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Surrealist painters of the 1940s


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Surrealist painters of the 1940s

  1. 1. Surrealist Painters of the 1940s By: Natalie Murphy
  2. 2. Meanings Behind the Paintings <ul><li>Throughout the centuries, artists have created paintings that are pleasing to the eye. </li></ul><ul><li>There is meaning behind the existential colors. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The reason of the subject. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The reason of the color choices. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The story behind the painting. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal relation with the artist who painted it. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. The Time Period: WWII <ul><li>During the 1940s, much was happening all around the globe. </li></ul><ul><li>-WWII was currently taking place. </li></ul><ul><li>-This influenced the artist’s subjects, colors, and reason for painting. </li></ul><ul><li>Some other events that were occurring during the 1940s </li></ul><ul><li>-The first transmission of FM radio with clear, static-free signal </li></ul><ul><li>-Italian Art Masterpiece exhibit opening at the Museum of Modern Art in New York </li></ul><ul><li>-Many multicultural books/movies were being published </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Styles of Paintings <ul><li>The styles of paintings in the 1940s were academic, surrealistic, abstract, and primitive. </li></ul><ul><li>They document a country at war. </li></ul><ul><li>Surrealism is a style in which fantastical visual imagery from the subconscious mind is used with no intention of making the work logically comprehensible. </li></ul><ul><li>The Surrealist group was formed in Paris in Oct. of 1924, among them were: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ernst </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Miro </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Masson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deeply affected by the tragedies and turmoil of World War I, the artists were looking for an escape as well as a reform of the existing art world. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Freud also exerted a strong influence: to tap the creative and imaginative mind in the unconscious. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Artists
  6. 6. Pablo Picasso <ul><li>Picasso took many risks in his life. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Nazis said that sculptors could not use bronze to create statues with after they had captured Paris. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He still used bronze after one of his close friends commented to him that plastic was temporary and bronze forever. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Picasso's palette grew somber with the onset of World War II (1939-1945), and death is the subject of numerous works, such as Still Life with Steer's Skull and The Charnel House. </li></ul><ul><li>He formed a new liaison during the 1940s with the painter Françoise Gilot who bore him two children, Claude and Paloma; they appear in many works that recapture his earlier styles. </li></ul><ul><li>The last of Picasso's companions to be portrayed was Jacqueline Roque, whom he met in 1953 and married in 1961. </li></ul><ul><li>He then spent much of his time in southern France. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Salvador Dali <ul><li>Dali claimed that his images were “dream sequences” or inspired by his subconscious. </li></ul><ul><li>To evade World War II, Dali chose the U.S.A. as his permanent residence in 1940. </li></ul><ul><li>He had a series of spectacular exhibitions, among others a great retrospective at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides creating a number of great paintings, Dali caused the attention of the media by playing the role of a surrealist clown. </li></ul><ul><li>He made a lot of money and was contemptuously nicknamed Avida Dollars (greedy for dollars) by Andre Breton . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Norman Rockwell <ul><li>In 1942, Rockwell painted one of his most overtly political and important pieces. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>In response to a speech given by President Franklin Roosevelt, Rockwell made a series of paintings that dealt with the Freedom of Speech, Freedom of Worship, Freedom from Want, and Freedom from Fear. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throughout the mid-1940s these paintings traveled around the country being shown in conjunction with the sale of bonds. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Viewed by more than a million people, their popularity was considered an important part of the war effort at home. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>During the late 1940s and 1950s Rockwell continued as one of the most prolific and recognized illustrators in the country. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>While his allegiance to the Saturday evening Post remained, he produced work for other magazines including Ladies’ Home Journal, McCall’s , Literary Digest, and Look. </li></ul></ul>