Occupy Wall Street is a movement that began on September 17, 2011 in Liberty Square in Manhattan’s Financial District. Occupy Wall Street is a people-powered movement that is fighting against major banks, multinational corporations, and the role of Wall Street in the recent economic collapse. The movement has focused on fighting against the 1%, the richest people that dictate the rule of the global economy. The movement organizes itself using consensus based collective decision-making. Occupy Wall Street has produced their own website as a resource for the “growing occupation movement happening on Wall Street and around the world.” http://occupywallst.org/about/ . The about section stresses the importance of solidarity and lists what the movement stands for “Principles of Solidarity, Statement of Autonomy, Declaration of the Occupation, Everyone has the Right to Occupy Space, Safely.” The about me section ends with “Solidarity Forever!” Occupied Wall Street
Under the google search “The Bonus Army” an image of a the “published broadside.” Broadside publications means that it is a printed only on one side of a large sheet of paper. The sheet explains the purpose and is trying to recruit marchers. The image reads calls for “Negro - Rank and File - White” to march to Washington at the opening of congress. Rank and file are individual members of a political organization and is exclusive of its leadership. A portion of the text reads “Heroes in 1917; They Call us “Criminals” Now. The broadside encourages all veterans to come and help march. They blame the billionaires in 1917 who made profits from the war and who continue to make profit today. “The Congress that refused to give the starving veterans the bonus gave through the Reconstruction Finance Corporation four and a half billion dollars for the bankers, the railroads, and other big corporations.” It is interesting that this is the first time we hear about the Veterans complaining about a similar “bank bailout” we saw in 2011. The veterans rely on their image as heroes to call for public opinion. “We got the bullets and the gas in 1917. Many of us were maimed and crippled for life. In 1932 we get the bullets and gas of the police, as we did in Washington, and of the troops, which Hoover called out against us.” Their argument is compelling. They fought for the United States of America and it is now time for the United States to pay them back for risking their lives.
Mobilization through History: ACloser Look at the Bonus Army and Occupy Movement Kelly Kern Nathalie Davidson
Research Questions• Our overall question asks what are the similarities and differences between these comparable movements?• Our sub-questions being: how is the veteran identity used in the Bonus Army and in Occupy? How is the veteran identity portrayed in movement produced media?• How does the media (mostly newspapers) frame veterans specifically within each movement?• How are camps used as a form of protest and how does the media frame this tactic?
Research Methods• Textual & Video Analysis• Focusing on articles from the 1930s and from the 2010s• Focusing on The Los Angeles Times, the New York Times, and the Washington Post/Times. To randomize our sample we chose every third article in all of our searches.• For the Bonus Army we will search “Bonus Army” in SuperSearch, a Wellesley College library resource, (restricting the results to newspaper articles.)• For Occupy we will search “Occupy Camps.”• To research the veteran identity, we will be focusing only on articles that include the word “veteran” in the headline.• In researching veteran framing in the Occupy movement, we will also be looking at the Occupy Marine website and facebook page.