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Tractor Hydraulics
Content
 Introduction
 Working principle
 Why Hydraulic system
 Parts of hydraulic system
 Types of hydraulic system
...
Introduction
 A unit responsible for lifting and lowering an agricultural
implement
 Function-draft control and weight t...
Working principle
The working principle of hydraulic system is based on pascal's law. This
law states that the pressure ap...
Why hydraulic system
 Simpler than mechanical linkage systems
 System is flexible enough
 Power can be engaged or disen...
Parts of hydraulic system
 Reservoir
 Pump
 Valves
 Fluid
 Motor
 Hose
 Filter
 Cylinder
 Accumulator
Reservoir
It contains sufficient oil to move the piston for lifting the load
http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/catego...
Pump
 It forces the fluid from the reservoir to the cylinder
 There are several types of hydraulic pump, such as gear pu...
Relief valve
Relief valves are used in hydraulic systems to limit the system
pressure to a specific set level. If this set...
Control valves
Control valve is a type of valve, which controls the movement
of hydraulic oil to have desired direction, m...
Hydraulic motor
A hydraulic motor converts hydraulic energy into
mechanical energy: a rotating shaft. It uses hydraulic
pr...
Hydraulic Hose
Hydraulic hose is specifically designed to convey hydraulic fluid to or
among hydraulic components, valves,...
Hydraulic filter
Hydraulic filters are used to protect your hydraulic system
components from damage due to contamination o...
Hydraulic accumulator
 A hydraulic accumulator stores fluid under pressure
 Accumulators can take a specific amount of f...
Types of hydraulic systems
 Open centre system
 Close centre system
www.valvehydraulic.info
Implement control
The tractor with a built in lift system is connected to the implement
through a specific type of mechani...
Position control
In this system, constant depth of ploughing is maintained by
automatic adjustment of draft of tractor. In...
Draft Control
 Under this system of control, the implement is set for a
particular draft(drawbar pull) rather than depth....
Mixed position and draft control
It is also possible in some tractor (viz. HMT, Ford
etc. ) to suitable blend the response...
Maintenance and repair of hydraulic system
For successful operation of any hydraulic system,
cleaning and periodic mainten...
Tractor hydraulics
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Tractor hydraulics

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This presentation will provide you with in insight of what is tractor hydraulics and what are the different parts of a tractor involved and how can it be controlled

Published in: Engineering
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Tractor hydraulics

  1. 1. Tractor Hydraulics
  2. 2. Content  Introduction  Working principle  Why Hydraulic system  Parts of hydraulic system  Types of hydraulic system (a) Based on centre system (b)Based on control  Maintenance and repair
  3. 3. Introduction  A unit responsible for lifting and lowering an agricultural implement  Function-draft control and weight transfer  Fluid is confined inside pipelines, reservoir and cylinders  Hydraulic pumps transfer the fluid from the reservoir to the hydraulic system. This transfer raises the energy level of the fluid by increasing its pressure. The motor provides the power source for the pump
  4. 4. Working principle The working principle of hydraulic system is based on pascal's law. This law states that the pressure applied to an enclosed fluid is transmitted equally in all directions. Small force acting on small area can produce higher force on a surface of larger area. http://ecoursesonline.iasri.res.in/mod/page/view.php?id=126242
  5. 5. Why hydraulic system  Simpler than mechanical linkage systems  System is flexible enough  Power can be engaged or disengaged using a simpler valve  Input heavy forces can be controlled easily  A good range of speed operation is possible  Is safer than mechanical system
  6. 6. Parts of hydraulic system  Reservoir  Pump  Valves  Fluid  Motor  Hose  Filter  Cylinder  Accumulator
  7. 7. Reservoir It contains sufficient oil to move the piston for lifting the load http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/category_hydraulics
  8. 8. Pump  It forces the fluid from the reservoir to the cylinder  There are several types of hydraulic pump, such as gear pump, plunger pump, vane pump, and screw pump. Gear pump is widely used in tractors. Gear pump can flow a bigger amount of oil, compared to plunger pump. The oil pressure in the pump varies from 150 to 200 kg/cm2.Schema http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/category_hydraulics
  9. 9. Relief valve Relief valves are used in hydraulic systems to limit the system pressure to a specific set level. If this set level is reached, the pressure relief valve responds and feeds the excess flow from the system back to the tank http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/category_hydraulics
  10. 10. Control valves Control valve is a type of valve, which controls the movement of hydraulic oil to have desired direction, magnitude and speed of lifting. This helps to determine speed of movement for the actuators. http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/category_hydraulics
  11. 11. Hydraulic motor A hydraulic motor converts hydraulic energy into mechanical energy: a rotating shaft. It uses hydraulic pressure and flow to generate torque and rotation. http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/category_hydraulics
  12. 12. Hydraulic Hose Hydraulic hose is specifically designed to convey hydraulic fluid to or among hydraulic components, valves, actuators, and tools. It is typically flexible, often reinforced and usually constructed with several layers of reinforcement since hydraulic systems frequently operate at high or very high pressures. http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/category_hydraulics
  13. 13. Hydraulic filter Hydraulic filters are used to protect your hydraulic system components from damage due to contamination of oils caused by particles http://www.northerntool.com/shop/tools/category_hydraulics
  14. 14. Hydraulic accumulator  A hydraulic accumulator stores fluid under pressure  Accumulators can take a specific amount of fluid under pressure and store it. The fluid is then released when it´s required to perform a specific task in the hydraulic system http://dta.eu/hydraulics/
  15. 15. Types of hydraulic systems  Open centre system  Close centre system www.valvehydraulic.info
  16. 16. Implement control The tractor with a built in lift system is connected to the implement through a specific type of mechanical linkage termed as three point linkage and the system is known as mounted system. The implement is connected to the tractor hydraulic system at two bottom links and one top link. Both the bottom links are connected to two lift arms through lift links. The lift arms are directly mounted on a rockshaft, which is further connected to the piston rod. Any movement of the piston is transferred to the bottom links. The top link is used for connecting the third hitch point of the implement and is adjustable for maintaining the implement level and suction angle. Load sensing for the draft control can also be done through the top link, which is spring, loaded. In some tractors the lower links are spring loaded for draft sensing. Depending upon the soil condition and type of operation, the mounted implement can be controlled either by position control or draft control.
  17. 17. Position control In this system, constant depth of ploughing is maintained by automatic adjustment of draft of tractor. In this system the control valve can be operated directly by the driver to raise lower or hold an implement, mounted on the linkage at any chosen height.
  18. 18. Draft Control  Under this system of control, the implement is set for a particular draft(drawbar pull) rather than depth. In varied soil conditions the implement automatically takes more or less depth to maintain the predetermined draft.  Most of the indigenous tractors possess a draft control system in addition to position control
  19. 19. Mixed position and draft control It is also possible in some tractor (viz. HMT, Ford etc. ) to suitable blend the response through interlink mechanism so that a desired depth of ploughing is maintained within closed limits and draft control too is allowed to function for better traction
  20. 20. Maintenance and repair of hydraulic system For successful operation of any hydraulic system, cleaning and periodic maintenance is very essential. If the operator is alert and keeps the machine clean , refills clean oil , replaces or clean the filter regularly, keeps the tubes and rubber hose tight and protect the system from dust and other contaminants, the system will undoubtedly work efficiently with less trouble

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