The challenge of renewable energy storage


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The challenge of renewable energy storage

  1. 1. 1 Energy Storage - Battery Technology Innovation to Overcome Power Challenges Narada ESS - Lead-Carbon Battery 2015
  2. 2. Impacting Lives With Energy
  3. 3. 3 Contents  Opportunities and Challenges for MicroGrid ESS  Development Path for Narada ESS Technology  Principles and Features of Lead Carbon Batteries  Narada Solution Partners  Narada Lead Carbon Battery ESS  Project References
  4. 4. What to do with all this energy? Pumped Hydro Compressed Air Thermal energy storage Batteries 4
  5. 5. 5 Smart Micro Grid – Energy Storage Solution
  6. 6. 6 Significance of ESS:  Mitigate peak and valley difference to maintain quality power generation, improve efficiency of conventional grid  Reduce investment in backbone network expansion, saving substantial resources  Stabilize renewable energy integration, mitigate the unpredictability of wind and solar power generation, improve power supply quality  Enhance grid security, increase back-up power in case of failures in transmission or distribution network  Enhance black-start safety and decrease failure rates ESS- Core of Smart Grid
  7. 7. Energy storage fundamentally decouples supply and demand and insure the supply always plug The storage battery target: • Increase efficiency Reduce CO2 emission • Enable greater penetration • Stabilize grid • Insure the equipment non stop power on UPS
  8. 8.  Capacity  Economy  Security  Cycle life  Energy conversion efficiency Variable duties with changing market demand  In emerging markets, lead-acid batteries need to run in PSOC cycling duty (20% to 80% SOC) to ensure affluent power output and good charge acceptance under these scenarios. Fast Power Cycling Slow Energy Cycling Requirements of Batteries for Large Scale ESS
  9. 9. Storage solution application Power Quality & UPS & system stability (in msec.) Bridging power (sec. to mins.) Energy management (mins. to hr.)
  10. 10. What batteries ? Property Units Lead Lithium NaS NaNiCl V5+--V2+ Energy density Wh/kg 25 140 150 100 20 Wh/l 75 360 170 150 10 Footprint 10kWh/1.8m m2 0.22 0.05 0.10 0.11 1.7 Capex US$ per kWh 150 700 400 500 500 Capacity turnover X * nominal ≈1000x ≈2000x ≈3000x ≈2500x ≈10000x Suppliers Available from Many worldwide Many One Two Few Scalable kW/kWh Easy With precautions Within limits Within limits Only scaling-up 10
  11. 11. Storage solution application
  12. 12. Conceptual KW- MW Solar Farm/ Grid Connect with Energy Storage System LOAD GRID TRANSFORMERS POWER SWITCH PV MW Inverter MW PCS Battery & BMS Monitor & Controller
  13. 13. 13 On-grid Applications On-grid Charging On-grid Discharging Independent inverting Standby Failure Emergency stop Running Mode of ESS System Island Applications
  14. 14. 14 ESS- Core of Smart Grid
  15. 15. 15 Core technology of ESS Core technology of ESS Safety, Energy exchange efficiency, Cost, Life, Energy rate, Power rate, Maintenance, Environment friendly Storage element • Battery technology • Group match technology (GMT) •Battery management system (BMS) •Thermal management system (TMS) • Energy Storage Battery Power control system (PCS) • A.C./D.C Power System • Power input control system: • Load management system: • Battery charging control: Solar, Wind, Hydropower, DG, Grid , DC, AC Parameter Data Can manage various types of battery Manage with various programs Remote monitor system (RMS) • Monitoring & Controlling
  16. 16.  Good storage durability under various application scenarios  High energy conversion efficiency  Good safety and reliability for large scale energy storage  High returns on investment Requirements on Batteries Waveform testing employed by Sandia National Lab including frequency regulation, load levelling, stochastic application modeling. ESS Applications and Corresponding Requirements on Batteries
  17. 17. Cycle life Safety Scalability Economy Energy Efficiency Advanced lead carbon battery ★★★ ★★★★ ★★★★ ★★★ ★★ Super capacitor ★★★★ ★★★ ★★ ★★ ★★★★ Lithium ion ★★★ ★★ ★★ ★★ ★★★★ Vanadium redox flow battery ★★★★ ★★★ ★★★★ ★★ ★★★ Sodium sulfur ★★★ ★ ★★★ ★★★ ★★  None of the ESS technologies can fully meet the five key terms in current phase.  Lead-acid batteries are superior to other technologies in safety, reliability scalability and cost efficiency with absolutely large market share in this field. **Source: John Craig, BCI, State of the Industry, 124 BCI Convention, Phoenix, AZ (USA), 2012 90.6% 7.9% 1.5% 82.8% 15.0% 2.4% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Lead Lithium Nickel Percentage 2011 2016 Pb, Li and Ni batteries for energy storage Comprehensive comparison of Various ESS Technologies
