By Nalaka Gunawardene Sri Lanka Press Institute, 3 May 2011 21st Century Media:   New Frontiers, New Barriers
Content… <ul><li>My interest: interface of ICTs, society & culture   </li></ul><ul><li>Peeping at what might be round the ...
WPFD 2011: Focus <ul><li>“… the potential of the  Internet and digital platforms  as well as more established forms of jou...
Three choices…
21st Century Media? <ul><li>How much can we imagine in 2011 for rest of this century? </li></ul><ul><li>How could  anyone ...
When Worlds Collide… <ul><li>Media Sri Lanka, 2011: </li></ul><ul><li>Analog media still dominant in reach… </li></ul><ul>...
Global invention, local arrival… ITN, April  1979 USA,  1929 Terrestrial TV broadcasting SLBC's City FM Nov  1989 USA,  19...
Dialog Telekom 2006 NTT DoCoMo, Japan, Oct  2001 3G mobile telephony Sri Lanka Telecom  ADSL,  2002 Cable modem service by...
Ana-Digi Lanka, 2011 <ul><li>Slow, prolonged transition from analog to digital media </li></ul><ul><li>Ana-digi co-existen...
3 suggestions I made in 2007 <ul><li>Look back  to reflect on mistakes we’ve made in 20th Century media, and draw our less...
<ul><li>Information Society’s 2nd most precious & finite resource: Electro-magnetic spectrum:  </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly in...
A few more concerns… <ul><li>Privacy & Surveillance:  Who’s watching whom? </li></ul><ul><li>Fleeting attention spans : Wh...
Keeping an eye on you… <ul><li>“ The technology of eavesdropping will have improved so much, it will be possible to place ...
Do we know our e-shadow?
It’s a 2-way street… <ul><li>24/7 connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Comes with inevitable price </li></ul><ul><li>Automatical...
Choose your own brand? Makes no difference in the end!
Big Brother – REVERSED? <ul><li>Google is gathering  24/7: </li></ul><ul><li>“… a massive  click-stream database of desire...
Electronic ‘bread crumbs’?
 
 
Big Brother – REVERSED? <ul><li>Voluntary disclosure! </li></ul><ul><li>Or users simply not aware of massive data trail th...
<ul><li>“ On the Internet, nobody knows you’re a dog.” </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Steiner cartoon in  The New Yorker ,  5 Jul...
<ul><li>… But for how long? </li></ul>
Smart mobs! <ul><li>Groups that behave intelligently or efficiently because of their exponentially increasing network link...
Fickle & Fleeting <ul><li>Smart mobs can also be  very fickle </li></ul><ul><li>Quick to mobilise, but very  easily distra...
<ul><li>Cartoon by  Spiros Derveniotis, 28 Apr 2011 </li></ul>
What happened on 25 June 2009… <ul><li>Source: Alisa Miller’s blog,  http://tiny.cc/MJA   </li></ul>
Social media imperfect… <ul><li>But here to stay! </li></ul><ul><li>Get used to it… </li></ul><ul><li>Make the best of the...
Citizen journalism now 20 <ul><li>3 March 1991: George Holliday films police beating Rodney King with Sony HandyCam </li><...
Who’s Afraid of Citizen Journalists? <ul><li>Anybody can be a reporter, commentator, analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Every man/w...
Collaborative journalism  in the public interest <ul><li>Diagram to come </li></ul>
More Big Issues: Unresolved <ul><li>Who really  owns  user-generated content? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we  pay  for costs ...
A choice of futures… <ul><li>Alarm & Despair : loss of privacy, rise of Big Brothers/Sisters, death of Anonymity, etc.  </...
Survival Tips for Information Society  #1 “ WikiLeaks Cablegate is only  the latest reminder that we are living in a world...
Survival Tips for Information Society  #1 Get used to a WikiLeakable World!
