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JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
Written & Oral Communications
1) Student read the following books over the course of the year and was asked to create one oral
and one written report based on his choice of those books.
The Time Machine
The Shining
Dr. Sleep
The Invisible Man
Jurassic Park
Murder In The Rue Morgue
Percy Jackson Series
1) Oral Presentation of 15 minutes to include the following:
a) explanation of plot and setting.
b) brief explanation of main characters and their conflicts
c) theme & conflict
d) narrator & voice
2) Written Report of 5 pages to include the following:
a) explanation of plot and setting.
b) brief explanation of main characters and their conflicts
c) theme & conflict
d) narrator & voice
3) Student read one current event per day either online or in print and then wrote a one paragraph
synopsis.
4) Picked a current event and one historical event to research throughout each semester and
presented one oral and one written research paper on that topic.
a) Fall -
b) Spring -
5) Research topic of choice – This year long project involved the use of research skills,
information literacy skills, writing, language and vocabulary skills. Student produced a multi-
media presentation on Greek Mythology and how it relates to the Percy Jackson Series.
Biology
Student worked through Khan Academy Biology module which includes the following lectures.
1) Evolution & Natural Selection
a) Introduction to Evolution & Natural Selection
b) Intelligent Design & Evolution
c) Evolution Clarification
d) Natural Selection & The Owl Butterfly
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
e) DNA
f) Variation in a Species
2) Cell & Cell Division
a) Diffusion & Osmosis
b) Part of a Cell
c) Chromosomes, Chromatids, Chromatin, etc.
d) Mitosis, Meiosis, and Sexual Reproduction
e) Phases of Mitosis
f) Phases of Meiosis
g) Embryotic Stem Cells
h) Cancer
3) Heredity & Genetics
a) Introduction to Herdity
b) Punnett Square Fun
c) Hardy-Weinberg Principle
d) Sex-Linked Traits
e) Genetics 101 Part 1 – What Are Genes?
f) Genetics 101 Part 2 – What are SNP’s?
g) Genetics 101 Part 3 – Where Do Your Genes Come From?
h) Genetics 101 Part 4 – What Are Phenotypes?
4) Tree of Life
a) Taxonomy & The Tree of Life
b) Species
c) Bacteria
e) Viruses
f) Human Prehistory 101 – Prologue
g) Human Prehistory 101 Part 1 – Out of Eastern Africa
h) Human Prehistory 101Part 2 – Weathering The Storm
i) Human Prehistory 101 Part 3 – Agriculture Rocks Our World
j) Human Prehistory 101 – Epilogue
5) Cellular Respiration
a) ATP – Adenosine Triphosphate
b) Introduction to Cellular Respiration
c) Oxidation and Reduction Review from Biological Point-of-View
d) Oxidation and Reduction in Cellular Respiration
e) Krebs/Citric Acid Cycle
f) Glycolsis
g) Electron Transport Chain
h) Oxidative Phosphorylation and Chemiomosis
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
6) Photosynthesis
a) ATP – Adenosine Triphosphate
b) Photosynthesis
c) Photosynthesis – Light Reactions 1
d) Photosynthesis – Light Reactions and Photophosphorylation
e) Photosynthesis – Calvin Cycle
f) Photorespiration
g) C-4 Photosynthesis
h) CAM Plants
7) Human Biology
a) The Lungs & Pulmonary System
b) Red Blood Cells
c) Circulatory System & The Heart
d) Hemoglobin
e) Anatomy of a Neuron
f) Sodium Potassium Pump
g) Electrotonic & Action Potentials
h) Saltatory Conduction in Neurons
i) Neuronal Synapses (chemical)
j) Mysin & Actin
k) Tropomysin & Troponin and their role in regulating muscle contraction
l) Role of Sarcoplasmic Reticulum in Muscle Cells
m) Anatomy of a Muscle Cell
n) The Kidney & Nephron
o) Secondary Active Transport in the Nephron
8) Immunology
a) Role of Phagocytes in Innate or Nonspecific Immunity
b) Types of Immune Responses – Innate & Adaptive. Humoral vs. Cell Mediated.
c) B Lymphocytes (B Cells)
d) Professional Antigen Presenting Cells (APC) and MHC II Complexes
e) Helper T Cells
f) Cytoxic T Cells
g) Review of B Cells, CD4+ T Cells & CD8 T Cells
h) Inflammatory Response
Also included in the curricula was the following textbook:
Audesirk, T., Audesirk, G., Byers, B. (2011) Biology: Life on Earth, Ninth Edition, Upper
Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Chapters 17, 18, 19, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30,
32, 35, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45
Test were taken at the end of each Unit in the above Biology textbook.
