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Education and poverty in pakistan

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Education and poverty in pakistan

  1. 1. CPD EDUCATION AND POVERTY IN PAKISTAN
  2. 2. GROUP PRESENTATION PRESENTED BY: Bilal Raza Najeeb Ullah Madah Hussain Rashid Hassan PRESENTED TO: PROF. Iram DATE: 18/02/2013 (0078) (2057) (0050) (2053)
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION “EDUCATION IS THE RIGHT OF EVERY MEN AND WOMEN” Basically the knowledge is the key to develop the human enable him to add value in his civilized life. Now a days education is only in a few hand means the person who can afford the expenses of education. He can get it. But those who are unable to pay for the education they suffer the poverty. Which is very harmful for every country. In PAKISTAN no more spend on the education sector as compare the other sectors.
  4. 4. EDUCATION DIFFERENCE EDUCATION FOR POOR CLASS FOR HIGH CLASS
  5. 5. Education is compulsory for surviving in the society. Without an education we are not able to handle the problems which is faced by the poverty. INTRODUCTION: Poverty is the lack of basic human needs such clean water, nutrition, education, health care, cloth & shelter because of inability to effort them. Relatively poverty is the condition of having the few sources or less income then others within a society or a country, or compared to worldwide average. Although the middle class grown in Pakistan to 35 million, nearly one quarter of the population is classified as poor.
  6. 6. About 24 % live below from the poverty line in Pakistan. “Poverty is the worst form of violence.” Purpose of education: recognizing the education as a right of citizen, Citizen through an education that enriched the individuals with value and skill preparing him/her life, livelihood & nation building.  is to create a better nation of the country who are civilized.  is also for providing better future for both teacher and students
  7. 7. EFFECTS OF POVERTY  Diseases are more widely spread  Because poor people cannot effort hygienic food & water  Poor families has negative events like bad luck, including illness, depression, eviction, job loss, & criminals etc.  Many baby born in poverty with low weight  And mental and physical disability. Solutions  equally distribution of wealth  good wages provide  reducing the child labor.  providing the scholarship to the poor child.  the guarantee of house, healthcare, food education & cloths  and pure water and providing the all better rights  creates reserve for unemployment fund
  8. 8. PEOPLE IN POVERTY
  9. 9. EDUCATION PROVIDING BETTER LIVING STANDARDS
  10. 10. CAUSES OF POVERTY 1. GOVERNMENT POLICIES:  Government is not well aware about the condition of country  They make the policies on the suggestions of officials not aware about problem of common man.  After implementing the policies they cannot get good result.  If one policy fails then he cannot study the causes of failure of previous one  And make another policy without investigates. 2. corruption: There are two types of corruption. One type  There is no morality.  Everyone try to earn more & more by using fair & unfair means.  Officials waste their time has low efficiency. Two type  Only one relationship exist in society is money.  One has to pay heavy cost to get his right.  Law & order situations are out of control.  Institutions are fail to provide justice to a common man.  Justice can be bought only by money. the
  11. 11. CAUSES OF POVERTY 3. DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL LAND:  Pakistan is an agricultural country.  most of people are farmers as a professions.  They have only the land for fulfill their family needs.  Division of the land is not sufficient to support their families.  Famers are suffering poverty & lives below the poverty line. 4. MATERIALISM:  In our society social bonding are become thinner and thinner.  Race of material object is start even no one tried to understand the problems of others.  People are not ready to help each others.  At last every one lost his trust on others which effects our social and economic system & it is another cause of poverty. 5. LACK OF EDUCATION:  The literacy rate in Pakistan is very low.  Most of people have no concept about modern earning sources.
  12. 12.  Most of people are unable to adopt technology of their business need. AUSES OF POVERTY  That’s why business does not meet the international standards.  And result is decrease in revenue.  Which lead the society to poor condition. 5. HIGH EDUCATION: High education is the cause of poverty in Pakistan under some circumstances  behavior of educated people  dependence of poor people on educated people  high rates for education 7. LARGE SCALE IMPORTS:  The imports of Pakistan is greater then exports.  The huge amount of revenue is consumed on import every year.  Even raw material import for industry. 8. LAW AND ORDER:  There are lot of problems regarding law and order.  Terrorists attacks to creates uncertainty in stock markets.
  13. 13. On education: “The Pakistan spends 30,00,000 for making one Doctor but when he gets the degree, he went to abroad for searching job. The fact only is that there is no vacancy for the newly graduate, then the BRAIN DRAIN take place.” Briefly discussion SOME ISSUES RELATING TO THE EDUCATION IS AS FOLLOW: 1.   POLICY AND PLANNIG: Education policy has nationally developed and owned. It is simplistic and unprofitable to prepare it at the federal level and trust upon the provinces.  It is important that all provinces work under a national framework, which is collectively developed.
  14. 14. 2. EDUCATION FINANCING:  The lion’s shares of funds are provided through federal revenues, which are distributed to the provinces under the National Finance Commission.  The share distribution of the provinces must recognize the size of investment needed to be made in the field of education.  This means that more should be available for education where implementation is almost entirely in the hands of the provincial governments. 3. KEY MANAGEMENT ISSUES:  Management in the education sector is limited to personnel, equipment, physical infrastructure and financial flows.  A functional school is one where teacher arrives to teach, textbooks are available and the students attend.  There is a presumption that placed together in a school; the three will combine to brew the desired output.  There is very little attempt to define that output and even lesser to measure it and to rectify the deficiency that exists right through the sector.
