Chicano English
Description <ul><li>It is a dialect of American English used by Mexican- </li></ul><ul><li>Americans or Chicanos. </li></u...
Phonological Features <ul><li>Consonant Variations </li></ul><ul><li>The devoicing of  [z]  in all environments </li></ul>...
<ul><li>Absence of dental fricatives so that  think  may be pronounced  [ˈtiŋk] ,  [ˈfiŋk]  or  [ˈsiŋk] . </li></ul><ul><l...
Vowels Variations <ul><li>Chicano English speakers may </li></ul><ul><li>merge  [æ]  and  [e] , or invert those, causing b...
Stress Patterns In Chicano English, stress is often placed on one syllable prefixes as well as roots. The stress on one sy...
Final Consonant Deletion <ul><li>Only certain consonants occur at the end of </li></ul><ul><li>words. All other single con...
Pluralization The plural marker /s/ is dropped when forming a separate syllable. Ex: five cent -> five cents different foo...
Past Tense Marker In Chicano English the /-ed/ suffix which forms the past tense marker  is not produced due to the phonol...
Morphological Features <ul><li>Chicano English has many features related to morphology that show the influence of </li></u...
Substitution of the negative element “not” with “until” “ Not”  is omitted and “ until”  can stand in as the negative elem...
Verb To Be In Chicano English the verb to be is often not present. AmE  CE And they are too old  And they… too old. This i...
Multiple Negation <ul><li>In Chicano English  d ouble and multiple negatives are evident. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul>...
Embedded Question Inversion <ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>I ask myself what I would do? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the ban...
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Chicano english

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Chicano english

  1. 1. Chicano English
  2. 2. Description <ul><li>It is a dialect of American English used by Mexican- </li></ul><ul><li>Americans or Chicanos. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a variety of English that is influenced by Spanish and it </li></ul><ul><li>has low prestige in most circles. </li></ul><ul><li>“ An ethnic dialect that children acquire as they acquire </li></ul><ul><li>English in their ethnic social setting during their language </li></ul><ul><li>acquisition period” (Santa Ana 1993). </li></ul><ul><li>Differences from other varieties of English are due to: </li></ul><ul><li>interference from Spanish, learning errors that have become </li></ul><ul><li>established, contact with other dialects of English and </li></ul><ul><li>independent developments. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Phonological Features <ul><li>Consonant Variations </li></ul><ul><li>The devoicing of  [z]  in all environments </li></ul><ul><li>Examples:  [isi]  for  easy  and  [wʌs]  for  was . </li></ul><ul><li>The devoicing of  [v]  in word-final position </li></ul><ul><li>Examples:  [lʌf]  for  love ,  [hɛf]  for  have , </li></ul><ul><li>and  [waɪfs]  for  wives . </li></ul><ul><li>Chicano speakers may pronounce  /b/  instead of  /v/ : </li></ul><ul><li>Examples:  very   [ˈbɛɹi] ,  invite   [iˈbaɪt] . </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Absence of dental fricatives so that  think  may be pronounced  [ˈtiŋk] ,  [ˈfiŋk]  or  [ˈsiŋk] . </li></ul><ul><li>Poor distinction between  /j/  and  /dʒ/  so that  job  may sound like  yob  and  yes  may sound like  jes . </li></ul><ul><li>Poor distinction of nasals in the syllable coda so that  seen  and  seem  are pronounced alike. </li></ul><ul><li>/tʃ/  merges with  /ʃ/  so  sheep  and  cheap  are pronounced alike. A inversion may also happen, causing  sheep  to sound like /tʃip/ and  cheap  to sound like /ʃip/. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Vowels Variations <ul><li>Chicano English speakers may </li></ul><ul><li>merge  [æ]  and  [e] , or invert those, causing bed </li></ul><ul><li>to sound like bad and bad to sound like bed, or </li></ul><ul><li>causing both to sound the same. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. /ɪŋ/ sounds like /iŋ/: sink sounds like seenk, </li></ul><ul><li>sing sounds like see. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Stress Patterns In Chicano English, stress is often placed on one syllable prefixes as well as roots. The stress on one syllable prefixes and roots is elongated. Examples: AmE CE Today 'today decide 'decide refuse 'refuse Repeat 'repeat resist 'resist 1
  7. 7. Final Consonant Deletion <ul><li>Only certain consonants occur at the end of </li></ul><ul><li>words. All other single consonants in English </li></ul><ul><li>would thus be unfamiliar to Chicano English </li></ul><ul><li>speakers in this environment. </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Most  becomes [moʊs];  Felt  becomes </li></ul><ul><li>[fɛl],  Start  becomes [stɑr]. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Pluralization The plural marker /s/ is dropped when forming a separate syllable. Ex: five cent -> five cents different food -> different foods kiss-ditch -> kiss-ditches
  9. 9. Past Tense Marker In Chicano English the /-ed/ suffix which forms the past tense marker is not produced due to the phonological rules that prohibit the clustering of consonants at the end of words. Ex: Yesterday, he start selling newspapers.
  10. 10. Morphological Features <ul><li>Chicano English has many features related to morphology that show the influence of </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish. </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary includes words like  simon  meaning </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;yes&quot;,  firme  meaning &quot;good&quot;,  flika meaning </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;picture&quot;,  vato  meaning &quot;guy&quot;, and  feria  meaning </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;money&quot;. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Substitution of the negative element “not” with “until” “ Not” is omitted and “ until” can stand in as the negative element. ex: He’ll be home until seven o’clock
  12. 12. Verb To Be In Chicano English the verb to be is often not present. AmE CE And they are too old And they… too old. This is a school. This… a school. She is carrying her. She… carrying her. He is sleeping with a bear. He… sleeping with a bear.
  13. 13. Multiple Negation <ul><li>In Chicano English d ouble and multiple negatives are evident. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>I didn’t have no birthday party or nothing. </li></ul><ul><li>I don’t know no stories. </li></ul><ul><li>The little kid don’t have no shoes of his own. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Embedded Question Inversion <ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><li>I ask myself what I would do? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the bank could you please tell me? </li></ul><ul><li>Where did Carlos go last night can you tell me? </li></ul>

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