BRUNEI DARUSSALAM : CULTURAL EXCHANGE AND TOURISM RAIHANA ASYIQIN BINTI HAJI SUHAILI
The Concept of Culture Culture can be defined as civilization,the social and intellectual refinement thatgoverned a society, the way they think andact which encompasses all aspects of lifewhich include:
Seven Fundamental Aspects of Life 1. Social : relationship between human and human 2. Economy: relationship between human and things 3. Politics : relationship between human and power
4. Knowledge and Techniques : relationship between human with the nature and occupations 5. Arts: relationship between human and esthetic things. 6. Philosophy : relationship between human and the truth and values 7. Religion : relationship between human and the Creator
Changes in social culture will occur whenthere is a contact between one culture withanother foreign culture.And this will leads to the birth of a morerefine and developed society known as the"High Culture” society
Culture or ‘the way of life’ includes the following : 1. Rules (system, path) of life 2. Diversity of life 3. Norms and Values in life 4. Ritual practices in life
Melayu Islam Beraja (Malay Islamic Monarchy) Officially proclaimed as the national philosophy of Brunei on the day of its independence on January 1, 1984 by Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzadin Waddaulah. MIB is described as “a blend of Malay language, culture and Malay customs, the teaching of Islamic laws and values and the monarchy system which must be esteemed and practiced by all”
As Islam is the official and state religion of Brunei Darussalam, MIB opposes the concept of secularism, thus making Islam as a vital role of every Bruneian Muslim way of life. This national custom is aimed at forging a stronger sense of identity among Bruneians as well as to foster unity and stability. With His Majesty the Sultan being the head of the Adat Istiadat (customs and tradition), MIB has thus been enshrined in the constitution.
What represents culture?In Brunei Darussalam context, things whichrepresents our culture are well reflected fromwhat we saw around us. These can be divided into2 types :1. Tangible2. Non- Tangible
Non - Tangible Materials of CultureOccupations
TOURISM IN BRUNEI“It is important to have a sense of pride of what we have in our country, and if you have pride, you will protect it”
Offers a wide variety of attractive places. Thegovernment is now actively promoting tourism as an important part of its economic diversification. The Ministry of Industry and Primary Resources (MIPR), has completed a Tourism Masterplan which identifies 69 projects to raise the tourism industry in Brunei Darussalam.
What Makes Brunei So Unique? Nature Heritage culture and Islamic cluster Existing royal heritage
Eco-Tourism In Brunei Offer visitors a dazzling array of eco-tourism options. E.g. mangrove-covered islands, white sand beaches and accessible nature reserves. The shallow reefs around Brunei makes excellent dive sites for enthusiast divers to explore the unexpected marine treasure and hidden beauty that lies underneath the Brunei waters.
Brunei Vision 2035Part of the Brunei Vision 2035 is to make BruneiDarussalam as the hub for eco tourism. This initiate thegovernment to embark on a long term project called ‘TheHeart of Borneo’ (HoB) by fostering transboundarycooperation with international bodies to enablecollaborative and lasting conservation and sustainabledevelopment for our future generation.
Statistics Yearly Total Tourist Arrival 2007 to 2011300000 240,000250000 214,000 194,299200000 178,540 157,4641500001000005000 0 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011