History Project.


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History Project.

  1. 1. Pakistan By: Mariyum Iqbal and Nasim Naghavi.
  2. 2. Pakistani History • The war of independence in 1857 was the regions last major struggle against the British Raj. • In the 1930’s the Muslim League rose to popularity amid fears of neglecting the Muslims in politics. • On the 29th of December in 1930, Allama Iqbal’s presidential address called for a separate Muslim state in northwest an eastern South Asia. • The Muslim League adopted the Lahore resolution (also known as the Pakistani Resolution) which ultimately led to the separation of Pakistan. • Pakistan was declared a country on August 14th, 1974, with two muslin majority wings in eastern and northwestern regions of British India.
  3. 3. Demographics • Pakistan has an estimated population of 169,270,617, as of in 2007. with a high growth rate Pakistan is larger in population than Russia, giving it the 6th largest population in the world. • The demographic religion in Pakistan is Islam followed by Christianity and Hinduism.(96% Muslims) • Urdu is the national language of Pakistan, but English is used more often with corporate businesses, the educated urban elite, and most universities.
  4. 4. Geography • Northern Pakistan is made up of vast mountain ranges. • The Himalayan, the Karakorum, the Hindu Kush and the Pamirs mountain ranges all meet in northern Pakistan, and give rise to some of the highest mountains on Earth. • Further south the mountains give way to a fertile, hilly central region.
  5. 5. Pakistani Government • Pakistan at the moment has a Semi- Presidential system. • The President of Pakistan is the Head of State. (Pervez Musharraf) • The Prime minister is the head of government. (Shaukat Aziz) • Executive power is exercised by the government while Legislative power is largely vested in the parliament.
  6. 6. Human Rights in Pakistan • Pakistan’s security forces are known to excessive and sometimes lethal force and are associated in extrajudicial killings of civilians and suspected militants. • The police and military have been accused of engaging in physical abuse, arbitrary arrest and detention, particularly in areas of acute conflict.
  7. 7. Culture • Pakistan has a very rich cultural and traditional background going back to Indus Valley Civilization, 2800 BC–1800 BC. • The national dress is the Shalwar Kameez. Women often wear brighter colored Shalwar Kameez, while the men usually wear more solid tones. • The official and national sport in Pakistan ie Field Hockey, but squash and cricket are also popular.
  8. 8. Holidays • Yom-e-Istiqlal: is the independence day of Pakistan and also a National holiday, it is observed on August 14th at 12:00 clock, the day in which Pakistan became independent from British rule by then it was known as the Indian Empire in 1947. • Yom-e-Wafat-e-Quaid-e-Azam: is the death anniversary Quiad-e- Azam Muhammad Ali jinnah which is now a holiday in Pakistan. • Yom-e-Viladat-e-Muhammed Iqbal: is the birthday of a National poet Muhammad Iqbal who was born in 1877and it is also a holiday in Pakistan. • Yom-e-Difa: also known as the Defense Day in Pakistan it is also one of the holidays in Pakistan. It is the day in which it commemorates the military’s role in defense of the Nation.