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
Labwork was done using the following link
http://www.troy.k12.ny.us/academics/bio/labs/home.asp
ALGEBRA 1
Chapter 1 – Real Numbers
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover the real number system. It is organized
into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of absolute values, operations
with integers, square roots and irrational numbers.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Absolute value - Students will be asked to define and simplify expressions that contain
absolute values.
 Operations with integers - Students will learn how to add, subtract, multiply and divide
integers, decimals and fractions.
 Square roots & irrational numbers - Students will learn about and classify different
types of real numbers. They will perform operations on square roots and raising to
powers. They will simplify real numbers, absolute value expressions, exponents and roots
using the correct order of operations.
Chapter 2 – Introduction to Algebra
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover the basics of algebra. It is organized into
sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of algebraic expressions, problem
solving plans, and adding/subtracting algebraic expressions.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Algebraic expressions - Students will learn how to simplify and solve algebraic
expressions by following the order of operations.
 Problem solving plans - Students will practice solving real world problems by following
a standardized problem solving plan.
 Adding and subtracting algebraic expressions - Students work on simplifying
algebraic expressions by adding and subtracting like terms.
Chapter 3 - Writing and Solving Equations
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover writing and solving equations. It is
organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of equations with
rational numbers, multi-step equations, equations with variables on both sides and solving for a
variable and formulas.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
 Equations with rational numbers - Students are taught to solve problems that either
have one or two inverse operations.
 Multi-step equations - Students will learn how to solve equations that require several
steps. Combining like terms, the distributive property and inverse operations are all
included in this lesson.
 Equations with variables on both sides - Students are taught how to bring like variables
onto the same side of an equation when they are first presented on opposite sides of the
equal sign.
 Solving for a variable and formulas - Students are taught how to create equations from
word problems.
Chapter 4 - Proportional Reasoning
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover proportional reasoning. It is organized
into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of ratio and proportion,
percents, percent increase and decrease, experimental and theoretical probability, probabilities of
independent and dependent events and permutations and combinations.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Ratio and proportion - Students will learn how to set up and solve ratios and
proportions.
 Percents - Students are taught how to work with percents. This includes creating
equations from word problems and translating between percents and real values.
 Percent increase and decrease - Students will turn word problems into equations to
determine percents and percent of increase and decrease.
 Experimental and theoretical probability - Students will learn the difference between
experimental and theoretical probability and calculate those values based on probability
experiments.
 Probabilities of independent and dependent events - Students are taught to distinguish
between independent and dependent events and calculate the probability of the events
occurring.
 Permutations and combinations - Students are required to recognize situations that call
for permutations, and then use the permutation formula to solve them. Students must also
recognize combinations in order to implement the combination formula to draw
conclusions. Pascal's Triangle is also introduced in this lesson.
Chapter 5 - Writing/Solving Inequalities
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover writing and solving inequalities. It is
organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of writing/graphing
inequalities: one variable, one-step inequalities, two-step and multi-step inequalities, inequalities
with variables on both sides, compound inequalities and absolute value equations and
inequalities.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
 Writing/graphing inequalities: One variable - Students are introduced to the various
inequality symbols and taught how to graph an inequality on a number line.
 One-step inequalities - Students will solve and then graph inequalities that only require
one step in order to obtain a solution.
 Two-step and multi-step inequalities - Students will solve and graph inequalities that
require two or more steps in order to obtain a solution.
 Inequalities with variables on both sides - Students will solve and graph inequalities
that contain variables on both sides of the equations.
 Compound inequalities - Students are taught how to use their knowledge of equations in
order to solve compound inequalities.
 Absolute value equations and inequalities - Students are taught how to solve equations
and inequalities that contain absolute value expressions.
In high school Algebra 1,
students are introduced
to quadratic equations
In this lesson, students learn
how to find a solution
by completing the square
Chapter 6 - Graphs and Functions
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover graphs and functions. It is organized into
sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of displaying data, intro to the
coordinate plane and relations, identifying functions, function rules, tables, and graphs, writing a
function rule and arithmetic sequences.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Displaying data - Students are taught how to understand surveys and how to use that
information to display data. Data is displayed through the use of line graphs, bar graphs,
circle graphs and histograms.
 Intro to the coordinate plane and relations - Students are introduced to the parts of a
coordinate plane, and then taught how to plot points and define a relation.
 Identifying functions - Students are required to determine whether a relation is a
function or not.
 Function rules, tables, and graphs - Students are taught function rules to determine if a
relation is a function based on graphs and the data in tables.
 Writing a function rule - Students will create a function rule based on the data in the
given tables.
 Arithmetic sequences - Students are introduced to arithmetic sequences and their
associated patterns.
Chapter 7 - Graphing Equations
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover graphing equations. It is organized into
sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of slope, using x- and y-
intercepts, function forms, writing the equation of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines and
scatter plots and correlations.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Slope - Students are required to use the slope formula in order to determine the slopes of
lines from ordered pairs and equations.