  18. 18. Lead-Carbon: A Game Changer for Alternative Energy Storage Features of Lead-carbon batteries With combined advantages of both lead-acid batteries and super capacitors , lead carbon batteries, in which sulphation of negative plate is effectively depressed, are significantly improved in high rate charge and discharge performance and cycle life under PSOC. Applicant Fund M$ Project description Exide Technologies with Axion Power International 34.3 Advanced lead acid battery manufacturing based on lead carbon technology, meeting the demand for micro and mild HEV East Penn Manu- facturing Co. 32.5 Ultra battery manufacturing (combination of lead acid and super capacitor) meeting the demand for micro and mild HEV Obama Administration funded lead carbon Lead Carbon-The Game Changer
  19. 19. 19 Contents  Opportunities and Challenges for Microgrid ESS  Principles and Features of Lead Carbon Batteries  Narada Solution Partners  Narada Lead Carbon Battery ESS  Project References
  20. 20. 20 Development Path of Narada’s ESS Technologies PV Storage Batteries (China Brightness Project) Advanced Energy Storage Power Station & System Integration (Scale application) 2000 20122005 Year DevelopmentPath Advanced Storage Batteries & Systems (lead carbon batteries and other core technologies  Narada Power source has 10+ years experience in research and application of ESS technologies, has mastered ranges of technologies from ESS products to integrated systems, capable of delivering comprehensive solutions for various ESS systems.
  21. 21.  Since 2010, Narada has carried out industry-academy-institute cooperation with R&D center of MCPS (Military Chemical Power Source) of Research Institute of Chemical Defense affiliated to Chinese People’s Liberation Army and Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT).  Extensive research has been done on the core technologies such as evaluation and selection of carbon materials ( high capacitance active carbon) and composite lead carbon negative plate formulas, and highly encouraging results achieved with a number of patents for invention filed.  Currently, more than10 models of the two series (2V and 12V ) of lead carbon batteries have been developed, and test application launched in port RTG and wind power EES systems with excellent energy saving.  The project was listed as a provincial major scientific and technological innovation special project in 2011.  The project is the pioneer breakthrough in lead carbon batteries in China. Narada's R&D on Lead Carbon Batteries
  22. 22. 22 Narada hosted Micro-Grid Energy Storage Forum Session Narada Power Source: Microgrid Energy Storage Layout and Green Energy Development President Mr. Chen Bo Narada’s experience and technology accumulation are major driving forces for its leading performance in microgrid field Chief Scientist Mr. Herbert Giess IEC 61427 Part 2: On-grid applications Narada was the only winning bidder of the BEES systems for the rooftop PV power plants, a microgrid pilot project in the state renewable energy demonstration city in Turpan. Chief Engineer Mr. Wu Xianzhang Energy Storage Technologies for Microgrid
  23. 23. Narada Lead Carbon Batteries Recognized by National Administration of Energy  Narada lead carbon batteries was recognized as achievements in energy science and technology by National Administration of Energy (NAE) on May 17, 2013.  Experts from Department of Energy Conservation Technology & Equipment of National Administration of Energy, leaders from Zhejiang Provincial Administration of Energy and China Southern Power Grid, Academicians from Institute of Armored Force Engineering, Institute of Chemical Defense of PLA, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) and other experts attended the meeting.  Conclusion Narada lead carbon batteries was recognized as international advanced level based on the breakthrough on improved cycle life, high rate charge and discharge characteristics of lead-acid battery technology, with a number of independent intellectual property rights. Academician Li Licheng from China Southern Power Grid presided over the meeting as director of expert committee
  24. 24. 24 Garston Plante’ Medal winner for his outstanding technical contribution to the lead acid battery industry with over 30 years experience in this field. H. Giess (Switzerland) Narada’s Chief Scientist IEC TC21 WG3/JWG82 IEC 61427 Convener Narada’s Leading Role in ESS industry
  25. 25. 25 a) Replace ALL NAM in the negative plate by high surface area carbon - perfect cycleability, high specific power - Axion Power b) Replace PART of the NAM by carbon - superior cycleability, good W/kg - CSIRO, Furukawa, East Penn c) Replace all the GRID or part of it by 3D carbon structures - high specific power, high specific energy, excellent cycleability - Warsaw University, Firefly Energy, CEA-INES d) Add CARBON POWDER to the NAM - optimized Pb grid, NAM pasted to the grid, modified paste recipes - excellent HRPSoC cycleability - developed in ALABC programs, produced by several companies What does Lead Carbon mean?
