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Welcome and SSNCs new agriculture report

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Svante Axelsson, Secretary General,
Swedish Society for Nature Conservation (SSNC)

Published in: News & Politics, Technology
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Welcome and SSNCs new agriculture report

  1. 1. Svante Axelsson
  2. 2. The Malthus dilemmaTvå staplar i två klickningar People Food
  3. 3. …but in reality
  4. 4. Four challenges2.Population growth3.Changing consumption patterns4.Need for increased food production5.Loss of ecosystem services
  5. 5. Tvågradersmålet P = 20 % P = 50 % P = 80 % År Rummukainen m fl, 2011, SMHI
  6. 6. 1,5-gradersmål P = 20 % P = 50 % P = 80 %
  7. 7. More of the same is not anoptionWe have increased the total production by 300 % the last50 yearsBut 60 % of the worlds ecosystem services are threatened
  8. 8. The planet bounderies
  9. 9. Agriculture is one of the drivingforcies•About 30 % of the global emissions of GHG are from theagriculture sector•About 75 % of food crop varieties disappeared in the 20thcentury• 25 million farmers are poisoned every year (WHO)•The increasing use of fertilizers has causedeutrophication
  10. 10. 9 billion inside the boundariesRestrictions•The total use of fossil fuels must decrease approximately100 % by 2050•The most hazardous chemicals must be phased outimmediately and the total use must decrease•The total use of nitrogen must decrease•No increased loss of biodiversity and increased diversityof heritage crops
  11. 11. How can we use fertilizers in anoptimal way ? MC envMarginalkostnadskurva ! Yield
  12. 12. Myths2.The hunger can be solved by increasing total production3.Ecological farming produce lower yield4.Low food price is good for reducing hunger5.Food is a major commercial product
  13. 13. Most food insecure in rural areas• 50 % small scale farmers• 20 % agricultural labor• 10 % fishermen, livestock etc.• 20 % in urban areas
  14. 14. Productions effectsSanning: Industrial Agriculture Small farmers
  15. 15. - 15 % post harvest losses -- - 15% waste in food chain Sanning: !111 increase production Bio ? by 50% - 50 % of meat consumtion
  16. 16. Key issues1. Publicly financed crop breeding2. Payment for carbon sinks3. No harmful subsidies4. Polluter pays principle5. Increase support to small scale farmers6. Feed and food should have same boarder tax7. Extension services focus on agroecology
  17. 17. www.naturskyddsforeningen.se Tack för mig!

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