NaturNet Plus Book (part 1)

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NaturNet Plus Book (part 1)

  1. 1. NaturNet PlusComputer Assisted Education for Environment Protection Tomas MILDORF Editor Czech Centre for Science and Society Prague 2011 NaturNet Plus 1
  2. 2. Peer reviewed by:Dr. Maris AlbertsInstitute of Mathematics and Computer ScienceUniversity of LatviaRaina bulvaris 29, Riga, LV-1459, LATVIAISBN 978-80-904830-6-4Copyright: NaturNet Plus Consortium 2011, All Rights ReservedSection 4.1 under copyright to Správa Národního parku Podyjí.Logo NaturNet – Redime under copyright to Michael Kordt, GermanyThe NaturNet Plus project was funded under the Lifelong Learning Programme of theEuropean Commission (CZ/09/LLP-LdV/TOI/134009). 2 NaturNet Plus
  3. 3. Content1. About the NaturNet Plus project 91.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................ 91.2 Consortium ................................................................................................................. 91.3 Main objectives.......................................................................................................... 101.4 Workflow ................................................................................................................... 102. NaturNet Plus Tools 132.1 BizBiz ........................................................................................................................ 132.2 GeoGaming and GeoHosting ................................................................................... 132.3 Metadata Catalogue MICKA version 3.0 ................................................................. 152.3.1 Methods for metadata editing ............................................................................................... 162.3.2 Concept of work with spatial data ........................................................................................ 172.3.3 Concept of work with key names .......................................................................................... 182.3.4 Support of the INSPIRE project ............................................................................................ 182.3.5 Catalogue service ..................................................................................................................... 192.3.6 Extensions ................................................................................................................................ 202.4 HSlayers ..................................................................................................................... 212.5 PyWPS ....................................................................................................................... 242.6 Geohosting ................................................................................................................ 252.6.1 DataMan ................................................................................................................................... 262.6.2 MapMan ................................................................................................................................... 262.6.3 Usage of MapMan composition - Teredit ........................................................................... 282.7 Metadata extractor .................................................................................................... 282.8 Moodle ....................................................................................................................... 302.9 NaturNet Redime Uniform Resource Management ................................................ 302.10 Janitor ....................................................................................................................... 322.11 Matrix ........................................................................................................................ 333. Training Platform 373.1 Initial version of the platform from the NaturNet-Redime project ........................ 373.2 NaturNet Uniform Resource Management (URM) ................................................. 393.3 User communities ..................................................................................................... 40 NaturNet Plus 3
  4. 4. 3.4 User expectations ...................................................................................................... 403.5 Basic components of the NaturNet Plus architecture .............................................. 413.5.1 Authorisation and Authentication Tools ............................................................................ 423.5.2 Library ...................................................................................................................................... 433.5.3 Information management tools ............................................................................................ 433.5.4 Discovery and visualisation ................................................................................................... 443.5.5 Social space .............................................................................................................................. 463.5.6 SimpleCMS .............................................................................................................................. 473.5.7 Video lecture tool BizBiz ........................................................................................................ 494. Destination management – pilot regions 534.1 Podyjí National Park ................................................................................................. 534.1.1 Local Area ................................................................................................................................ 534.1.2 Tourists ..................................................................................................................................... 554.1.3 Management of the Park ........................................................................................................ 574.1.4 Forest Management ................................................................................................................ 574.1.5 Natura 2000.............................................................................................................................. 584.1.6 Information System ................................................................................................................ 604.2 Ligatne ....................................................................................................................... 614.2.1 Local Area ................................................................................................................................ 614.2.2 Information System ................................................................................................................ 634.2.3 Support for tourism ................................................................................................................ 634.2.4 Market strategy ........................................................................................................................ 634.2.5 SWOT Analysis ....................................................................................................................... 644.2.6 Ligatne’s web site ..................................................................................................................... 654.2.7 Data collection ......................................................................................................................... 664.3 Pārgauja ..................................................................................................................... 664.3.1 Information System ................................................................................................................ 674.3.2 Support for tourism ................................................................................................................ 684.3.3 Description of the area ........................................................................................................... 684.3.4 Market strategy ........................................................................................................................ 694.3.5 Tourists ..................................................................................................................................... 694.3.6 SWOT Analysis ....................................................................................................................... 70 4 NaturNet Plus
  5. 5. 4.3.7 Website ..................................................................................................................................... 704.4 Saulkrasti ................................................................................................................... 714.4.1 Saulkrasti municipality ........................................................................................................... 724.4.2 History ...................................................................................................................................... 734.4.3 Website ..................................................................................................................................... 754.5 Siauliai ....................................................................................................................... 764.5.1 The area .................................................................................................................................... 774.5.2 Information system ................................................................................................................. 804.5.3 Support for tourism ................................................................................................................ 814.5.4 Market strategy ........................................................................................................................ 814.5.5 Tourists ..................................................................................................................................... 824.5.6 SWOT Analysis ....................................................................................................................... 834.5.7 Website ..................................................................................................................................... 844.6 Šiauliai County .......................................................................................................... 854.6.1 The area .................................................................................................................................... 854.6.2 Akmenė .................................................................................................................................... 894.6.3 Information system ................................................................................................................. 904.6.4 Support for tourism ................................................................................................................ 904.6.5 Website ..................................................................................................................................... 914.7 Joniškis ...................................................................................................................... 