  26. 26. Frequency Smoothing Simulation Test Results by SNL 8 times longer *Data is updated by September 28 2012 Lead Carbon’s Advantage in ESS Application
  27. 27. Features of Narada's Lead Carbon Batteries 型号:6-DFM-75 尺寸:L261*W173*H206 重量:25.0kg C20容量:75Ah  Combined strengths of lead-acid batteries and supercapacitors  Perfect for HRPSOC cycling scenarios  High specific power, rapid charge and discharge  Eliminated negative sulfation, long cycle life  Internationally advanced, 40% superior in charge acceptance and 5 times in battery cycle life to ordinary ESS products Pb-C cycle life
  28. 28. 28 Narada’s ESS Battery Certified as Special PV Product
  29. 29. 29 Contents  Opportunities and Challenges for Microgrid ESS  Principles and Features of Lead Carbon Batteries  Narada Solution Partners  Energy Box  Solar PV  PV Inverters  Narada Lead Carbon Battery ESS  Project References
  30. 30. TO PROVIDE PRACTICAL& SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS FOR ENERGYSTORAGE AND POWERSYSTEMS ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS Your Hybrid Energy Storage Solution GenPlus hybrid Energy Storage System (ESS) offers a modular and flexible design, that can be specially tailored to suit each customer’s demands. The ESS can be used as an independent power source, or as a backup power system. It can be integrated with solar, electrical generator and grid power. Energy sources are managed by the interactive GenPlus IPSOM module which gives flexibility to the customers according to their diverse requirements. Storing energy using high capacity battery, the GenPlus ESS reduces output variability and improves reliability. The high charging cycles and low recharge time Remote & Isolated Installation GenPlus ESS is suitable for deployment in remote and isolated locations where grid power is not readily available. In an off-grid area, combination of ESS and photovoltaic energy can supply sustainable electricity to communities and facilities without heavy investment in transmission and distribution. Other power generation systems, such as diesel generators can be coupled with GenPlus ESS to cover peak demands. Management and monitoring of GenPlus ESS can easily be done remotely with the GenPlus IPSOM module. Residential & Commercial Ideal as standalone operation or as a backup power system in environment with frequent power disruption, or as an energy- saving solution that can be used to connect grid power and photovoltaic systems to maximize energy savings. Base Transmission Stations With the flexibility of combining the use of solar panels and diesel generators with GenPlus ESS for mobile base stations in remote and isolated areas allow customers to save overall capital investment and operating costs. Integrated Energy Storage System Turnkey solution Scalable solution From 5KVA to 20KVA in step of 5KVA Low maintenance Field replaceable part for fast turnaround Remote monitoring and control of system AC & Generator Automatic/ Manual Select
  31. 31. Single Stage E-Box 5KVA Output; 230Vac; 50/60Hz PV – Up to 3KWp Energy Storage – up to 22KWhr Dimension: 2m (H) 0.65(W) 0.7m(D) Two Stages E-Box 10KVA Output; 230Vac; 50/60Hz PV – Up to 6KWp Energy Storage – up to 44KWhr Dimension: 2m (H) 1.3(W) 0.7m(D) Three Stages E-Box 15KVA Output; 230Vac; 50/60Hz PV – Up to 9KWp Energy Storage – up to 66KWhr Dimension: 2m (H) 1.95(W) 0.7m(D) Four Stages E-Box 20KVA Output; 230Vac; 50/60Hz PV – Up to 12KWp Energy Storage – up to 88KWhr Dimension: 2m (H) 2.6(W) 0.7m(D) EBOX : DESIGN APPLICATION
  32. 32. Hybrid Energy Box System SOLUTION PARTNERS The Hybrid Energy Box System  Turnkey Solution (5KW / 10KW)  LiFePO4 battery or deep cycle Sealed Lead acid Hybrid Power Sources
