Successfully reported this slideshow.

CITES made simple


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

CITES made simple

  1. 1. CITES MADE SIMPLE: MUSEUMS Chris Auger Licensing Quality Manager UK CITES Management Authority
  2. 2. WHO IS THE UK CITES MANAGEMENT AUTHORITY? <ul><li>Defra </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determines the policy i.e. how EU CITES legislation will be implemented in the UK </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wildlife Licensing & Registration Service of Animal Health - issues CITES licences </li></ul>
  3. 4. THE PREAMBLE TO THE CITES CONVENTION RECOGNISES <ul><li>“ Wild fauna and flora are an irreplaceable part of the natural systems of the earth which must be protected for this generation and the generations to come” </li></ul>
  4. 5. THE INTERNATIONAL CITES CONVENTION <ul><li>CITES was drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of IUCN (The World Conservation Union). The text of the Convention was finally agreed at a meeting of representatives of 80 countries in Washington in 1973, and on 1 July 1975 CITES entered in force. There are now 175 signatories worldwide. </li></ul>
  5. 6. WHAT DOES CITES CONTROL ? <ul><li>Over 30,000 species of wild animals and plants are included on the CITES appendices </li></ul><ul><li>As well as live specimens, any parts or derivatives of listed specimens are also controlled, for example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leather products, tortoiseshell items, taxidermy items, ivory, hunting trophies, scrimshaw items, brazilian rosewood furniture and musical instruments. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 10. THE BASICS <ul><li>Species listed under CITES are recorded within one of three Appendices globally: Appendix I (the most endangered) to Appendix III (the least endangered) </li></ul><ul><li>The EU has stricter measures and ‘translates’ these 3 appendices into 4 annexes: Annex A (the most critically endangered) through to Annex D species (monitored but not actively controlled) </li></ul>
  7. 11. THE BASICS <ul><li>EU implements CITES (the international “Convention”) through 2 EU Regulations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Council Regulation (in force since 1997) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Commission Regulation (current regulation in force since 2006) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 12. WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE EU CONTROLS <ul><li>Commercial use within the EU </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is commercial use? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antiques derogation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Worked specimens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which certificate? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How to apply </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Imports into and exports from the EU </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Annex A and B </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annex C </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annex D </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Non-commercial loans (exports) </li></ul>
  9. 13. PROHIBITION ON COMMERCIAL USE <ul><li>All commercial use of Annex A specimens (or their parts or derivatives) is prohibited unless the specimen is covered by an EC certificate. </li></ul>
  10. 14. WHAT DO EC CERTIFICATES ALLOW? <ul><li>Purchase, offer to purchase </li></ul><ul><li>Acquisition for commercial purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Display to the public for commercial purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Use for commercial gain </li></ul><ul><li>Sale, keeping for sale </li></ul><ul><li>Offering for sale, transporting for sale </li></ul>
  11. 15. WHICH CERTIFICATE DO YOU NEED? <ul><li>Article 10 certificate OR </li></ul><ul><li>Article 60 certificate </li></ul>
  12. 16. THE ANTIQUES DEROGATION <ul><li>Worked specimens acquired before 1 June 1947 do not require a certificate </li></ul><ul><li>specimens can be treated as worked if </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they are significantly altered from their raw state for jewellery, adornment, art, utility, or musical instruments, and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>need no further carving, crafting or manufacture ‘to effect their purpose’ </li></ul></ul>
  13. 17. WHAT DO I HAVE TO PROVE? <ul><li>The specimen pre-dates 1947 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Documents of provenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Receipts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Letters of donation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photos indicating the date </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It comes within the definition of worked </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Much harder to define </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>There are some guidelines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We can advise on a case by case basis </li></ul></ul>
  14. 18. WHAT IS “WORKED”? <ul><li>Worked </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Antique furniture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rhino horn libation cup </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ivory statuette </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Articulated skeleton Tiger skin rug </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mounted hunting trophy on a wall plaque </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broom made from elephant hair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polished turtle shell, ready for wall mounting </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Not worked </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uncarved elephant tusk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polished tusk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tigers bones in a box, previously drilled for articulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trophy removed from a wall plaque </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shell removed from a turtle </li></ul></ul>
  15. 19. WHICH CERTIFICATE IS BEST? <ul><li>Article 10 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>issued in the name of a trader </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>one certificate per specimen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers all commercial uses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>costs £25 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Article 60 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>issued in the name of a scientific institution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>covers the commercial use (except sale) of all Annex A specimens held by that institution which are being used to further conservation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>costs £177 </li></ul></ul>
