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RMIT MBA, self awareness in management and leadership

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  1. 1. Knowing Yourself the Scientific Way
  2. 2. Personality is the stable pattern of behaviour that characterises a person. Burns, 1997
  3. 3. Impact of Personality in the Organisation Mix Eysenck’s & Cattel’s Theories • Imply individuals are predisposed to certain personalities • More than that, personalities tend to be constant (therefore difficult to change)
  4. 4. Their theories attempt to: ➡ Show underlying personality traits ➡ Explain human behaviour in various situations - trait theories
  5. 5. How do they work?
  6. 6. Eysenck’s Personality Typology Personality is structured across three dimensions: Extraversion - Intraversion Neuroticism - Stable Psychoticism - Normal Asssessed objectively by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ)
  7. 7. Personality Dimensions Personality dimension scores are related to specific characteristics
  8. 8. Extraversion Dimension Extraverts are typically active, sociable, assertive and are carefree Intraverts are the opposite Intraverted Extraverted Traits High Activity Sociability Expressiveness Low Assertiveness Ambition Dogmatism Aggressiveness Costa & Mc Crae, 1995
  9. 9. Extraversion Dimension Neurotic personality is associated with high level of negative effect; ie worries, anxieties, irrationality and depression Stable Neurotic Traits High Inferiority Unhappiness Anxiety Low Dependence Hypochondriac Guilt Obsessiveness Costa & Mc Crae, 1995
  10. 10. Psychotism Dimension High scores on the psychoticism dimension show capacity for psychotic episodes and non-conforming, reckless, unempathic and creative traits Normal Psychotic Traits High Risk Taking Impulsivity Irresponsibility Low Manipulativeness Tough-mindedness Sensation-seeking Practicality Costa & Mc Crae, 1995
  11. 11. Cattel’s Way • Similar to Eysenck, but instead of three primary traits • There are 16! Warmth Social Boldness Openness to Change Reasoning Sensitivity Self-Reliance Emotional Stability Vigilance Perfectionism Dominance Abstractedness Tension Liveliness Privateness Rule-Consciousness Apprehensiveness See more info www.16pfworld.com/primaryfactors.html address also available on links page
  12. 12. Global Factors Global Factors were derived from the primary traits These describe the personality on a broader level Extraversion Anxiety Tough-Mindedness Independence Self-Control
  13. 13. Measurement The 16PF Questionnaire is like the EPQ Low and high scores on each Global Factor or Traits refer to different behaviours in certain situations
  14. 14. Relevance to Work • Both tools can provide foresight - for behavioural preference - individual fit for certain work roles • Can be useful in personnel selection for roles - helps improved efficiency + occupational successes = work contentment
  15. 15. That is Eysenck’s & Cattell’s methods Help to find the right person for the job, and the right job for the person
  16. 16. What are your Personality Dimensions? See for yourself at: http://similiarminds.com/eysenck.html www.16pfworld.com/primaryfactors.html Addresses also available on links page
  17. 17. References Burns, R.B. (1997). Psychology for effective managers. Warriewood: Business and Professional Publishing, Ch 3. Costa & McCrae (1995). Primary Traits of the Eysenck PEN System, J. Personality & Social Psych, 69, 308 Furnham, A. (2008). Personality & Intelligence at Work: Exploring and Explaining Individual Differences at Work. Routledge, East Sussex http://www.trans4mind.com/personality/ Jackson, C.J., Furnham, A., Forde, L. & Cotter, T. (2000). Structure of the EPP, Brit. J. Psych, 91, 223 McKenna, E. (1994). Business & Organisational Behaviour: A Student’s Handbook. Lawrence Erlbaum Assoc Ltd, East Sussex