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  1. 1. INTRODUCTION TO FRANCHISING AND ITS IMPORTANCE TO ENTREPRENEURS & SMALL & MEDIUM ENTERPRISES
  2. 2. 2 How to be a successful entrepreneur – a tip
  3. 3. WHAT IS FRANCHISING?  An arrangement whereby a party (franchisor), who has developed a way of running a business format/system successfully, licenses the rights to operate that format/system using his trademark, name or other IP rights to another party (franchisee)  The licence involves the franchisor granting a right to use the format/system, trademark, name or other IP rights in exchange for an initial fee and annual royalty. 3
  4. 4. WHAT IS FRANCHISING? 4 “Franchising allows people to go into business for themselves, not by themselves”
  5. 5. WHY FRANCHISE?  A recognised brand name.  Enhanced business image.  Consistent quality. 5
  6. 6. WHY FRANCHISE?  Franchises offer important pre-opening support:  site selection  design and construction  financing (in some cases)  training  grand-opening program 6
  7. 7. WHY FRANCHISE?  Franchises offer ongoing support  training  national and regional advertising  operating procedures and operational assistance  supervision and management support  increased spending power, access to bulk purchasing and economies of scale 7
  8. 8. DISADVANTAGES  The franchisee is not completely independent.  In addition to the initial franchise fee, franchisees must pay ongoing royalties and advertising fees.  Franchisees must be careful to balance restrictions and support provided by the franchisor with their own ability to manage their business 8
  9. 9. DISADVANTAGES  A damaged, system-wide image can result if other franchisees are performing poorly or the franchisor runs into an unforeseen problem.  The term (duration) of a franchise agreement is usually limited and the franchisee may have little or no say about the terms of a termination 9
  10. 10. ASSESSING FRANCHISING OPPORTUNITY  Successful franchising essentially involves trust and understanding between the franchisor and franchisee  Franchisor’s financial position and track record  How thoroughly has the business been market tested 10
  11. 11. ASSESSING FRANCHISING OPPORTUNITY  How well the format/system works in practice (Are existing franchisees pleased with their business? Any bad news?)  Does the business have staying power? Or is it based on something which is temporarily fashionable? 11
  12. 12. HOW TO ASSESS A PROSPECTIVE FRANCHISE?  Assess the reputation and reliability of the franchisor  Find out the demand for the goods/services offered in the franchise  Do sales projection  Find out from other franchisees the support services provided  Work out the amount of capital that is needed upfront 12
  13. 13. HOW TO ASSESS A PROSPECTIVE FRANCHISE?  Work out the amount of cash that is needed under the worst case scenario  Go through the contract thoroughly with a lawyer concerning , in particular,  rights of the franchisee  obligations of the franchisor  terms of termination  restriction on business entered after termination  resolution of disputes 13
  14. 14. WHAT IS INVOLVED IN FRANCHISING?  Tenure/Period of contract  Initial fee  Royalty/management fee  Renovation cost  Territory  Supply of goods and services  Compliance with contract  Terms of termination 14
  15. 15. STEPS INVOLVED IN FRANCHISING? 15
  16. 16. WHAT SHOULD A COMPANY DO TO GET READY TO BE A FRANCHISEE?  Conduct feasibility study  Set up systems/procedures and support functions  Study the operations manual  Register trademarks and other IP rights 16
  17. 17. TYPES OF FRANCHISE Generally there are 2 main types of franchises:  Product distribution franchises; and  Business format franchises. 17
  18. 18. PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION FRANCHISES  A product distribution franchise model is very much like a supplier- dealer relationship.  Typically, the franchisee merely sells the franchisor’s products. However, these type of franchises will also include some form of integration of the business activities. 18
  19. 19. PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION FRANCHISES  Examples of famous product distribution franchises include: 19
  20. 20. Produces the syrup concentrate Sells the syrup concentrate FRANCHISEE Produces the final drink Retail Stores Restaurants & F&B Outlets Vending Machine Operators PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION FRANCHISES 20
  21. 21. BUSINESS FORMAT FRANCHISING  In business format franchises, on the other hand, the integration of the businesses is more complete.  The franchisee not only distributes the franchisor’s products and services under the franchisor’s trademark, but also implements the franchisor’s complete method to conduct the business itself. 21
  22. 22. BUSINESS FORMAT FRANCHISING  Examples of famous business format franchises include: 22
  23. 23. FRANCHISING ACROSS WORLD 23 Feasibility of Franchising Franchising is a more feasible option of business expansion than starting own outlets
  24. 24. FRANCHISING…… 24 Success of the Franchise
  25. 25. FRANCHISING….. 25 Success of Franchising Franchisors’ Improvement in Average Monthly Sales since Franchising
  26. 26. FRANCHISING….. 26 Success of Franchising Franchisors’ Improvement in Average Monthly Net Profit since Franchising
  27. 27. FRANCHISING….. 27 Success of Franchising Franchisors’ Improvement in Average Monthly Sales since Franchising
  28. 28. FRANCHISING….. 28 Reason for Franchising 2/3 of franchisees felt that economies of scale in bulk purchasing encouraged them to consider franchising
  29. 29. FRANCHISEES…..  Generally young and well educated  62% below 40 years old  57% had post-secondary education  32% own their own outlets  46% occupy the outlets as tenants 29
  30. 30. FRANCHISING….. Franchising helps existing businesses do better. Franchisees’Response to the Statement: “Joining a Franchise has Helped Me to Do Better than Before.”
  31. 31. FRANCHISING….. 31 Business Performance Percentage Increase in Average Monthly Sales for Franchisees who were Previously Running a Business in the Same Trade
  32. 32. FRANCHISING….. 32 Business Performance Percentage Increase in Average Monthly Net Profit for Franchisees Previously Running a Business in the Same Trade
  33. 33. THANK YOU Navnish Sahai Delhi 33

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