914.7.1 Information system ................................................................................................................. 924.7.2 Support for tourism ................................................................................................................ 924.7.3 Market strategy ........................................................................................................................ 924.7.4 SWOT Analysis ....................................................................................................................... 934.7.5 Website ..................................................................................................................................... 934.8 Kelmė ......................................................................................................................... 944.8.1 Information system ................................................................................................................. 944.8.2 Support for tourism ................................................................................................................ 954.8.3 Website ..................................................................................................................................... 954.9 Pakruojis ................................................................................................................... 964.9.1 Information system ................................................................................................................. 964.9.2 Support for tourism ................................................................................................................ 964.9.3 SWOT Analysis ....................................................................................................................... 97 NaturNet Plus 5
  6. 6. 4.9.4 Website ..................................................................................................................................... 974.10 Radviliškis ............................................................................................................... 984.10.1 Information system............................................................................................................... 984.10.2 Support for tourism .............................................................................................................. 994.10.3 SWOT Analysis ..................................................................................................................... 994.10.4 Website ................................................................................................................................... 994.11 Ali Terme ................................................................................................................1004.11.1 Ali Terme Area .................................................................................................................... 1004.11.2 Market Strategy ................................................................................................................... 1014.11.3 Information System ............................................................................................................ 1014.11.4 SWOT Analysis ................................................................................................................... 1024.11.5 Website ................................................................................................................................. 1024.12 Retezat Massif/ Retezat National Park ..................................................................1034.12.1 History and Land Use......................................................................................................... 1034.12.2 The area ................................................................................................................................ 1044.12.3 Information System ............................................................................................................ 1044.12.4 Support for Tourism ........................................................................................................... 1054.12.5 Market Strategy ................................................................................................................... 1054.12.6 Tourists ................................................................................................................................. 1064.12.7 SWOT Analysis ................................................................................................................... 1074.13 West Stara Planina .................................................................................................1084.13.1 The region as a tourist area................................................................................................ 1084.13.2 Professional profile ............................................................................................................. 1094.13.3 Income and sources of income of the households in the region .................................. 1104.13.4 Natural heritage, species and habitats .............................................................................. 1114.13.5 Support for Tourism ........................................................................................................... 1124.13.6 Tourist opportunities ......................................................................................................... 1124.13.7 Information System ............................................................................................................ 1144.13.8 Market Strategy ................................................................................................................... 1144.13.9 Visitors profile ..................................................................................................................... 1154.13.10 SWOT Analysis ................................................................................................................. 116 6 NaturNet Plus
  7. 7. Executive SummaryNaturNet Plus transfers methods and knowledge of the NaturNet-Redime project(www.naturnet.org) to European regions and enterprises trough network of organizations inEurope dealing with Environmental Education (Czech Centre for Science and Society (CCSS),Videsprojekti, Ligatne, REC Bulgaria, REC Romania, AliTerme, SRPA). The project focus is onthe training of sustainable tourism management among the target regions and mainly insensitive areas as protected territories, national parks and costal zones. NaturNet plus willcombine educational materials and experiences from NaturNet-Redime project, with methodsof sustainable tourism introduced in REGEO and EMIRES projects.The NaturNet plus educational system was designed and implemented by CCSS with focus onmultimedia and interactive tools for eLearning, particularly on tools for Environmental ImpactAssessment. The NaturNet Plus educational approach shares existing results and knowledgeand transfers an educational system for new users and conditions. The Web 2.0 based geoportalsolution opens new methodologies for future education based on social network sites.Programme: Leonardo da VinciSub-programme: Multilateral projectsAction: Transfer of InnovationStart: October 2009Duration: 24 monthsCoordinator: Czech Centre for Science and Society NaturNet Plus 7
  8. 8. Organisation of the bookChapter 1 introduces the NaturNet Plus consortium, the main aims and objectives of theNaturNet Plus project and the work flow leading to successfully achieve them.The NaturNet Plus project performed an analysis of the existing tools for support of tourism inpilot regions. This analysis was done during the user requirements analysis phase and theresults are summarised in Chapter 2.Chapter 3 describes the design and the implementation of the training platform. On the basis ofuser requirements the initial architecture of NaturNet Redime project was modified andextended. The main focus was on introducing the principles of social networks into theeducational platform.Chapter 4 reports the destination management of the pilot regions. Pilot regions provideda material regarding destination management, SWOT analysis, data collection and made a linkto their home website. These tasks should support sustainable development of tourism in theirregions. The work has to lead to practical results implementation during the second year of theproject and this part demonstrates the progress. 8 NaturNet Plus
  9. 9. 1. About the NaturNet Plus project1.1 IntroductionSustainable tourism is an important aspect of many European regions. It plays a crucial role inregions including parks, protected areas and coastal zones. To be able to guarantee tourismactivities and development in regions, public servants have to be trained about potentialinfluence of investment in tourism on environment.The development of the training activities within the NaturNet Plus project will be based on theadoption of a Living Lab user-centred approach. The implementation of the trainingprogramme includes extended cycles of user centred work. The trainees will continuously givefeedback to the research team about their experiences gained during the training. This will notonly increase the motivation of the trainees but it will also provide the necessary cross-linksbetween theory and practice.The NaturNet Plus consortium aims to deliver a structured & reusable set of guidelines andrecommendations in all project languages (i.e. English, Czech, Latvian, Lithuanian, Italian,Romanian and Bulgarian), which will further support the development and assessment of thetraining programmes on the use of digital content and online resources for teaching andlearning.The main tool that enables to share, publish, reuse and work with data (spatial and non-spatial)is NaturNet Plus geoportal. The geoportal is a package of applications that allows you to workwith maps in web environment based on OGC Web Services.1.2 ConsortiumThe NaturNet Plus Consortium is composed of 8 partners from 6 European Countries: 1. Czech Centre for Science and Society, Czech Republic (Coordinator) 2. Videsprojekti - State Ltd. Environmental projects, Latvia 3. Municipality of Ligatne, Latvia 4. Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe, Bulgaria 5. Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe, Romania 6. Municipality of Alì Terme, Italy 7. Siauliau Regional Development Agency, Lithuania 8. STEPIM s.a.s, Italy NaturNet Plus 9