  33. 33. Portable Power System Application Example : Power System with Extended Battery Capacity P Series (Internal 1200Whr battery) LFP -2400Whr LFP -2400Whr LFP -2400Whr Total Battery Capacity : 4 x 2400Whr = 9600Whr Load P-Series Rugged P case with Built-in retractable handle and wheels G-Seires Industrial Grade LiFePO4 R-Series – Rugged C-Series - Commercial
  34. 34. Platform Power System Mobile Office tower power module Vehicular Power module for RF sensitive equipment GenPlus Sustaining Power System meet your needs for energy anytime… anywhere… Boat mounted Power System
  35. 35. Industrial Back-up Power System OEM backup power for industrial and mission critical system In-line DC backup power supply for CCTV, wireless modules Extended temperature range outdoor In-line DC backup power supply for CCTV, wireless modules DC backup power System
  36. 36. 36 Solar Frontier  Wholly-owned subsidiary of Showa Shell Seikyu K.K (TSE: 5002) Headquartered in Tokyo, Japan World’s largest provider of CIS thin-film Solar Energy Solutions  Manufacturing in Japan Shipped over 2GW of CIS modules and systems for various applications to Japan, Europe, the Americas, the Middle East and Africa.  Showa Shell Energy Solution business (ES), which includes Solar Frontier’s results on a consolidated basis, reported net sales of 141.2 billion yen.
  37. 37. 37 Solar Frontier Performance Advantages / Project References - Test Site: Rhodos (Greece)
  38. 38. 38 Solar Frontier Phoenix Solar Calamba Test Site, Philippines Monitoring Period: 22nd September 2011 – June 2013 Performance Advantages / Project References
  39. 39. 39 German Solar  Headquartered in Cottbus, AG  Design, produce, plan and distribute Photovoltaic products, - components and –facilities.
  40. 40. 40 German Solar
  41. 41. 41 German Solar Project References Size: 200 KWP First Phrase NTUC Fairprice Hub (Beside Joo Koon MRT) 2nd to 5th Phrase 2015 (1MW Total) Project PLO 227 - Tebrau III Industrial Park Johor Bahru Johor Malaysia - Size: 172 KWP - Roof Top Size: 45,000 Sq Ft Appx. Project PLO 227 - Tebrau III Industrial Park Johor Bahru Johor Malaysia - Size: 172 KWP - Roof Top Size: 45,000 Sq Ft Appx. Tebrau III Industrial Park Johor Babru Johor Size: 172 KWP, Appx 45,000 Sq Ft Installation on open land 2MW Villacarrillo Jaen Spain 2008 July (German Solar)
  42. 42. 42 BENQ Solar
  43. 43. 43  Full range (1phase & 3phase) product roadmap;  Flexible to work with any 3rd party energy management system(EMS);  Backup function makes energy supply possible in case of a grid failure;  Applicable to residential and commercial storage solution;  Suitable to work with Lithium-ion/ Lead-acid / FLA / NiCd battery packs;  Complete product range ready for AC and DC coupling solution;  Optional Integrated EMS and free remote monitoring.  Founded in 2011, GMDE is a company that mainly focuses on the development, manufacturing highly cost-effective energy storage inverters and solutions worldwide. We have been active in the energy storage market since early 2012. All the following advantages build the strong basis for you to choose GMDE as the inverter partner of your storage solution: EN/ IEC 62109 EN 61000 VDE-AR-N 4105 EN/ IEC 62477 1. GMDE is the first Chinese company which obtained official battery & hybrid inverter certification to enter Germany market. 2. GMDE inverter is awarded “Star of TUV” in 2014 due to its excellent performance. GMDE
  44. 44. 44 GMDE 18/15/12/6KW Three-phase PV inverter - High efficiency - Wide input voltage range - Humanization mechanical design 1-10KW Hybrid Inverter - Support PV and Battery input simultaneously - Automatically adjust the battery output according to change of PV and customer load, in order to reduce the customer’s electrical expense 5-18KW Battery Inverter(The power capacity can be customized). -Support battery’s charging and discharging. -Specially design for existed large-capacity solar plant -Balance PV output and stabilize power network.
