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WHO WILL DO THIS WORK - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES CBSE-V

Yes, Class-IV (or, Group-D) service means the lowest level posts in Government. This includes Peon, Chaprasi, Daftri, Dispatch Rider, etc. However, nowadays all these employees are called Multi-Tasking Skilled (MTS) workers. Fourth class services are the lowest class services in any organisation.

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WHO WILL DO THIS WORK - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES CBSE-V

  1. 1. Have you seen such scenes around you? Yes, Class-IV (or, Group-D) service means the lowest level posts in Government. This includes Peon, Chaprasi, Daftri, Dispatch Rider, etc. However, nowadays all these employees are called Multi-Tasking Skilled (MTS) workers. Fourth class services are the lowest class services in any organisation.
  2. 2. Posts carrying a pay or scale of pay with a maximum of not less than Rs. 9000/- but less than 13500/- are known as Group `B' posts. Civil posts with a maximum pay (or a scale of pay) over Rs. 4000/- but less than Rs 9000./- are in Group `C'.
  3. 3. Group `C' posts mainly perform clerical work in ministries and departments and Group `D' employees are recruited to do maintenance and labour work. All the salaries and grade pay of Central govt employees are decided by a committee called CPC (Central Pay Commission).
  4. 4. Examples - Magistrate & above in Judicial Service, Officers of the All India Services i.e. IAS, IPS, IPoS, IOFS, IFoS, Officers of 61 Central Group A Civil Services including IFS, IA&AS, IRS, CAPF's Officers, All India Railway Officers (IRSE, IRSME, IRSEE, IRSSE, IRAS, IRPS, IRTS, IRHS, RPF), Assistant Secretaries/ ...
  5. 5. Perform general clean up of all areas of the building as directed. Manage routine upkeep of exterior areas, green space and parking lot. Complete non-routine cleaning according to specified job orders. Remove garbage and recycling daily and prepare bins for weekly pick-up.
  6. 6. General Cleaner: A general cleaner performs the function of cleaning, stocking, and supplying cleaning materials to designated facility areas. His/her duties may include dusting, sweeping, and mopping; vacuuming, cleaning ceiling vents, and cleaning the restroom.
  7. 7. Cleaning Jobs: Commercial cleaning companies usually employ them. Cleaners generally work in a team and perform a variety of tasks, including: cleaning floors, windows and walls; vacuuming carpets; dusting furniture; emptying dustbins; polishing desks in offices; changing linen in hotels, resorts and hospitals.
  8. 8. Sanitation worker: A sanitation worker (or sanitary worker) is a person responsible for cleaning, maintaining, operating, or emptying the equipment or technology at any step of the sanitation chain. This is the definition used in the narrower sense within the WASH sector. More broadly speaking, sanitation workers may also be involved in cleaning streets, parks, public spaces, sewers, stormwater drains, and public toilets.
  9. 9. Another definition is: "The moment an individual’s waste is outsourced to another, it becomes sanitation work." Those workers who maintain and empty on-site sanitation systems (e.g. pit latrines, septic tanks) contribute to functional fecal sludge management systems.
  10. 10. The work which does not require much brain are not challenging, for example, work of a sweeper, gatekeeper, doing white wash on building etc. People does not want to these jobs because by these jobs we cannot earn well, these are not challenging and these are not considered respectful.
  11. 11. People do not want to do jobs of sweepers, dish washers, sewage cleaners, white washers, etc. People do not opt for these jobs because after getting educated, they get other options of employment. They want to earn more and think these activities are neither interesting nor of their status.
  12. 12. This kind of work is done by: (i) Poor people (ii) People belonging to a particular community in which their elders also have done the same work. (iii) People who did not get chance to do other jobs Some people do this kind of work as either they do not have the money to study or even after getting educated they cannot not manage to get other jobs.