  10. 10. 1.3 Main objectivesThe NaturNet plus project is co-funded by the Leonardo da Vinci programme (Education &culture DG, Lifelong Learning Programme). It started in October 2009 and lasted for 2 years.NaturNet Plus transferred methods and knowledge of the NaturNet-Redime project(www.naturnet.org) to European regions and enterprises trough network of organizations inEurope dealing with Environmental Education (Czech Centre for Science and Society (CCSS),Videsprojekti, Ligatne, REC Bulgaria, REC Romania, AliTerme, SRPA). The project focus wason the training of sustainable tourism management among the target regions and mainly insensitive areas as protected territories, national parks and costal zones. NaturNet pluscombined educational materials and experiences from NaturNet-Redime project, with methodsof sustainable tourism introduced in REGEO and EMIRES projects. Using this network theNaturNet results were made accessible to different groups of workers and public servants. TheNaturNet plus educational system was designed and implemented by CCSS with focus onmultimedia and interactive tools for eLearning, particularly on tools for Environmental ImpactAssessment. The NaturNet plus educational approach shared the existing results andknowledge and transferred an educational system for new users and conditions. The Web 2.0based solution opens new methodologies for future education based on social networks.The project established newly generated educational content and introduced it throughinnovative platform for vocational training and eLearning. The platform includes the followingcomponents: • Video lecturing • URM implementation • Matrix for Integrated Environmental Impact Assessment (IEIA) • Tools for mobile learning • Metadata with regional specific information • Catalogue • GeohostingAll project deliverables were introduced to the stakeholders through university centres fordistance learning and e-learning and certified centre for vocational training according to thenational law of each partner country.1.4 WorkflowThe project implementation process is divided into 5 workpackages (WPs): • WP1: User Requirements Analysis and Evaluation of Existing Projects • WP2: NaturNet Plus Computer Assisted Educational Processes • WP3: NaturNet Plus Content • WP4: Training and Validation • WP5: Dissemination and Exploitation 10 NaturNet Plus
  11. 11. NaturNet Plus 11
  12. 12. 12 NaturNet Plus
  13. 13. 2. NaturNet Plus Tools2.1 BizBizBizBiz is a web browser based e-conference collaboration and learning tool which allowsconference members to watch live video enabled presentations remotely from their computers.It supports slideshows, webpage demonstration, synchronous pre-recorded video display, chatand lecturers live narration using webcam provided video and audio. It does not require usersto install special software apart from modern web browser and java virtual environment andmost of the configuration connected with webcam and screencast is done automatically. Everyconference can be recorded, described with meta-data and published for later playback andembedding. It focuses on providing a learning platform for spatial planning and GIS but can beused also in other applications. BizBiz is free of charge and published under open sourcelicence in source forge.2.2 GeoGaming and GeoHostingGeoGaming and GeoHosting are two steps of using on line geographical information ineducation. First method is mainly focused on younger students, they use in first stagegeographical information for simple gaming and in latest stage they define their own games.Geohosting is more advanced way of usage geographical information on web in naturalsciences, environment protection etc, where students are trained how to search on Web forgeographical information, how they could prepare from existing information their own viewand in latest stage, how they can also published their own geographical information. NaturNet Plus 13
  14. 14. Geo-game was designed as application for common web-site visitor, who wants to checkhis/her knowledge of this north bohemian region. The web page is split into two parts: in theleft part, some phenomenon photographs, such as natural monument (cave, rock, lake, ...) orhuman imprint (church, castle, ...) are shown and in the right part, interactive map of Liberecregion is displayed and user has to place marker on the position, he/she things, thephenomenon is located. Then the right location is displayed together with user set location andgeographical distance is between set and real position is calculated. The users have to place upto ten marks and at the end, mean value of distances between reality and users guess. User canthen store his/her name into table of best results. GeoGame editing enables users to store theirown photos with description. 14 NaturNet Plus
  15. 15. 2.3 Metadata Catalogue MICKA version 3.0MIcKa is a complex solution for metadata management and for Spatial Data Infrastructure(SDI) and geoportal building. It contains tools for editing and management of metadata forspatial information, web services and other sources (documents, web sites, etc.). It includestheir search on the Internet, portrayal in map or download to local computer. NaturNet Plus 15
  16. 16. MIcKA is compatible with obligatory standards for European SDI building (INSPIRE).Therefore, it is ready to be connected with other nodes of prepared network of metadatacatalogues (its compatibility with pilot European geoportal is continuously tested).The main features and functions of the metadata catalogue are listed here: • Functionality with metadata for spatial data (ISO 19115) • Functionality with metadata for services (ISO 19119) • Functionality with Dublin Core metadata (ISO 15836) • Functionality with Feature catalogue (ISO 19110) • Support of OGC CSW 2.0.2 (catalogue service) • Functionality with metadata user profiles • Support of INSPIRE metadata profile • Web interface for metadata editing • Multilingual (both user interface and metadata records). Currently following languages are supported: Czech, English, German, French, Latvian, Polish. It is possible to dynamically extend the system for other languages. • Context help (multilingual) • Import of the following metadata formats are supported: o ESRI ArcCatalog, o ISO 19139, o MIDAS o OGC services (WMS, WFS, WCS, CSW) o Feature catalogue XML • Export – ISO 19139, GeoRSS • Support of thesauruses and gazetteers. • Display of changes by using GeoRSS • User templates for appearance and functionality management. • Possibility of map client connection for display of on-line map services.System requirements for the metadata catalogue: • Relational database (ORACLE >= 9, PostgreSQL >= 8.0, MS-SQL >= 2005, or other SQL databases) • PHP >= 5.2, support of XSLT • Independent on Operating system2.3.1 Methods for metadata editingMetadata are stored in relational database and edited by dynamically generated forms.Therefore it is possible to amend other standards or profiles. It is possible to switch betweenprofiles while editing. Individual profiles can be distributed into sections. With help of controlelements it is possible to double individual items, choose from code list or connect supportingapplications. Control of mandatory filled items is enabled while editing. 16 NaturNet Plus
  17. 17. 2.3.2 Concept of work with spatial dataMIcKA enables to enter spatial extent of metadata: • By choosing bounding box directly in map. All maps (for coordinates input or metadata extent display) are realised through connected WMS. Any WMS server can be connected. • By search in gazetteer. Access to gazetteers is realised through connection to WFS server. By default WFS from HSRS server is connected. It serves administrative division of the Czech Republic and Europe (up to NUTS3 level). The software is possible to connect to any WFS server. NaturNet Plus 17
  18. 18. 2.3.3 Concept of work with key namesThe system enables in accordance with standards classification of records according to: • Thematic ISO categories (mandatory for datasets) • Key words o entered by user (arbitrary) o chosen from thesaurus o In compliance with INSPIRE requirements parts of the system are: o GEMET thesaurus service client - data classification o service code listKey words are inserted in order to enable multilingual search.Support of GEMET thesaurus and service classification according to INSPIRE2.3.4 Support of the INSPIRE project • INSPIRE metadata profile is part of the system • Choice from key words from GEMET thesaurus • Choice from key words from code list of INSPIRE services • Continuous control of metadata completeness according to the INSPIRE profile • Batch control of completeness of INSPIRE profile • Implementation of catalogue service according to OGC CSW 2.0.2 standard 18 NaturNet Plus
  19. 19. Module for batch control of INSPIRE profile2.3.5 Catalogue serviceCatalogue service is part of the system. It is based on OpenGIS® Catalogue ServicesSpecification – profile Catalogue Service for Web (CSW) and OpenGIS® Catalogue ServicesSpecification 2.0.2 - ISO Metadata Application Profile standards.Supported operations are: • Basic: GetCapabilities, DescribeRecord, GetRecords, GetRecordById • Editing: (CSW-T): Transaction, Harvest • Inquiry items: according to standards • Extensions: export to GeoiRSS and KML NaturNet Plus 19
  20. 20. Extent of metadata records as an output of GeoRSS in Google Maps.2.3.6 ExtensionsTo basic MIcKA application the following modules can be connected: • CatClient – catalogue service client. It enables to search data in configuration-enabled list of connected catalogues. Accessible web services can be displayed directly in the connected map viewer. CatClient can be installed also separately without basic system MIcKA. It is elementary and the most important component of metaportal / geoportal. There are two versions available. Both can be modified according to the user needs. • WMS Viewer – display of map compositions from available services. • Micka - Lite – is an application with simple control that contains configuration-enabled form for metadata acquisition in INSPIRE profile and ISO 19139 format. Metadata is possible to store on local disk or send through CSW into MIcKA catalogue. • Metadata Extractor – enables automatic retrieval of metadata from various sources (texts, images, voice files, web pages, etc.) and their insert into metadata storage using CSW-T. • Download Manager – batch download of data from data storage for defined territory on the basis of information contained in metadata. • The system MIcKA can be further integrated with other applications. The system is suitable not only for metadata for spatial data management but basically as a tool for central management and evidence of various types of information (documents, data, applications, services, etc.) 20 NaturNet Plus
  21. 21. 2.4 HSlayersThe set of tools HS Layers is used in new generations of our map applications. It is based onJavaScript libraries OpenLayers1 and ExtJS2. Using these tools it is possible to createapplications according to user needs. These applications can vary from simple maps accessiblethrough a web site to complicated applications that are similar to desktop GIS tools in theircontrol and functionality. HSLayers are offered in two versions light and portal. Theirfunctionality is nearly the same. They differ in their character.1 http://openlayers.org/2 http://www.extjs.com/products/extjs/ NaturNet Plus 21
  22. 22. HSLayers features are coming up from OpenLayers and therefore their characteristics are asfollows: • Portrayal of various types of data: o Raster: OGC WMS(-T), Image (PNG, JPEG, GIF), … o Vector: OGC WFS(-T), GML, GeoRSS, KML, GPX, GeoJSON, … o Data sources from commercial servers: Google Maps, Virtual Earth, Yahoo Maps, … • The user interface (use control) adheres to current conventions in web map portals. • Information about queried objects in text bubbles.HSLayers additional functions: • Dynamic adding of OGC (Open Geospatial Consortium) services into map - clients for WMS and WFS • Portrayal of independent data sources on the client side. Map composition is composed on the basis of requests to various servers. It is thus not necessary to install a map server. • Saving of map composition according to WMC (Web Map Context) OGC specification on user computer for repeated future use or for sharing between users. • Extension of compute functions based on WPS (Web Processing Service) OGC service - according to user needs • Multilingual environment • Map requests to various types of data stored on various servers, with automatic processing of results • Work with micro-formats • Search on the map • On-the-fly projection on client side including S-JTSK coordinate system (direct portrayal of e.g. GPS data is therefore possible) • Connection of the application with catalogue client (OGC CSW) in the geoportal, which enables display of the searched service from catalogue directly on the map. • Edit function - snapping to chosen layers • Possibilities for advanced configuration of user requests • Advanced measuring of length and surfaces • Print of map compositions - possibility of large print outs (up to A0 format), user configuration of print settings • Display of description information of cadastre directly from COSMC web site.Contact us in case you are interested in more detailed information. 22 NaturNet Plus