  45. 45. GMDE Project References (Germany and China) 18KW/30KWh 6KW/10KWh 36KW/55KWh 6KW/12KWh
  46. 46. 46 Contents  Opportunities and Challenges for Microgrid ESS  Principles and Features of Lead Carbon Batteries  Narada Solution Partners  Narada Lead Carbon Battery ESS  Project References
  47. 47. 47 Microgrid EES Solutions EES Battery blocks PCS BMS Monitoring system  Industrially pioneering and exclusive micro-grid EES system in enterprise-class  Cost effective, long-life, high reliability  Mobile EES through modular approach  Environment friendly & energy efficient  Promote smart grid and renewable EES Narada’s Lead Carbon BESS System
  48. 48. 48 Modular Layout  Optimized container design enables modular layout and mobility of the energy storage power station for emergency and disaster relief
  49. 49. 49 Battery Thermal Management Technology Containerized battery thermal management system ( temperature difference < 5˚C at the cell level) Air conditioners Air inlet
  50. 50. 50  Based on theories of air dynamics and hydrodynamics and tested after simulation and selection on large scale computer system, the unique temperature-regulated air supply system was designed and widely employed in the construction of BEES power stations Battery Thermal Management Technology .
  51. 51. 51 Battery Management System (BMS)Technology • High precision voltage measurement • High precision current measurement • High precision temperature measurement • Large current nondestructive balancing • Efficient balancing control strategy • Multilayer safety protection • Practical SOC estimation • High reliability • Intelligent BMS interface • Historical event records Longer service life at battery string level Improved user experience Enhanced battery safety Convenient maintenance& inspection • Balancing Technology • Nondestructive active balancing, energy transfer • High balancing current almost no heat dissipation • Balancing regardless of circumstances
  52. 52. 2015/10/20 52 Narada PbC –Significant Improvements in Lead-acid Batteries Improved Positive Active Material (PAM) Pb +C Negative active Material (NAM) Quality AGM separator Positive grid alloy Electrolyte density Catalytic safety valve Battery layout Optimized Plate Grid Design Horizontal layout coupled with special separators mitigate electrolyte stratification and improve cycle life
  53. 53. 53 PV-ESS integrated microgrid power station in Narada Facility Electrical Single Line Diagram
  54. 54. 54  The key of battery group technology is to ensure the uniformity at the cell level to avoid “weakest link effect”, then high charging and discharging efficiency and longer service life achieved at the group level  State-of-the-art equipment, meticulous control, reasonable selection are major contributors. uniformity test of discharge capacity, charge voltage, end of discharge voltage and internal resistance Battery Group Technology laser thickness controlling system
  55. 55. 55 Contents  Opportunities and Challenges for Microgrid ESS  Principles and Features of Lead Carbon Batteries  Narada Solution Partners  Narada Lead Carbon Battery ESS  Project References
  56. 56. 56  Wind-PV-DG hybrid energy storage power station for Dongfushan Island  The National Scenery Site EES Pilot Project  Microgrid pilot project in state renewable demo city in Turpan, Xinjiang Autonomous Region (REX-C:1000RC;500RC)  China Southern Grid Wind-PV-DG hybrid energy storage power station (REX-C:1500RC)  4 MWh Microgrid pilot project at Luxi island (National 863 Program) (REX-C:800RC)  6 MWh Microgrid demonstration project at Wanshan islands for China Southern Power Grid (First national commercial demonstration project) (REX-C:2000RC)  Photovoltaic energy storage power stations for China Brightness Projects in Tibet, Qinghai  Photovoltaic energy storage power station for communication data transmission in Dalian  Mobile Wind Power energy storage demonstration system in Inner Mongolia  40KW/100KWh energy storage systems with NARI Technology Development and China EPRI Science & Technology (China State Grid)  Wind power road lamp demonstration systems with Guoneng Wind Power (China State Grid)  Wind-PV energy storage power station for MOBAX in South Africa  2MWh PV-EES integrated microgrid power station at Narada  …… Narada ESS Demonstration Projects
