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Motherboard

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A presentation about Motherboard.

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Motherboard

  1. 1. Motherboard English Presentation
  2. 2. Contents Introduction 1 Basic knowledge 2 Components 3 History 4 Conclusion 5
  3. 3. Introduction <ul><li>Which device is the most important in a computer? </li></ul>
  4. 4. Introduction CPU
  5. 5. Introduction Hard Drive
  6. 6. Introduction CD / DVD ROM
  7. 7. Introduction Monitor
  8. 8. Introduction <ul><li>What do they connect to? What controls them? </li></ul>
  9. 9. II - Basic
  10. 10. Basic Other names: - Mainboard - Baseboard - System board - Logic board (Apple computers) Abbreviation: mobo
  11. 11. Basic
  12. 12. Basic
  13. 13. Basic <ul><li>Types of Motherboard </li></ul><ul><li>depend on the CPU it was designed for </li></ul><ul><li>categories motherboards by which socket type they have </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Socket A, Socket 478, etc </li></ul>
  14. 14. Basic <ul><li>Speed of a Motherboard </li></ul><ul><li>maximum supported speeds for other components </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. FSB (Front Side Bus), RAM Bus, maximum CPU speed, etc </li></ul>
  15. 15. Basic <ul><li>Cache memory </li></ul><ul><li>storing frequently used program code or data </li></ul><ul><li>faster than RAM </li></ul>
  16. 16. Basic <ul><li>BIOS </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Input/Output System </li></ul><ul><li>Binary Input/Output System </li></ul><ul><li>Basic Integrated Operating System </li></ul><ul><li>Built In Operating System </li></ul>
  17. 17. Basic <ul><li>BIOS </li></ul><ul><li>firmware connects hardware and software </li></ul><ul><li>identify component hardware </li></ul><ul><li>boot the computer </li></ul>ROM with BIOS
  18. 18. III - Components
  19. 19. Components Internal - PCI slots - AGP - ISA slots - Chipset - CPU socket - DIMM - CMOS - etc Components External - PS/2 connectors - USB ports - Parallel ports - Game ports - COM ports - etc
  20. 20. Components <ul><li>Peripheral Component Interconnect </li></ul><ul><li>from 1 up to about 6 slots on a motherboard </li></ul><ul><li>run at 33Mhz and normally 32bits </li></ul><ul><li>support plug and play </li></ul>PCI Slots
  21. 21. Components <ul><li>Industry Standard Architecture </li></ul><ul><li>connect internal peripherals such as modems and network cards </li></ul><ul><li>run at only a 8Mhz maximum </li></ul>ISA Slots
  22. 22. Components <ul><li>group of integrated circuits </li></ul><ul><li>divided into different parts </li></ul><ul><li>each part provide specific functions </li></ul>Chipset
  23. 23. Components <ul><li>links the motherboard to the CPU(s) </li></ul><ul><li>built around the pin grid array (PGA) architecture </li></ul>CPU Socket
  24. 24. Components <ul><li>Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor </li></ul><ul><li>gives the board a small amount of power </li></ul><ul><li>store some vital data (e.g. time, date, settings, etc) </li></ul>CMOS
  25. 25. Components <ul><li>2 PS/2 connectors: for mouse and for keyboard </li></ul><ul><li>same size, same shape, different colours </li></ul><ul><li>not interchangeable </li></ul>PS/2 Connectors
  26. 26. Components <ul><li>connect external components </li></ul><ul><li>change the devices without switching the power off </li></ul>USB Ports
  27. 27. IV - History
  28. 28. History <ul><li>In 1947 the first transistor was invented </li></ul><ul><li>CPU, memory and I/O peripherals were housed on individual PCBs </li></ul><ul><li>In 1980s, motherboards began to include single ICs </li></ul><ul><li>At present, motherboards support a full range of audio, video, storage, and networking functions </li></ul>
  29. 29. Conclusion
  30. 30. Reference <ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.com/wiki/Mainboard </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.pantherproducts.co.uk </li></ul><ul><li>and many other sources </li></ul>
  31. 31. Q & A If you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to ask us. We’ll be willing to answer them.
  32. 32. Thank You !

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