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Basic information about Canada,its symbols, geographical position.

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  1. 1. Canada
  2. 2. <ul><li>The word Canada comes from an indian word ‘kanata’ </li></ul><ul><li>which means village or s ettlement </li></ul>
  3. 3. Canadian National Symbols <ul><li>Flag </li></ul><ul><li>Emblem </li></ul><ul><li>Anthem </li></ul><ul><li>A maple leaf </li></ul><ul><li>A beaver </li></ul><ul><li>The Centennial Flame </li></ul>
  4. 4. Flag
  5. 5. Emblem
  6. 6. Anthem The national anthem O Canada was composed in 1880 by Calixa Lawallee to the lyrics by Adolphe-Basile Routhier. The anthem was first written in French and translated into English by Robert Stanley Weira in 1908. On 1st July 1980 O Canada became the national anthem of the country.
  7. 7. A maple leaf
  8. 8. A beaver
  9. 9. The Centennial Flame <ul><li>The Centennial Flame is located on the walkway leading to the Centre Block of Parliament.  It was first lit on January 1, 1967 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Confederation. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Sovereign: Queen Elizabeth II (1952) Governor-General: Michaëlle Jean (2005) Prime Minister: Stephen Harper (2006) Canada is f ormally considered a constitutional Monarchy . It is governed by its own House of Commons . T he governor-general is officially the representative of Queen Elizabeth II . I n reality the governor-general acts only on the advice of the Canadian prime minister.
  11. 11. History <ul><li>The first inhabitants of Canada were native </li></ul><ul><li>Indian peoples, primarily the Inuit (Eskimo) </li></ul><ul><li>The Norse explorer Leif Eriksson probably reached </li></ul><ul><li>the shores of Canada (Labrador or Nova Scotia) </li></ul><ul><li>in 1000 </li></ul><ul><li>T he history of the white man in the country actually </li></ul><ul><li>began in 1497 when John Cabot, an Italian </li></ul><ul><li>in the service of Henry VII of England, </li></ul><ul><li>reached Newfoundland or Nova Scotia. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Canada was taken for France in 1534 by Jacques </li></ul><ul><li>Cartier. </li></ul><ul><li>Because of the valuable fisheries and fur trade, </li></ul><ul><li>a conflict developed between the French and English </li></ul><ul><li>During the Seven Years' War </li></ul><ul><li>(1756–1763) England extended its conquest . </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty of Paris in 1763 gave England control. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><ul><ul><li>In 1849, the right of Canada to self-government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>was recognized. </li></ul></ul></ul>By the British North America Act of 1867, the dominion of Canada was created through the confederation of Upper and Lower Canada, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick. <ul><ul><li>Canada became an official country on July 1st 1867 </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Facts about Canada <ul><li>Canada is the 2nd largest country. </li></ul><ul><li>It has the population of approximately 33 million people. </li></ul><ul><li>Canada is the only country in the world that borders 3 oceans. </li></ul>
  15. 16. Capital : Ottawa, Ontario, 1,142,700 mln people