Water quality in the rock river basin final fall 2012

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Why we need you to be a stream monitor volunteer.
Thank you.
Rock River Coalition

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Water quality in the rock river basin final fall 2012

  1. 1. MISSISSIPPI RIVER Mississippi A 299 mile long tributary of the BASIN Where in the world isthe Rock River Basin? k Roc
  2. 2. ROCK RIVER 2,325 miles of streams flow into The Rock River.
  3. 3. ROCK RIVER BASIN 3,750 sq. miles of land (or 5% of the state) 2 watersheds 28 subwatersheds
  4. 4. ROCK RIVER BASIN 150 lakes and stormwater impoundments Home to Horicon Marsh and many wetlands
  5. 5. ROCK RIVER BASINCovers ~ 11 countiesHome to 900,000peopleMadison, Janesville and BeloitWaupun, Watertown, Oconomowoc, Jefferson and Beaver Dam
  6. 6. ??Water is the most critical resource issue ofour lifetime and our childrens lifetime.The health of our waters is the principlemeasure of how we live on the land. Luna Leopold
  7. 7. How Do We Live on the Land in The Rock River BasinProduces 22% 21% of Wisconsin’s FarmsProducts Home to of Wisconsin Agricultural
  8. 8. Dane and Dodge Animal Five Producers of Dairy,27 Concentrated in Top Feeding Operations Cattle and Hog Producers
  9. 9. 48 Municipal Separate Storm Water Sewer Systems (MS4s) 15 Industrial Facilities
  10. 10. Land Use in the Rock River Presents Many Water Quality Challenges What are some sources of pollutants?
  11. 11. Run-off from city streets carries pollutants and sediment -down thestorm sewer-
  12. 12. to the nearest lake, stream orriver.
  13. 13. Run-off from agricultural fields andconstruction sites…
  14. 14. …can carry manure , pesticides, fertilizersand sediment… to the nearest lake or stream.
  15. 15. The Rock River Basin The report card 62 water bodies do not meet federal standard for phosphorus and total suspended solids
  16. 16. Who is responsible formaintaining or improving water quality?
  17. 17. FARMER S? STORM WATE F AC I L R ITIES? LANDOWNERS? ACT ORSCO N T R R S, L D E R S?, BUI OPE D EVEL
  18. 18. ALL OF US!!
  19. 19. THE ROCK RIVER COALITION “Our mission is to educate and provide opportunities for people of diverse interests to work together to improve the environmental,recreational, cultural, and economic resources of the Rock River Basin.”
  20. 20. WHO IS THE COALITION?
  21. 21. WHAT DOES THE ROCK RIVER COALITION DO? Citizen Stream Monitoring Citizen Wetland Monitoring – restoring and monitoring Zeloski Marsh Restoring the Rock – participating in developing the Rock River Recovery Plan Water Star Wisconsin -- to honor municipalities who do outstanding work
  22. 22. ROCK RIVER COALITIONSTREAM MONITORING PROGRAM
  23. 23. Water Action Volunteer Programs
  24. 24. STATE–WIDE WATER ACTION VOLUNTEER PROGRAM144 SITES(LEVELS 1 & 2)
  25. 25. 48 SITES(LEVELS 1, 2 & 3)
  26. 26. What is monitored?1. Temperature2. Dissolved oxygen3. Biotic Index4. Flow – velocity5. Transparency6. Habitat Information
  27. 27. Why Temperature? Affects metabolic rates of aquatic speciesAffects the amount of oxygen that can bedissolved in the waterAffects sensitivity of organisms to disease,parasites and pollutants
  28. 28. What can cause temperatures to rise?Suspended solids (from runoff) Runoff from warm pavement Industrial discharges
  29. 29. WHY DISSOLVED OXYGEN? Plants and animals need dissolved oxygen to survive. Without dissolved oxygen fish and macro-invertebrates leave the area or die
  30. 30. FACTORS THAT AFFECT AMOUNT OF DISSOLVED OXYGEN Warm water Cold waterHigh levels of sediment Clear waterExcessive organic materials A lot of wave action
  31. 31. WHY TRANSPARENCY? A measure of water clarity
  32. 32. FACTORS THAT COULD DECREASE CLARITY Runoff from construction sites Runoff from agricultural fields
  33. 33. WHY MEASURE STREAM FLOWDefines the shape, size and course of the stream.Integral to habitat.
  34. 34. Decreased flow -- withdrawals forirrigation, domestic or industrialpurposesDams and channelizationIncreased flow -- due to runoff
  35. 35. WHY BIOTIC INDEX? Indicator species –Poor-quality streams will gradually lose pollutant-sensitiveanimals until only the pollutant-tolerant species are left
  36. 36. Never doubtthat a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world; indeed, its the only thing that ever has. Margaret Mead
  37. 37.  2,325 miles of You can make streams flow into a difference. The Rock River.

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