx. 100mT)  Development and research on flour production  Long-term storage (freezing) shelf-life studies  Development of frozen French fries, wedges Where should we be?  Increase usage as staple food side dishes  Unacceptable fruits, waste from processing as animal feed  Resource material for composting  Substitute for current bad eating habits (e.g. oily foods, saturated foods)  Tap on outer island resources (Rodrigues) What is missing to get there?  More research and development and funding  Lack of information on product  Critical mass to invest in commercial production  Loans/incentive schemes  Setting up of food parks What questions are we asking ourselves?  How do we think we are going to increase usage as staple?  Regarding increasing consumer awareness, what is being done?  What is the demand for breadfruit on the local market?  Can it be used for baby foods?  For flour making, are there any specific requirements (varietal, stage of maturity)? 29   
  • 31. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012    Fresh products or processed?  Market consumption?  Is there scope for development of SME (Processing)?  Is there any kind of risk management strategy in place?  Land availability for setting up orchards?  When is the next fruit tree census? Stakeholders involved in issues to product development and marketing Who? Why? How? 1. FARC/SFWF  Demand for fresh and  Survey processed breadfruit  Breadfruit festival 2. AREU/ UoM  Consumer preferences/  Survey/ sensory New products evaluation 3. Enterprise Mauritius  New markets  International exhibitions/ partnerships 4. AREU/ UoM/ NPPO  Type of varieties  Literature  Trials  Research 5. Land use division/ AS/  Land availability  Land bank MAIFS 6. APAU/ MAIFS  Census on breadfruit  Survey trees in the Republic of  Complete enumeration Mauritius  Editable/clickable map 7. Food security fund/  Access to capital  Schemes DBM/ Private banks  Grants  Loan facilities 8. MAIFS/ MAMCF/  Continuous/ Reliable  Partnerships/ Bi-lateral Private stakeholders/ supply of breadfruit agreements SFWF 9. AMB/ Freeport  Storage facilities  Provide storage facilities 30   
  • 32. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   9. Markets/Export Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 44-46 What do Where are we Where should we be? What is missing to get we know? now? there? Different  Fresh breadfruits  Wider range of  Identify local types of for export products and germaplasm/ Access products  Breadfruit flour breadfruit varieties other germplasm  Other usages at  Develop  R&D on processed level of commercial products household e.g. production  Identify interested chips, cakes entrepreneurs Different  E.U  Regional and  Data on volume and markets international value of exports and markets country of destination  Identify new export markets  Identify competitors in export markets Market  E.U and local  Australia, USA,  Determine current demand markets Canada and New annual production in Zealand Mauritius  Tourist industry  Work with hotel chef  Domestic markets  Local market e.g. frozen chips, intelligence canned, flour  Market intelligence for  Gluten free Gluten free products products Market  Fulfilling SPS  Infrastructure for  Financial Resources for Access requirements for commercially investment E.U processing  Identify SPS  Food safety requirements for requirements potential export markets  SPS requirements (e.g. fruit flies) for other  Develop packaging international  Develop certification markets (Market system for food safety barriers) and allergens free  Logistics for packaging and export (Perishable)  Certification (evidence for Gluten free products) 31   
  • 33. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   What questions are we asking ourselves? Types of products  What is current production volume?  What is current export volume?  To which markets are breadfruit exported?  What are other potential markets? Different Markets  In these export markets, what are customs duties applied?  In these export markets what are SPS requirements?  Can Mauritius abide by these SPS requirements?  Market intelligence in current and potential export markets: Who are the buyers? Price? Need specific varieties? Potential for market development? How consumed? Market demand  Who are our competitors?  Their Prices?  Cost analysis including freight cost?  Seasonality of supply from Mauritius v/s others?  Development of other products; Processed; Pulp/ canned/ frozen / possible? Cost? Market access  Export markets potential for these processed products?  What inputs are needed: Infrastructure, technology, packaging, storage conditions, transport conditions, cold-chain? (processed)  Forecast of production volume in next 5-10 years?  What are requirements to import/ propagate varieties?  What is shelf life of varieties?  What are current standards for export? Size/ type of packaging?  Determine regularity of supply for export markets?  Are breadfruit destined for export coming from orchards or backyards?  Any orchard project?  Can orchard be certified global gap?  If marketed as Gluten free, who will certify?  What are health and nutritional advantages and How can these be used for marketing?  Sensitization of farmers on gap to produce good quality breadfruit, Who/How?  What is potential for absorption on local market? 32   