 Using x- and y- intercepts - Students must locate the x and y intercepts of a linear
equation in order to graph them.
 Function forms - Students are taught to identify the various forms of linear functions,
such as slope-intercept form, point-slope form and standard form, and write the equations
for linear functions in these different forms.
 Writing the equation of a line - Students are required to gather information about lines
in order to write the correct linear equations.
 Parallel and perpendicular lines - Students must understand the difference between
parallel and perpendicular lines in order to write the correct equations.
 Scatter plots and correlations - Students are taught how to examine scatter plots in
order to see if any type of correlation that exists. Students will also be taught how to
determine if no correlation exists.
Chapter 7 - Graphing Equations
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover graphing equations. It is organized into
sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of slope, using x- and y-
intercepts, function forms, writing the equation of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines and
scatter plots and correlations.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Slope - Students are required to use the slope formula in order to determine the slopes of
lines from ordered pairs and equations.
 Using x- and y- intercepts - Students must locate the x and y intercepts of a linear
equation in order to graph them.
 Function forms - Students are taught to identify the various forms of linear functions,
such as slope-intercept form, point-slope form and standard form, and write the equations
for linear functions in these different forms.
 Writing the equation of a line - Students are required to gather information about lines
in order to write the correct linear equations.
 Parallel and perpendicular lines - Students must understand the difference between
parallel and perpendicular lines in order to write the correct equations.
 Scatter plots and correlations - Students are taught how to examine scatter plots in
order to see if any type of correlation that exists. Students will also be taught how to
determine if no correlation exists.
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
Chapter 8 - Solving Systems of Equality and Inequality
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover solving systems of equality and
inequality. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of
solving systems by graphing, solving systems using substitution, solving systems using
elimination, linear inequalities and parent functions.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Solving systems by graphing - Students are taught how to graph linear systems of
equations after solving them. Students must also recognize when systems have multiple
solutions or no solutions at all.
 Solving systems using substitution - Students will learn to solve linear equations
utilizing the substitution method, even when there are multiple solutions or no solutions
at all.
 Solving systems using elimination - Students will learn to solve linear equations
utilizing the elimination method, even when there are multiple solutions or no solutions at
all.
 Linear inequalities - Students are required to solve and then graph linear inequalities
and systems of linear inequalities.
 Parent functions - Students will be able to identify the parent functions for various
function families, and how to transform them by changing values and terms in their
equations.
Chapter 9 - Exponents and Polynomials
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover exponents and polynomials. It is
organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of exponents,
operations with polynomials and operations with binomials.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Exponents - Students are introduced to the rules of exponents, which they will use to
perform basic operations, such as multiplying and dividing, on terms that contain powers.
Students will also learn to change numbers given in standard form into scientific notation
and vice versa.
 Operations with polynomials - Students will practice adding and subtracting
polynomials to combine like terms. Multiplying polynomials using the FOIL method is
next.
 Operations with binomials - Students are taught to recognize patterns in order to find
the products of binomials. Adding, subtracting, and multiplying to combine like terms is
also a part of this lesson.
Chapter 10 - Factoring Polynomials
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover factoring polynomials. It is organized into
sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of introduction to factoring,
factoring and factoring special products.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Introduction to factoring - Students are taught how to factor polynomials by grouping
and finding the greatest common factor.
 Factoring - Students will learn how to factor quadratics.
 Factoring special products - Students will learn the differences of perfect squares and
how to factor them.
Chapter 11 - Quadratic Equations/Functions
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover quadratic equations/functions. It is
organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of examining
graphs of quadratic functions, solving quadratic equations by graphing, simplifying radicals and
complex numbers, solving quadratic equations, completing the square and the quadratic formula
and the discriminant.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Examining graphs of quadratic functions - Students start out creating a table of values
and then use that table to graph quadratic equations. Students must then examine
equations in order to recognize the orientation of parabolas.
 Solving quadratic equations by graphing - Students are required to use factoring in
order to solve quadratic equations. Students must also graph the equation in order to look
for a solution.
 Simplifying radicals and complex numbers - Students are taught to simplify square
roots by applying the product properties of radicals. Students must then also identify
square roots of negative numbers as imaginary and simplify them using properties of
complex and imaginary numbers.
 Solving quadratic equations - Students must find answers to quadratic equations by
taking square roots and checking for extraneous solutions.
 Completing the square - Students must find the answers to quadratic equations by
completing the square.
 The quadratic formula and the discriminant - Students must find the answers to
quadratic equations by using the quadratic formula. Students will be able to identify the
number of real and complex answers to a problem by examining the discriminant of the
quadratic formula.