  13. 13. What would happen if nobody did this work? If nobody would do this work then it will create problems for us. The garbage will get collected outside our school and houses. It will start giving bad smell due to the process of rotting. It could create epidemics also.
  14. 14. Do you think that anyone has ever tried to change this situation? Yes, many people have tried. People are trying even today. But it is not easy to change this. One such person was Mahatma Gandhi. Gandhiji had a friend Mahadevbhai Desai. Mahadevbhai’s son Narayan also stayed with Gandhiji when he was young. This incident is from Narayan's book.
  15. 15. Remembering those days: When Narayan (Babla) was about 11 years old, he was staying in Gandhiji’s Sabarmati Ashram. Like everyone else in the Ashram, he had to do various kinds of work. One of his jobs was to teach the guests how to clean the toilets. In those days, the toilets were not what we know today.
  16. 16. There used to be holes under which baskets were kept. People sat on the holes. Later the baskets had to be lifted by hand, to be emptied. It was the usual practice that people from a particular community would do this work.
  17. 17. But in Gandhiji’s Ashram, every person had to carry the basket to the compost pit and empty it there. No one was excused from this task - not even the guests. Narayanbhai remembers how some people used to try and avoid this work. Some even left the Ashram because of this. Some years later Gandhiji went to stay at a village, near Wardha in Maharashtra. Gandhiji, Mahadevbhai and others started to clean the toilets in the village. They did this for some months.
  18. 18. One morning a man coming from the toilet, saw Mahadevbhai. He pointed to him and said “There is alot of dirt over there. Go and clean that!” When Babla saw this, he was very angry. He thought, the villagers felt that this was not their work. This was for Gandhiji and his team to do. He asked Gandhiji why this was so. Gandhiji replied, “Untouchability is a serious matter. Lot of hard work will be required to change this.” Narayan knew that the people who usually did this work were thought to be untouchable.
  19. 19. He asked “What is the use if the village people do not change their thinking? They have become used to someone else doing this work for them.” Gandhiji replied, “Why”? Don’t you think the people who clean also benefit from it. They also learn a lesson. To learn something is like learning a new skill.
  20. 20. Even if it is a cleaning job.” Little Narayan was not convinced. He again argued, “Those who make a place dirty but do not clean it should also learn lessons.” Gandhiji and Narayan continued to argue about this. But when he grew up Narayan always followed the path shown by Gandhiji.
  21. 21. Sanitation workers in India: How many deaths will it take till they know that too many people have died? In just 35 days between mid-July and mid-August this year, in the capital city of Delhi alone, ten sanitation workers died while they were engaged in the poorly paid and extremely hazardous task of manual scavenging.
  22. 22. They were entering sewers to clean them, without adequate or even minimal precautions taken by the employers (like safety gear) that would allow these workers to deal with the noxious and even toxic gases, slippery floors, high walls and often very high temperatures in these sewers.
  23. 23. Manual scavenging is defined as “the removal of human excrement from public streets and dry latrines, cleaning sceptic tanks, gutters and sewers”. This practice is still widely prevalent in India, driven not only by class and income divides, but much more by caste and patriarchy. All manual scavengers in the country are Dalit, and even among different Dalit castes, such workers tend to be lower in the hierarchy, coming from some of the most marginalised and oppressed sub-castes.
  24. 24. And within such work there is a clear gender divide: women workers dominate in the cleaning, removal and carrying of faeces from toilets, in both rural and urban areas. This work tends to be the lowest paid, with some instances being recorded of unbelievable rates like Rs 150 rupees per month and a roti or two per day per household thus served. Meanwhile men work in cleaning septic tanks, gutters and sewers. Both types of task are unpleasant and unhealthy, and even carry severe risks to life.
  25. 25. India’s flagship sanitation programme, Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), highlights the importance of both latrine use, and “safe and proper disposal.” Since most of urban India is not connected to sewers, the SBM recommends that cities work towards technological, financing, and governance initiatives that would ensure safe faecal sludge management. In practice, this refers to mechanical (that is, truck-and-hose) sludge removal as opposed to the now-illegal manual method of emptying toilet pits.