  • 34. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012    Market intelligence: Who are buyers? Preferred way of consuming? Price? Potential for processed products and prioritize? Hotels: Potential?  Should new recipes be developed?  Marketing of breadfruit on local market: How? Who? For both processed and fresh?  What time of the year are competitors exporting?  What are the conditions for import of new breadfruit accession?  Any strategy to market breadfruit as potential candidates for food security?  What are the priorities for Mauritius?  Should we have a brand name- branding breadfruit of Mauritius?  What are storage conditions of breadfruit before export?  What are the requirements for export? (size, weight, type and so on)  What is the current practice for sale of breadfruit (whole/ whether semi processed?)  Are there any post harvest treatments for breadfruit before export?  Which sources of information exist on international trade of breadfruit? Stakeholders involved in issues related to markets and export Who? Why? How? 1. APEXHOM  Involved in export policies  Information on export and information standards, market access  Facilitation 2. Exporters  Know export markets  Information on export data and constraints 3. Producers/ Processors  Need markets to sell  Production information 4. AREU  Post-harvest for exports  Research and Development on shelf-life, post-harvest, storage, packaging, Good Agricultural Practices (GAPs) etc. 5. Enterprise Mauritius  Know export markets  Participation in trade fairs to present breadfruits 6. NPPO  SPS for imports and  Allow import of germplasm exports and information on SPS of export matkets 7. Laboratories (Food  Testing of pesticides  Testing of pesticide residues Tech Lab) 8. Women entrepreneurs  Capacity to produce/  Start processing process 9. Chefs/ hotels  Use in restaurants  Use breadfruits – new recipes 10. Media  Communicate  Inform public about breadfruit 11. Consumer  Inform consumers  Inform consumers about organizations benefits 33   
  • 35. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   10. Uses of Plant parts other than the fruit Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 47-49 What do we know? Where are we Where should we be? What is now? missing to get there? Different parts of use of the other use of the other parts R&D on the breadfruit tree, plant parts at of breadfruit other medicinal multipurpose tree household than at household value level level, e.g. handicraft for tourism industry/export Can use timber, fruits, Using only seeds, peel bark, latex, fruits buds, leaves, flower, spike, trees Food Developing flour Used for animal Feed Used for medicinal purposes Used for clothing Agro-forestry shade Caulking for canoes Adhesives Used for construction of buildings, handicrafts, surfboards What questions are we asking ourselves?  What are the possible uses of by-products from breadfruit processing?  Is there any economic importance of plant parts other that fruit for Mauritius? Stakeholders involved in issues related to uses of plant parts other than the fruit Who? Why? How? 34   
  • 36. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   11. Consumer preferences, Education and Products Review of the literature: Annex IV, pages 50-53 What do we Where are we Where should we what is missing to know? now? be? get there? Most people are People should find it Preferred by discovering how normal that Peoples’ awareness Asian niche to use breadfruit breadfruit forms part of nutritional value markets in their menu of their diet Develop breadfruit as Preference for a disaster relief food fresh fruits (food security) Wide range of products Awareness on gluten (international free products markets) e.g. canned Support from the government What questions are we asking ourselves?  Is breadfruit also consumed by Europeans in replacement of potato?  In what forms consumers would like to eat breadfruit? Fresh or frozen?  Are products demand driven?  How has the perception/status of breadfruit changed over the years?  Nutritional analysis of derived products (w.r.t. snacking at school)?  Need for educating consumers?  Survey on consumer preferences?  What need to be done to increase consumer?  Awareness on importance of breadfruit?  Concept of breadfruit festival?  Which countries are producing breadfruit flour?  Quantity of flour exported and where?  How many breadfruit need to replace 1kg of wheat?  Cost of production of flour? 35   
  • 37. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Stakeholders involved in issues related to Consumer preferences, Education and Products Who? Why? How? 1. Exporter (Sarjua?)  Already have access to  Provide information on export market consumers from international markets and their requirements 2. Producers and Processors  Customer Satisfaction  Development of new products 3. MoA/ Producers  Create awareness  Breadfruit festivals  Breadfruit consumption campaigns  World Food Day 4. Consumer Protection  Platform for local  Consumer acceptance/ Association consumers consumer awareness 5. CSO, AREU  Data on breadfruit  Surveys consumption locally  Data on per capita consumption of breadfruit 6. Media  Consumer education  Radio talks, TV programs 36   