  23. 23. Tourism portal Posazavi: A map is a part of the web site.Light version of HSLayers is used to build into web sites. Its functionality might be limited incomparison with the portal version, especially in user comfort (the light version does not useExtJS library as the user interface). Regardless, some components using ExtJS library can beused in the light version according to user needs.Czech INSPIRE Geoportal NaturNet Plus 23
  24. 24. The Geoportal version is a heavy version of the web based map viewer HSLayers. Beside a mapwith the necessary control features (layer management, length measurements, map inquiriesthroughout all displayed layers, print, etc.), catalogue client, MapMan (tool for creation mapcompositions, supplied by Help Forest), authentification module, metadata editor MIcKA,other features can be used. All components are interconnected and communicate with eachother.2.5 PyWPSPyWPS is project, which is developed since 2006, and tries to implement OGC WPS standardin its 1.0.0 version. It is written in Python programming language. The main goal of PyWPS is,that it has been written from the beginning, with direct support for GRASS GIS. So, PyWPScan be understand, as kind of translation library, which translates requests complain to WPSstandard, overhands them to GRASS GIS or other command line tool (such as GDAL/OGR,PROJ.4 or R statistical package), monitors the calculation progress and informs the user andafter the calculation is completed, it returns back its result. PyWPS released under terms ofGNU/GPL licence. Currently, version 3.1.0 is available.PyWPS implementationVisibility analysis for a wind generator with the height of 100 m 24 NaturNet Plus
  25. 25. 2.6 GeohostingThe main objective of Geohosting is offer services supporting creation of a spatial data sharingsystem with possibility to publish data for any users having access to Web. System is based onopen formats and is open for interaction with other SDI platforms. It could be used ineducation, but also could be solution for researchers and small data providers. The system isdeveloped on the OpenSource platforms (MapServer, GeoServer) and contains both commonvisualisation and data sharing and metadata and catalogue functionality.The Geohosting system is able to work both with data stored directly on the internal server andwith information accessible via web services. Data are saved in geodatabase by default, but thesystem is able to work also with data in individual files of different formats. Data repositoriesare represented by the File Repository and the GeoDatabase. Individual SW systemcomponents are:Data Exchange Management – a subsystem which provides physical access to data, import andexport of data in files to the Geodatabase and back, access to data via web services providingoriginal data (e.g., WFS), data editing (from a desktop or web client), access to data in mobileapplications (mediated through Mobile Data Editor Interface). This is the main componentwhich is worked out in the first stage of the EartLookCZ Project primarily for the WFS service.Implementation of the DataMan subsystem from the Geohosting system is proposed forpurposes of the portal.Mobile Data Editor Interface – a subsystem allowing data to become accessible for mobileapplications and their editing in situ. The solution is not tied to a specific platform of a mapclient (ArcPad, FieldCheck, TopoLCE, etc. can be used).Data Publication Management – a subsystem which facilitates management of geographicaldata and their publication. It allows combining several data sources (internal database data,files and web services) to generate new map compositions, and facilitates their publicationeither directly in a selected map visualization client (e.g., DHTML, GoogleMap) or in the formof a new WMS web service. Implementation requires utilization and adjusting of the MapMancomponent.HS Layers application based on Open Source SW OpenLayers has been used as VisualizationClient. This component can be integrated also into other web applications.Authorization Service provides the users with access to the portal and to individual functionson the basis of their authorization.Metadata and Catalogue System facilitates searching for data sources and generating ofmetadata records. The system complies with INSPIRE requirements and ISO 19XXX standards,and allows cascade searching in other standardized catalogue systems. The system has beenbased on the current Metadata Portal which is operated by the CENIA Agency. Micka System,under development by the Help Service Remote Sensing company, is proposed as a metadataand catalogue system.Newly published web services for geodata has been made in accordance with the OGC norms. NaturNet Plus 25
  26. 26. Desktop editor in the diagram represents one of the ways how a user could be enabled to editgeographical data. Any SW allowing work with vector data can be used as an editor;a possibility to download and use SW Janitor, which is being developed by the GIS laboratoryof the CENIA Agency as a freeware, is offered by default in the framework of the nationalGMES portal.2.6.1 DataManDataMan is a web application designed to make users’ data accessible in the web environment.Data can be made accessible either in the form of a geodatabase or individual files can beuploaded directly on the internal server. DataMan works by default with PostGIS database, butother databases accessible through the ODBC interface can be also accessed on the basis ofauthorization. In the selected database, new tables can be made, their structure can bemodified, or they can be deleted. It is also possible to make copies of existing tables and tomodify these copies. Geographical data (points, lines, and areas) is being saved in the databases,and additional information of various data types (number, string, date and time, logic value)can be added to each table. This functionality can be used for example if the user needs anoption to create his own database for geographical objects, which he could then edit directly insitu, perhaps using the Teredit application. The database table can be thus generated, editedand published by the user in MapMan.Another function of DataMan is the possibility of uploading files with geographical data on theserver. TIFF/GeoTIFF, JPEG, GIF, PNG and other raster data can be used and so can also SHP,DGN, DWG, GML and other vector data. In certain cases it is also possible to import vectordata directly into the geodatabase and use them for example during a mobile collection of data.In publishing operations, metadata publication is facilitated also in the Micka system.2.6.2 MapManMapMan, a web system for spatial data management, allows integration of data accessiblethrough standardized web services (WMS, WFS) with spatial data saved in internal databasesand files. All these data sources can be used for generating new map compositions in the webenvironment. Thus made map compositions can be displayed by the user in several ways –either in classic web browsers (OpenLayers, GoogleMap, DHTML client) or in desktopbrowsers (GoogleEarth). The possibility to publish these new compositions as a completely newWMS web service, or possibly as a WFS, constitutes, however, a significant part.Map Project Manager is an upgrade of the UMN MapServer system, which is being developedat the University of Minnesota. MapMan exploits the functionality of MapServer especially incoordinate system transformation and in communication with various web services.Project Editor constitutes the basic component of MapMan, it integrates the individualconnectors onto data sources along with publication functionality. Project Editor isinterconnected with Layers Storage and Symbol Storage, where individual layers and symbolscan be saved. An important feature of the system is its interconnection to the metadata 26 NaturNet Plus
  27. 27. catalogue, which facilitates searching out of required data from external sources on the basis ofmetadata and also collection and publication of metadata on newly made map compositions.Project Editor.Data sources can be interconnected in several different ways. Internal data sources (i.e. dataaccessible on the internal server) can be saved in databases or in files. At present SHP files andPostGIS are the supported files and databases; however, connectors for other databases and filetypes can be also relatively easily implemented.Data files are saved in predefined data directories accessible to MapMan. External data storedon remote servers are connected through WMS and WFS web services. NaturNet Plus 27
  28. 28. 2.6.3 Usage of MapMan composition - TereditTeredit is a special tool for data collection in the field, data transfer from a mobile device (PDA,notebook) to a server and for generating a project for data collection. The data can be collectedand saved onto a server in on-line or off-line mode. Teredit is a global component systemwhere the components are interconnected via a multilevel architecture. Primary data collectionprovides a “Mobile GIS Editor” – it can be any available data collected software (e.g. ArcPad forPDA) which is up to standard of functionality and communication. The second side is theinternal server of the company where the data will be stored. Teredit constitutes a bridgebetween these two sides.Teredit uses web services for data transfer. Web Map Services (WMS) will be used for transferof referential layers, Web Features Services (WFS) will provide transfer of vector data forediting. The system is proposed with transaction functionality.2.7 Metadata extractorMetadata extractor is a tool to extract available metadata directly from different files(documents, presentation, etc.), edit this metadata and publish metadata and files on URMportal. Other possibility is extract metadata (and then edit) directly from existing URLaddresses and store metadata on URM portal. Access to information is then through directURL addresses. 28 NaturNet Plus
  29. 29. Currently metadata extractor supports • publishing documents on the portal – you can select any type of file on your computer, extract and edit metadata and published this file on portal: • publishing of links to existing Web pages only putting URL of Web pages to extractor: NaturNet Plus 29
