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World's new superpower axis - Pakistan - China - Russia

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World's new superpower axis - Relations between Pakistan - China - Russia. Detailed report on the relations between the new big three which will affect the geopolitics of the world

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World's new superpower axis - Pakistan - China - Russia

  1. 1. The World’s New Superpower Axis
  2. 2. Contents  New bipolar world  Recent relations between Pakistan and Russia  Pakistan-China-Russia a new big three  Concerns of Russia after economic hit in 2014  Formidable China-Russia-Pakistan triangle  China and Russia: enemy of my enemy is my friend  Challenge for the next president of U.S. in 2016
  3. 3. The world is coming toward a bipolar world with China, Russia, Pakistan and a number of other authoritarian countries of Central Asia on one side, and the U.S., EU, Japan and their Asian allies on the other side.
  4. 4. Recent relations between Pakistan and Russia  The relations between Russia and Pakistan have recently seen a significant change. The two countries – who were Cold War rivals – are getting closer and increasing military cooperation and relations in other sectors as well.
  5. 5. Russia Army War Games  Pakistan Army actively participated in Russian Army War Games 2015 held in Russian Far east. Pakistan was also among the 6 countries that took part in Master of The Air Defense Battle Competition besides Russia, China, Egypt, Venezuela and Belarus
  6. 6. Pak-Russia Military Cooperation  Increasing military cooperation between Islamabad and Moscow would not negatively impact Russia’s ties with India, Pak-Russia ties are improving in other sectors as well, including energy, Ryabkov said.
  7. 7. Pakistan-China-Russia: A new big 3  China, who is a traditional ally of Pakistan and has always supported the country against its historical rival India with its military equipment and in the fields of diplomacy, is showing clear signs of forming this new China-Russia-Pakistan triangle, which is likely to lead to the bipolar world.
  8. 8. Concerns of Russia after economic hit in 2014  After the Russian economy had been hit by Western sanctions in the summer of 2014, the Kremlin started to look in the direction of Asia, particularly Pakistan.
  9. 9. Formidable Pakistan-China-Russia Triangle  Moscow’s soft and friendly attitude towards Islamabad  Pak-Russia armament deal  Pak-Russia Gas pipeline deal  Pak-China Economic Corridor  Pakistan-China-Russia ties, need of the hour
  10. 10. Moscow’s soft and friendly attitude towards Islamabad  Moscow lifted its self-imposed arms embargo on Islamabad in November 2014.  Then the Cold War rivals signed a historical military cooperation agreement, which was based on exchange of politico-military information, beefing up the countries’ defense and counter- terrorism sectors as well as combining their efforts on developments in Afghanistan.
  11. 11. Pakistan-Russia Armament Deal  Russia and Pakistan have already started collaborating in the areas of defense and energy resources. Islamabad may purchase Mi-35 combat helicopters in addition to importing of the Klimov RD-93 engines from Russia for its JF-17 multi-role fighters. It must be noted that China and Pakistan are involved in co- production and co-development of JF-17 fighter jets.
  12. 12. Pakistan-Russia Gas-pipeline Deal  Russian state-owned company Rostekh Corporation also announced its plans to build a 680-mile gas pipeline to Pakistan by 2017 costing about $2.5 billion.
  13. 13. Pakistan-China Economic Corridor  The China–Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) is a ongoing development megaproject which aims to connect Gwadar Port in southwestern Pakistan to China’s northwestern independent region of Xinjiang, via a network of highways, railways and pipelines to transport oil and gas. The economic corridor is considered central to China–Pakistan relations and will run about 3,000 km from Gwadar to Kashgar.
  14. 14. Pakistan-China-Russia Ties, Need of the hour  The formidable triangle between Moscow, Beijing and Islamabad has been shaped from scratch as a result of recent geopolitical shifts. Russian occupation of Crimea as well as the presence of Russian troops in eastern Ukraine have significantly worsened the relations between the West and Moscow, which prompted Russian President Vladimir Putin to look for new allies.
  15. 15. China and Russia: enemy of my enemy is my friend  Moscow & Beijing distrusted by U.S and allies  Russia-China Same-Same  China’s goal to change world order  Pak-China defence relations  Pakistan-China-Russia security triangle
  16. 16. Moscow & Beijing distrusted by U.S and allies  Repeated disruptive actions in the South China Sea have renewed tensions with U.S.-led countries in the region. Which forced both Russia and China to look for new allies. Both Moscow and Beijing are distrusted by the West for opposing U.S. global dominance. Both countries do not support the values of democracy distributed by the U.S. and Japan.
  17. 17. Russia-China Same-Same  Both Beijing and Moscow raise their people on nationalism that is based on historical and cultural nature of each nation, which is traditional culture and Russian belief respectively. Both countries support the model of controlling capitalism as a counter measure to the global dominance of the U.S. Both countries also oppose the freedom of speech and Internet freedom – and the list can go on and on.
  18. 18. China’s goal to change world order  China & Russia were not always fond of one another, but the “enemy of my enemy is my friend” factor plays a crucial role in the developing relations between China and Russia. China’s goal is to change the world order, for better or worse, and this change begins with Russia and Asia.
  19. 19. Pak-China Defence Relations  Having been investing into Pakistan for years, Beijing has also participated in building nuclear reactors for Islamabad. Pakistan is the largest importer of Chinese manufactured defense equipment. Also, Islamabad is willing to buy eight Chinese’s S20 (Yuan- class) diesel-electric submarines.
  20. 20. Pakistan-China-Russia security triangle  For both China and Russia, Washington presents a challenge and U.S. global dominance must be stopped for the sake of their own security, while Pakistan would not mind to ensure its own safety under the wing of the China and Russia.
  21. 21. Challenge for the next president of U.S. in 2016  Pakistan-China-Russia A Perfect Fit For One Another  China’s Big Economy  A New Market For Russia  Tough Time For United States  U.S Presidential Challenge 2016
  22. 22. Pakistan-China-Russia A Perfect Fit For One Another  What makes China, Russia and Pakistan a perfect fit for one another is the fact that Russia can replace Western military technology enough for both China and Pakistan. In addition, Moscow is known to be a reliable energy supplier for its allies.
  23. 23. China’s Big Economy  China, for its part, is much more powerful in terms of its economy compared to the two other countries of the triangle. Besides, a great amount of foreign exchange reserves are looking to invest and require energy supplies.
  24. 24. A New Market For Russia  Pakistan, has a developing economy and requires both military equipment and energy supplies from Russia and protection from China. In that case, Russia will open a new market for its military equipment, while possibly continuing to supply weapons to India.
  25. 25. Tough Time For United States  Are we approaching new bipolar world order or the age of international order with present globalization tendencies? To a large extent, it will all depend on the U.S. and its role in tough conditions when the center of power is being scattered and no country in the world is capable of influencing international relations alone.
  26. 26. U.S Presidential Challenge 2016  It must be noted that all presidential campaigns in the U.S. share the same expression that is directed against Russia and China, while not paying any attention to the fact that the U.S. will have to adapt to the changing world order and the balance of power, especially in the coming years when the new president is elected in 2016.
  27. 27. Countries are focused on tiny issues that mask massive strategic changes in the world.

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