<ul><li>Info soc created & shaped by geeks: </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, 1,000s more! </li></ul><ul><li>Very ...
<ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer behaviour </li></ul>Survival Tips for Informa...
<ul><li>Trend: Informed yet  informal  journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Less hierarchical & rigid, more relaxed  </li></ul><ul...
Survival Tips for Information Society  #5 Beware of ‘New Media experts’! <ul><li>Everything in ‘Beta’ mode </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>&quot;In the struggle for freedom of information,  technology, not politics,  will be the ultimate decider.&quot; ...
Thank you! <ul><li>Email: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Blog: </li></ul><ul><li>movingimages.wordpre...
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21st Century Media: New Frontiers, New Barriers, by Nalaka Gunawardene - SLPI 3 May 2011

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Presentation to a Workshop on '21st Century Media: New Frontiers, New Barriers' held at the Sri Lanka Press Institute, Colombo, to mark World Press Freedom Day 2011.

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  • Great slideshow. Sorry to have missed the presentation.
    I esp like that the glass is half full. Social media and civil journalism are not just a threat... And, on the other hand how awareness is raised on the responsabilities (or is it liabilities) that come with using social media/internet.
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21st Century Media: New Frontiers, New Barriers, by Nalaka Gunawardene - SLPI 3 May 2011

  1. 1. By Nalaka Gunawardene Sri Lanka Press Institute, 3 May 2011 21st Century Media: New Frontiers, New Barriers
  2. 2. Content… <ul><li>My interest: interface of ICTs, society & culture </li></ul><ul><li>Peeping at what might be round the corner </li></ul><ul><li>Today: a few speculations + some cautions </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t take me too seriously… </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t ignore me either! </li></ul><ul><li>Context… </li></ul><ul><li>Speaking as a media user & watcher </li></ul><ul><li>Strictly my PERSONAL views! </li></ul><ul><li>Not representing any entity </li></ul>
  3. 3. WPFD 2011: Focus <ul><li>“… the potential of the Internet and digital platforms as well as more established forms of journalism to contributing freedom of expression , democratic governance and sustainable development .” - UNESCO </li></ul>
  4. 4. Three choices…
  5. 5. 21st Century Media? <ul><li>How much can we imagine in 2011 for rest of this century? </li></ul><ul><li>How could anyone have imagined 20th Century media in 1911? </li></ul><ul><li>Talk aspirationally… </li></ul><ul><li>Extrapolate! </li></ul>
  6. 6. When Worlds Collide… <ul><li>Media Sri Lanka, 2011: </li></ul><ul><li>Analog media still dominant in reach… </li></ul><ul><li>Digital media rising… </li></ul><ul><li>Hybrid media too </li></ul><ul><li>Global trends take a while to arrive in SL </li></ul><ul><li>Delay is shortening… </li></ul>
  7. 7. Global invention, local arrival… ITN, April 1979 USA, 1929 Terrestrial TV broadcasting SLBC's City FM Nov 1989 USA, 1937 FM Radio broadcasting Colombo Radio Dec 1925 Netherlands, 1919 USA & UK, 1922 AM Radio broadcasting Oriental Telephone Co. 1881 The Telephone Co, UK 1879 Fixed telephone services Colombo Journal 1832 Early 17th cent France, Netherlands Newspapers printed with movable type Ceylon/Sri Lanka’s commercial adoption Mass/ commercial start in the world Mass media type or communications technology