  16. 20. WHO CAN HAVE AN ARTICLE 60? <ul><li>Must be a scientific institution – eg. zoo,museum, botanic garden </li></ul><ul><li>Must use the Annex A specimens for one or more of the following, for the purpose of conservation of the species : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research or education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breeding/artificial propagation </li></ul></ul>
  17. 21. APPLYING FOR AN ARTICLE 60 <ul><li>Research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>details of the research programme(s) incl. aims and objectives, methodologies, partners, published papers etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>details of the education strategy and programme(s), education material, means of displaying interpretative information etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[Further details can be found in GN12] </li></ul></ul>
  18. 22. SUPPORTING EVIDENCE (A60) <ul><li>Applications must be accompanied by evidence of the origin of all the specimens to be covered </li></ul><ul><li>As museums often do not have a complete catalogue of their specimens, they may supply evidence of all Annex A specimens on display and an indication of others held in the collection </li></ul>
  19. 23. WHAT IS ‘COMMERCIAL’ USE? <ul><li>No definition in the Regulations, so open to interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Our role is to provide advice on UKMA interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Seek independent legal advice if in doubt </li></ul>
  20. 24. ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES: commercial element (relatively) clear <ul><li>A permanent exhibition or display of Annex A specimens in a museum which charges an entry fee: A10/60 is required </li></ul><ul><li>A permanent exhibition or display of Annex A specimens in a museum which is free to enter: A10/60 is not required </li></ul><ul><li>A permanent exhibition or display of Annex A specimens in a museum which is free to enter, but which has a commercial cafeteria or shop on site: A10/60 is not required </li></ul>
  21. 25. ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES: commercial element unclear <ul><li>A permanent exhibition or display of Annex A specimens in a free entry museum, with a box for donations: A10/60 is not required as long as making a donation is completely voluntary and is not a requirement </li></ul><ul><li>A temporary exhibition or display containing Annex A specimens for which there is an entrance fee, within an otherwise free entry museum: A10/60 is required (even if the Annex A specimens are not themselves the main attraction) </li></ul>
  22. 26. ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES: events <ul><li>A one-off commercial event such as a Valentine Ball, where the museum is being used merely as a venue and the display of Annex A specimens within another part of the museum is incidental: A10/60 is not required </li></ul><ul><li>A one-off commercial event where the display of Annex A specimens is integral to the event, eg a Halloween party where the museum displays their stuffed Annex A bats specifically to attract customers: A10/60 is required </li></ul>
  23. 27. ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES: visitors behind the scenes <ul><li>A museum charges visitors to view their storage area where Annex A specimens are on display: A10/60 is not required </li></ul><ul><li>As above but where the Annex A specimens are the main focus of the display: A10/60 is required </li></ul>
  24. 28. ILLUSTRATIVE EXAMPLES: images <ul><li>Corporate filming </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the purpose of the filming/photography is not specifically targeted at Annex A specimens, and the museum is simply being used as a backdrop/location: A10/60 is not required </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If the purpose of the filming/photography is specifically focussed on an Annex A specimen (or its display): A10/60 is required </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sale of postcards of an Annex A specimen, or use of a poster of an Annex A specimen to attract visitors to the museum: A10/60 is not required </li></ul>
  25. 29. IS MY ORGANISATION COVERED? <ul><li>Q : Does an A10/60 certificate issued to a ‘lead organisation’ also cover its subsidiaries? </li></ul><ul><li>A : It depends on the legal situation, and who ‘owns’ the specimen </li></ul><ul><li>if A,B and C are separate legal entities which are loosely associated – they all need their own A10/60 </li></ul><ul><li>If B and C are part of A, and A ‘owns’ all the collections displayed by B and C, then A’s certificate covers use of the specimens by B and C </li></ul>
  26. 30. HOW CAN I CHECK IF MY INSTITUTION IS COVERED? <ul><li>We can’t publish a list of Article 60 holders due to this information being ‘commercial in confidence’ </li></ul><ul><li>Contact us to check whether you (or your lead organisation) have been issued with an Article 60 (or Article 30) certificate </li></ul>
  27. 31. IMPORTING AND EXPORTING <ul><li>Annex A and B specimens require import and export permits from country of origin and destination </li></ul><ul><li>Annex C and D specimens coming into the EU require you to complete an import notification (for C-listed specimens you will also need an export permit or certificate of origin from the country of origin) </li></ul>
  28. 32. NON-COMMERCIAL LOANS BY SCIENTIFIC INSTITUTIONS <ul><li>Registered scientific institutions may use labels provided by the UK Management Authority instead of export permits, for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Herbarium specimens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preserved, dried and embedded specimens (eg miscroscope slides, specimens preserved in alcohol, taxidermy specimens, preserved skins) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Frozen tissue samples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animal DNA derived from preserved, dried or embedded museum specimens </li></ul></ul>
  29. 33. NON-COMMERCIAL LOANS (contd) <ul><li>Only for the transfer of specimens between registered institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Label must be completed and the top part attached to the container; bottom part returned to UKMA </li></ul><ul><li>Annual report must be sent to UKMA by 31 December each year </li></ul><ul><li>[Further details can be found in GN16] </li></ul>
  30. 35. THE MUSEUM SECTOR vs TOTAL APPLICATIONS 42,733 4,815 1,873 21,681 14,357 1,194 142 68 339 645 TOTAL RE-EXP EXPORT IMPORT EC CERT
  31. 36. CONTACT US <ul><li>0117 372 8774 </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>1/17 Temple Quay House 2 The Square Temple Quay Bristol BS1 6EB </li></ul>