  30. 30. • or published directly new Web pages stored in Zip file. These Web pages are directly accessible through URM portal:2.8 MoodleA course management system (CMS) Moodle is Open Source software package which helpseducators create effective online learning courses and websites. The software is used all over theworld by universities, schools, companies and independent teachers. Moodle is modular inconstruction and can readily be extended by creating plugins for specific new functionality.Moodles infrastructure supports many types of plugin such as activities, resource types,question types, data field types (for the database activity), graphical themes, authenticationmethods, enrollment methods, content filters.2.9 NaturNet Redime Uniform Resource ManagementThe main objective of URM will be easy description, discovery and validation of relevantinformation sources. URM will ensure that any user can easily discover, evaluate and userelevant information. The free text engine (eg. Google) can’t be used due to the fact that inmany cases a user obtains thousands, if not millions, of irrelevant links. This happens becausethe free text engines does not fully recognise the context of researched information. Thecontext characterises any information, knowledge and observation. Context strongly influencesthe way how the information will be used. There are different definitions of context inexistence. The important issues for the context are: • to identity of an entity; • to profile of an entity; • spatial information; • temporal information; • environmental information; 30 NaturNet Plus
  31. 31. • social relation; • resources that are nearby; • availability of resources.Many context attributes characterize the environmental information or knowledge. From thepoint of view of context, the information or knowledge could be divided into different parties: • Information or knowledge provider i.e. a party supplying the resource; • Custodian, accepts accountability and responsibility for the resources and ensures appropriate care and maintenance of the resource; • Owner of the resource; • User, who uses the resource; • Distributor who distributes the resource; • Originator who created the resource; • Point of Contact to be contacted for acquiring knowledge about or acquisition of the resource; • Principal investigator responsible for gathering information and conducting research; • Processor who has processed the data in a manner such that the original resource has been modified; • Publisher, i.e. party who published the resource; • Author, i.e. party who authored the resource.A possibility for solving the discovery problem within a context is to use metadata forstandardised description of any information, knowledge, data sources, sensors, etc. Incombination with standardised lists of terms (controlled vocabularies or thesaurus,standardised way of geometric location, gazetteers and controlled list of categories), it willincrease efficiency of discovery of requested knowledge, information or data sources.Metadata is descriptive information about an object or a resource whether it is physical orelectronic. While metadata itself is relatively new, the underlying concepts behind metadatahave been used for as long as collections of information have been organized. Library cardcatalogues represent a well-established type of metadata that has served as collectionmanagement and resource discovery tools for decades. Metadata can be generated either "byhand" or derived automatically using software.The basic components, of URM could be divided into followings topics: • Metadata scheme, which define structure, which could be used for description of information • Thesaurus - These are well known examples of hierarchical systems for representing subject taxonomies in terms of the relationships between named concepts. • Geospatial thesaurus - Geospatial thesaurus supported search about geospatial object (for example gazetteers, GeoParcers, Geocoders) • Catalogue service. Service that provides discovery and management services on a store of metadata about instances. The metadata may be for dataset instances, e.g., dataset catalogue, or may contain service metadata, e.g., service catalogue. ISO 19115 is relevant to catalogue service for dataset metadata. NaturNet Plus 31
  32. 32. The URM supporting tools are part of portals, for registered users, which support directpublishing of knowledge n URM portal.A course management system (CMS) Moodle is Open Source software package which helpseducators create effective online learning courses and websites. The software is used all over theworld by universities, schools, companies and independent teachers.The objective of video lecture module is to support on line lecture given by tutor using videostreaming. The technology was developed inside of Naturnet Redime project using VLC libraryand is now published under Open Source licence. It supports an on line training using onlyinternet browser by students.2.10 JanitorMap services can also be displayed in applications run on the user’s side, which support moreadvanced user functionalities. One such application is, for example, the application Jan Map,which is a part of the System for Data Analysis and Synthesis called Janitor.Janitor is a system designed for the gathering, storing and organising, analysis and synthesis ofdata, which enables the integration of third parties’ solutions with the support of the access todata of remote data servers.Janitor provides a tool which makes it possible to use the data for so-called small to medium-sized solutions or which can form a significant complement to robust solutions oriented at GIS 32 NaturNet Plus
  33. 33. system implementation. The architecture of the system takes into account the deepeningintegration and support of the OGC as well as other standards.Janitor makes it possible to: • collect data through mobile devices and verify these data in situ; • localize data by means of GPS or draw into GIS environment; • store data in a database, a file in a workstation as well as in a remote storage facility through pre-prepared forms; • administer and update data, verify their content (validation); • gain information through data analysis and synthesis; • publish data using third-party portals or solutions; • effectively integrate third-party solutions; • The Janitor system includes the following components; • JanMap – enables the processing of spatial data and their attributes; • JanDat – enables efficient work with tables; supports the JanMap application, namely the processing of attributes; • SQLTools – makes it possible to process data from a remote database server; • ConnAdmin – provides connection to remote servers; • DataBuilder – makes it possible to easily and efficiently design form sets for entering and viewing data.2.11 MatrixBased on the recognition that ecosystems provide the basis for life on Earth, it is the sustainabledevelopment (SD) and management of these services that enables continued human health andwelfare. However, prosperity also depends on continued economic development wherebyindustrial growth and the expansion of built-up areas and their associated infrastructures oftenexert negative impact on people and their social and natural environment.To be sustainable, development needs to balance the environmental, social and economicinterests and expectations of societies. This is a complex, multi- and cross-disciplinary processwhich is based on many determinants rendering the understanding and therefore acceptance ofSD a difficult task for most people.In order to make the ordinary person aware of some of the issues that need to be considered inSD and to illustrate the complexity involved in achieving its aims, the NaturNet-Redime (NNR)project seeks to demonstrate the role and interaction of some of these interests and parametersthat are so important for SD through the example of the integrated Environmental ImpactAssessment (iEIA) methodology.This educational objective will be achieved with the help of an e-learning module for SD thatdeals with the topical example of the construction and assessment of the potential impactscaused by a wind generator. The user will be able to select and interpret a variety of data,perform simple analyses of the impacts the environmental, social and economic parameters are NaturNet Plus 33
  34. 34. exposed to and enter the results in the corresponding conflict matrices. These impacts can bejudged “Zero”, “Low”, “Medium” or “High”.Example conflict matrix with environmental parameters.Example conflict matrix with social parameters.Example conflict matrix with economic parameters.This module is specifically designed for Internet users such as ordinary citizens, pupils orstudents and is using standardised e-learning software. Based on a broad introduction into SD,this practical e-learning module will provide focussed tasks for the user investigating andassessing examples of related environmental, social and economic parameters – whereby theassembly and interactions of these parameters represent the approach that conforms with theconcept of SD. Opportunities are also provided for additional investigation by those users whowish to develop their interest in SD in more depth.This SD e-learning module will guide the user through a simplified iEIA process, whereby s/hewill be able to gather information on the context and detail of the environmental, social andeconomic parameters that form the background of the proposed infrastructure development.The user will be supported by pertinent multi-media information - such as environmental,socio-cultural and economic data, which is presented as text, links, photographs, movies,sound, etc. Relevant geographical information will be provided by one of the regionaladministrations that is participating in the NNR Project. This information will be madeaccessible through the newly-developed distributed web services of the NNR Internet Portal 34 NaturNet Plus
  35. 35. and the analysis of this geographical data may be carried out as part of the learning activityonline, demonstrating the application of geographic information in sustainable development inEurope. The potential for the provision of facilities for the use of mobile devices in an outdoorenvironment is being discussed at present enabling the verification and/or adding of actual datato the iEIA database.An example of the application of such geographic information is the analysis of the visualimpact of a wind generator with a height of 100 m. The analysis is conducted by calculatingvisibility based on elevation data and overlaying this information with a further geographiclayer containing the adjacent urban area. As a result, the user can interpret the visibility of thewind generator in respect to the area it covers (highlighted in blue). The user will be able tointerpret the selected data, perform a simple analysis of the impacts the multiple parameters areexposed to and enter the results in a conflict matrix. These impacts can be judged “Zero”,“Low”, “Medium” or “High”.The result indicates that due to topographic conditions the vast majority of the citizens ofJihlava cannot see the wind generator and allows a conclusion as to the level of impact thiscauses. On the basis of the preceding study made by the user of the issue of the parameter“Landscape & Visibility” and depending on the importance s/he attributes to the resultingimpact, the correspondent rating is entered into the conflict matrices as shown in the examplebelow.Environmental conflict matrix showing impact rating entered.The combined impact ratings selected by the user for all the parameters contained in theenvironmental, social and economic conflict matrices will provide an overview of the overallimpact of the assumed development and present one of a series of possible outcomes which inits totality represents a particular state of SD. As these possible outcomes directly relate to theparticular preferences selected by the user they will be. NaturNet Plus 35