  8. 8. Dialog Telekom 2006 NTT DoCoMo, Japan, Oct 2001 3G mobile telephony Sri Lanka Telecom ADSL, 2002 Cable modem service by Rogers Comm., Canada, 1996 Broadband Internet connectivity (higher speeds, always-on) Lanka Internet Services, 1995 Late 1980s WWW 1990 Commercial Internet/web connectivity (dial-up) LEARN, 1990 MAILBOX, MIT, 1965 ARPANET, 1973 Email only Internet (academics only) Celltel, 1989 NET, Japan, 1979 Mobile telephone services (commercial) SL adoption Mass/ commercial start in the world Mass media type or communications technology
  9. 9. Ana-Digi Lanka, 2011 <ul><li>Slow, prolonged transition from analog to digital media </li></ul><ul><li>Ana-digi co-existence can last a full generation </li></ul><ul><li>Media houses & their consumers make this transition at different speeds </li></ul><ul><li>No harm: hemin, hemin! </li></ul>
  10. 10. 3 suggestions I made in 2007 <ul><li>Look back to reflect on mistakes we’ve made in 20th Century media, and draw our lessons from it </li></ul><ul><li>Look around to see how we’re currently doing in analog domain: what anomalies & disparities </li></ul><ul><li>Look & plan ahead to transition from analog to digital spectrum use, doing things right this time! </li></ul><ul><li>Full text: http://tiny.cc/SOSMedia </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Information Society’s 2nd most precious & finite resource: Electro-magnetic spectrum: </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly invisible; not much on activist agendas? </li></ul>
  12. 12. A few more concerns… <ul><li>Privacy & Surveillance: Who’s watching whom? </li></ul><ul><li>Fleeting attention spans : Who’s following who? </li></ul><ul><li>Intellectual property : Who owns what? </li></ul><ul><li>Transparent world: Can we keep anything secret? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Keeping an eye on you… <ul><li>“ The technology of eavesdropping will have improved so much, it will be possible to place a man under constant surveillance without his ever becoming aware of it.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Harry Kalven, Jr., </li></ul><ul><li>Professor of Law, University of Chicago </li></ul><ul><li>Quoted in TIME , 21 July 1967 </li></ul>
  14. 14. Do we know our e-shadow?
  15. 15. It’s a 2-way street… <ul><li>24/7 connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Comes with inevitable price </li></ul><ul><li>Automatically tracked! </li></ul><ul><li>Physical & virtual movements all recorded </li></ul><ul><li>Telecom companies store all data – at least for a while </li></ul><ul><li>Can be forced to disclose </li></ul><ul><li>Can be hacked/leaked too! </li></ul>
  16. 16. Choose your own brand? Makes no difference in the end!
  17. 17. Big Brother – REVERSED? <ul><li>Google is gathering 24/7: </li></ul><ul><li>“… a massive click-stream database of desires, needs, wants and preferences that can be discovered, subpoenaed, archived, tracked and exploited for all sorts of ends” . </li></ul><ul><li>- John Battelle , </li></ul><ul><li>in The Search (2005) </li></ul>
  18. 18. Electronic ‘bread crumbs’?
  19. 21. Big Brother – REVERSED? <ul><li>Voluntary disclosure! </li></ul><ul><li>Or users simply not aware of massive data trail they leave behind </li></ul><ul><li>How many of us clear browser history - or bother with ‘cookies’? </li></ul><ul><li>Information Society is new: we’re still learning its rules, making mistakes </li></ul>
  20. 22. <ul><li>“ On the Internet, nobody knows you’re a dog.” </li></ul><ul><li>Peter Steiner cartoon in The New Yorker , 5 July 1993 </li></ul>Anonymous Online (1990 – 201?)