Chapter 12 - Exponential Equation/Function
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover exponential equation/function. It is
organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of exponential
growth and decay, graphs of exponential functions and geometric sequences.
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Exponential growth and decay - Students are taught how to solve problems that involve
exponential growth and decay.
 Graphs of exponential functions - Students are required to solve and graph problems
involving exponential functions and compound interest.
 Geometric sequences - Students will learn how to locate patterns in geometric sequences
and use formulas to find the nth term in a sequence.
Chapter 13 - Radical Expressions/Equations
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover radical expressions/equations. It is
organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of solving radical
equations, graphing square root functions, The Pythagorean Theorem and trig. Ratios and the
midpoint and distance formula.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Solving radical equations - Students are taught to solve problems containing radical
expressions.
 Graphing square root functions - Students will learn how to distinguish square root
functions by their graphs, and then graph the functions using tables of values.
 The Pythagorean Theorem and trig. ratios - Students are required to find the missing
sides of right triangles using the Pythagorean Theorem. Students must also learn about
trigonometric ratios and how to apply them to right angles.
 The midpoint and distance formula - Students are taught how to use formulas in order
to find the midpoint of a segment and the distance between two points in the coordinate
plane.
Chapter 14 - Rational Expressions/Equations
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover rational expressions/equations. It is
organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of inverse
variation, graphing rational functions, simplifying rational expressions, dividing polynomials,
multiplying and dividing rational expressions, adding and subtracting rational expressions, mixed
expressions and complex fractions and solving rational equations.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 Inverse variation - Students are taught to scrutinize data in order to spot relationships
between the data and solve problems using data that vary inversely.
 Graphing rational functions - Students will be able to define and find solutions to
rational functions and then graph those solutions.
 Simplifying rational expressions - Students are required to factor rational expressions
and eliminate any common factors in order to simplify them.
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
 Dividing polynomials - Students are required to divide polynomials by either factoring
or long division.
 Multiplying and dividing rational expressions - Students will learn to simplify
products and quotients of rational expressions.
 Adding and subtracting rational expressions - Students will learn to add and subtract
rational expressions.
 Mixed expressions and complex fractions - Students are required to simplify mixed
expressions and complex fractions.
 Solving rational equations - Students will taught to solve rational equations that contain
variables in both the numerators and denominators of the expressions.
Chapter 15 – Extensions
The materials in this chapter introduce and cover extensions. It is organized into sections
that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of the neighborhood, the paddleboat trip,
the architect and DRD Enterprise.
Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
 The neighborhood - Students will learn how to draw property lines in this neighborhood
project.
 The paddleboat trip - Students are taught how to determine scales and profits for a
small business in this paddleboat trip project.
 The architect - Students are required to determine the area and volume of a composite
figure in this architect project.
 DRD Enterprise - Students must figure out what factors are necessary in order to help a
small business expand in this DRD Enterprise project.
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
Human Geography
Textbook: Blij, H. J., Muller, P. O., Nijman. J. (2012). Geography: Realms, Regions and
Concepts. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.
The materials in this chapter examine human geography in terms of human systems, especially
culture and economic systems. It is organized into sections that will teach, reinforce, and test
students on their understanding of culture and culture regions and economic geography.
Introduction: World Regional Geography – Global Perspective
Chapter 1A: The European Realm
Chapter 1B: European Regions
Chapter 2A: The Russian Realm
Chapter 2B: Russian Regions
Chapter 3A: The North American Realm
Chapter 3B: North American Regions
Chapter 4A: The Middle American Realm
Chapter 4B: Middle American Regions
Chapter 5A: The South American Realm
Chapter 5B: South American Regions
Chapter 6A: Subsaharan African
Chapter 6B: Regions of Subsaharan African
Chapter 7A: The North African/Southwest Asia Realm
Chapter 7B: Regions of North African/Southwest Asia
Chapter 8A: The South Asian Realm
Chapter 8B: South Asian Regions
Chapter 9A: The East Asian Realm
Chapter 9B: East Asian Regions
Chapter 10A: The Southeast Asian Realm
Chapter 10B: Southeast Asian Regions
Chapter 11: The Austral Realm
Chapter 12: The Pacific Realm and Polar Futures
Activities:
1) Each chapter in Geography: Realms, Regions and Concepts discusses geography, history,
current politics and economy of each region. At the end of each chapter are three points to
ponder as well as three questions that ask the student to “Use Geography” to answer complicated
questions concerning geo-political events. The student was asked to write a 3 paragraph answer
to one of these questions at the end of each chapter.
JonathanAllenRadler
School Year: 2012-2013
DOB: 10/06/1997
2) Each morning student read one current event and discussed it in terms of the geography and
history of the region.
Music
Guitar – Student learned to play guitar by taking using websites listed. Parent taught student to
read music.