  57. 57. 57 Capacity 2MWh Power 0.5MW Integrated Voltage 380V / 50Hz Installed in 2011 Services Peak shaving, power smoothing ** Hybrid Battery ESS System with Lead Carbon and Lithium ion batteries, for superior performance and high reliability 2MWh PV-ESS Integrated Microgrid Power Station at Narada Facility
  58. 58. 2MWh PV-ESS integrated micro-grid power station at Narada  It is a pioneering enterprise micro network energy storage power station, implementing peak shaving and renewable energy access, optional for island or on-grid operation.  System features-mobile modular containerized design, Lead Carbon/Li-ion battery hybrid energy storage technology  Thermal management system was employed for the first time and integrated with advanced battery technology, BMS, grouping and other core technologies
  59. 59. 59 PV-ESS integrated microgrid power station in Narada Facility Electrical Single Line Diagram
  60. 60.  The hybrid energy storage power station for Dongfushan Island is the first real world case in scale renewable energy storage in China, integrated wind, photovoltaic and ESS, boosted to run the island micro grid system. Technically difficult and complex, the project is of great significance in demonstration.  The project was launched in 2011, the Battery ESS system has been running smoothly for 3 years. Wind-PV-DG hybrid energy storage power station for Dongfushan Island 100KW Solar Panels 210KW Wind Turbine Generators Narada BEES blocks
  61. 61. 61 Microgrid Pilot Project in State Renewable Demo City in Turpan, Xinjiang Autonomous Region The first micro-grid pilot project in state renewable demonstration city in Turpan Xinjiang has been jointly approved by National Development and Reform Commission, National Energy Administration, State Electricity Regulatory Commission. The installed capacity is currently the largest (13.4MW) and the coverage the widest ( over 20,000 residents of more than 7000 households ) in China. Bid Winning Notice to Narada Power Source
  62. 62. The National Scenery Site ESS Pilot Project  The project is integrated with 100 MW of wind power, 50 MW of solar power and 20 MW chemical energy storage engineering, recognized as international leading level in terms of project scale and technology.  It is the world's largest platform for the comprehensive utilization of renewable energy up to now, facilitate effective solutions to key technical barriers in on grid generation.  Narada won the bid for the project due to its high recognition in international advanced products and technology, in cooperation with China State Grid to demonstrate lead-acid storage value and explore innovative technical routes.
  63. 63. 4 MWh Microgrid Pilot Project at Luxi Island (National 863 Program)  The largest Micro grid lead-acid storage demonstration project in Zhejiang province  Integrated lead carbon batteries, super capacitors and other advanced energy storage technology  As the exclusive bid winner, Narada provides system solution for the project
  64. 64. 6 MWh Microgrid demonstration project at Wanshan islands in Zhuhai  The largest Micro grid lead-acid storage demonstration nationwide  As the exclusive bid winner, Narada provides system solution, energy storage lead carbon battery products for the project  Narada provides a variety of ways for wind, solar and other renewable energy access, for power smoothing as well as energy storage capabilities
  65. 65. China Southern Grid Wind-PV-DG Hybrid ESS Power Station  3 MWh hybrid energy storage power station  PV power smoothing and peak shaving  Using lead carbon batteries, lithium batteries, and other advanced energy storage technology  Joint design with Southern Grid and other organizations
  66. 66. Wind-PV energy storage power station for MOBAX in South Africa  The MOBAX project operation results shows 40% energy saving rate compared with fuel power generation.
  67. 67. 67 微网储能点亮世界 绿色能源驱动未来 ESS Power Station Peak shaving, load leveling, power supply cost down Renewable energy integration, more energy efficient and environmental friendly Microgrid Energy Storage Lighting the World Green Energy Driving the Future