  21. 23. <ul><li>… But for how long? </li></ul>
  22. 24. Smart mobs! <ul><li>Groups that behave intelligently or efficiently because of their exponentially increasing network links = smart mobs </li></ul><ul><li>First proposed by author Howard Rheingold in 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Web 2.0 & Social Media: accelerated smart mob evolution </li></ul>
  23. 25. Fickle & Fleeting <ul><li>Smart mobs can also be very fickle </li></ul><ul><li>Quick to mobilise, but very easily distracted </li></ul><ul><li>Sustaining interest on a specific topic, issue or cause not easy! </li></ul><ul><li>Not ideal mode for long-term advocacy or campaigns </li></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>Cartoon by Spiros Derveniotis, 28 Apr 2011 </li></ul>
  25. 27. What happened on 25 June 2009… <ul><li>Source: Alisa Miller’s blog, http://tiny.cc/MJA </li></ul>
  26. 28. Social media imperfect… <ul><li>But here to stay! </li></ul><ul><li>Get used to it… </li></ul><ul><li>Make the best of them… </li></ul><ul><li>Exploit the inevitable! </li></ul>
  27. 29. Citizen journalism now 20 <ul><li>3 March 1991: George Holliday films police beating Rodney King with Sony HandyCam </li></ul>
  28. 30. Who’s Afraid of Citizen Journalists? <ul><li>Anybody can be a reporter, commentator, analyst </li></ul><ul><li>Every man/woman/child can be a publisher with just web access OR mobile phone </li></ul><ul><li>Bearing witness! </li></ul><ul><li>No longer passive consumers </li></ul>
  29. 31. Collaborative journalism in the public interest <ul><li>Diagram to come </li></ul>
  30. 32. More Big Issues: Unresolved <ul><li>Who really owns user-generated content? </li></ul><ul><li>How do we pay for costs of production & distribution? </li></ul><ul><li>Who regulates - and how? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is really in charge ? </li></ul><ul><li>Everyone talking: Is anyone LISTENING? </li></ul>
  31. 33. A choice of futures… <ul><li>Alarm & Despair : loss of privacy, rise of Big Brothers/Sisters, death of Anonymity, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul><ul><li>Cautious Optimism & Hope : always-connected, networked world presents many opportunities to do good in the public interest. </li></ul>
  32. 34. Survival Tips for Information Society #1 “ WikiLeaks Cablegate is only the latest reminder that we are living in a world where few, if any, secrets can be guarded… … Whether we like it or not, welcome to the Global Glass House!” - My ‘Open Letter to Sir Arthur Clarke’, 16 Dec 2010 http://tiny.cc/GGHouse Accept the new transparent world!
  33. 35. Survival Tips for Information Society #1 Get used to a WikiLeakable World!
  34. 36. <ul><li>Info soc created & shaped by geeks: </li></ul><ul><li>Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, 1,000s more! </li></ul><ul><li>Very smart -- but also very individualistic, sometimes anarchic </li></ul><ul><li>Can we harness their genius for society’s greater good, not just corporate profits? </li></ul><ul><li>Public Interest Geeks (PIGs!) </li></ul>Survival Tips for Information Society #2 Harness Geek Power!
  35. 37. <ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Demographics </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer behaviour </li></ul>Survival Tips for Information Society #3 Keep an eye on ‘drivers of change’
  36. 38. <ul><li>Trend: Informed yet informal journalism </li></ul><ul><li>Less hierarchical & rigid, more relaxed </li></ul><ul><li>Funny & cheeky tone fine </li></ul><ul><li>I-Me-Mine first person journalism is OK too! </li></ul><ul><li>http://tiny.cc/IMeMine </li></ul>Survival Tips for Information Society #4 Ease up & cheer up!
  37. 39. Survival Tips for Information Society #5 Beware of ‘New Media experts’! <ul><li>Everything in ‘Beta’ mode </li></ul><ul><li>Undiscovered Country! </li></ul><ul><li>No one can future-proof </li></ul><ul><li>Try everything -- and see what works! </li></ul><ul><li>Watch, emulate, adapt… </li></ul><ul><li>Finders keepers? </li></ul>
  38. 40. <ul><li>&quot;In the struggle for freedom of information, technology, not politics, will be the ultimate decider.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>- Sir Arthur C Clarke </li></ul>Last Word…
  39. 41. Thank you! <ul><li>Email: </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Blog: </li></ul><ul><li>movingimages.wordpress.com </li></ul><ul><li>Twitter: </li></ul><ul><li>twitter.com/NalakaG </li></ul>

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