  36. 36. 36 NaturNet Plus
  37. 37. 3. Training Platform3.1 Initial version of the platform from the NaturNet-Redime projectThe NaturNet Plus educational platform is based on the former NaturNet Redime portal. Theinitial portal will be adopted and modified on the basis of User Needs analysis.The NaturNet Redime portal for presentation and sharing of knowledge and tools aboutEuropean sustainability was not established as a single application offering people informationor learning content. It was built as an interoperable network, with effective exchange ofinformation, knowledge, services, etc.The NaturNet-Redime version of portal offered the following possibilities: • Publishing of metadata • Searching for information • Composite different information • Visualising information • Providing training • WikiMedia • Videoconferencing • Support for qualitative reasoningThe NaturNet-Redime platform was designed as a wide range of tools and functions, whichprovides data combinations from various sources. NaturNet Plus 37
  38. 38. NaturNet-Redime Deployment model. 38 NaturNet Plus
  39. 39. The NaturNet-Redime portal was established for presenting and sharing of knowledge andtools about European sustainability. This educational system was open to other existinginteroperable systems. The system was possible to use for awareness about tools developed inrunning and future FP6 projects. The publishing of these tools and information on theNaturNet Redime portal was possible without interaction of the NaturNet-Redime portalprogrammers. It was possible to publish the data directly through the NaturNet-Redimemetadata system Micka. The NaturNet-Redime portal supported publishing of spatialinformation using OGC Web services and also publishing of any information and toolsaccessible on the Internet.3.2 NaturNet Uniform Resource Management (URM)The main objective of URM was easy description, discovery and validation of relevantinformation sources. URM ensures that any user can easily discover, evaluate and use relevantinformation. Context strongly influences the way how the information will be used. There aredifferent definitions of context in existence. Many context attributes characterize theenvironmental information or knowledge. From the point of view of context, the informationor knowledge could be divided into different parts: • Information or knowledge provider i.e. a party supplying the resource. • Custodian accepts accountability and responsibility for the resources and ensures appropriate care and maintenance of the resource. • Owner of the resource. • User, who uses the resource. • Distributor who distributes the resource. • Originator who created the resource. • Point of contact to be contacted for acquiring knowledge about or acquisition of the resource. • Principal investigator responsible for gathering information and conducting research. • Processor who has processed the data in a manner such that the original resource has been modified. • Publisher, i.e. party who published the resource. • Author, i.e. party who authored the resource.A possibility for solving the discovery problem within a context is to use metadata forstandardised description of any information, knowledge, data sources, sensors, etc. Incombination with standardised lists of terms (controlled vocabularies or thesaurus,standardised way of geometric location, gazetteers and controlled list of categories), it willincrease efficiency of discovery of requested knowledge, information or data sources. Metadatais descriptive information about an object or a resource whether it is physical or electronic.While metadata itself is relatively new, the underlying concepts behind metadata have beenused for as long as collections of information have been organized. NaturNet Plus 39
  40. 40. 3.3 User communitiesNaturNet Plus is mainly targeting the following groups: • On local level – the project partners (politicians and decision makers in the field of environment and tourism, regional and local governments, cities, ...) • On regional and interregional level (public authorities, private companies, associations, universities, tourist offices, tourist industry) • On national and European level (expert panels on basic issues of sustainable tourism, professional associations, universities and other relevant research centres) • Citizens and different tourist social networks (this groups are main users of tourist services) - their opinion is most important for local authorities and tourist services providers. Their involvement is also important for education of other groups. Their need has to be satisfied by tourist services. Involvement of this group is a complex process and it requires new techniques supporting the interconnection with existing social tourist networks.New NaturNet portal has to support the involvement and participation on educationalprocesses from all the groups.3.4 User expectationsOn the basis of the analysis of user needs there were identified the following priorities: • Sustainable tourism as a tool of development in natural sensitive areas - Experience from previous European projects like EMIRES, REGEO, NaturNet Redime project etc. How to organise tourism, how to promote regions, collaboration of tourist providers, the tools for promoting and the tools for collaboration. • Collaborative gaming as a tool for promoting of environment and cultural heritage. • Political consequences of sustainable development principles on local and regional level (in relation to regional and local development activities) - the training will be focused on local and regional decision makers to inform their about requirements coming from principles of sustainable development for local and regional level. What will be necessary to do and how the implementation should be organised organised on local. • OpenStreet network - OpenStreet network base model for building of global information system supporting tourism in rural and natural regions. • Collaborative Sustainable and Environment Impacts Assessment methodology - Collaborative Sustainable and Environment Impacts Assessment methodology from NaturNet Redime Matrix. How related information for SEIA and EIA could be managed and published. What is the reason, why is it important to involve citizens and stakeholders in this processes. Relation to other activities as planning and territorial decision. • Using spatial information for tourist support - Using spatial information for tourist support, planning, EIA, SEIA. What is the current status of working with spatial information based on the INSPIRE directive, what are the available tools, how data could be used, collected, published and shared. 40 NaturNet Plus
  41. 41. 3.5 Basic components of the NaturNet Plus architectureTo be possible to cover the interests and needs of all user groups, to support their directparticipation, redesign of initial the NaturNet Redime architecture was provided. The redesignwas realised in such way, that all the initial functionalities of the NaturNet Redime portal aresupported, but more Web 2.0 tools are implemented to support better integration of portalwith social networks.Basic NaturNet Plus Architecture Components NaturNet Plus 41
  42. 42. 3.5.1 Authorisation and Authentication ToolsAuthorisation and authentication tools will manage access to all components of the system andalso to the relevant data and information resources. Non authorised person will have possibilityonly to: • search and visualise free content using Discovery and Visualisation Modules; • passive usage of free lecture in on line lecture tools; • passive access to the content in Social Space.All other users will have an access to different level of functionality on the basis of their usergroups. Access right will give them possibility to see content on the basis of their rightsincluding publish information in library, using on line lecture tools or social space, etc.Diagram of the authorisation phase. 42 NaturNet Plus
  43. 43. 3.5.2 LibraryLibrary is a set of tools that allow the information management on the server. The informationcan have the following forms: • Digital maps; • Files (e.g. document, images, videos); • Links to external information sources; • Management of non-structured documents; • Learning lecture (this part is used mainly for the purpose of interoperability with former portal).3.5.3 Information management toolsThe tools supporting the information management are: • Metadata catalogue - Micka; • Support for management and publishing of spatial data – Geohosting including DataMan, MapMan; • Support for publishing of files and external information sources – Metadata extractor; • Learning Management System – Moodle; • Management of non-structured information - MediaWiki.3.5.3.1 MediaWikiMediaWiki is a free server-based software, that is licensed under the GNU General PublicLicense (GPL). Its designed to be run on a large server farm for a website that gets millions ofhits per day. MediaWiki is extremely powerful, scaleable software and a feature-rich wikiimplementation, that uses PHP to process and display data stored in its MySQL database.Pagesuse MediaWikis wikitext format, so that users without knowledge of XHTML or CSS can editthem easily.When a user submits an edit to a page, MediaWiki writes it to the database, but withoutdeleting the previous versions of the page, thus allowing easy reverts in case of vandalism orspamming. MediaWiki can manage image and multimedia files, too, which are stored in the filesystem. For large wikis with lots of users, MediaWiki supports caching and can be easilycoupled with Squid proxy server software. Wikitext language or wiki markup is a markuplanguage that offers a simplified alternative to HTML and is used to write pages in wikiwebsites. Wikitext is text in this language.There is no commonly accepted standard wikitext language. The grammar, structure, features,keywords and so on are dependent on the particular wiki software used on the particularwebsite. For example, all wikitext markup languages have a simple way of hyperlinking to otherpages within the site, but there are several different syntax conventions for these links. Manywikis, especially the earlier ones, use CamelCase to mark words that should be automatically NaturNet Plus 43
  44. 44. linked. In many modern wikis (such as Wikipedia and other MediaWiki-based wikis) thisconvention was abandoned in favour of explicit link markup, e.g. with [[…]].Some wiki programs allow extensive optional use of HTML tags within wikitext, othersa smaller subset, and still others no HTML at all. In some cases, restrictions on HTML may bedetermined by each site that uses the program.MediaWiki, the software that runs Wikipedia, has a wiki markup language that allows manycommon HTML tags, but provides a simple, readable syntax that is intended to allow users touse it without knowing HTML.3.5.4 Discovery and visualisationDiscovery and visualisation will allow to both, registered and non-registered users to accessinformation (according their rights) on the discovery necessary information and theirvisualisation. This part of services support not only visualisation on the NaturNet portal, butalso on other portals. The discovery services support search through multiple commentaryportals. Maps will be visualised using special client on portal, other type of information by toolsrelated to this concrete type of information on clients’ computers. 44 NaturNet Plus
