Approaches to LanguagesTesting: “Classical, Discrete, Integrative” We are: Ananda Lupita S. (100221404955) Dwi Kartika S.
What we are talking about inthis presentation is the wayof doing test based onseveral approaches, whichis influenced by the view orbelieve of English.
“English should be Greek-like or Latin-like”Emphasis grammatical rule, memorizing vocabulary, translating classic textApplied in GTM on learning English (concentrated on how to teach grammar and drilling vocabulary)Produce good translatorClassical Approach
Discrete Approach“English can be broke into several components”Emphasis mastering English component separately.Applied in ALM Discrete Approach tests English components separately.
Integrative Approach/ Unitary Competence Hypothesis“English cannot be broke into several components, it is a unity.”Emphasis mastering integrative skill.The test is usually a test that isdemanded on several skill tomanage
Classical Language Testing Grammar test Vocabulary test Translating text
Discrete Language TestDialog completionPair dialog performanceAtomistic testing beginning ofstandardized test
Integrative Language TestCloze testDictationInterviewWriting composition
students’ language knowledge is not communicative Students will feel bored and language feels difficult Speech and listening are neglected Not naturalClassical Approach Weakness
Time consuming and not natural the success in taking the test do not means that they can use the language in everyday lifeBut the test can cope a wide range of material Objective scoring and efficient test Allow quantification on students’ response
Students’ ability to + I communicate will develop Seems natural N Challenging and can reveal T students’ integrative skill E G R Complicated mode of test - A T The weakness is merely the I weakness of the particular test used V E