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Nick's powerpointpresentationhum


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Nick's powerpointpresentationhum

  1. 1. • February 23, 1685 • Halle, Duchy of Magdeburg • Parents: Georg Handel and Dorothea Taust • This image is of the Handel-Haus where he was born.
  2. 2. • His father was a barber-surgeon who disapproved of music, and wished Handel to become a lawyer. • His father strictly forbade him to meddle with any musical instrument, but Handel found the means to get a little clavichord privately conveyed to a room at the top of the house. • At an early age, Handel became a skillful performer on the harpsichord and pipe organ.
  3. 3. • In Hamburg, Handel played violin and harpsichord for the only opera company in Germany that existed outside the royal courts. Also, he taught private lessons. • Handel wrote his first opera entitled Almira in 1704. • In 1710, he was appointed Kapellmeister at Hanover, but he soon took leave to London. • In 1719, he became musical director of the Royal Academy of Music.
  4. 4. • When he visited England, he decided to stay. In 1727, Handel officially applied for and became a British subject and adopted England as his new country. • When King George I died, Handel wrote the anthems for the coronation of the new king. Zadok the Priest, one of Handel's compositions, is still performed today at British coronations. • In January 1728, Gay's Beggar's Opera opened at the theatre in Lincoln's Inn Fields.This was significant in that it marked the beginning of a change in London musical taste and fashion meaning that it went away from Italian opera in favor of something less highbrow, more home-grown, and more easily intelligible.
  5. 5. • The move from Opera to Oratorio was not of course an instantaneous one. • Handel's Esther, which was composed around 1720 for the Duke of Chandos, was performed not in the Chapel at Cannons but in the "grand saloon" as a costume-stage production. It was already a "halfway house" between Opera and Oratorio. • In 1732, Handel revised this work and re-presented it at the Haymarket Theatre. • Handel then produced Deborah and Athalia, which Basil Lam has called "the first great EnglishOratorio".
  6. 6. • InApril 1737, Handel suffered a stroke or an injury which seriously affected his right hand. • He was exhausted from the stresses of the last five years and his friends and patrons wondered whether he would ever play or compose again.
  7. 7. • Handel's compositions include 42 operas, 29 oratorios, more than 120 cantatas, trios and duets, numerous arias, chamber music, a large number of ecumenical pieces, odes and serenatas, and 16 organ concerti. • In 1749, Handel composed Music for the Royal Fireworks; 12,000 people attended the first performance. • His most famous work, the oratorio Messiah with its "Hallelujah" chorus, is among the most popular works in choral music and has become the centerpiece of the Christmas season.
  8. 8. Beethoven so admired Handel's work that he wrote it out so as to get the "feeling of its intricacies" and "to unravel its complexities.” • Composed in 1741 • First performed in Dublin on 13 April 1742, and received its London premiere nearly a year later. •Handel's Messiah has been described by the early-music scholar Richard Luckett as "a commentary on [Jesus Christ's] Nativity, Passion, Resurrection and Ascension,” beginning with God's promises as spoken by the prophets and ending with Christ's glorification in heaven.[
  9. 9. • Handel was seriously injured in a carriage accident betweenThe Hague and Haarlem in the Netherlands. • In 1751, one eye started to fail. • This led to uveitis and subsequent loss of vision. • He died eight years later in 1759 at home in Brook Street at the age of 74. • The last performance he attended was of Messiah. • Handel was buried inWestminster Abbey.
  10. 10. • Handel's works were collected and preserved by two men in particular: Sir Samuel Hellier, a country squire whose musical acquisitions form the nucleus of the Shaw-Hellier Collection, and abolitionist Granville Sharp. • Handel's music was studied by composers such as Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven. • After Handel's death, many composers wrote works based on or inspired by his music. • Handel is honored together with Johann Sebastian Bach and Henry Purcell with a feast day on the liturgical calendar of the Episcopal Church (USA) on 28 July.
  11. 11. George Frideric Handel "Handel is the greatest composer who ever lived. I would bare my head and kneel at his grave" -- L.V. Beethoven (1824)
  12. 12. • • • • • • • • best-recording-of-handels-messiah/ • • • •