  26. 26. World Toilet Day is a United Nations Observance that celebrates toilets and raises awareness of the 4.2 billion people living without access to safely managed sanitation. It is about taking action to tackle the global sanitation crisis and achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030.
  27. 27. World Toilet Day seeks to inspire action to tackle the global sanitation crisis and help achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6 (SDG 6), which promises sanitation for all by 2030. In 2020, activities to mark the day will focus on the theme, 'Sustainable sanitation and climate change'.
  28. 28. A childhood story: This story is almost a hundred years old. Seven-year old Bhim went to Goregaon in Maharashtra with his father to spend his holidays. He saw a barber cutting the long hair of a rich farmer’s buffallo. He thought of his own long hair. He went to the barber and asked for a hair cut. The barber replied, “If I cut your hair both my razor and I will get dirty.” Oh, so to cut human hair can be dirtier than cutting an animal’s hair, wondered little Bhim.
  29. 29. Later this little Bhim was known as Bhim Rao Baba Saheb Ambedkar. He became very famous across the world. Baba Saheb fought for justice for people like him. After India’s freedom the Constitution was prepared under the leadership of Baba Saheb.
  30. 30. CLEANING IN SCHOOLS: The cleaning in our school is done by 3−4 sweepers. They have to clean the toilets, all the rooms, the terrace and the, grounds of the school.
  31. 31. "While students are contributors of garbage in schools they have no role in cleaning it or maintaining the cleanliness. We want that students should develop these habits and take responsibility of cleanliness in schools," said Deputy Chief Minister and Education Minister Manish Sisodia.
  32. 32. The Importance of Cleanliness in School: 17 January 2020 The importance of cleanliness in school is to provide a healthy and safe environment for students. There are many issues related to hygiene that students and school employees have to face every day. Germs and bacteria are a part of life. Especially when discussing kids. Most of those can even harm them for life or affect the social and economic well-being of the school.
  33. 33. As the facility manager or the headmaster of a school, you need to make sure that the school building always stays clean. From classrooms and hallways to cafeteria and administrative offices, you and your staff must maintain the cleanliness in your school every day. For many students and teachers, they spend most of their time at school. So, maintaining cleanliness in school is vital for many reasons.
  34. 34. To keep our school clean we should not throw the waste item such as paper polythin bags etc in the ground after the recess or any other time we should always be try to keep our ground neat after the the recess. we should not throw the waste item and if our friends are doing so.
  35. 35. Top 7 Tips on How to Keep Your School Facilities Clean Provide door mats in each class. ... Keep trash cans in each working station and class. Start recycling practices in the school. Encourage students and teachers to keep things away immediately after use. ... Organise cleaning day events. Clean the school facilities frequently. Hire a professional cleaning company.
  36. 36. Child Friendly School: The most common role a teacher plays in the classroom is to teach knowledge to children. ... Teachers teach in many ways including lectures, small group activities and hands-on learning activities. Creating Classroom Environment. Teachers also play an important role in the classroom when it comes to the environment.
  37. 37. It's a great idea for students to help ensure that the school is tidy, and this might include picking up litter, clearing away resources after each lesson and generally maintaining the tidiness of the school. However, students tidying the school cannot be a substitute for a professional cleaning team.
  38. 38. More Useful Learning Environment: The most important benefit of a clean classroom is the fact that it maximizes the learning experience of the students. According to recent studies, dirty environments negatively affect the learning of students and in turn, the overall performance in the classroom.
  39. 39. Yes, because people look different when they work hard in irregularly. It bring changed to them because they focused on their work they concentrates more while working and it bring changes them.
  40. 40. Gandhiji’s favourite song (bhajan) is given here. This bhajan is in Gujarati. Try to understand the meaning of these lines..

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