1. The singer was attracted by the beauty of
2. Because he believed the stories told by the wind,
as dreamers sometimes do.
3. They might have died while exploring Antarctica.
READING (page 78)
2. 1. the continent of Antarctica
2. the fact that guides teach you about Antarctica
4. the seas
5. the tourists
6. an oil leak from the ship’s tank.
3. 1. c
4. 1. The main difference is that the objective of an
Antarctic cruise is to learn about Antarctica’s
ecosystem and animals.
2. Antarctica, the coldest place on Earth ... (line 10).
It has no permanent residents (line 10).
There are no shops, hotels, billboards or cafés.
There are also no native people (line 11).
It doesn’t belong to any country (lines 12-13).
3. Tourism could provoke changes in the
environmental stability of Antarctica.
4. They think the number of tourists should be
limited as this would minimise the environmental
5. Tourism may encourage conservation since
Antarctica’s beauty will make tourists aware of the
importance of protecting it.
5. 1. Tens of thousands of people visit Antarctica every
year. (lines 3-4)
2. Before 1820, no one had ever laid eyes on
Antarctica. (lines 11-12)
3. According to the 1959 treaty, no nation will ever
claim that Antarctica is part of its territory.
4. Tourists to Antarctica may be risking their lives
because of the rough seas that surround this
continent. (lines 21-22)
5. In the 2007 incident, no tourists were killed or
injured because the weather was calm.
6. A disaster was avoided because the tank didn’t
leak. (lines 26-27)
6. 1. remote (line 1) 4. roughest (line 22)
2. giant (line 9) 5. icy (line 24)
3. allowed (line 18)
VOCABULARY (page 80)
Words from the Text
1. 1. next to roads 4. a scientist
2. a ship 5. people
3. a stone 6. hurricanes
2. 1. c 2. d 3. e 4. b 5. a
3. Possible Answers
1. sand, stones 4. firefighter, paramedic
2. computer, iPod 5. pot, bucket
3. a course, school trip
4. decision information
5. 1. difference 5. Environmentalists
2. possibility 6. information
3. appointment 7. relationship
4. decision 8. darkness
6. 1. excitement 4. thickness
2. possibility 5. impression
Topic Vocabulary (page 81)
1. 1. b 3. a 5. a 7. a
2. b 4. a 6. b
2. 1. luggage 3. flight 5. airline
2. queue 4. youth hostel
3. 1. b 2. a 3. d 4. e 5. c
4. 1. hire a car 4. go sightseeing
2. stay at a youth hostel 5. book a room
3. go on holiday
5. 1. accommodation 5. airlines
2. departure time 6. passengers
3. flight 7. overnight
4. delayed 8. luggage
GRAMMAR (page 82)
Condition: If people see Antarctica’s beauty,
Result: they’ll promote conservation.
Condition: if there were rules about tourism.
Result: There would be less damage
Condition: If the tank had leaked,
Result: it would / could / might have caused a
1. 1. Third Conditional
2. Second Conditional
3. First Conditional
2. 1. Present Simple, future
2. Past Simple, would
3. Past Perfect, would + have + past participle
1. To the future
2. The Present Simple
1. 1. will get 4. weren’t
2. would travel 5. had
3. improves 6. continues
2. 1. had had / wouldn’t have got
2. wouldn’t have felt / hadn’t eaten
3. might have seen / hadn’t worn
4. had taken / would have been
5. had written / would have remembered
3. 1. b 4. a
2. b 5. a
3. a 6. b
4. 1. get 4. meets
2. were 5. hadn’t spoken
3. hadn’t left 6. stop
5. 1. You can’t enter unless you’ve got a visa.
2. If I were you, I would take an umbrella.
3. When I feel better, I’ll finish my work.
4. I would be happier if Robin were here with us.
5. If I had known you had the disc, I wouldn’t have
6. If I cook, will you do the washing up?
7. As soon as I hear any news, I’ll phone Tom.
6. Possible Answers
1. Unless I find my passport, I won’t be able to go to
2. I’ll go to Slovenia this summer if I can save enough
3. If something went wrong on a trip, I would phone
the Spanish Embassy.
4. As soon as Dad arrives at his hotel, he’ll let us
5. If Antarctica had permanent residents, it would be
impossible to preserve the region.
6. Our last holiday might have been better if we had
booked a better hotel.
