Neurolinguistica

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Neurolinguistica

  1. 1. Psycholinguistics and Neurolinguistics
  2. 2. Language and the brain. <ul><li>There are 3 main areas where the ability to use language is located </li></ul><ul><li>* Broca’s area </li></ul><ul><li>* Wernicke’s area </li></ul><ul><li>* Supplementary motor area </li></ul>
  3. 4. Broca’s Area <ul><li>This area of the brain is crucially involved in the production of speech. </li></ul><ul><li>Paul Broca, a french surgeon, stablished in 1860s extreme difficulties affecting the produccion of speech were extremelly related to this left area of our brains. </li></ul>
  4. 5. Wernicke’s Area <ul><li>It is that part of the brain involved in the understanding of speech </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Wernicke, a german doctor, stated in 1870s that all those patients with damage in this part of the brain, presented comprehension difficulties. </li></ul>
  5. 6. Supplementary Motor Area <ul><li>In this part of the brain are found all those physical features which allows us to reproduce speech. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Localization View <ul><li>This states that specific features of language ability can be related to specific localizations in the brain. </li></ul><ul><li>In this sense a word is heard and comprehend by Wernicke’s area , then it is send to Broca’s area where it is prepared to be produce, finally, It is articulated by supplementary motor area. </li></ul>
  7. 8. Tongue tips and slips <ul><li>These are some difficulties we all have sometime in keeping our brain and speech working effectibly. </li></ul><ul><li>* Tips of the tongue : when you forget about a word you already know. </li></ul><ul><li>* Malapromism: when we want to refer to a word and name a series of other with similar pronunciation. </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>* Slip of the tongue( Spoonerims): when someone interchange certain sound form word to another </li></ul><ul><li>A long shory sort by A long story short </li></ul><ul><li>* Slips of the ears: when someone hears something very different in meaning but similar in sound. </li></ul>
  9. 10. Aphasia <ul><li>Brocas’s aphasia </li></ul><ul><li>- Difficulties in articulating some words </li></ul><ul><li>Wernicke’s aphasia </li></ul><ul><li>- Dificulties with auditory comprehension </li></ul>
  10. 11. Dichonic listening Test
  11. 12. Remembering… <ul><li>The critical period </li></ul><ul><li>Ginis’s case </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Where is language located in the brain? </li></ul><ul><li>What happend with the right hemisphere? </li></ul><ul><li>How did neurologists arrive to all this conclusions? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the name of all those language difficulties? </li></ul>

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