INTRODUCTIONPREFACEPROJECT BACKGROUNDMAIN OBJECTIVECOMPARISON OF ENERGY SOURCESDESCRIPTION OF PROJECT BLOCK DIAGRAMDESIGN EVALUATIONHARDWARE DESCRIPTIONSOFTWARE DESCRIPTIONSOURCE CODEFLOWCHARTBLOCK DIAGRAM OF 8051LIGHT DETECTING RESISTORANALOG-DIGITAL CONVERTERL293D MOTOR DRIVERDC SERIES MOTORLCD DISPLAYAPPLICATIONSDRAWBACKSADVANTAGESCONCLUSION
OPERATES WITH 5V DC OR ANALOG SPAN
To collect greatest amount of energy from sun, solar panels must be aligned orthogonally to sun.For this purpose a new solar tracking technique based on micro-controller was implemented and tested in this study.
Solar tracking system by naidu
Solar tracking system
Under the esteemed guidance of
T.Lakshmana Rao, M. Tech.,
Assistant Professor, department of E.C.E
B.VENUKUMARI (09511A0402) D.SIVAJI(09511A0410)
G.RAMYA(08511A0413) T.PAVAN KUMAR(09511A0445)
COMPARISON OF ENERGY SOURCES
SOLAR TRACKER SOLVING
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF 8051
LIGHT DEPENDENT RESISTOR
L293D MOTOR DRIVER
DC SERIES MOTOR
Extracting useable electricity from the sun was made possible by the discovery
of the photoelectric mechanism and subsequent development of the solar cell.
Light gathering is dependent on the angle of incidence of the light source
providing power (i.e. the sun) to the solar cell’s surface and the closer to
perpendicular, the greater the power.
we see the need to maintain the maximum power output from the panel by
maintaining an angle of incidence as close to 0 as possible.
“SOLAR TRACKING SYSTEM” - Used to control and set the moment
of solar panels.
This system uses DC motor to control the angle of rotation of the
Rotation of DC motor through the desired angle is achieved by using
Kiel cross compiler.
Why should the solar panel face the most illuminating source of light?
TO Increase Solar Panel Output
Maximize Power per unit Area
Position the Solar Panels so that they will acquire maximum energy from
a light source.
Store the acquired energy into batteries, and use the batteries to control
the rest of the system when the solar energy is absent.
In no-light or low-light conditions design the system to go into sleep
mode so that energy is not wasted.
Solar Panel Output
LIGHT Dependent RESISTOR
Light sensors are among the most common sensor type.
The sun tracker uses a cadmium sulfide photo cell for light sensing .
To utilize photo cell, it is placed with a resistor.
ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTER [ADC]
Features of ADC
Easy interface to all microprocessors
Single supply 5v DC
Low power 15mW
DC SERIES MOTOR
WHAT DOES DC SERIES MOTOR DO
Like any other motor, series motors convert electrical energy to
mechanical energy. Its operation is based on simple electromagnetic
principle by which when the magnetic field created around a current
carrying conductor interacts with an external magnetic field, a
rotational motion is generated.
A typical DC motor layout is given in the following diagram:
Rpm : 300 at 12v
DC supply: 3 to 12V
Output shaft: Centre.
Motor diameter: 38 mm.
No-load current = 60 mA, Load current = 300 mA
Interface with 4-bit/8-bit microprocessor.
Display data ram [80 characters].
Character generator rom [160 characters].
Used in water heaters.
Used in inverters[AC-DC].
The solar tracker system provides numerous applications in the field of industrial.
Its main application lies in the industrial processes like energy stations and
powerhouses for the production of electricity.
Tracker is effected by temporal variation in atmospheric refraction caused by
It leads to wrong positioning of solar panel.
To collect greatest amount of energy from sun, solar panels must be
aligned orthogonally to sun.
For this purpose a new solar tracking technique based on micro-
controller was implemented and tested in this study.
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Ackermann, T., Andersson, G., Söder, L. “Distributed generation: a definition”.
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Banerjee, “Comparison of Options for Distributed Generation in India”. Energy
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Solar Energy – Principles of thermal collection & storage By S P Sukhatme