  • 38. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Discussion and Way Forward The last part of the workshop was a plenary session whereby the consortium partners reflected on that had been achieved during those two days and discussed proposals for the way forward. The aspects that guided the discussions included the role of each partner in the partnership, expectations from each other and from the facilitators; the means of communication considered appropriate for the consortium members, and planning for future activities, including the next workshop. The main conclusions of the discussion sessions are as follows:-  A summary of the workshop will be written up and shared with the participants and stakeholders (through the wiki)  All partners in the consortium and those who are present in the workshop will be required to share the work that they are presently doing (a summary) with respect to breadfruit on the wiki  Various partners are already working in collaboration, but this should be strengthened further by communicating more with each other  Communication will be done through emails and on the wiki, but regular physical meetings will also be arranged at FARC, whereby all important discussions and activities will take place  Frequency of the meetings will depend on the speed at which we are working and how much of the work has been done in a given time-frame  Next workshop is expected to be around mid-March (depending on how fast we are working on the output from workshop 1)  Before next workshop, we are expected to have a meeting on 2nd March 2012, during which a representative from Cole-ACP will be in Mauritius and will join us  Between the 1st and 2nd workshop, we will try to find answers to the questions that were generated during 1st workshop on the wiki and during physical meetings  During the 2nd workshop, a value-chain mapping and analysis will be done    For the questions that remain unanswered, they will be used to generate research questions in the different aspects of the value-chain that had been identified (Also done during second workshop)   In the medium-term, we will try to establish a National Breadfruit Program, under which there will be several project proposals on breadfruit   After the 2nd workshop, a write-shop will be organized by PAEPARD in Nairobi, Kenya   When the project proposals are ready, we will apply for funding at local, regional and international level   Since the idea of using breadfruit as a staple crop is already on the agenda on the government, we will request funding on breadfruit from the government (given that the consortium has already been formed and partners involved are already working on the subject)  37   
  • 39. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012    The Consortium will participate in events like the Breadfruit Day (organized by the Agricultural Research and Extension Unit), Breadfruit festival and Breadfruit village (Organized by Farmer Organization – MAMCF)   Research will continue for years, but the partners are expected to be in touch throughout the process and contribute to the value chain   This whole process may take years, but without collaboration, it will not be possible  Closing remarks Prior to closing the workshop, participants were asked to fill in the evaluation forms for the First Partnership Inception Workshop. Mr K Bheenick, Programme Manager at the FARC thanked the participants for their presence and their active participation. He reminded them that the workshop had been a very productive and exhaustive one as the participants had to think and probe a lot to compile as much information as possible. This has contributed to the consortium members having a clearer idea of the current status of the breadfruit sector in Mauritius, a joint vision of where we should be, and areas where gaps exist, which may be filled up through Research and Development. He also thanked the facilitators for their efforts and their success in maintaining the level of interaction during the workshop. Finally he requested participants to remain in touch through email and through the wiki, and to contribute with additional information to answer the questions being asked, as this information will be used in the planning process for the next workshop and the generation of the research project proposals. 38   
  • 40. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Annex I – List of Participants Name Institution Job Title Tel Fax Email Mr. Yann Labourdonnais Assistant 266 9533 266 6415 pepiniere.ciaglabo@ Goblet Diversification intnet.mu Manager Mr. Yacoob Horticulture Scientific 464 5517 yamungroo@mail.gov.mu Mungroo Division Officer (MAIFS) Mrs. AREU Research 670 8249 smyovana@gmail.com Saraspadee Scientist Subramaniam Dr. Arvind University of Associate 403 7695 465 5743 aruggoo@uom.ac.mu Ruggoo Mauritius Professor Mrs. Sachita National Plant Scientific 464 4872 465 9591 moa-pathology@ Jawaheer – Protection Office Officer mail.gov.mu Unathras (MAIFS) Mr. Krit MAMCF/ SFWF Chairman Krit169annu@yahoo.com Beeharry Mr. Prithiviraj Small Farmers Technical 433 3249 spwfsp@intnet.mu Dookithram Welfare Fund Officer Mr. Devanand AREU Extension 261 9216 2619216 mjankee@grays.mu Bhurtun Officer Mrs. Babita AREU Research 466 1090 anchutejal@yahoo.com.sg Dussoruth Scientist Mr. Dharam Independent Agronomist dybachraz@intnet.mu Bachraz (Farmer Organization) Mrs. Indira FARC Laboratory & 465 1011 465 3344 Indirab.farc@intnet.mu Boodhram Nursery Manager Mr. Krishan FARC Programme 465 1011 465 3344 kjbheenick@yahoo.co.uk Bheenick Manager Ms. Varsha FARC Assistant 465 1011 465 3344 sheilajad@hotmail.com Jadoo Research Scientist Ms. Anishka FARC Trainee 465 1011 465 3344 Anisun24@yahoo.com Ramkhalawan Ms. Pratima FARC Assistant 465 1011 465 3344 farc@intnet.mu Greedharry Research Scientist Mr. Kaylasson FARC Assistant 465 1011 465 3344 farc@intnet.mu Maistry Research Scientist Mrs. Raifa APEXHOM Secretary 433 4906 4334862 apexhom@intnet.mu Bundhun General Ms. Nawsheen Independent PAEPARD 910 1841 nawsheen.hosenally@ Hosenally Facilitator gmail.com Mr. Toolsee Farmers Service PAEPARD 726 3393 hemrajgu@yahoo.com.au Gunesh Centre Facilitator 39   
