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Design Principles for
Badge Systems
Design Principles Documentation Project
Open Badges in Education Workshop
17 August 20...
Thanks to:
A METHOD FOR STUDYING
DIGITAL BADGE SYSTEMS
Design Principles
h"p://bit.ly/dpd-­‐methods	
  	
  
Design Principles
Documentation
Project
http://dpdproject.info
Design Principles Documentation Project
Rebecca
Itow
Cindy
Ahonen
Katerina
Schenke
Cathy

Tran
Nate

Otto
Christine
Chow
D...
Design Principles Documentation Project
Goal: To find out how
organizations are using digital
badges in learning programs.
Design Principles Documentation Project
Four functions of digital badge systems
• Recognizing Learning
• Assessing Learnin...
Pulling	
  apart	
  different	
  	
  
func1ons	
  of	
  badge	
  systems.	
  
Badge systems are collections of
practices that serve a variety of
functions.
Intended
Practice
Enacted
Practice
Formal
Practice
Evolution of a Practice
Original
design
As first
implemented
Continuing...
BUILDING BADGE
SYSTEMS
We studied programs that were
DESIGNING, ENACTING, AND
FORMALIZING PRACTICES TO
BUILD BADGE SYSTEMS
We studied programs that were
Design Principles Documentation Project
Four functions of digital badge systems
• Recognizing Learning
• Assessing Learnin...
For each of these categories,
we identified general design
principles.
Sort Identified Practices
Draft Initial Principles
Formalize General
Principles
Bookmark Research
Emergence of Badge Desig...
Level badges
Provide routes
or pathways
1 General Principle 2 Specific Principles 18 practices
across 30 projects
(As impl...
General	
  and	
  Specific	
  Principles:	
  Recognizing	
  Learning	
  
• Align	
  badges	
  to	
  standards	
  (23)	
  
–...
Tracking principles across 3 phases
Intended – Enacted – Formal
WHAT CAN WE LEARN?
By identifying design principles
What projects have similar
practices, even across different
contexts?
What projects have similar
practices, even across different
contexts?
Which principles were easy to
enact? Which were hard...
What projects have similar
practices, even across different
contexts?
Which principles were easy to
enact? Which were hard...
Thank you for listening!
Questions?
http://dpdproject.info
(for more info)
Nate	
  O"o	
  
Project	
  Coordinator	
  
Design	
  Principles	
  DocumentaHon	
  Project	
  
Indiana	
  University	
  
@...
Nate Otto DPD Project Methods Presentation - Open Badges in Education Workshop
Nate Otto DPD Project Methods Presentation - Open Badges in Education Workshop
Nate Otto DPD Project Methods Presentation - Open Badges in Education Workshop
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Nate Otto DPD Project Methods Presentation - Open Badges in Education Workshop

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Nate Otto DPD Project Methods Presentation - Open Badges in Education Workshop

  1. 1. Design Principles for Badge Systems Design Principles Documentation Project Open Badges in Education Workshop 17 August 2014 Nate Otto Indiana University
  2. 2. Thanks to:
  3. 3. A METHOD FOR STUDYING DIGITAL BADGE SYSTEMS Design Principles
  4. 4. h"p://bit.ly/dpd-­‐methods    
  5. 5. Design Principles Documentation Project http://dpdproject.info
  6. 6. Design Principles Documentation Project Rebecca Itow Cindy Ahonen Katerina Schenke Cathy
 Tran Nate
 Otto Christine Chow Daniel T. Hickey
 
 Principal Investigator
  7. 7. Design Principles Documentation Project Goal: To find out how organizations are using digital badges in learning programs.
  8. 8. Design Principles Documentation Project Four functions of digital badge systems • Recognizing Learning • Assessing Learning • Motivating Learning • Studying Learning
  9. 9. Pulling  apart  different     func1ons  of  badge  systems.  
  10. 10. Badge systems are collections of practices that serve a variety of functions.
  11. 11. Intended Practice Enacted Practice Formal Practice Evolution of a Practice Original design As first implemented Continuing practice
  12. 12. BUILDING BADGE SYSTEMS We studied programs that were
  13. 13. DESIGNING, ENACTING, AND FORMALIZING PRACTICES TO BUILD BADGE SYSTEMS We studied programs that were
  14. 14. Design Principles Documentation Project Four functions of digital badge systems • Recognizing Learning • Assessing Learning • Motivating Learning • Studying Learning
  15. 15. For each of these categories, we identified general design principles.
  16. 16. Sort Identified Practices Draft Initial Principles Formalize General Principles Bookmark Research Emergence of Badge Design Principles
  17. 17. Level badges Provide routes or pathways 1 General Principle 2 Specific Principles 18 practices across 30 projects (As implemented in project contexts) “Levels of Participation and Achievement” -Intel “Hierarchical Quest Paths” –NOAA Planet Stewards
  18. 18. General  and  Specific  Principles:  Recognizing  Learning   • Align  badges  to  standards  (23)   – Use standards internal to community (3) – Use national or international standards (12) – Use community and national/ international standards (8) • Use  badges  to  map  learning   trajectory  (18)   – Level badges (11) – Provide routes or pathways (7) • Have  experts  issue  badges  (15)   – Credentialed via external accredited entity (8) – Credentialed via community (2) – Credentialed via accredited entity and community (5) •  Seek  external  backing  (15)   –  Externally  endorsed  (8)   –  Externally  valued  (7)     •  Recognize  diverse  learning  (10)   •  Use  badges  as  a  means  of  external   communica1on  of  learning  (11)   •  Determine  lifespan  of  badges  (7)   –  Never  expires  (7)   –  Requires  renewal  or  upgrading  (0)   •  Recognize  educator  learning  (7)   •  Award  formal  academic  credit  for   badges  (3)   •  Promote  discovery  (7)   –  Discover  learning  opportuniHes   (5*)   –  Discover  learners  (2*)  
  19. 19. Tracking principles across 3 phases Intended – Enacted – Formal
  20. 20. WHAT CAN WE LEARN? By identifying design principles
  21. 21. What projects have similar practices, even across different contexts?
  22. 22. What projects have similar practices, even across different contexts? Which principles were easy to enact? Which were hard? (Identify common challenges)
  23. 23. What projects have similar practices, even across different contexts? Which principles were easy to enact? Which were hard? (Identify common challenges) What contextual factors affected which principles were enacted?
  24. 24. Thank you for listening! Questions? http://dpdproject.info (for more info)
  25. 25. Nate  O"o   Project  Coordinator   Design  Principles  DocumentaHon  Project   Indiana  University   @o"onomy  

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