PhysicalEducation
40 minutes per day 5x per week of physical activity broken up into one 20 minute cardio activity
and 20 minutes of light weight training.

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Jon Freshman Yr.

  • 1. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997 Written & Oral Communications 1) Student read the following books over the course of the year and was asked to create one oral and one written report based on his choice of those books. The Time Machine The Shining Dr. Sleep The Invisible Man Jurassic Park Murder In The Rue Morgue Percy Jackson Series 1) Oral Presentation of 15 minutes to include the following: a) explanation of plot and setting. b) brief explanation of main characters and their conflicts c) theme & conflict d) narrator & voice 2) Written Report of 5 pages to include the following: a) explanation of plot and setting. b) brief explanation of main characters and their conflicts c) theme & conflict d) narrator & voice 3) Student read one current event per day either online or in print and then wrote a one paragraph synopsis. 4) Picked a current event and one historical event to research throughout each semester and presented one oral and one written research paper on that topic. a) Fall - b) Spring - 5) Research topic of choice – This year long project involved the use of research skills, information literacy skills, writing, language and vocabulary skills. Student produced a multi- media presentation on Greek Mythology and how it relates to the Percy Jackson Series. Biology Student worked through Khan Academy Biology module which includes the following lectures. 1) Evolution & Natural Selection a) Introduction to Evolution & Natural Selection b) Intelligent Design & Evolution c) Evolution Clarification d) Natural Selection & The Owl Butterfly
  • 2. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997 e) DNA f) Variation in a Species 2) Cell & Cell Division a) Diffusion & Osmosis b) Part of a Cell c) Chromosomes, Chromatids, Chromatin, etc. d) Mitosis, Meiosis, and Sexual Reproduction e) Phases of Mitosis f) Phases of Meiosis g) Embryotic Stem Cells h) Cancer 3) Heredity & Genetics a) Introduction to Herdity b) Punnett Square Fun c) Hardy-Weinberg Principle d) Sex-Linked Traits e) Genetics 101 Part 1 – What Are Genes? f) Genetics 101 Part 2 – What are SNP’s? g) Genetics 101 Part 3 – Where Do Your Genes Come From? h) Genetics 101 Part 4 – What Are Phenotypes? 4) Tree of Life a) Taxonomy & The Tree of Life b) Species c) Bacteria e) Viruses f) Human Prehistory 101 – Prologue g) Human Prehistory 101 Part 1 – Out of Eastern Africa h) Human Prehistory 101Part 2 – Weathering The Storm i) Human Prehistory 101 Part 3 – Agriculture Rocks Our World j) Human Prehistory 101 – Epilogue 5) Cellular Respiration a) ATP – Adenosine Triphosphate b) Introduction to Cellular Respiration c) Oxidation and Reduction Review from Biological Point-of-View d) Oxidation and Reduction in Cellular Respiration e) Krebs/Citric Acid Cycle f) Glycolsis g) Electron Transport Chain h) Oxidative Phosphorylation and Chemiomosis
  • 3. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997 6) Photosynthesis a) ATP – Adenosine Triphosphate b) Photosynthesis c) Photosynthesis – Light Reactions 1 d) Photosynthesis – Light Reactions and Photophosphorylation e) Photosynthesis – Calvin Cycle f) Photorespiration g) C-4 Photosynthesis h) CAM Plants 7) Human Biology a) The Lungs & Pulmonary System b) Red Blood Cells c) Circulatory System & The Heart d) Hemoglobin e) Anatomy of a Neuron f) Sodium Potassium Pump g) Electrotonic & Action Potentials h) Saltatory Conduction in Neurons i) Neuronal Synapses (chemical) j) Mysin & Actin k) Tropomysin & Troponin and their role in regulating muscle contraction l) Role of Sarcoplasmic Reticulum in Muscle Cells m) Anatomy of a Muscle Cell n) The Kidney & Nephron o) Secondary Active Transport in the Nephron 8) Immunology a) Role of Phagocytes in Innate or Nonspecific Immunity b) Types of Immune Responses – Innate & Adaptive. Humoral vs. Cell Mediated. c) B Lymphocytes (B Cells) d) Professional Antigen Presenting Cells (APC) and MHC II Complexes e) Helper T Cells f) Cytoxic T Cells g) Review of B Cells, CD4+ T Cells & CD8 T Cells h) Inflammatory Response Also included in the curricula was the following textbook: Audesirk, T., Audesirk, G., Byers, B. (2011) Biology: Life on Earth, Ninth Edition, Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Chapters 17, 18, 19, 21, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, 35, 37, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45 Test were taken at the end of each Unit in the above Biology textbook.