  45. 45. 3.5.4.1 Discovery services - CatalogueCatalogue services are the key technology for locating, managing and maintaining distributedgeo-resources (i.e. geospatial data, applications and services). With OGC catalogue services,client applications are capable of searching for geo-resources in a standardized way (i.e.through standardized interfaces and operations) and, ideally, they are based on a well-knowninformation model, which includes spatial references and further descriptive (thematic)information that enables client applications to search for geo-resources in very efficient ways.Whereas interfaces and operations of OGC catalogue services are well defined, it is left up tothe developer of the system to define a specific information model which a catalogue serviceinstance provides. This includes, but is not limited to, the information which can be inserted inthe catalogue, supported query languages, available search terms, response/result sets, etc. Thispoint is of major importance with respect to interoperability between different catalogueservice instances.Catalogue services are based on system Micka. It is based on OpenGIS® Catalogue ServicesSpecification – profile Catalogue Service for Web (CSW) and OpenGIS® Catalogue ServicesSpecification 2.0.2 - ISO Metadata Application Profile standards.Supported operations: • Basic: GetCapabilities, DescribeRecord, GetRecords, GetRecordById • Editing: (CSW-T): Transaction, Harvest • Multiple search through many catalogues • Inquiry items: according to standards • Extensions: export to GeoiRSS and KML • Open Web Search NaturNet Plus 45
  46. 46. 3.5.4.2 Functionality descriptionCatalogue client supports the following functionality: • Adding New catalogue services • Basic search • Advanced search • Metadata visualisation • Viewing of informatik3.5.4.3 Visualisation HSLayersHSLayers (Help Service+OpenLayers) combines capabilities of ExtJS and OpenLayers andseveral helper scripts, to truly Web GIS applications. Development has been started in 2007 andIt has been open sourced after 2 years of development, in 2009, and released under conditionsof GNU General Public License 3.HS Layers are described in detail in the previous chapter.3.5.5 Social spaceSocial space or social network site will support publishing information by all systems users onthe base of their rights. It will enable to share this information using other social network sites.It will support easy extension of the community.“A social network consists of a finite set or sets of actors and the relation or relations definedon them. The presence of relational information is a critical and defining feature of a socialnetwork.” [Wasserman, 1994]Web 2.0 applications include blogs, wikis, podcasts, RSS feeds, tagging, social network sites(e.g. Facebook, Myspace), search engines, Massive Multiplayer Online and others. The focus ofthe NaturNet Plus project is on social network sites (e.g Facebook, Twitter) as one of the maindissemination and communication tool. The main aim of this activity is to communicate (togive information and to retrieve some feedback) about the NaturNet Plus developmentsthrough the NaturNet Plus Portal. This will enable to induce discussion about certain topics.The retrieved feedback should serve as input information for further developments.The NaturNet Plus portal will be an entry point for any news (new developments, problematictopics, progress in the project, etc.). News will be posted by the project partners and will beautomatically distributed to a number of selected communities – social network sites. Feedbackfrom these social network sites will be retrieved using RSS and answered again from the centralpoint – NaturNet Plus portal. 46 NaturNet Plus
  47. 47. Portal & Social Network Sites.This approach will allow involving other communities from one place without having to entereach community. Users of various social network sites can read entries and comment throughtheir respective communities and don’t have to register elsewhere. This will form Citizen andtourist communities group. Its feedback will give an opinion about different types of tourism.The opinion of tourist community will be important part of the education. The main purposeof tourism is user satisfaction. The tourist community will be able to use these NaturNet Plussocial networks tools to satisfy their needs.The tools that will guarantee required functionality will be supported by SimpleCMS.3.5.6 SimpleCMSSimpleCMS Content management system is focused on usability and simplicity for end usersand its mind. Main advantage in comparison with other CMS systems is simple approach forsolving complex tasks. Clarity and security of the implementation is the main target. ThesimpleCMS provides access to the following features and/or provides access to the followingoptions. NaturNet Plus 47
  48. 48. 3.5.6.1 Menu User can define its own menu and submenus. Any menu or submenu can be external link (link pointing to any place on the Internet and not into the CMS itself), where the redirector functionality is implemented and users can return back to the CMS using visible controls. Any menu can be set as Homepage, where of course only one Homepage per SimpleCMS instance is possible. Menu ranking can be reordered in any way to best fit any updates that might be required during the usage. 3.5.6.2 Article Content holders - they are holding the data you want to publish. As regular articles they are composed from the perex and the content itself. Using WYSIWYG editor provides nice user experience to beginners and support for full inline html can please any person wanting to do more fine grained look of desired article. The editor allows inserting various multimedia content that user can think of, videos, photos, etc. There is a special support for inserting dynamic maps. Each article can be enhanced by adding various file attachments, which will be described later.3.5.6.3 MessageEach menu can be accompanied by the message item, which in reality is simplified article thatcontains just one view on short text that does not implement detailed view so it could bedescribed as „perex“ only. Since the messages are always on top over the articles they can bebest used as the menu description. Also here is used the some WISIWIG editor, with fullfunctionality. 48 NaturNet Plus
  49. 49. 3.5.6.4 RSSThe CMS supports RSS feeds including any RSS feeds from remote sites. It allows a nice andhandy way of promotion of our services that we want our user to know about.3.5.6.5 TranslationsThe controls of the CMS can be translated into various languages where the gettext localisationsystem is used, which provides easy translations to most known languages and possibility to usealready created vocabularies from any other open-source project. It makes translating workreally simple.3.5.6.6 Remote articles promotionEach menu in the CMS setup has automatically generated RSS feed for grabs to others. Alsooptional connectivity to Posterous is possible, so your web presentation can be presented on allvarious social networking sites (for example Facebook).3.5.7 Video lecture tool BizBizDistance training (remote training) using video lecture tools is comparatively new method.Video lecture tool BizBiz offers many possibilities for training (combining first three methods).BizBiz is a web browser based e-conference collaboration and learning tool which allowsconference members to watch live video enabled presentations remotely from their computers.It does not require users to install special software apart from modern web browser and javavirtual environment and most of the configuration connected with webcam and screencast isdone automatically. NaturNet Plus 49
  50. 50. Minimal requirement on additional equipment are headphones, (optionally – webcam). BizBizfocuses on providing a learning platform for spatial planning and GIS but can be used also inother applications. BizBiz is free of charge and published under open source (Affero GPL)licence in source forge.3.5.7.1 BizBiz features • Multilingual – BizBiz currently supports English, Czech, Bulgarian, Italian, Greek, Latvian, Lithuanian languages, but more languages can be added if necessary; • Lectures creating and editing – BizBiz supports tools for preparing and editing lectures by lecturers; • Lecturers live narration using webcam provided video and audio; • WhiteBoard (WB) - WB allows to put on it following elements: – images (e.g., slideshows) presentation, – simple screencast using an automatically installed Java application – webpage demonstration through screencasting, – online maps, – synchronous pre-recorded video display; • Drawing tools for drawing on WB elements; • Keyword list and glossary of lecture; • Uploading files necessary for lecture; • Metadata description of lecture; • Mechanism of permissions – the lecturer is able to grant the following permissions to individual student: – broadcast video; – broadcast audio, – upload files, – slide transition, – draw on slides, – edit lecture data, – edit slides, 50 NaturNet Plus
  51. 51. – edit glossary, – switch groups; • text chat; • polls and surveys – it allows the lecturer to conduct questions with multiple choice answers directed to the audience; • student test mode – each student in separate sandbox. Lecturer can join each one and monitor their work lecture recording; • lecture playback.3.5.7.2 Lecture life cycleEvery lecture’s life cycle consists of several stages: • upcoming lecture – when a lecture has been created by lecturer and published in BizBiz lecture list, • live lecture – when a lecture is online, • archived lecture – after end of online lecture.Upcoming lecture stageThis is the stage where a lecturer creates new lecture. After this creation the lecture data couldbe modified till next stage.Lecturer submits the following data for every new lecture: • name, surname, • short description of lecture, • lecture access (public, with invitation, with password), • planned start time, • keywords, • glossary, • uploads necessary files, • submits data for WB: uploads images (presentation slides in ppt, odp, jpg, png, gif formats), web links, maps and uploads pre-recorded video files or inserts embeddable videos from popular video sites like youtube, • metadata about lecture in Dublin Core metadata standard.The lecture is published for audience who use BizBiz. After publishing students are able to lookall data about upcoming lecture and prepare to it. They can send their suggestions and notes bytext chat to the lecturer and the lecturer can make modifications.Live lecture stageThe lecture is online. There are several ways how the lecturer can manage the lecture:Simple lecture without feedback - In this case the lecturer takes full part in this event – he/sheuses webcam, shows slides on WB, draw on slides, shows maps and pre-recorded video files. NaturNet Plus 51
