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Collaborative research on Dyslexia as at 6th Jan 2015

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Collaborative research on Dyslexia as at 6th Jan 2015

  1. 1. MPG Handout Pack Collaborative research on Dyslexia: incidence, adjustments, and health outcomes Nancy Doyle MSc. C. Psychol, AFBPsS Managing Director Genius Within CIC Chair, Enabling Workplaces Working Group, DOP Sarah Cleaver, MA C.Psychol AFBPsS Honest Psychology Ltd Member, Enabling Workplaces Working Group, DOP
  2. 2. MPG Handout Pack DOP Enabling Workplaces Working Group… asked the questions: Which Reasonable Adjustments actually work? What is the relationship between Specific Cognitive Difficulties and Health Outcomes? Does Employer Support make a difference? How can we show the difference Occ Psychs can make?
  3. 3. MPG Handout Pack Journals and basic terms Dyslex* Adult limitations added to searc Excl. HE, child, student or education treatments Additional terms employment Career Psych Info Business Source Complete CJ Abstracts Behavioural Science collection 1995+ English 11,117 (9,600 research papers) 2010 (1,814 research papers) 802 463 (377 research papers) 41 (22 research papers) Education / Dyslexia 18 Human Resources 9 Occupational Health 6 Management 4 Other (for example Social Work) 4 Of the final 41 papers that directly related to the adult experiences of dyslexia and employment, the following disciplines were represented (as judged by the journal / publication type). Of these 41 papers, only four related to treatment evaluations. What are the does the literature tell us?
  4. 4. MPG Handout Pack Study 1: Exploratory research N = 115 Respondents were gathered via group members That is… they were receiving support in some form 69% were employed or self- employed
  5. 5. Reasonable Adjustments 33 23 36 32 44 49 10 12 12 13 23 28 5 7 2 4 1 0 25 31 22 29 15 11 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Extra time Coloured overlays Clear font Software Organisation aids Memory aids Really useful Helps a bit Didn't help Don't use
  6. 6. MPG Handout Pack Study 1: Insomnia 51% reported serious sleep difficulties General population: 37% (N = 2662; Morphy et al, 2007) Significantly greater insomnia Does Support make a difference?
  7. 7. Dyslexia status Wellbeing Organisational support Insomnia Health Study 2: N = 206
  8. 8. MPG Handout Pack XX IV: Dyslexic Status yes / undiagnosed /no ANOVA & Tukey HSD DV: Organisational Support (Eisenberger, 1986) Yes: M = 46.83, SD = 17.79 UnD: M = 49.25 , SD =17.91 No: M = 49.35 , SD = 11.99 F (2, 113) = 0.305, p = .737 No sig. diffs between groups DV: Well-being** (Warr, 1990) Yes: M = 52.49 , SD = 8.26 UnD: M = 55.21 , SD =10.25 No: M 59.86 , SD 7.94 F (2, 142) = 9.998, p < .001 ‘No’ sig diff to ‘Yes’ and ‘UnD’ DV: Insomnia** (Morphy et al., 2007) Yes: M = 18.83 , SD = 5.23 UnD: M = 19.54 , SD= 5.81 No: M 16.16 , SD 5.52 F (2, 152) = 5.307, p = .006 ‘No’ sig diff to ‘Yes’ and ‘UnD’ DV: General Health** (Spence et al., 1987) Yes: M = 32.55, SD = 12.73 UnD: M= 31 , SD =10.62 No: M =23.41, SD = 13.33 F (2, 202) = 11.727, p < .001 ‘No’ sig diff to ‘Yes’ and ‘UnD’ Dyslexics, Undiagnosed and Non-dyslexics differ on the outcome measures…
  9. 9. MPG Handout Pack Study 2: key points Dyslexics had more health issues …and less Wellbeing Worst insomnia? Undiagnosed dyslexics Does support help?
  10. 10. Dyslexia status Wellbeing Insomnia Health Organisational support Does Organisational Support Moderate?
  11. 11. MPG Handout Pack Org Support Well being Insomnia General Health Diagnosed dyslexic Org Support Pearson Correlation 1 .483** -.140 -.165 Sig. (2-tailed) .000 .291 .190 N 65 56 59 65 Undiagnosed but suspected Org Support Pearson Correlation 1 .441* -.511** -.095 Sig. (2-tailed) .019 .005 .631 N 28 28 28 28
  12. 12. Which mechanisms are causing these links? Internal •Positive thinking •Managing emotions •Working memory related distracting thoughts Inter- personal •Organisational and co- worker support Organisation •Planning & Organising •Working late into the evening
  13. 13. MPG Handout Pack Summary of findings: Reasonable adjustments The most useful Reasonable Adjustments reported were: Memory Aids Organisational Aids Software 57% of respondents did not feel fully supported at work
  14. 14. MPG Handout Pack Summary of findings: Outcomes Dyslexics (diagnosed or not) have more health issues … and less Wellbeing
  15. 15. MPG Handout Pack Summary of findings: Insomnia Dyslexics (diagnosed or not) have more insomnia … particularly, unsupported, undiagnosed dyslexics
  16. 16. MPG Handout Pack And finally: where now? What should we research next? What expertise could you pool in? How can our working group support you? How can we support clients? What questions could we ask?
  17. 17. MPG Handout Pack

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