  • 4. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997 Labwork was done using the following link http://www.troy.k12.ny.us/academics/bio/labs/home.asp ALGEBRA 1 Chapter 1 – Real Numbers The materials in this chapter introduce and cover the real number system. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of absolute values, operations with integers, square roots and irrational numbers. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Absolute value - Students will be asked to define and simplify expressions that contain absolute values.  Operations with integers - Students will learn how to add, subtract, multiply and divide integers, decimals and fractions.  Square roots & irrational numbers - Students will learn about and classify different types of real numbers. They will perform operations on square roots and raising to powers. They will simplify real numbers, absolute value expressions, exponents and roots using the correct order of operations. Chapter 2 – Introduction to Algebra The materials in this chapter introduce and cover the basics of algebra. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of algebraic expressions, problem solving plans, and adding/subtracting algebraic expressions. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Algebraic expressions - Students will learn how to simplify and solve algebraic expressions by following the order of operations.  Problem solving plans - Students will practice solving real world problems by following a standardized problem solving plan.  Adding and subtracting algebraic expressions - Students work on simplifying algebraic expressions by adding and subtracting like terms. Chapter 3 - Writing and Solving Equations The materials in this chapter introduce and cover writing and solving equations. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of equations with rational numbers, multi-step equations, equations with variables on both sides and solving for a variable and formulas. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
  • 5. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997  Equations with rational numbers - Students are taught to solve problems that either have one or two inverse operations.  Multi-step equations - Students will learn how to solve equations that require several steps. Combining like terms, the distributive property and inverse operations are all included in this lesson.  Equations with variables on both sides - Students are taught how to bring like variables onto the same side of an equation when they are first presented on opposite sides of the equal sign.  Solving for a variable and formulas - Students are taught how to create equations from word problems. Chapter 4 - Proportional Reasoning The materials in this chapter introduce and cover proportional reasoning. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of ratio and proportion, percents, percent increase and decrease, experimental and theoretical probability, probabilities of independent and dependent events and permutations and combinations. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Ratio and proportion - Students will learn how to set up and solve ratios and proportions.  Percents - Students are taught how to work with percents. This includes creating equations from word problems and translating between percents and real values.  Percent increase and decrease - Students will turn word problems into equations to determine percents and percent of increase and decrease.  Experimental and theoretical probability - Students will learn the difference between experimental and theoretical probability and calculate those values based on probability experiments.  Probabilities of independent and dependent events - Students are taught to distinguish between independent and dependent events and calculate the probability of the events occurring.  Permutations and combinations - Students are required to recognize situations that call for permutations, and then use the permutation formula to solve them. Students must also recognize combinations in order to implement the combination formula to draw conclusions. Pascal's Triangle is also introduced in this lesson. Chapter 5 - Writing/Solving Inequalities The materials in this chapter introduce and cover writing and solving inequalities. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of writing/graphing inequalities: one variable, one-step inequalities, two-step and multi-step inequalities, inequalities with variables on both sides, compound inequalities and absolute value equations and inequalities. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:
  • 6. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997  Writing/graphing inequalities: One variable - Students are introduced to the various inequality symbols and taught how to graph an inequality on a number line.  One-step inequalities - Students will solve and then graph inequalities that only require one step in order to obtain a solution.  Two-step and multi-step inequalities - Students will solve and graph inequalities that require two or more steps in order to obtain a solution.  Inequalities with variables on both sides - Students will solve and graph inequalities that contain variables on both sides of the equations.  Compound inequalities - Students are taught how to use their knowledge of equations in order to solve compound inequalities.  Absolute value equations and inequalities - Students are taught how to solve equations and inequalities that contain absolute value expressions. In high school Algebra 1, students are introduced to quadratic equations In this lesson, students learn how to find a solution by completing the square Chapter 6 - Graphs and Functions The materials in this chapter introduce and cover graphs and functions. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of displaying data, intro to the coordinate plane and relations, identifying functions, function rules, tables, and graphs, writing a function rule and arithmetic sequences. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Displaying data - Students are taught how to understand surveys and how to use that information to display data. Data is displayed through the use of line graphs, bar graphs, circle graphs and histograms.  Intro to the coordinate plane and relations - Students are introduced to the parts of a coordinate plane, and then taught how to plot points and define a relation.  Identifying functions - Students are required to determine whether a relation is a function or not.  Function rules, tables, and graphs - Students are taught function rules to determine if a relation is a function based on graphs and the data in tables.  Writing a function rule - Students will create a function rule based on the data in the given tables.  Arithmetic sequences - Students are introduced to arithmetic sequences and their associated patterns. Chapter 7 - Graphing Equations
