Models in E-government


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Models in E-government

  1. 1. Theme: The Implementation of PPP models in e-Governance by Julia Oreshnikova, group 392 (1)
  2. 2. The Outline <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>What is e-Government/ e-Governance about ? </li></ul><ul><li>PPP in e-Government </li></ul><ul><li>The models of PPP used in e-Governance </li></ul><ul><li>The case study of Singapore e-Procurement Project </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. e-Governance <ul><li>government through the use of information and communication technologies (ICT). </li></ul><ul><li>various channels of interactions: </li></ul><ul><li>G 2 C : government-to-citizen; </li></ul><ul><li>G 2 B : government-to-business; </li></ul><ul><li>G 2 G : government-to-government; </li></ul><ul><li>G 2 E : government-to-employee. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Advantages of e-Government <ul><li>reduced costs </li></ul><ul><li>higher efficiency and transparency (online delivery reduces manual paper work errors) </li></ul><ul><li>social benefits (more efficient and user-friendly public sector) </li></ul><ul><li>other benefits (better access to information for all stakeholders, increased focus on providing better services to citizens due to reduced time of service delivery, increased citizen satisfaction with respect to government services, enhanced citizen trust in government services) </li></ul>
  5. 5. Key bottleneck <ul><li>Successful implementation of </li></ul><ul><li>e-Governance requires an </li></ul><ul><li>abundance of technical and </li></ul><ul><li>financial resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Antidote: </li></ul><ul><li>PPP has emerged as a viable </li></ul><ul><li>solution , thereby enabling </li></ul><ul><li>adequate funds and skills of the </li></ul><ul><li>private sector to be utilized for </li></ul><ul><li>e-Government projects. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Public-private Partnership <ul><li>The concept of PPP has become the cornerstone of every government’s modernization program. </li></ul><ul><li>PPP helps to bridge gaps in quality, speed and efficiency of services delivered by the public sector. </li></ul><ul><li>PPP is an agreement between government and businesses or non-government organizations (NGOs) for the provision of services by sharing of risks and rewards of the venture. </li></ul>
  7. 7. e-Governance: widely used models <ul><li>Build, own operate and transfer (BOOT) A private developer is financing, building, owing and operating facility for a specified period. Afterwards the facility is returned to the Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Build, own and operate (BOO) Here the private sector owns the facility in perpetuity. </li></ul><ul><li>Build, operate and transfer (BOT) </li></ul>
  8. 8. The underlying objective <ul><li>to combine public sector accountability with private sector efficiency and enable joint sharing of risks </li></ul>
  9. 9. Singapore e-Procurement Project (GeBIZ) GeBIZ = Government Electronic Business
  10. 10. Brief description of the project <ul><li>Country: Singapore </li></ul><ul><li>Background: there was no e-Procurement before </li></ul><ul><li>Rationale/Objectives of the PPP project: to provide a one-stop, end-to-end solution to all government procurement </li></ul><ul><li>PPP Actors: government agencies, private partner (NIIT) and suppliers </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Structure : 100% financed by The Ministry of Finance (MOF) and Infocomm Development Authority of Singapore (IDA) </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Agreement between Parties: Strong service level agreements (SLAs). Harsh penalties are imposed on any stakeholder that violates any clause in the agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional/Managerial Structure: The entire responsibility of the non-core functions, such as maintaining the portal, lies with NIIT. The government only concentrates on its core function, which is ensuring procurement according to requirements and compliance with government standards </li></ul><ul><li>Strong Points: the project roots corruption out, commercialized technologies, transparency </li></ul><ul><li>Weak Points: routines </li></ul><ul><li>Implications: a single procurement cell was implemented </li></ul>
  11. 11. Three components of GeBIZ <ul><li>GeBIZ Enterprise is an intranet application </li></ul><ul><li>(Government officials initiate the procurement through this application by </li></ul><ul><li>accessing electronic catalogues, raising the purchase request, obtaining </li></ul><ul><li>necessary approvals and uploading the purchase order for the suppliers) </li></ul><ul><li>GeBIZ Partner is an Internet application </li></ul><ul><li>(This application provides a procurement interface to suppliers) </li></ul><ul><li>GeBIZ Financial Interface </li></ul><ul><li>(This application provides a complete end-to-end electronic payment </li></ul><ul><li>solution. It supports all financial interactions across the procurement chain, </li></ul><ul><li>from procurement till payment) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Procurement cell <ul><li>consists of procurement experts and specialists in finance </li></ul><ul><li>evaluates the bids from various suppliers and selects the suitable bid </li></ul><ul><li>does not involve any officials of the government agencies </li></ul>
  13. 13. Results of the project <ul><li>increased transparency and information security (through electronic authentication systems and digital signatures) </li></ul><ul><li>more than 150 government agencies upload their requests </li></ul><ul><li>over 20,000 suppliers across the world submit the bids and undertake transactions online </li></ul><ul><li>$10 billion, being uploaded on GeBiz in the FY 2005 alone </li></ul><ul><li>commercialized technologies </li></ul>
  14. 14. Conclusion <ul><li>PPP has emerged as a viable model for e-Government implementation </li></ul><ul><li>PPP is especially recommended for developing countries </li></ul><ul><li>Every PPP needs to be customized to the particular requirements in each country </li></ul><ul><li>First try PPP at a pilot scale, then apply to scale-up </li></ul><ul><li>The adoption of PPP in e-Government will only increase with time. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Resources used <ul><li>S.Sharma, Exploring best practices in public–private partnership (PPP) in e-Government through select Asian case studies// The International Information & Library Review (2007) 39, 203–210 </li></ul><ul><li>Public Private Partnership: An Introduction. Research Paper No. 1 2002-03 </li></ul><ul><li>The Oxford Handbook of Public Management </li></ul>