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  1. 1. Natalie Gilbert<br />Professor Lord<br />ED 300<br />Dyslexia<br />
  2. 2. What is Dyslexia?<br />Inability or challenge to read and/or spell<br />Genetic and neurological<br />
  3. 3. According to…Dyslexia is…<br />The World Federation of Neurology<br />“a disorder manifested by difficulty in learning to read despite conventional instruction, adequate intelligence and sociocultural opportunity”<br />The International Dyslexia Association<br />“is referred to as a learning disability because students with dyslexia may experience difficulties in other language skills such as spelling, writing, and speaking. It is often referred to as a learning disability because dyslexia can make it very difficult for a student to succeed academically in the typical instructional environment”<br />
  4. 4. Where did Dyslexia come from?<br />Dr. Samuel Torrey Orton<br />U.S. neuropsychiatrist<br />Utilized different approaches <br />Kinesthetic-tactile reinforcement<br />Multisensory methods<br />Orton-Gillingham approach<br />“teaching the structure of written English using the sounds (phonemes), meaning units (morphemes) and common spelling rules”<br />Result: neither one of the brain hemispheres governed the way language was formed<br />
  5. 5. How the Brain is Effected<br />Technology shows that the brain is not very active in the area that connects the speech sounds to word formation<br />May have flaws in motor or visual parts in the brain<br />
  6. 6. Who does it affect?<br />It can affect ANYONE!<br />It does not matter what type of race, gender, age, or background one might have<br />It is GENETIC<br />
  7. 7. Characteristics<br />Difficult to:<br />Spell<br />Learn and remember words by sight<br />Enjoy reading<br />Remember language symbols<br />Hear words and write them out<br />Write words or letters clearly<br />Comprehend reading and relating it to things<br />
  8. 8. How can Dyslexia be Treated?<br />A doctor usually indicates the first sign<br />Neurological Exams can be given in order to find out whether the reading problems affect<br />Intellectual<br />Achievement<br />Perceptual<br />Motor<br />Linguistic<br />Adaptive capabilities<br />Seek help because there are ways in which it can be cured!<br />
  9. 9. Teaching Strategies<br />Inform students that Dyslexia does not mean mentally slow<br />Share with class famous people who have this<br />Oral Blending<br />Breaking down words into separate parts so that sounds are more clearly heard<br />Segmentation<br />Breaking apart words into sounds<br />
  10. 10. Teaching Strategies<br />Use Multisensory Approaches<br />Utilize visual, auditory, and kinesthetic methods<br />Put students with Dyslexia in the front so that they can easily be monitored<br />Be supportive and no negative comments<br />Give the student outlined notes so that the main points are clear<br />Make opportunities for their strengths<br />
  11. 11. References<br />Nielson, L,B. (2008). Brief reference of student disabilities --with strategies for the classroom. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Pr<br />