  • 7. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997 The materials in this chapter introduce and cover graphing equations. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of slope, using x- and y- intercepts, function forms, writing the equation of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines and scatter plots and correlations. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Slope - Students are required to use the slope formula in order to determine the slopes of lines from ordered pairs and equations.  Using x- and y- intercepts - Students must locate the x and y intercepts of a linear equation in order to graph them.  Function forms - Students are taught to identify the various forms of linear functions, such as slope-intercept form, point-slope form and standard form, and write the equations for linear functions in these different forms.  Writing the equation of a line - Students are required to gather information about lines in order to write the correct linear equations.  Parallel and perpendicular lines - Students must understand the difference between parallel and perpendicular lines in order to write the correct equations.  Scatter plots and correlations - Students are taught how to examine scatter plots in order to see if any type of correlation that exists. Students will also be taught how to determine if no correlation exists. Chapter 7 - Graphing Equations The materials in this chapter introduce and cover graphing equations. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of slope, using x- and y- intercepts, function forms, writing the equation of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines and scatter plots and correlations. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Slope - Students are required to use the slope formula in order to determine the slopes of lines from ordered pairs and equations.  Using x- and y- intercepts - Students must locate the x and y intercepts of a linear equation in order to graph them.  Function forms - Students are taught to identify the various forms of linear functions, such as slope-intercept form, point-slope form and standard form, and write the equations for linear functions in these different forms.  Writing the equation of a line - Students are required to gather information about lines in order to write the correct linear equations.  Parallel and perpendicular lines - Students must understand the difference between parallel and perpendicular lines in order to write the correct equations.  Scatter plots and correlations - Students are taught how to examine scatter plots in order to see if any type of correlation that exists. Students will also be taught how to determine if no correlation exists.
  • 8. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997 Chapter 8 - Solving Systems of Equality and Inequality The materials in this chapter introduce and cover solving systems of equality and inequality. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of solving systems by graphing, solving systems using substitution, solving systems using elimination, linear inequalities and parent functions. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Solving systems by graphing - Students are taught how to graph linear systems of equations after solving them. Students must also recognize when systems have multiple solutions or no solutions at all.  Solving systems using substitution - Students will learn to solve linear equations utilizing the substitution method, even when there are multiple solutions or no solutions at all.  Solving systems using elimination - Students will learn to solve linear equations utilizing the elimination method, even when there are multiple solutions or no solutions at all.  Linear inequalities - Students are required to solve and then graph linear inequalities and systems of linear inequalities.  Parent functions - Students will be able to identify the parent functions for various function families, and how to transform them by changing values and terms in their equations. Chapter 9 - Exponents and Polynomials The materials in this chapter introduce and cover exponents and polynomials. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of exponents, operations with polynomials and operations with binomials. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Exponents - Students are introduced to the rules of exponents, which they will use to perform basic operations, such as multiplying and dividing, on terms that contain powers. Students will also learn to change numbers given in standard form into scientific notation and vice versa.  Operations with polynomials - Students will practice adding and subtracting polynomials to combine like terms. Multiplying polynomials using the FOIL method is next.  Operations with binomials - Students are taught to recognize patterns in order to find the products of binomials. Adding, subtracting, and multiplying to combine like terms is also a part of this lesson. Chapter 10 - Factoring Polynomials
  • 9. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997 The materials in this chapter introduce and cover factoring polynomials. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of introduction to factoring, factoring and factoring special products. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Introduction to factoring - Students are taught how to factor polynomials by grouping and finding the greatest common factor.  Factoring - Students will learn how to factor quadratics.  Factoring special products - Students will learn the differences of perfect squares and how to factor them. Chapter 11 - Quadratic Equations/Functions The materials in this chapter introduce and cover quadratic equations/functions. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of examining graphs of quadratic functions, solving quadratic equations by graphing, simplifying radicals and complex numbers, solving quadratic equations, completing the square and the quadratic formula and the discriminant. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Examining graphs of quadratic functions - Students start out creating a table of values and then use that table to graph quadratic equations. Students must then examine equations in order to recognize the orientation of parabolas.  Solving quadratic equations by graphing - Students are required to use factoring in order to solve quadratic equations. Students must also graph the equation in order to look for a solution.  Simplifying radicals and complex numbers - Students are taught to simplify square roots by applying the product properties of radicals. Students must then also identify square roots of negative numbers as imaginary and simplify them using properties of complex and imaginary numbers.  Solving quadratic equations - Students must find answers to quadratic equations by taking square roots and checking for extraneous solutions.  Completing the square - Students must find the answers to quadratic equations by completing the square.  The quadratic formula and the discriminant - Students must find the answers to quadratic equations by using the quadratic formula. Students will be able to identify the number of real and complex answers to a problem by examining the discriminant of the quadratic formula. Chapter 12 - Exponential Equation/Function The materials in this chapter introduce and cover exponential equation/function. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of exponential growth and decay, graphs of exponential functions and geometric sequences.
