Organization Development is an effort (1) planned, (2) organization-
wide, and (3) managed from the top, to (4) increase organization
effectiveness and health through (5) planned interventions in the
organizations "processes,” using behavioral-science knowledge.
People use to learn in classrooms..
Increased focus on the productivity.
Leaders were identified on the basis of experience, tenure and business
Employees were not treated as assets.
One person one job.
Employees were given negative motivation like fears and punishments.
Focused on short term results.
Low performance was tolerated.
Contextual trends and their effect on OD’s
More concerned with cultural diversity
More concentrated wealth
More concerned ecologically
Faster organizational process
More Knowledge, learning, and
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOMENT will be:
More embedded in the organization's
More technologically enabled
Shorter OD cycle times
More diverse in client
More cross –cultural
More concerned with organization