  15. 15. 4. POLITICAL INTERFERENCE AND CORRUPTION:  Unfortunately, in Pakistan corruption continues despite many efforts by the Government.  Education is not spared. Corruption and political interference have had the most pernicious impact on sector.  Majority of the stakeholders are of the view that recruitment, transfers and posting of teachers are heavily influenced by political intervention . “47 billion grants has been provided to the educational and technical institutes of Pakistan” GRANT PROVIDED TO THE EDUCATION SECTOR IN PAKISTAN. THE DIVISION OF GRANT IS AS FOLLOW: UNIVERSITIES GRANTS PUNJAB UNIVERSITY LAHORE 1.66 BILLION KARACHI UNIVERSITY 1.16 BILLION GOVT COLLEGE UNIVERSITY LHR 36 BILLION LAHORE COLLEGE UNIVERSITY 30 BILLION UNIVERSITY OF EDUCATION LHR 29 BILLION
  16. 16. TECHNICAL UNIVERSITIES GRANTS UET 100 BILLION ZARAI UNIVERSITY 100 BILLION BAHAUDIN ZAKERIA AGRICULTUREAL 4 BILLION BAHAUDIN ZAKERIA ENGINEERING 5 BILLION MEDICAL UNIVERSITIES GRANTS UNIVERSITY OF HEALTH SCIENCIES 6.50 BILLION KING EDWARD MEDICAL UNIVERSITY 14 BILLION “ After getting the grants from government the salary of the teacher is 9,000 and the fees of the students is more then 325,000.
  17. 17. PROVINCEAREA 2008- 2009 2010-2011 MALE % FEMALE% TOATAL % MALE % FEMALE % TOTAL % PAKISTAN 69 45 57 69 46 58 PUNJAB 69 50 59 70 51 60 SINDH KPK 71 45 59 71 46 59 69 31 50 68 33 50 BALOCHISTAN 62 23 45 60 19 41 DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMED 2011-2012  An allocation of Rs. 2.51 billion was made for the financial year 2011-12 for development projects for education.  Rs. 677.4 million for projects under the Capital Administration and development division.  Rs. 1.65billion for the teacher training programmed
  18. 18.  Rs. 30.3 million for projects of education in cantonment and garrison areas under Ministry of Defense.  Rs. 1.7 million under the Cabinet Division for printing of a comprehensive biography of Faiz Ahmad Faiz in Urdu.  Rs. 82.3million for Kashmir Affairs and Baltistan Division  Rs. 23.7 million for scholarship schemes under Inter Provincial Coordination Division. If our government spends more in education sector as compare other sector then we can grow in the world as developed country. But it’s our bad luck that our government spends lot of money on other activity like purchasing car for all government members, tours of other country just for refreshment purpose. Textbooks and Learning Materials;  Although importance of textbooks varies from one country to another.  It is universally recognized as a basic teaching tool.  It is given particular importance in those countries where additional reading material is not widely available to school children.
  19. 19. ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES:     The provincials text book board enjoy monopoly. In production and distribution of textbooks. The text books is written in very traditional manners. The board not take an action to update the data of textbook. RELIGIOUS EDUCATION:  In Pakistan there is more focus on the religious education  And in some level of education there is no subject about the religious education.  Religious Education is an important part of any education system.  Therefore, efforts by the State in providing religious education directly should be mindful of the family’s obligations and privileges in this regard.
  20. 20. The few prime physical targets of the Proposed 5-year plan are: (1) Promoting excellence in learning and research (2) Developing leadership, governance and management (3) Universities building economies and 144 communities (4) Financial management and sustainability (5) Research, innovation and entrepreneurship RESEARCH AND DEVELOPEMNET Research and Development (R&D) is essential to be competitive in the changing international economic scenarios.HEC has allocated funds in accordance with the need of the country in the (R&D) arena.
  21. 21. Rs. In million 2002-03 47 2003-04 270 2004-05 300 2005-06 442 2006-07 650 2007-08 680 2008-09 726 2009-10 800 2010-11 800 900 800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 Rs. In million 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 Years
  22. 22. FINANCIAL SCENARIO OF HEC RECURRING GRANT RELEASED RS. IN MILLION 2007-2008 12,536.5 2008-2009 15,766.4 2009-2010 21,500.0 2010-2011 29,057.0 2011-2012 26.9 RS. IN MILLION 35,000.00 30,000.00 25,000.00 20,000.00 15,000.00 10,000.00 5,000.00 0.00 RS. IN MILLION
  23. 23. DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE DEVELOPMENT EXPENDITURE (RS. IN BILLION) FINANCIAL YEARS ALLOCATION RELEASED 2008-2009 18.00 16.42 2009-2010 22.50 11.30 2010-2011 15.76 14.06 2011-2012 14.00 8.96 TOTAL 76.26 50.74 80 60 40 20 0 DEVELOPME NT EXPENDITU RE (RS IN BILLION) ALLOCATIO N
  24. 24. EDUCATION & POVERTY  EDUCATION PROVIDE BETTER LIVING STANDARDS  POVERTY PUSH ANYONE TO LIVE AS A POOR
  25. 25. CONCLUSION: Our education system is not good. But if our government wants to make it better so provide huge amount for the development of education not for the development of the Institutes and we can also reduce poverty in Pakistan by providing the better opportunities for all without any discrimination. And equal distribution of the wealth. But in our country the Taliban wants to destroy the every education center which is made for the education of the girls. In most of cities the Taliban successful to destroy the school of girls there is following image. Swat girl’s school destroyed by Taliban
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