  • 10. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997 Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Exponential growth and decay - Students are taught how to solve problems that involve exponential growth and decay.  Graphs of exponential functions - Students are required to solve and graph problems involving exponential functions and compound interest.  Geometric sequences - Students will learn how to locate patterns in geometric sequences and use formulas to find the nth term in a sequence. Chapter 13 - Radical Expressions/Equations The materials in this chapter introduce and cover radical expressions/equations. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of solving radical equations, graphing square root functions, The Pythagorean Theorem and trig. Ratios and the midpoint and distance formula. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Solving radical equations - Students are taught to solve problems containing radical expressions.  Graphing square root functions - Students will learn how to distinguish square root functions by their graphs, and then graph the functions using tables of values.  The Pythagorean Theorem and trig. ratios - Students are required to find the missing sides of right triangles using the Pythagorean Theorem. Students must also learn about trigonometric ratios and how to apply them to right angles.  The midpoint and distance formula - Students are taught how to use formulas in order to find the midpoint of a segment and the distance between two points in the coordinate plane. Chapter 14 - Rational Expressions/Equations The materials in this chapter introduce and cover rational expressions/equations. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of inverse variation, graphing rational functions, simplifying rational expressions, dividing polynomials, multiplying and dividing rational expressions, adding and subtracting rational expressions, mixed expressions and complex fractions and solving rational equations. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  Inverse variation - Students are taught to scrutinize data in order to spot relationships between the data and solve problems using data that vary inversely.  Graphing rational functions - Students will be able to define and find solutions to rational functions and then graph those solutions.  Simplifying rational expressions - Students are required to factor rational expressions and eliminate any common factors in order to simplify them.
  • 11. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997  Dividing polynomials - Students are required to divide polynomials by either factoring or long division.  Multiplying and dividing rational expressions - Students will learn to simplify products and quotients of rational expressions.  Adding and subtracting rational expressions - Students will learn to add and subtract rational expressions.  Mixed expressions and complex fractions - Students are required to simplify mixed expressions and complex fractions.  Solving rational equations - Students will taught to solve rational equations that contain variables in both the numerators and denominators of the expressions. Chapter 15 – Extensions The materials in this chapter introduce and cover extensions. It is organized into sections that teach, reinforce and test students on the concepts of the neighborhood, the paddleboat trip, the architect and DRD Enterprise. Lessons in this chapter are organized into the following sections:  The neighborhood - Students will learn how to draw property lines in this neighborhood project.  The paddleboat trip - Students are taught how to determine scales and profits for a small business in this paddleboat trip project.  The architect - Students are required to determine the area and volume of a composite figure in this architect project.  DRD Enterprise - Students must figure out what factors are necessary in order to help a small business expand in this DRD Enterprise project.
  • 12. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997 Human Geography Textbook: Blij, H. J., Muller, P. O., Nijman. J. (2012). Geography: Realms, Regions and Concepts. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons. The materials in this chapter examine human geography in terms of human systems, especially culture and economic systems. It is organized into sections that will teach, reinforce, and test students on their understanding of culture and culture regions and economic geography. Introduction: World Regional Geography – Global Perspective Chapter 1A: The European Realm Chapter 1B: European Regions Chapter 2A: The Russian Realm Chapter 2B: Russian Regions Chapter 3A: The North American Realm Chapter 3B: North American Regions Chapter 4A: The Middle American Realm Chapter 4B: Middle American Regions Chapter 5A: The South American Realm Chapter 5B: South American Regions Chapter 6A: Subsaharan African Chapter 6B: Regions of Subsaharan African Chapter 7A: The North African/Southwest Asia Realm Chapter 7B: Regions of North African/Southwest Asia Chapter 8A: The South Asian Realm Chapter 8B: South Asian Regions Chapter 9A: The East Asian Realm Chapter 9B: East Asian Regions Chapter 10A: The Southeast Asian Realm Chapter 10B: Southeast Asian Regions Chapter 11: The Austral Realm Chapter 12: The Pacific Realm and Polar Futures Activities: 1) Each chapter in Geography: Realms, Regions and Concepts discusses geography, history, current politics and economy of each region. At the end of each chapter are three points to ponder as well as three questions that ask the student to “Use Geography” to answer complicated questions concerning geo-political events. The student was asked to write a 3 paragraph answer to one of these questions at the end of each chapter.
  • 13. JonathanAllenRadler School Year: 2012-2013 DOB: 10/06/1997 2) Each morning student read one current event and discussed it in terms of the geography and history of the region. Music Guitar – Student learned to play guitar by taking using websites listed. Parent taught student to read music. PhysicalEducation 40 minutes per day 5x per week of physical activity broken up into one 20 minute cardio activity and 20 minutes of light weight training.