Pp on conventions

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Pp on conventions

  1. 1. CONVENTIONS IN TV DRAMAS By Nathan Francis, Ollie, Sophie and Beth. TV drama mainly looks at four aspects of life. These are crime drama, medical drama, costume drama and soap operas.
  2. 2. GENRE  A category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter.  A sub-genre is a sub category in a particular genre, for example, in TV crime-dramas, the genre would be drama and the sub-genre would be crime.
  3. 3. SOAP CONVENTIONS  In most TV soap operas there are certain aspects of them that are the same, for example, A British soap opera almost always features the following conventions:  It is a serialized drama that usually runs week-in, week-out, all year round.  It features continuous storylines dealing with domestic themes and personal or family relationships.  It generally has a well-known theme tune.  Small cast, allows more screen time for each character.  The plots are open-ended and usually many storylines are featured or even interlinked in an episode.  They are often set around a small, central area such as a square (as in EastEnders).
  4. 4. SOAP CONVENTIONS  Soaps often have special episodes for events in the real world such as Christmas or the Millennium.  British soaps most often feature common, ordinary, working class characters, reflecting the preferences of the target audience.  As a rule, British soaps are realistic or, at least, aim for realism.  Soap operas usually end on a cliff hanger with a close up reaction shot of someone's face and the next episode will usually begin on this shot too. Todorovs theory does not apply to soap operas as he says that the end end of the episode there will be equilibrium.  Three, four or even five storylines will be in progress during any one episode, with the action switching between them. As one narrative is resolved, another completely different one with different characters will already be underway.
  5. 5. CONVENTIONS OF COSTUME:  Costume/period drama’s are often adaptations of a famous 'classic' novel or play but can also be original works.  They dramatize different points in history and can be quite different from contemporary dramas.  This type of drama is normally part of a series.  These drama’s are old fashion/can be set in tutor times and traditional.  A typical period drama is set in a large country mansion house.
  6. 6. CONVENTIONS OF TV CRIME DRAMAS A TV crime drama will be identified and portrayed in a certain way, so that the viewer will immediately recognize the category in which this TV drama falls into (crime). The conventions that are essential in creating a convincing crime drama are: Character types, Setting, Narrative, Style, Themes. Crime dramas can focus on many different people within or outside of the law. For example Police, lawyers, criminals, a team of detectives, or even a vigilante.
  7. 7. TV CRIME DRAMAS Long drawn out TV crime drama will likely have many sub-plots, in which characters will from friendships or become enemy’s. Here are some of the key elements to a crime Drama:  A mystery/problem that needs to be solved  The resolution to a mystery/problem  Question or morality  Debates about innocence and guilt  Conflict between modes of policing  Different characteristics of villainy
  8. 8. MEDICAL TV DRAMA  Medical dramas can also be similar to crime dramas as often doctors get police involved as they realize an accident is always quite an accident or they realize the reason someone is in hospital is because of their own dodgy mistakes.  Medical TV Dramas always hold emotional or life changing moments to a doctor or patients life e.g. a patient dying.
  9. 9. MEDICAL TV DRAMA Conventions of a Medical TV Drama:  Usually set in a hospital or a doctors which is the point of interaction (where everything happens).  The characters often witness horrific events, due to it being set in a hospital there is usually a lot of blood and gore.  Similar to a Soap Opera but a Medical TV Drama is believed to be more educational by using more medical terms and showing what it is like to work in a hospital in a way, but it is more dramatized. (It relates to soap operas in the way that there are usually 2 doctors that fall in love and there are usually tensions and arguments between doctors.)
  10. 10. VLADIMIR PROPP  Vladimir Propp says that there will always be a hero and a villain in soap operas. His theory is that there will be a struggle between the two but in the end, the hero will overcome this villain, for example, during the present Eastenders storyline, Carl White is the villain while Phil Mitchell is being seen as the hero because he is fighting back against him.
  11. 11. TODOROV’S NARRATIVE THEORY TV crime drama follows Todorov’s theory. He believed that the formula for most dramas/story’s started with little action at the equilibrium, then comes the disruption of the equilibrium by some action. Next he believed there needed to be recognition of the disruption and after this an attempt to repair the disruption. Finally a reinstatement of the equilibrium. However as often can be seen in TV Crime dramas, you can be left on a cliff hanger which goes against Todorov’s theory.

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