Edible Gardening


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Edible Gardening

  1. 1. Edible Gardening Prepared by: Stephany Hoffelt Johnson County Master Gardener
  2. 2. 4 Seasons of Edible Gardening Spring <ul><ul><li>Early – Plant cool season plants
  3. 3. Mid – Plant warm season plants, herbs and summer/fall blooming perennials
  4. 4. Mulch your garden </li></ul></ul>Summer <ul><ul><li>Early – Build new hardscape
  5. 5. Mid -2 nd planting of cool season plants for fall </li></ul></ul>Fall <ul><ul><li>Prep your beds for next year
  6. 6. Repair hardscape
  7. 7. Plant garlic and spring blooming perennials
  8. 8. Mulch perennials </li></ul></ul>Winter <ul><ul><li>Consider bringing your garden inside
  9. 9. Plan next year's garden </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. What are you planting? Cool Season Plants <ul><ul><li>Can tolerate the cool weather of early spring and late fall
  11. 11. Asparagus, lettuce, spinach, radish, kale, chard, garlic, onion, beets, carrots, peas, broccoli, cabbage and potatoes </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. What are you planting? Warm Season Vegetables <ul><ul><li>Require warmer temperatures (60-65 degrees) for seed germination and growth
  13. 13. Tomatoes, corn, peppers, beans, cucurbits and eggplant </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. What are you planting? Herbs <ul><ul><li>Plant annual herbs such as dill, basil, summer savory and coriander in garden bed
  15. 15. Plant perennial herbs such as mint, sage, oregano, lemon balm and chives in a spot they can grow permanently </li></ul></ul>PM 1239 Growing and Drying Herbs
  16. 16. What are you planting? Edible Flowers such as yarrow, borage, roses, nasturtium, chamomile, bee balm, violets and impatiens serve multiple purposes in your garden.
  17. 17. What are you planting? <ul><li>Brightly colored or fragrant flowers attract pollinators and predators which are beneficial to your garden
  18. 18. Many of these flowers can be eaten in salads, brewed in teas or used in homemade potpourri and beauty preparations </li></ul>RG302 Edible Flowers RG 212 Pollinators in the Garden
  19. 19. What are you planting? Fruit Plants <ul><li>Thrive in full-sun
  20. 20. Require permanent location
  21. 21. Often require support </li></ul>
  22. 22. What type of garden are you planting? 1. Traditional Garden Design 2. Raised Bed 3. Square Foot Garden 4. Container Gardening
  23. 23. Location 6- 8 Hours of Sun Daily <ul><ul><ul><li>Cool weather plants tolerate more shade </li></ul></ul></ul>Good Soil Drainage <ul><ul><ul><li>“ Perc” Test </li></ul></ul></ul>Water Supply <ul><ul><ul><li>Is there a water source nearby? </li></ul></ul></ul>Pick a Level Area <ul><ul><ul><li>Minimizes soil erosion </li></ul></ul></ul>Avoid Trees <ul><ul><ul><li>Trees compete for water and nutrients
  24. 24. Walnut tree roots produce juglone, which is toxic to many plants </li></ul></ul></ul>Convenience <ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional kitchen gardens were outside kitchen door </li></ul></ul></ul>PM814 Where to Put Your Vegetable Garden?
  25. 25. Soil Fertility Primary Macro-Nutrients <ul><ul><li>Nitrogen “N”
  26. 26. Phosphorus “P”
  27. 27. Potassium”K” </li></ul></ul>Secondary Macro-Nutrients <ul><ul><li>Calcium
  28. 28. Magnesium
  29. 29. Sulfur </li></ul></ul>Soil Testing <ul><ul><li>Test every two to three years.
