WHO WILL DO THIS WORK - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES CBSE-V
Yes, Class-IV (or, Group-D) service means the lowest level posts in Government. This includes Peon, Chaprasi, Daftri, Dispatch Rider, etc. However, nowadays all these employees are called Multi-Tasking Skilled (MTS) workers. Fourth class services are the lowest class services in any organisation.
WHO WILL DO THIS WORK - ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES CBSE-V
Have you seen such scenes around you?
Yes, Class-IV (or, Group-D) service means the lowest level posts in
Government. This includes Peon, Chaprasi, Daftri, Dispatch Rider,
etc. However, nowadays all these employees are called Multi-Tasking
Skilled (MTS) workers. Fourth class services are the
lowest class services in any organisation.
Posts carrying a pay or scale of pay with a maximum of not less than
Rs. 9000/- but less than 13500/- are known as Group `B' posts. Civil
posts with a maximum pay (or a scale of pay) over Rs. 4000/- but less
than Rs 9000./- are in Group `C'.
Group `C' posts mainly perform clerical work in ministries and
departments and Group `D' employees are recruited to do
maintenance and labour work. All the salaries and grade pay of
Central govt employees are decided by a committee called CPC
(Central Pay Commission).
Examples - Magistrate & above in Judicial Service, Officers of the
All India Services i.e. IAS, IPS, IPoS, IOFS, IFoS, Officers of 61
Central Group A Civil Services including IFS, IA&AS, IRS, CAPF's
Officers, All India Railway Officers (IRSE, IRSME, IRSEE, IRSSE,
IRAS, IRPS, IRTS, IRHS, RPF), Assistant Secretaries/ ...
Perform general clean up of all areas of the building as directed.
Manage routine upkeep of exterior areas, green space and parking
lot. Complete non-routine cleaning according to specified job orders.
Remove garbage and recycling daily and prepare bins for weekly
A general cleaner performs the function of cleaning, stocking, and
supplying cleaning materials to designated facility areas.
His/her duties may include dusting, sweeping, and mopping;
vacuuming, cleaning ceiling vents, and cleaning the restroom.
Cleaning Jobs: Commercial cleaning companies usually employ
them. Cleaners generally work in a team and perform a variety of
tasks, including: cleaning floors, windows and walls; vacuuming
carpets; dusting furniture; emptying dustbins; polishing desks in
offices; changing linen in hotels, resorts and hospitals.
A sanitation worker (or sanitary worker) is a person responsible for
cleaning, maintaining, operating, or emptying the equipment or
technology at any step of the sanitation chain. This is the definition
used in the narrower sense within the WASH sector. More broadly
speaking, sanitation workers may also be involved in cleaning
streets, parks, public spaces, sewers, stormwater drains, and public
Another definition is: "The moment an individual’s waste is
outsourced to another, it becomes sanitation work." Those workers
who maintain and empty on-site sanitation systems (e.g. pit latrines,
septic tanks) contribute to functional fecal sludge management
The work which does not require much brain are not challenging,
for example, work of a sweeper, gatekeeper, doing white wash on
building etc. People does not want to these jobs because by these jobs
we cannot earn well, these are not challenging and these are not
People do not want to do jobs of sweepers, dish washers, sewage
cleaners, white washers, etc. People do not opt for these jobs because
after getting educated, they get other options of employment. They
want to earn more and think these activities are neither interesting
nor of their status.
This kind of work is done by:
(i) Poor people
(ii) People belonging to a particular community in which their elders
also have done the same work.
(iii) People who did not get chance to do other jobs
Some people do this kind of work as either they do not have the
money to study or even after getting educated they cannot not
manage to get other jobs.
What would happen if nobody did this work?
If nobody would do this work then it will create problems for us. The
garbage will get collected outside our school and houses. It will start
giving bad smell due to the process of rotting. It could create
Do you think that anyone has ever tried to change this situation?
Yes, many people have tried. People are trying even today. But it is
not easy to change this. One such person was Mahatma Gandhi.
Gandhiji had a friend Mahadevbhai Desai. Mahadevbhai’s son
Narayan also stayed with Gandhiji when he was young. This
incident is from Narayan's book.
Remembering those days:
When Narayan (Babla) was about 11 years old, he was staying in
Gandhiji’s Sabarmati Ashram. Like everyone else in the Ashram, he
had to do various kinds of work. One of his jobs was to teach the
guests how to clean the toilets. In those days, the toilets were not
what we know today.
There used to be holes under which baskets were kept. People sat on
the holes. Later the baskets had to be lifted by hand, to be emptied.
It was the usual practice that people from a particular community
would do this work.
But in Gandhiji’s Ashram, every person had to carry the basket to
the compost pit and empty it there. No one was excused from this
task - not even the guests. Narayanbhai remembers how some people
used to try and avoid this work. Some even left the Ashram because
of this. Some years later Gandhiji went to stay at a village, near
Wardha in Maharashtra. Gandhiji, Mahadevbhai and others started
to clean the toilets in the village. They did this for some months.
One morning a man coming from the toilet, saw Mahadevbhai. He
pointed to him and said “There is alot of dirt over there. Go and
clean that!” When Babla saw this, he was very angry. He thought,
the villagers felt that this was not their work. This was for Gandhiji
and his team to do. He asked Gandhiji why this was so. Gandhiji
replied, “Untouchability is a serious matter. Lot of hard work will be
required to change this.” Narayan knew that the people who usually
did this work were thought to be untouchable.
He asked “What is the use if the village people do not change their
thinking? They have become used to someone else doing this work
for them.” Gandhiji replied, “Why”? Don’t you think the people
who clean also benefit from it. They also learn a lesson. To learn
something is like learning a new skill.