7. 1. will be / would be 6. would know
2. book / booked 7. will find out
3. weren’t 8. get
4. would enjoy 9. had flown
5. weren’t 10. would / could have gone
8. 1. If I could speak Italian, I would study in Italy.
2. I fell asleep after I had read for ten minutes.
3. Paula must be home by now.
4. Jason will play football as soon as it stops raining.
5. If I had known it was your birthday, I would have
bought you a present.
6. My father might have taken that picture.
SKILLS (page 84)
1. Possible Answer
It might be that you see London from a different point
of view (i.e. from the sky).
2. 1. b 2. c 3. b 4. a 5. c 6. b
3. 1. £25 2. free 3. £15.50
4. 1. Shepherd’s Bush Station is closed because of
2. If your luggage is found unattended, workers will
remove and may destroy it.
3. There is nowhere where you can smoke on the
4. Service on the Victoria line is delayed. The next
train will come in 30 minutes.
SPEAKING (page 85)
BUYING A TRAIN TICKET
1. Steve’s Questions
How long is the journey?
What time does the train leave?
Do I have to book in advance?
Where do I get the train?
How much is a ticket?
When’s the next train after that?
How often do the trains leave?
The railway representative’s Questions
May I help you?
Would you like a return or a single ticket?
What time do you want to leave?
Will that be first or second class?
2. 1. May I help you?
2. Where do I get the train?
3. How long is the journey?
4. How often do the trains leave?
5. What time do you want to leave?
3. Possible Answers
1. Would you like a return or a single ticket? / I’d like
a single ticket, please.
2. What time does the train leave? / It leaves at
3. Do I have to book in advance? / It’s best to book
in advance but you can also buy the ticket just
before you leave.
4. How much is a ticket? / It depends – it’s much
cheaper if you leave at midday or late at night.
5. Will that be first or second class? / I’d like a
second-class ticket please.
6. When’s the next train after that? / It’s at 7.00 pm.
WRITING (page 86)
1. Angela wants Carla to come on holiday to Tuscany
with her and her family.
Angela tells Carla that she will only have to pay for
her plane fare. She also tells Carla that they will have
a fantastic time.
2. 1. Paragraph 1 3. Paragraph 1
2. Paragraphs 2 and 3 4. Paragraph 4
3. 1. Greeting: Hi Carla,
2. Signing off: Love, Angela
4. 1. Hi …,
2. How are things?
3. I haven’t heard from you in a while!
4. Well, why don’t you come with us?
5. We’ll have a fantastic time!
6. I can’t wait to hear what you decide.
7. Write soon!
5. it: being alone with her parents
We: Angela and her family
them: Angela’s parents
6. 1. they, them 4. she, her
2. he, us 5. that, him
3. they, their
7. 1. I’d like to see Ms Croft. Can you tell me which
office is hers?
2. Where is Edward? I don’t know. I haven’t seen
him all day.
3. Should we get tickets for the concert? Yes, that
would be lovely.
4. I’ve spoken with Katie. She has booked a flight
for 18th December.
5. How could you forget your sunglasses? You’ll
need them at the beach.
8. 1. they 5. him
2. their 6. his
3. He 7. its
4. the 8. it / This
WRITING YOUR E-MAIL
1. Planning a trip
I’ve found some really cheap tickets.
We haven’t arranged accommodation yet.
Departure time is 9.00 am – don’t be late!
We have booked a room in the city centre for two
Do you want to go sightseeing every day?
A Trip you have already taken
We hired bicycles and drove around the villages.
We had a fantastic time.
It was the best / worst holiday I’ve ever had!
Our flight was delayed and our luggage didn’t arrive!
LIFE SKILLS (page 88)
BOOKING A ROOM
walk from the
15 minutes’ walk
from Royal Mile and
Free in all rooms
In rooms In rooms
Yes No No
Yes No No
TV and DVD in
Games room No No Yes (with pool table)
2. 2, 3, 5, 6 and 8
3. Hostel Royale
4. Booking Record
Name: Surname Adams First Name Jake
Address: Street: 108 Victory Road City: Blackpool
Credit card: Type: Visa Number: 2376-8925-8874
Expiry date: November, 2012
Number of Guests: 2
Dates: Arrival 17/06/ (Current year) Departure
21/06/ (Current year)
Room type: Dormitory, 6 beds, Male
Rate: £21.80 per bed, per night