  30. 30. Tests P, K and pH </li></ul></ul>ISU Soil Testing Lab <ul><ul><li>Offers testing for a nominal fee
  31. 31. Call your local extension office hortline for information </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Soil pH <ul><li>Ph - relative acidity or alkalinity of soil
  33. 33. Ph of soil effects plants ability to assimilate nutrients
  34. 34. Soil pH in Iowa is usually between 6-7
  35. 35. Most plants thrive at a pH level of 6.5 </li></ul>
  36. 36. Maximizing Garden Space Interplanting <ul><ul><li>3 Sisters (MG 150)
  37. 37. Mix radish seed with carrot seed </li></ul></ul>Succession Planting <ul><ul><li>Cool season plants can be replaced with warm season crops
  38. 38. Cool season plants can be replanted for a fall crop </li></ul></ul>Vertical Support <ul><ul><li>Stakes
  39. 39. Trellises
  40. 40. Fences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pole Tepees </li></ul></ul>Season Extenders <ul><ul><li>Cold Frames
  41. 41. Cloches
  42. 42. Row Covers
  43. 43. Cloches </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Organic Matter Sources <ul><ul><li>Compost
  45. 45. Animal manure
  46. 46. Green manure crops
  47. 47. Finely ground yard waste </li></ul></ul>Benefits <ul><ul><li>Increases water absorption
  48. 48. Increases soil aeration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adds nutrients to soil
  49. 49. Enhances soil's beneficial micro-organism population </li></ul></ul>Challenges <ul><ul><li>Decomposing organic matter ties up nitrogen in the soil
  50. 50. May require added nitrogen if plant growth is slow or pale green </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. Planting Times Early Cool Season Plants <ul><ul><li>Don't work soil when it is too wet
  52. 52. Soil should crumble apart in your hand </li></ul></ul>Warm Season Plants <ul><ul><li>Plant when it has been consistently 60-65 degrees </li></ul></ul>Fall Garden <ul><ul><li>Replace plants that have stopped producing </li></ul></ul>Herbs Plant in mid-spring Perennials <ul><ul><li>Divide and transplant spring bloomers in the fall
  53. 53. Divide and transplant summer and fall bloomers in the spring </li></ul></ul>PM 534 Planting and harvesting times for garden vegetables MG 15F
  54. 54. Planting Seeds Sow in straight line furrows Sow in hills <ul><ul><li>4-5 seeds in 12 inch circle
  55. 55. Thin to best three seedlings </li></ul></ul>Scatter seeds <ul><ul><li>Square foot gardens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wide row planting </li><ul><li>Scatter seeds in 4 -24 inch bands
  56. 56. More efficient use of space, sunlight and soil nutrients </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Works with carrots, beets, radish, leaf lettuce and snap beans
  57. 57. Seed Depth </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3-4 times seed thickness
  58. 58. Plant fall garden seeds a bit deeper </li></ul></ul></ul>Thick and Thin Seeding <ul><ul><ul><li>Seed thickly and then thin plants after germination
  59. 59. Try transplanting thinnings or eating them </li></ul></ul></ul>PM 819 Planting a Home Vegetable Garden
  60. 60. Planting Transplants Avoid damage to root systems When to plant? <ul><ul><li>Late afternoon
  61. 61. Cloudy day </li></ul></ul>Water thoroughly Mulch after transplanting Cover for shade or warmth
  62. 62. Watering your garden. Water in early A.M. hours <ul><ul><li>Evening watering may increase spread of foliar disease
  63. 63. Never water when it is over 80 degrees </li></ul></ul>Water plants deeply <ul><ul><li>1-1.5 inches per week </li></ul></ul>Water plants infrequently
  64. 64. Mulching your Garden Benefits <ul><ul><li>Controls weeds
  65. 65. Controls pests and disease
  66. 66. Increases organic matter
  67. 67. Conserves moisture
  68. 68. Soil conservation </li></ul></ul>Types of Organic Mulch <ul><ul><li>Grass clipping
  69. 69. Straw
  70. 70. Pine needles
  71. 71. Shredded newspapers
  72. 72. Wood chips or shavings </li></ul></ul>
  73. 73. Pest Management Cultural Controls <ul><ul><li>Mulching
  74. 74. Remove diseased leaves and plants
  75. 75. Hand pick pests
  76. 76. Attract beneficial insects
  77. 77. Attract birds to your yard </li></ul></ul>Botanical Insecticides
  78. 78. Organic Fertilizers <ul><li>Fish Emulsion
  79. 79. Kelp Meal
  80. 80. Compost
  81. 81. Worm Castings
  82. 82. Composted Animal Manure
  83. 83. Bone Meal -Phosphate
  84. 84. Blood Meal -Nitrogen </li></ul>MG 138-140
  85. 85. Harvest Time Remember to eat your food! Pick food frequently <ul><ul><li>Encourages production
  86. 86. You get to it first </li></ul></ul>Considering preserving your extras PM 731 Harvesting and storing vegetables is a great resource
  87. 87. After the Harvest Remove all plant material <ul><ul><li>Dispose of diseased plant material
  88. 88. Healthy plant material can be added to compost pile </li></ul></ul>Double-dig gardens <ul><ul><li>8-12 inches deep
  89. 89. Dig in organic matter
  90. 90. Dig in soil amendments indicated by soil testing </li></ul></ul>Mulch Perennial Plants