Even if it is a cleaning job.” Little Narayan was not convinced. He
again argued, “Those who make a place dirty but do not clean it
should also learn lessons.” Gandhiji and Narayan continued to argue
about this. But when he grew up Narayan always followed the path
shown by Gandhiji.
Sanitation workers in India:
How many deaths will it take till they know that too many people
have died? In just 35 days between mid-July and mid-August this
year, in the capital city of Delhi alone, ten sanitation workers died
while they were engaged in the poorly paid and extremely hazardous
task of manual scavenging.
They were entering sewers to clean them, without adequate or even
minimal precautions taken by the employers (like safety gear) that
would allow these workers to deal with the noxious and even toxic
gases, slippery floors, high walls and often very high temperatures in
Manual scavenging is defined as “the removal of human excrement
from public streets and dry latrines, cleaning sceptic tanks, gutters
and sewers”. This practice is still widely prevalent in India, driven
not only by class and income divides, but much more by caste and
patriarchy. All manual scavengers in the country are Dalit, and even
among different Dalit castes, such workers tend to be lower in the
hierarchy, coming from some of the most marginalised and
And within such work there is a clear gender divide: women workers
dominate in the cleaning, removal and carrying of faeces from
toilets, in both rural and urban areas. This work tends to be the
lowest paid, with some instances being recorded of unbelievable
rates like Rs 150 rupees per month and a roti or two per day per
household thus served. Meanwhile men work in cleaning septic
tanks, gutters and sewers. Both types of task are unpleasant and
unhealthy, and even carry severe risks to life.
India’s flagship sanitation programme, Swachh Bharat Mission
(SBM), highlights the importance of both latrine use, and “safe and
proper disposal.” Since most of urban India is not connected to
sewers, the SBM recommends that cities work towards
technological, financing, and governance initiatives that would
ensure safe faecal sludge management. In practice, this refers to
mechanical (that is, truck-and-hose) sludge removal as opposed to
the now-illegal manual method of emptying toilet pits.
World Toilet Day is a United Nations Observance that celebrates
toilets and raises awareness of the 4.2 billion people living without
access to safely managed sanitation. It is about taking action to
tackle the global sanitation crisis and achieve Sustainable
Development Goal 6: water and sanitation for all by 2030.
World Toilet Day seeks to inspire action to tackle the global
sanitation crisis and help achieve Sustainable Development Goal 6
(SDG 6), which promises sanitation for all by 2030. In 2020,
activities to mark the day will focus on the theme, 'Sustainable
sanitation and climate change'.
A childhood story:
This story is almost a hundred years old. Seven-year old Bhim went
to Goregaon in Maharashtra with his father to spend his holidays.
He saw a barber cutting the long hair of a rich farmer’s buffallo. He
thought of his own long hair. He went to the barber and asked for a
hair cut. The barber replied, “If I cut your hair both my razor and I
will get dirty.” Oh, so to cut human hair can be dirtier than cutting
an animal’s hair, wondered little Bhim.
Later this little Bhim was known as Bhim Rao Baba Saheb
Ambedkar. He became very famous across the world. Baba Saheb
fought for justice for people like him. After India’s freedom the
Constitution was prepared under the leadership of Baba Saheb.
CLEANING IN SCHOOLS:
The cleaning in our school is done by 3−4 sweepers. They have to
clean the toilets, all the rooms, the terrace and the, grounds of the
"While students are contributors of garbage in schools they have no
role in cleaning it or maintaining the cleanliness. We want that
students should develop these habits and take responsibility of
cleanliness in schools," said Deputy Chief Minister and Education
Minister Manish Sisodia.
The Importance of Cleanliness in School: 17 January 2020
The importance of cleanliness in school is to provide a healthy and
safe environment for students. There are many issues related to
hygiene that students and school employees have to face every day.
Germs and bacteria are a part of life. Especially when discussing
kids. Most of those can even harm them for life or affect the social
and economic well-being of the school.
As the facility manager or the headmaster of a school, you need to
make sure that the school building always stays clean. From
classrooms and hallways to cafeteria and administrative offices, you
and your staff must maintain the cleanliness in your school every
day. For many students and teachers, they spend most of their time
at school. So, maintaining cleanliness in school is vital for many
To keep our school clean we should not throw the waste item such as
paper polythin bags etc in the ground after the recess or any other
time we should always be try to keep our ground neat after the the
recess. we should not throw the waste item and if our friends are
Top 7 Tips on How to Keep Your School Facilities Clean
Provide door mats in each class. ... Keep trash cans in each working
station and class. Start recycling practices in the school. Encourage
students and teachers to keep things away immediately after use. ...
Organise cleaning day events. Clean the school facilities frequently.
Hire a professional cleaning company.
Child Friendly School: The most common role a teacher plays in the
classroom is to teach knowledge to children. ... Teachers teach in
many ways including lectures, small group activities and hands-on
learning activities. Creating Classroom Environment. Teachers also
play an important role in the classroom when it comes to the
It's a great idea for students to help ensure that the school is tidy,
and this might include picking up litter, clearing away resources
after each lesson and generally maintaining the tidiness of the school.
However, students tidying the school cannot be a substitute for a
professional cleaning team.
More Useful Learning Environment: The most important benefit of
a clean classroom is the fact that it maximizes the learning
experience of the students. According to recent studies, dirty
environments negatively affect the learning of students and in turn,
the overall performance in the classroom.
Yes, because people look different when they work hard in
irregularly. It bring changed to them because they focused on their
work they concentrates more while working and it bring changes
Gandhiji’s favourite song (bhajan) is given here. This bhajan is in
Gujarati. Try to understand the meaning of these lines..