  52. 52. Audience mainly have means to watch and hear the lecturer on their personal computers andcontact with the lecturer and others by chatting.Lecture with feedback - There are many possibilities: • the lecturer can allow video browsing to some students. It can be done by mechanism of permissions. In this way the lecturer has feedback with those students whom he allowed video browsing. Then after little dialog between the lecturer and those students, the lecturer can switch off these pemissions and switch on for other student/students. Thus the lecturer can organise feedback with audience. • The lecturer can achieve feedback with audience by switching on permission draw on slides to one or more student. It can be used when the lecturer shows maps on WB. • the lecturer can use BizBiz feature polls and surveys. It allows the lecturer to make polling about interesting questions. • Using BizBiz feature student test mode the lecturer can separate students in separate sandbox. The lecturer can join each one and monitor their worklecture recording. For example each student can draw the solution of some excercise on a blank slide and only he and the lecturer can see it.Archived lecture stageThis is a stage when the lecture is ended by the lecturer. After that, no user can join the lecture,until it is started again.Each lecture after ending can be prepared by lecturer for playback. Audience can playbackthem individually.What about lectures which doesn’t start. There are several possibilities: • The lecturer can edit lecture’s data. If planned time is modified then the life cycle of lecture changes and it is upcoming lecture stage. • Audience is able to look all data about this lecture. • The lecturer can delete this lecture.3.5.7.3 Recorded lecturesThese lectures beside online lectures becomes more and more popular.Lecturers can prepare lecture course and submit data about them in BizBiz lecture database. Ifthe lecture is not secured by a password, then all the resources become public and can beaccessed.Audience is able playback these lectures individually. 52 NaturNet Plus
  53. 53. 4. Destination management – pilot regions4.1 Podyjí National Park© All the texts in this section are under copyright to Správa Národního parku Podyjí.4.1.1 Local AreaThe area of Podyji National Park is described here.General information about NP Podyjí:NP Area: 63 km²Protected Area: 29 km²Length of Dyje inside NP: 40 kmHighest point: 536 m.a.s.l.Lowest point: 207 m.a.s.l.Forest cover: 84 %Area used for agriculture: 9%Other areas: 7%Podyjí National Park was declared on 1 July 1991 in the Government Regulation No. 164/1991.A protection zone was set up to manage the park and to ensure the protection of nature on theterritory. NaturNet Plus 53
  54. 54. The beginnings of the large-surface-area protection of the middle reaches of the Dyje river dateback to 1978, when the Podyjí Protected Landscape Area was declared on an area of 103 km2.The majority of this area was included in the militarised border zone and was closed to thegeneral public. After the political changes in 1989 preparations were made to declare thisterritory with exceptional natural quality as a national park, which was achieved in 1991. PodyjíNP is the smallest national park in the Czech Republic by area as the NP covers 63 km2 witha buffer zone of 29 km2. Podyjí NP primarily includes the valley of the middle reaches of theDyje river between Vranov nad Dyjí and Znojmo, along the state border with Austria. On 1stJanuary, 2000 the Austrian bank of the river was declared as National Park Thayatal to forma unique, bilateral territory of European importance.The rugged terrain of the middle Dyje valley forms a part of the hilly country of the South-eastern edge of the Czech-Moravian Highlands, while the eastern edge of the park belongs tothe Dyje – Svratka River Basin. The geological basement is predominantly formed of acidicminerals of the Moravicum – the Dyje Arch and the Dyje Massif.The national park represents an exceptionally well-preserved example of a river valleylandscape in the hill country level of central Europe. The canyon of the Dyje creates a uniqueriver phenomenon with numerous meanders, the deeply incised valleys of sidestreams, a widevariety of rock formations, boulder fields and rocky cliffs. Most of the similar river valleys inthis country have been modified by the construction of dams, roads, railway lines andrecreational areas.The territory is home to a great variety of plant and animal communities, which ispredetermined by the varying slope exposition in the Dyje valley, the complicated relief and thevariety of geological basements. The natural backbone of the territory is the Dyje river whichhas carved a canyon-like valley up to 220 m deep in the rocks of the Bohemian Massif on its40 km flow from Vranov to Znojmo. The whole valley is almost completely covered by near-natural forests. In the western part of the NP we can find remnants of the native sub-montanebeechwoods with firs and yew, which pass into oak-hornbeam stands as we move eastwardsand finally into thermophilous oakwoods. As well as the common forest tree species we canalso find rarer trees and shrubs, but which are characteristic for Podyjí. Examples are the 54 NaturNet Plus
  55. 55. Mahaleb Cherry, Cornelian Cherry, Cotoneaster and Juniper. In inversion areas we can findEuropean Bladdernut, Alpine Rose and Sycamore. In the warmer south-eastern section of thepark the following species occur – Wayfaring Tree, Mezereon, the Oak Quercus dalechampii,Scotch Rose and French Rose. The endemic Hardegg Rowan can only be found in the Czech –Austrian Dyje (Thaya) valley.The whole territory is significantly influenced by the so-called valley phenomenon, whichallows thermophilous plant and animal species from the warm Pannonian region to the south-east to move westwards along the Dyje valley. On the contrary, submontane species migrateeastwards along the valley, where we can find them on colder and shaded north-facing slopes inthe valley.Among the most interesting specially protected plant species we can mention Black Hellebore,Perennial Honesty, Cyclamen, Hungarian Mullein, Great Pasque Flower, Hungarian Iris,Yellow Ox-eye Daisy, Corn Brome, 18 orchid species and many others.The unique heathland and steppe grasslands in the south-eastern part of the park were formedin medieval times after the native thermophilous oakwoods were cut down and these areaswere then grazed by cattle, sheep and goats. These heathlands are especially significant due tothe occurrence of a large number of rare thermophyte plant and insect species as well as theshrubby growths of Heather, Hairy Greenweed, Regensburg Broom etc. This type of heathlandgrowing in xerothermophilous (hot and dry) conditions is of an endemic character and doesnot occur anywhere else. A total of 65 mammal species have been recorded on the NP territory(e.g. the Otter, Brandt’s Bat, Field Vole, Bi-coloured White-toothed Shrew) and 152 species ofbirds, of which around 2/3 nest here (e.g. Black Stork, Hoopoe, Honey Buzzard, Tengmalm’sOwl, Eagle Owl, Kingfisher). The most notable of the 7 reptile species are the Tree Snake andthe Emerald Lizard. Of the amphibians the most significant are the Fire Salamander, GreatCrested Newt and several frog species. The fish are primarily represented by the Brown Troutand the Grayling. Several native fish species of the “barbel belt“, including the Barbel and theNase, still survive in the Dyje, where they had always lived before the construction of theVranov Dam further upstream, which changed the river into a “secondary trout zone“.Bullheads are also common in the natural flows of the Dyje.The national park is the home to an unbelievable variety of insects and the specially protectedspecies which live here are the Praying Mantis, the Owlfly Libelloides Macaronius and theMantisfly. The butterflies include 13 specially protected species (Southern Festoon, Swallowtailand Scarce Swallowtail, Clouded Apollo etc.). The beetles are also represented by speciallyprotected species such as the European Rhinoceros Beetle, Stag Beetle, Great Capricorn Beetleetc.4.1.2 TouristsTourism is these days very attractive all over the world. Travel agencies provide support to getto any destination. The ecosystems of the nature are not preserved. National parks arebecoming more and more important in order to keep the balance in the nature and also insocial relations. NaturNet Plus 55
  56. 56. The rangers of the Podyji National Park are therefore faced to a tremendous challenge toprotect the nature from huge tourism and demage but at the same time to satisfy the needs oftourists.The fauna in Podyjí NP is very interesting and extremely varied as a result of the park’slocation, climate, geomorphology, and the level of preservation of the territory. Podyjí NationalPark is one of the most notable territories in central Europe for its wealth of flora andvegetation. The protection of fauna and flora is therefore essential. 56 NaturNet Plus
  57. 57. 4.1.3 Management of the ParkThis section describes some of the management tasks in the Podyji National park. © 2007Správa Národního parku Podyjí.4.1.4 Forest ManagementManagement of the forests in the national park is one of the basic tasks for the NPAdministration and this involves maintaining near-natural communities and supporting theirspontaneous development. The level of preservation of the Podyjí forest communities withinthe realms of the European hill country level is unique, especially when we consider that thisterritory has been influenced and modified by human activity for much longer than highlandor mountain forests which lie at higher elevations.However, we can also find forest stands here which are very different from their naturalcondition. The main task for forest management in Podyjí NP is to work to correct the treespecies composition, stand structure (vertical completeness of the forest stands) and texture(horizontal differentiation into individual development stages) in the modified forest stands sothat they become closer to the model for potential natural vegetation (i.e. the vegetation thatwould grow here, given the current climate and locality conditions, and if man had neverintervened in the area). NaturNet Plus 57
  58. 58. 4.1.5 Natura 2000The basic reason why the European Union exists is to support mutually beneficial co-operationbetween states and to break down unnecessary political, national and psychological barriers.The European states were once divided by political borders but this fact did not affect thenature too much.The Natura 2000 system of European protected areas was established on the basis of Europe-wide protection of these natural phenomena, which the individual states have in common orwhich are important in a Europe-wide context. This idea developed gradually and hascrystalised into two branches of Europe-wide protection.The protection of birds is built on the “Birds Directive” EEC No. 79/409. This document, whichall EU members must respect, ensures that European protected bird species, their important 58 NaturNet Plus
  59. 59. habitats and nesting sites are protected all across the continent. The protection regime sets outa ban on killing, catching, damaging nests and eggs. Individuals of protected bird species mustnot be disturbed or held in captivity. In the Czech Republic 39 Bird Areas have been chosenand authorised to protect these bird species and another 2 are being prepared.The Podyjí Bird Area has been declared along the middle reaches of the Dyje river and this BirdArea includes the whole of Podyjí NP as well as further localities on its eastern edge. Thesubjects of the protection are the Syrian Woodpecker and the Barred Warbler. Other Europe-wide protected bird species which occur here include the Black Woodpecker, Middle-spottedWoodpecker, Grey-headed Woodpecker, Kingfisher, Tengmalm’s Owl, Eagle Owl etc. but thequantitative and qualitative parameters of their occurrence have not been met here to ensuretheir protection.The next nearest bird area to Podyjí NP is the Jaroslavické rybníky (Jaroslavice Fishponds)which lies around 25 km east of Podyjí NP and which was established to protect the NightHeron. NaturNet Plus 59

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