  • 41. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Annex II – Workshop Programme Partnership Inception Workshop Programme DAY 1 Thursday 09 February 2012 09.00 – 09.30 Welcoming Address; Introduction to participants 09.30 – 10.00 Introduction to PAEPARD 10.00 – 10.30 Concept Note/Presentation of partnerships 10.30 – 11.00 TEA BREAK 11.00 – 12.00 Workshop Activities; Role of leader/facilitators; Introduction to group work 12.00 -13.00 LUNCH 13.00 – 14.00 Group Work 14.00 – 14.30 TEA BREAK 14.30 – 15.30 Group Work / Presentations 15.30 – 16.00 Debriefing Session DAY 2 Friday 10 February 2012 09.00 – 09.15 Recap of Day 1 09.15 – 10.15 Group Work/Presentations 10.15 – 10.30 TEA BREAK 10.30 – 11.30 The Breadfruit Value Chain Analysis Group Work 11.30 – 12.00 Presentations 12.00 -13.00 LUNCH 13.00 – 14.30 Discussion and way forward 14.30 – 15.30 Debriefing Session 40   
  • 42. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Annex III – List of Stakeholder Institutions of the Breadfruit Sector List of Stakeholder institutions as identified by Consortium partners:  Food and Agricultural Research Council (FARC)  Agricultural Research and Extension Unit (AREU)  University of Mauritius (UoM)  Conserverie Sarjua Ltee  Mauritius Agricultural Marketing Cooperative Federation (MAMCF)  Partner from European Union  Ministry of Agro-Industry and Food Security (MAIFS)  Association des producteurs et exportateurs horticoles de Maurice (APEXHOM)  Other Exporters  Les Moulins de la Concorde (LMLC)  Producers (Large Scale and Small Scale)  Mouvement Autosuffisance Alimentaire (MAA)  National Plant Protection Office (NPPO)  National Women Entrepreneur Council (NWEC)  Agricultural Policy Analysis Unit (APAU)  Agricultural Marketing Board (AMB)  Ministry of Finance (MOF) 41   
  • 43. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Annex IV: Review of the literature Breadfruit Sector Consortium (Mauritius, 2012) Review of Literature (8 Feb 2012) Key: 1. Source 1; Breadfruit: Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops (Diane Ragone, 1997) 2. Source 2; Artocarpus atilis (Diane Ragone, April 2006) 3. Source 3; Breadfruit. Morton, J.1987 4. Source 4; Regeneration guidelines for breadfruit (Ragone D. 2008) 5. Source 5; Postharvest handling Technical Bulletin (New Guyana Marketing Corporation, 2004) 6. Source 6;Farm and Forestry Production and Marketing Profile for Breadfruit(Diane Ragone, 2011) 7. Source 7; Report of First International Symposium on Breadfruit Reasearch and Development (Taylor.M & Ragone. D, 2007, Nadi, Fiji) (This Annex is presented as a separate document) 42   
  • 44. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   Annex V: Evaluation of the workshop 43   
  • 46. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   What I liked the most about the workshop  The purpose of the workshop was well explained.  The willingness of all stakeholders to provide maximum information to consortium. The spirit within workshop.  Les interactions entre les différents intervenants qui ont été très intéressantes. Chacun a apporté et partagé les connaissances de la culture du fruit à pain.  The participants were all contributing for the success of the workshop, willing to share all information about their activities; mutual trust; co-operation / team spirit  Discussion / Interaction; New knowledge on breadfruit ; Positive approach of each participant  New methods of brainstorming and analysis  It was very interactive.  Very interactive, lots of new ideas and new information  Work groups, Interactive sessions  The groupwork session and the issues to work upon  Interactive workshop; Group work was interesting  Information exchange.  New ideas about use of breadfruits  (3 blank returns) What I did not like the most about the workshop  Un aspect que l’on ne connait toujours pas, c’est ‘quantifier la demande’  The venue  There was some discussion that was not relevant to the theme  Some information was not relevant  The food  The meal was not balanced, not tasty  (10 blank returns) 45   
  • 47. First Partnership Inception Workshop Report February 2012   What is the most important lesson I take with me at the end of the workshop  Existence of the project and its coherence on Breadfruit  Spirit of collaboration  Work as a team  Working in groups, with different opinions can help to find better solutions  Working in such a group with people from different sectors / organization where we feel there is a sharing of information increase in knowledge.  Many institutions are working at their level on breadfruit. Collaborative work, sharing of information essential  We should not be working on our own: this leads to duplication of work. We should work in collaboration for a fruitful objective.  Different organisations have different types of information that can be used (information which were not known before)  The importance of value chain approach  Importance of sharing ideas with other institutions  To understand what is the position of our institution in the value chain  La viabilité de la filière dépendera grandement de la volonté du consomateur ; chaque maillon (stakeholder) de la filière est interdépendent. Un travail collectif est un “must”.  (4 blank returns) 46