M ISUSING C HILDREN ∏Child labor is an ongoing problemin today’s society that existed evenback in the 1800s. Kids enduringwork at a young age risk theirphysical and mental health by doingso. Children are supposed to enjoytheir childhood and have a chanceto education. Vulnerable kids arebeing taken advantaged of byadults. One major exploiter ofchildren is India. Millions of Indianchildren are facing either deliberateor forced labor.
PAGE ONE ∏ Child Labor Occurring in India India is one of the countries with the largestnumber of child laborers in the world. Each year, thenumber of children increases constantly. For example,in 1991 to 2001, the number had increased from 11.28million to 12.59 million. 90% of child labor is occurringin Andhra Pradesh which is in the southeast coast ofIndia. Each day, the children had to do a numerousamount of work with very little amount of pay. The town of Sivakasi in South India has beenreported to employ child labour in the production ofﬁreworks. The ﬁreworks industry employed about150,000 people at an average of 15 employees perfactory. In 2003, Human Rights Watch reported thatchildren as young as 5 years old are hired tomanufacture silk up to 12 hours a day, 6 days a week.It is revealed in 2013 that children under 18 are hiredto work in coal mines despite the law made in 1952. 2
PAGE TWO ∏ Causes of Child LaborOne main cause of child labor in India is poverty, highpopulation of people who lack education. In India poorpeople are all around the streets begging for food, this lowerclass of people are insufﬁcient in amount and they have nochoice to choose. Some of them need to send their children towork in a bad condition such as mining industry and infactories to earn money to support the family. However, theaverage earnings of the children is about 2 dollars per day,which is not enough to support the family.Another cause is overpopulation that leads to a competitionfor jobs. The industrialists in India have been successful intaking advantage of disadvantaged job seekers, a person whois unemployed and looking for work. As a result, the poorremain poor working for low wages and living in a badcondition.Lack of education is a situation when a person is unable toread or write. In India, people who are not educated willbecome unaware of things which an average person isrequired to know. Such people are normally unaware of theirrights, rights of their children and always get used by peoplewho are well educated. The children end up becoming laborsaround their homes. 3
PAGE THREE ∏ Consequences of Child Labor Children being victims of child labor don’t have thechance to develop physically, intellectually, emotionally andpsychologically. This is worse in hazardous workingconditions. Some children are mentally and/or physicallyabused in these traumatic workhouses. Children who workoften don’t get education. This results in an endless cycle thatmakes India even poorer. Because the kids don’t geteducation, they don’t have the chance to compete with thosewho does. If the rate of underage children working continuesto grow, there will even be a higher amount of poverty thanbefore. The children who potentially can be leaders don’t getthe opportunity to live up to their abilities due to theireducation limitations. According to the International Labor Organization, it iseconomically more beneﬁcial to send children to schoolrather than to work. Not giving children education affectsthe country as a whole. Without many educated people, thecountry becomes less developed. The evidence is present asthe most developed countries have the highest literacy ratesas opposed to those of the less developed countries. 4
PAGE FOUR ∏ YOU can Make a Difference• Raiseawareness for this cause by discussing this matter with your peers or adults.• Stop buying goods that you know are made by children.• Donate some funds that go into building schools for these children. 5