Mapping Resources and Mobility for Residents of a
Mixed-Income Housing Project in Salishan, WA
Committee: Dr. Deborah Thien (Chair), Norman Carter, Dr. Kerry Woodward
October 31, 2014
-Market rate + low income + apartments
-75% of population under 18 years old
-Median Household income
-WorkSource office, health clinic,
Housing Authority office
STUDY SITE: SALISHAN
1) Do Salishan residents feel they have access to the
resources they need to move up and out of poverty?
a) Is development of social network(s) an important resource to
2) Can ethnographic and mental map methods reveal one’s
personal geography and map of resources?
1) Despite theorized benefits of Mixed-Income housing,
the experience of residents say otherwise.
2) Qualitative methods capture that experience, and help to
evaluate housing policy design.
Goal: to demonstrate the value of participatory methods for
getting new kinds of data and inform policy.
ARGUMENT AND PURPOSE
Mixed Income: housing policies that integrate units affordable
to multiple income levels within a development site
Mental maps: hand-drawn maps that represent how a place is
perceived and lived by an individual or collective group
(Dictionary of Human Geography 2009)
Ethnographic Interviews: interviews + immersion into culture
-Negative effects of typical income-based housing design;
“stuck in place”
-Shift toward Income Integration design
Little evaluation of results
-Measuring housing satisfaction:
-access to essentials
-sense of community
-acceptance of neighbors; ”people here are like me”
-Participatory Mapping and Mental Maps
-Mapping, Interviews, and Ethnography
METHOD: THE MENTAL MAP INTERVIEW
Plan: Designed Mental Map Interview for adults and children.
1 hour Mental Map Interview
Recruitment plan for homeowners and renters
In the field: The woes of recruitment & consent forms
6 adults only, recipients of housing
New plan: Transcribe and code interviews
Little social interaction between housing and homeowners
Vast differences among just 6 participants
-knowledge of resources
Mapping + interview = substantial data that inform policy
Project is not working, but explanations are not simple
Chair: Dr. Deborah Thien
Norman Carter (Geography)
Dr. Kerry Woodward (Sociology)
Geography Staff, Faculty, and Fellow Students!!
Axhausen, K.W. “Social Networks, Mobility Biographies, and Travel: Survey Challenges.”
Environment and Planning B, Planning and Design, Vol. 35 (2008): 981-996.
Briggs, Daniel. “Emotions, Ethnography and Crack Cocaine Users.” Emotions, Space and
Brophy, Paul C. and Rhonda N. Smith. “Mixed-Income Housing: Factors for Success.”
Cityscape: A Journal of Policy Development and Research, Vol. 3 No. 2 (1997): 3-31.
Gieseking, Jack Jen. “Where We Go From Here: The Mental Sketch Mapping Method and Its
Analytic Components.” Qualitative Inquiry, 19(9) (2013): 712-724.
Gillespie, Carol Ann. “How Culture Constructs Our Sense of Neighborhood: Mental Maps and
Children’s Perceptions of Place.” Journal of Geography, 109 (2010): 18-29.
Lynch, Kevin. The Image of the City. Cambridge: The MIT Press, 1960.
Schwartz, Alex F. Housing Policy in the United States. New York: Routledge, 2010.
Further References Available on Request